UJoseph Sheridan Le Fanu. Isikhumbuzo esisha sokuzalwa kwakhe

UJoseph Sheridan Le Fanu wazalwa ngosuku olufana nanamuhla 1814 en Dublin. Uqale ukubhala izindaba ezethusayo ngonyaka ngemuva kokuphothula izifundo zakhe eTrinity College, yize ebezinikele ku journalism ukuthi ukwazile ukuhlanganisa nezincwadi. Kubhekwa njenge- ubaba kwalokhu okuthiwa izindaba zesipoki. Ubuye washicilela Amanoveli ayi-14 kanye nendaba yakhe yama-vampire, UCarmilla, isihloko sakho eyaziwa kakhulu. Lokhu ukubukeza umsebenzi wakhe.

UJoseph Sheridan Le Fanu

Uyise, owayengumfundisi wozalo lwamaHuguenot, wamthumela eTrinth College ehlonishwayo eDublin ukuyofundela ubugqwetha. Kepha uLe Fanu akazange asebenze njengommeli futhi wayezinikele kwezobuntatheli. Bekuyi umbhali wezinkondlo eziningi, ama-ballads nezindaba ezimfishane ukuthi ushicilele ku I-Dublin University Magazine, agcine esengumqondisi nomnikazi wazo.

Nini umkakhe washona Ngo-1858, uLe Fanu wathatha umhlalaphansi empilweni yakhe yokuba ngumbhali wamasiko asebusuku futhi ethanda ukusebenzelana nemimoya, kangangoba waziwa ngokuthi yiThe Invisible Prince. Kubhekwa njengenye ye amakhosi amakhulu okwesaba okungaphezu kwemvelo kusukela esikhathini sikaVictoria.

UCarmilla

Yashicilelwa okokuqala kumagazini Okumnyama Okumnyama e 1871 futhi kukhomba ushintsho ekwakhiweni kwe- i-vampire yesifazane ezincwadini zomhlaba wonke. Kuyinto kakhulu umsebenzi odume kakhulu nguLe Fanu futhi omunye walabo ababhekwa njengabaphathi bohlobo lwe-gothic horror. Ngefayela le- umlingiswa othakazelisayo, Iphinde ivelele isenzo sayo kanye nokwakhiwa okuhle kwazo zombili ezinye izinhlamvu kanye ne imvelo kumnyama, njalo phakathi kwenkungu yemini nobusuku. Kuyinto isandulela se- DraculanguBram Stoker, obekungaveli kuze kuphele iminyaka engamashumi amathathu kamuva.

Awazi ukuthi ngikuthanda kangakanani, futhi awunakucabanga nokuzethemba okukhulu. Kepha ngiboshwe ngamavoti ambalwa; akukho ndela elibenze baba maphakathi nesihluku. Futhi angilokothi ngikhulume indaba yami, ngisho nakuwe. Siyeza isikhathi lapho uzokwazi khona konke. Uzongibona ngikhohlakele futhi nginobugovu obukhulu, kepha uthando luhlala lunobugovu; lapho unogqozi ngokwengeziwe, lapho uzicabangela wena ngokwengeziwe. Awazi ukuthi nginomona kangakanani. Kufanele uhambe nami, ungithande, ungibulale noma ungizonde, kodwa hlala nami, futhi ngizonde ngokusebenzisa nangemva kokufa. Akukho ukunganaki kwegama esimweni sami sokunganaki.

Izinqolobane ZikaDkt Hesselius

Leli yivolumu ehlanganisa izindaba ezine kwezinhlanu uLe Fanu azibhala ngodokotela oyingcweti kwezenzakaliso zemilingo, uMartin Hesselius, umlingisi obuye walandela uBram Hoks Bram Stoker noma uJohn Silence ka-Algernon Blackwood.

Kufaka: Itiye eliluhlaza. Okujwayelekile, enye yezindaba zakhe eziphumelele kakhulu; Ijaji uHarbottle, mayelana nezehlakalo ezingajwayelekile endlini ehaunted eWestminster; nalokhu okungenhla UCarmilla.

Isiprofetho SikaCloostedd

Ixoxa indaba ka umbango wasendulo phakathi kwemindeni emibili kusuka edolobheni elincane eNgilandi, eGolden Friars, nase- ukuziphindisela okwesabekayo. Mnumzane UBale Mardykes, umholi ohahayo, usola unobhala wakhe osemncane UPhillip feltram ngokunyamalala kwenothi lasebhange. Ngokudabukisayo, uPhillip ubaleka endlini phakathi kwesiphepho esikhulu futhi ngemuva nje kokutholakala echibini eliseduze.

Malume uSilas

Enye yaleyo misebenzi, ngesimo senoveli eyimfihlakalo enkulu, lapho kukhonjiswa khona ikhono ekwelapheni nasekulungiseni ukwethuka ayenakho Le Fanu. Ngakho-ke, nge ithoni yokuqala ye-nostalgic ekuqaleni kokulandisa ngezinkumbulo zezintokazi ebuntwaneni, kugcina ngokuholela umfundi ekugcineni ngendlela a ukubulala okusabisayo.

Indlu eseduze kwamathuna

Setha kufayela le- Ikhulu XVIII, esigodini sase-Ireland esibizwa ngeChapelizod, esinokuphila komphakathi okugcwele izingibe, ubudlelwano obubi kanye nemicimbi engajwayelekile, le noveli isitshela ngokwenzekayo lapho Ngengozi kutholakale ugebhezi olunezimpawu ezisobala zodlame njengomgodi.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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