UManuel Rivas

Ukucaphuna kukaManuel Rivas.

Ukucaphuna kukaManuel Rivas.

UManuel Rivas ungumbhali waseSpain othathwa njengomunye wabaveleli abavelele bezincwadi zesimanje zaseGalician. Ngesikhathi somsebenzi wakhe uzinikele ekwandiseni amanoveli, ama-eseyi kanye nemisebenzi yezinkondlo; lokho yena ngokwakhe akubiza ngokuthi "ukushushumbisa ubulili". Eziningi zezincwadi zakhe zihunyushelwe ezilimini ezingaphezu kwezingama-30, kanti ezinye zishintshelwe ifilimu ngezikhathi ezehlukene.

Ngokufanayo, umbhali waseGalician ugqamile ngomsebenzi wakhe emkhakheni wobuntatheli. Lo msebenzi uboniswe ekuhlanganisweni kwawo: Ubuntatheli yindaba (1994), esetshenziswa njengombhalo oyisethenjwa kumaFakhalthi amakhulu eSayensi Yezokwazisa eSpain.

I-Biography

Umbhali nentatheli uManuel Rivas Barrós wazalelwa eLa Curuña ngo-Okthoba 24, 1957. Uvela emndenini ophansi, umama wakhe wathengisa ubisi kanti ubaba wakhe wayesebenza njengezitini. Naphezu kokungqubuzana, wakwazi ukufunda e-IES Monelos. Ngemuva kweminyaka - ngenkathi esebenza njengentatheli - wafunda wathola iziqu zakhe kwi-Information Sciences eComplutense University of Madrid.

Imisebenzi yobuntatheli

URivas ubenomsebenzi omude wokuba yintatheli; Ungene ezindabeni zombili ezibhaliwe, kanjalo nasemsakazweni nakuthelevishini. Lapho eneminyaka engu-15 wenza umsebenzi wakhe wokuqala ephephandabeni Umbono weGalician. Ngo-1976, wangena kumagazini ITeima, okuthunyelwe kubhalwe ngesiGalician.

Umsebenzi wakhe kumagazini waseSpain ugqamile Shintsha i-16, lapho agcine eseyiphini lomqondisi futhi ephethe indawo yesiko le Ibhaluni. Mayelana nokuzibandakanya kwayo emkhakheni womsakazo, ivulwe kabusha ngo-2003 -kanye noXurxo Souto- Umsakazo weCuac (Umsakazo womphakathi waseLa Curuña). Njengamanje usebenza njengombhali wephephandaba We bafowethu, umsebenzi abewenza lapho kusukela ngo-1983.

Umjaho wezincwadi

URivas wabhala izinkondlo zakhe zokuqala ngama-70s, ayishicilele kumagazini weqembu ongaziwa Loya. Kuwo wonke umzila wayo njengembongi wethule izinkondlo eziyi-9 kanye nendatshana ebizwa ngokuthi: Idolobha lobusuku (1997). Incwadi ethi Said ihambisana ne-disc, lapho yena ngokwakhe efunda khona izingoma zakhe eziyi-12.

Ngokufanayo, umbhali uye wazama ukudala amanoveli enezincwadi eziyi-19 eseziphelele. Umsebenzi wakhe wokuqala kulolu hlobo unegama le- Izinkomo eziyisigidi (1989), equkethe izindaba nezinkondlo. Ngalo msebenzi, uRivas uzuze okokuqala umklomelo weGalician Narrative Criticism.

Ngesikhathi sokusebenza kwakhe Ushicilele imisebenzi eminingana emnikeze udumo, njengokuqoqwa kwezindaba Ungifunani, sithandwa? (1995). Ngalokhu ukwazile ukuthola amaNational Narrative Awards (1996) noTorrente Ballester (1995). Ngaphakathi kwalokhu iqoqo liyi: Ulimi lwezimvemvane, Indaba emfushane eyashintshelwa kwifilimu ngo-1999 futhi wawina umklomelo weGoya wesibonisi esingcono esashintshwa ngo-2000.

Phakathi kwemisebenzi yakhe efanelekile singasho: Ipensela lombazi (1998), Amalangabi alahlekile (2002), Sobabili (2003), Konke ukuthula (2010) y Amazwi aphansi (2012). Incwadi yokugcina eyethulwe ngumbhali ngu Ukuphila ngaphandle kwemvume nezinye izindaba zasentshonalanga (2018), enamanoveli amathathu amafushane: Ukwesaba onogwaja, Ukuphila ngaphandle kwemvume y Ulwandle olungcwele.

Izincwadi ezihamba phambili zikaManuel Rivas

Ungifunani, sithandwa? (1997)

Yincwadi eyenziwe ngezindaba eziyi-17 ezichaza izingqikithi ezahlukahlukene ezikhuluma ngobudlelwano babantu, okwendabuko nokwamanje. Kulomdlalo umoya wobuntatheli wombhali uyabonakala, lapho uthando luyisisekelo kuzo zonke izindaba. Lo muzwa uboniswa ngezindlela ezahlukahlukene: kusuka ku-platonic kuye enhliziyweni ebuhlungu.

Abanye kwalaba izindaba zinethoni ejabulisayo nehlekisayo, kepha ezinye zithinta izingqikithi ezinamandla, ukubonakaliswa kweqiniso lamanje.  Abantu abadlala kulezi zindaba bajwayelekile futhi balula, njengokuthi: isihambi, umuntu osebenza ngobisi, umculi osemncane, izingane nabangane babo abakhulu; ngamunye onesikhalazo esithile.

Phakathi kwezindaba, okulandelayo kugqama: Ulimi lwezimvemvane, indaba phakathi kwengane nothisha wayo, ethinteka ekubhujisweni kweminyaka yama-30. Le ndaba yaguqulwa ngempumelelo yasesikrinini esikhulu ngu-Antón Reixa. Ekugcineni, kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi lokhu kuhlanganiswa kwahunyushelwa ezilimini ezingaphezu kwezingama-30 futhi kwavumela umbhali ukuthi abonakale emhlabeni wezincwadi.

Thengisa Ungifunani, sithandwa? ...
Ungifunani, sithandwa? ...
Azikho izibuyekezo

Izindaba ze Ungifunani, sithandwa? (1997):

  • "Ungifunani sthandwa?"
  • "Ulimi lwezimvemvane"
  • "I-sax enkungwini"
  • "Incekukazi kaVermeer"
  • "Ngaphandle nje"
  • "Uzojabula kakhulu"
  • "UCarmiña"
  • "UMister & Iron Maiden"
  • "Amathuna amakhulu eHavana"
  • "Intombazane egqoke amabhulukwe esigebengu
  • "Conga, Conga"
  • "Izinto"
  • "Ikhathuni"
  • "Imbali emhlophe yamalulwane"
  • "Ukukhanya kwe-Yoko"
  • "Ukufika kokuhlakanipha nesikhathi."

Ipensela lombazi (2002)

Kuyinoveli yothando nayo leyo kukhombisa ubuqiniso beziboshwa zase-republican ejele laseSantiago de Compostela, ngonyaka we-1936. Indaba ilandiswa kumuntu wokuqala nowesithathu ngabalingiswa ababili abaphambili: UDkt.Daniel Da Barca noHerbal. Futhi ingxenye ebalulekile yesakhiwo: UMarisa Mallo noMdwebi - isiboshwa esidweba izigcawu ezahlukahlukene ngepensela yombazi.

Isiqubulo

Kule noveli kukhulunywa ngendaba yothando phakathi kukaDkt.Daniel Da Barca — waseRepublican— noMarisa Mallo osemncane. UDa Barca uboshelwe imicabango nezenzo zakhe zepolitiki. Lokhu kwenza ubudlelwano baba bobabili bube nzima, njengoba kufanele balwele uthando lwabo, umshado wabo wakusasa buqamama kanye neqiniso lokuthi izwe lonke lihlala.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kunesiboshwa uHerbal, ohlangana noDa Barca ejele futhi azifele ngaye. Leli phoyisa lingumuntu ophazamisekile, othokozela ukuhlukunyezwa nokuhlukunyezwa, futhi wenze ukubulawa okuningi ejele.

U-El Pintor, yena, ugqame ngethalente lakhe elikhulu lokuthwebula. Yena udwebe iPórtico de la Gloria, futhi lapho wenza isethulo sabangane bakhe ababehlukunyezwa. Umsebenzi wenziwa ngepensela yombazi nje, eyathathwa nguHerbal isikhathi esithile ngaphambi kokuyikhipha.

Njengoba indaba iqhubeka, udokotela ugwetshwe intambo. Ngaphambi kokubulawa kwakhe, udlula ekuphathweni kabi okuningi nguHerbal, ozama ukuqeda impilo yakhe ngaphambi kokuba kuphothulwe isigwebo. Naphezu kobunzima, uyakwazi ukusinda futhi afeze isifiso sakhe sokushada nothando lwempilo yakhe. Ngemuva kweminyaka, uthola inkululeko futhi ugcina ngokudingiswa eLatin America, lapho etshela khona ingxenye yakhe yendaba engxoxweni.

Thengisa Ipensela yombazi ...
Ipensela yombazi ...
Azikho izibuyekezo

Amazwi aphansi (2012)

Kungumlando wokulandisa ngokuhlangenwe nakho komlobi nodadewabo uMaría, kusukela ebuntwaneni kuya ebudaleni eLa Curuña. La umlando uchazwe ezahlukweni ezimfushane ezingama-22, ngezihloko ezinikeza isendlalelo esincane salokho ekuqukethe. Kule noveli, umlingiswa ophambili ukhombisa ukwesaba kwakhe nokuhlangenwe nakho okuhlukile emndenini wakhe; eziningi zalezi zinezwi elidabukisayo nelingathandeki.

Isiqubulo

UManuel Rivas ulandisa izinkumbulo zobuntwana bakhe nomndeni wakhe, ngokugcizelela ngokukhethekile isiko lamaGalician namasimu. Izimo eziningi empilweni yakhe zichazwe kafushane, ngemizwa ecacile exubile.

Endabeni uMaría ugqamile - udadewabo othandekayo-, amkhombisa njengentokazi edlubulundayo enomlingiswa ophawuliwe. Uhlonishwa ngenhliziyo yonke ekupheleni komdlalo, njengoba ashone ngemuva kokuxinwa umdlavuza onamandla.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

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