USara Gutierrez. Ingxoxo nombhali weThe Last Summer ye-USSR

Izithombe zekhava: ukuhlonishwa nguSara Gutiérrez.

USara gutierrez Ungudokotela wezifo zamehlo, kodwa futhi ubhala kusukela kuma-eseyi kuya emibikweni. Iphinde isebenzise i-Ingenio de Comunicación agency, kanye no-Eva Orue. Manje wethule inoveli, eyokuqala, enesihloko esithi Ihlobo lokugcina le-USSR. Kulokhu ingxoxo Uyasitshela ngakho futhi usitshela nokunye okuningi. Ngibonga kakhulu ngesikhathi nangomusa onginike wona.

USara Gutiérrez - Ingxoxo

  • UMBHALO MANJE: Inoveli yakho yakamuva ithi Ihlobo lokugcina le-USSR. Usitshelani kuso?  

U-SARA GUTIÉRREZ: Okokugcina nokokuqala, kuze kube manje konke engangikubhalile kwakuyindatshana noma umbiko omkhulu.

Ihlobo lokugcina le-USSR Kuyinto a indaba isuselwa ohambweni engilwenzile ngidlula emazweni aseSoviet, kusukela oLwandle iBaltic kuya oLwandle Olumnyama, phakathi nesonto lokuqala likaJulayi 1991, ezinyangeni ezimbalwa emva kokuhlakazwa kweSoviet Union. 

Engikuqale njengohambo olunye lokuvakasha kugcine sekuba yi- isipiliyoni esingavamile kufanele ukwabiwa, ikakhulukazi ngenxa yezici ezimbili: eyokuqala, engangihamba naye, uzakwethu wase-Uzbek owayengakaze ahambe ngenjabulo yokwenza kanjalo noma abone ulwandle noma anambithe inkululeko, futhi ngubani ekuqaleni ebengingafuni ukuthi ahambe nami; eyesibili, izitimela zasebusuku, labo esaphoqwa yisimo sami semifundaze e-USSR (esangivimba ukuthi ngingahambi ngaphandle kwezimvume ezikhethekile noma ngihlale ehhotela) nalapho sihlangana khona nabantu bazo zonke izinhlobo abazimisele ukukhuluma ngoNkulunkulu nangabantu.

Ngokubuka kwesikhathi, i- ukuhamba ngezinsuku por amadolobha esiwahambelayoILeningrad, Tallin, Riga, Vilnius, Lvov, Kiev y Odesa, kusukela IKharkiv): izivimbelo ku- Riga, umsebenzi omkhulu wenkolo eLvov, ukubonakaliswa kokuzimela lapho sasihileleke khona eKiev, ngokwesibonelo, kwakuyikhathalogi yezimpawu mayelana nokudlula kwesikhathi.

Ekulandiseni kohambo kukhona okugxilwe ngaphakathi imidwebo yokuphila kwansuku zonke iminyaka emibili yokugcina ye-USSR (ngangifike ezweni ngoNovemba 1989 ukuzokwenza izifundo ze-ophthalmology) kanye neminyaka emihlanu yokuqala yempilo ezimele ema-republic (ngahlala eRussia kwaze kwaba nguJulayi 5).

Incwadi igcwaliswe nge- imifanekiso emihle kakhulu kaPedro Arjona, kanye nezinye izithombe nemibhalo yohambo lwasebukhosini, kuhlobo olumnandi lweReino de Cordelia.

  • AL: Ungabuyela enkumbulweni yaleyo ncwadi yokuqala oyifundile? Nendaba yokuqala oyibhalile?

SG: Ngicabanga ukuthi incwadi yokuqala engiyifundile Ukuzijabulisa esigodini ka-Enid Blyton futhi, ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, konke ukuzidela okwakumele kube nakho nalelo qembu lezigebengu.

Uma ngidweba ngenkumbulo, engikukhumbulayo njengo imibhalo yokuqala ezinye izinkondlo zothando ebusheni.

  • AL: Iyiphi incwadi yokuqala eyakushaya futhi kungani?

SG: Owokuqala wokuqala ... angazi nhlobo. Ngikhumbula ngilangazelela ukuthi lishaye ezitolo ezidayisa izincwadi Uthando ngezikhathi zekholera ngokunambitheka okukhulu emlonyeni wami ukuthi ungishiyile Iminyaka eyikhulu yedwa mhlawumbe kungenxa yokuthi ubuqiniso bemilingo bukaGarcía Márquez babunjalo kimi. Futhi, phakathi, ngiyakhumbula ngizinikele ngentshiseko ku Rayuela kaCortázar.

  • AL: Lowo mbhali oyintandokazi? Zingaba ngaphezu kwesisodwa nakuzo zonke izikhathi.

SG: Ngingumlandeli omkhulu ka amahlaya, futhi ngizama ukungaphuthelwa yilutho lwe UJoe sacco.

  • AL: Yimuphi umlingiswa osencwadini obungathanda ukuhlangana naye futhi umakhe?

SG: Ngingathanda ukuhlangana Sherlock Holmes, futhi ngihlale naye ehhovisi likazakwethu osebenza nodokotela wamehlo uDkt Conan Doyle. Ngicabanga ukuthi bekungangikhuthaza ikakhulukazi ukudala Frankenstein.

  • AL: Ingabe ikhona imikhuba ekhethekile uma ubhala noma ufunda?

SG: Bengizothi akukho, kepha manje njengoba ngicabanga ngakho Ngangihlala ngifunda noma ngibhala ngilele phansi, noma okungenani imilenze yakho yeluliwe phezulu, ikhululekile.

  • AL: Futhi indawo yakho oyithandayo nesikhathi sokwenza?

SG: La NgeSonto ekuseni, Embhedeni. Ukufunda esihlalweni somkhumbi esibheke olwandle nakho kuyintokozo enkulu.

  • AL: Yiziphi ezinye izinhlobo ozithandayo? 

SG: Ngithanda kakhulu i- amahlaya futhi i ukuhlolwa.

  • AL: Ufundani manje? Futhi ukubhala?

SG: Ngiyafunda Ivangeli lama-eels nguPatrik Svensson (Izincwadi ze-Asteroid, 2020). Ngicabanga nge i-akhawunti yolunye uhambo.

  • AL: Ngabe ucabanga ukuthi indawo yokushicilela isuka esikhundleni sakho eqenjini owakha kulo Ingenio de Comunicación?

SG: Ukukhuluma ngokujwayelekile kunzima futhi kuyingozi, kodwa ngincike engxenyeni yomkhakha engixoxa ngayo, ngicabanga ukuthi iyasebenza kakhulu, iyakhula futhi ifuna izindlela ezintsha zokuqinisa ukubaluleka kwezincwadi kanjalo, zizenze zibe yizinto ezifiselekayo, futhi zizibophezele kakhulu ezitolo zezincwadi. 

  • AL: Ngabe isikhathi senhlekelele esiphila kuso sinzima kuwe noma ungagcina okuthile okuhle ngamanoveli esikhathi esizayo?

SG: Isikhathi esiphila kuso siwukuthi kanzima kakhuluKepha angikungabazi ukuthi uma okuthile kuhlala, kuzoba kubi kakhulu ekugcineni.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
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  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.