ILanga Lamaphakathi nobusuku

UStephanie Meyer ILanga Lamaphakathi nobusuku (2020) iyinoveli emnandi yezincwadi yombhali waseMelika uStephenie Meyer, umsunguli we-tetralogy ethandwayo Kusihlwa. Yize lesi sihloko sashicilelwa ngaphezu kweminyaka eyishumi ngemuva kokwethulwa kokugcina kwesaga (Ukuntwela, 2008), kungafundwa kahle ngokulandelana kwesibili uma kubhekwa ukulandelana kwezikhathi zochungechunge.

Isizathu? Yebo, Phakathi kwamabili Ilanga —Igama langempela ngesiNgisi - libuyekeza izehlakalo zesitolimende sokuqala, Twilight (2005), ngombono ka-Edward Cullen, inkanyezi. Ngalo mqondo, kufanele kukhunjulwe ukuthi izincwadi ezine eziyinhloko zochungechunge zihlobene ngokombono kaBella Swan, umlingiswa oyinhloko.

Mayelana nomlobi

Ubuntwana nezifundo

UStephenie Morgan, owaziwa endaweni yokubhala njenge Stephenie Meyer, wazalwa ngoDisemba 24, 1973 eHartford County, Connecticut, e-United States. Wahlala iningi ebuntwaneni bakhe nabazali bakhe nezingane zakubo ezinhlanu ePhoenix, e-Arizona. Kakade ngisemusha, ugqame emabangeni akhe (waze wawina nendondo kazwelonke) eScotraldale's Chaparral High School.

Ezingxoxweni ezalandela, UMeyer wathi ukukhuliswa kwakhe kwakugqame kakhulu ithonya lamaPuritan leThe Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Ngemuva kokuphothula esikoleni esiphakeme, wangena eBrigham Young University e-Utah, lapho aphothula khona ngo-1997 ngeziqu ze-English Philology.

Umshado nokuqala komsebenzi wakhe wokubhala

Ngemuva kokuthola iziqu ze-bachelor, umbhali wakusasa wacabanga ukuba ngummeli, kepha washintsha umqondo ngemuva kokubeletha ingane yakhe yokuqala kwezintathu, uGabe. Zonke lezi kube yimiphumela yomshado wakhe (1994) noChristian Meyer. Ngaleyondlela, ithonywe ngu literati njengoCharlotte Brontë, LM Montgomery noShakespeare, UMeyer waqala uhambo lwakhe ezincwadini (ukuzithokozisa kuphela).

I-Twilight Saga

Ngokusho kukaStephenie Meyer, indaba phakathi vampire omile yegazi elithandana nomuntu lalinofuzo lwalo maphakathi no-2003. Lapho yena - encengwa ngudadewabo - ethumela umbhalo wesandla we Twilight ezindlini zokushicilela eziyishumi nanhlanu. Ngokomthetho, yazitshwa ngabanhlanu babo yalahlwa ngabayisishiyagalolunye. Kodwa umuntu oyedwa uphendulile: UJodi Reamer, ummeli we-Writers House.

Umthelela kusiko le-pop

Amalungelo okushicilela we Kusihlwa badayiswa phakathi kwabamemezeli abayisishiyagalombili. Ekugcineni, uMeyer wahlala noLittle, Brown, kanye neNkampani ngokushintshana ngama- $ 750.000 ukuze kukhishwe amavolumu amathathu okuqala. Okunye umlando: i-franchise enamakhophi angaphezu kwezigidi eziyikhulu athengisiwe futhi ahunyushelwa ezilimini ezingama-37.

Izincwadi eziyinhloko zesaga

  • Kusihlwa (2005)
  • Inyanga entsha (2006)
  • eclipse (2007)
  • Ukuntwela (2008)

Ezinye iziqu ezixhunyaniswe ne-tetralogy

  • Impilo yesibili kaBree Tanner (2010)
  • I-Twilight Saga: Umhlahlandlela Osemthethweni Wezithombe (2011)
  • Ukuphila Nokufa: iTwilight Kucatshangwe kabusha (2015)
  • ILanga Lamaphakathi nobusuku (2020)

Ama-movie

Izinguquko ezinhlanu eziphumelele zamafilimu - abalingisa uKristen Stewart noRobert Pattinson - ngokususelwa ezincwadini ezine ezinkulu kulolu chungechunge, bakhiqize inzuzo ye-stratospheric. I-movie yokuqala nje (ka-2008) yathola imali eyizigidi ezingama- $ 407 e-US kuphela., Ngesabelomali se-US $ 37 million!

Kusihlwa kanye nokwehliswa kwezothando zentsha ezilinganayo

Empeleni, i- "paranormal romance" inguqulo yesimanje yenoveli yama-gothic. Luhlobo lokulandisa olusungulwe yimisebenzi kaGautier (Ukufa othandweni, 1836), Poe (Ligeia, 1838) noStoker (Dracula, 1898). Ekhulwini lama-XNUMX, uGaston Leroux (I-Phantom ye-Opera, 1910) no-Anne Rice (Ukuxoxisana ne-vampire, 1976), mhlawumbe bangabamele kakhulu.

Kamuva, ababhali abanjengo-Alice Norton, uChristine Feehan noma u-JR Ward, phakathi kwabanye, baqala ukusebenzisa abalingisi abasebancane kulolu hlobo lokulandisa. Noma kunjalo, ukuphazamiseka kwe Twilight yaguqula ukuthandana kwentsha ngokweqile kwaba yinto ye-pop, namabutho wabalandeli emhlabeni jikelele. Iphinde yaba nomthelela kwabanye ababhali abasafufusa. Phakathi kwabo:

  • UMaggie Stiefvater, umsunguli weSaga Tremor
  • UCate Tiernan, umbhali wochungechunge Shanela noBalefire

ILanga Lamaphakathi nobusuku

Ingemuva

UStephenie Meyer wayazi ukuthi angazenzela kanjani igama ngaphandle kwendawo yonke yentsha ye-vampire ngokushicilelwa okubili izingqikithi zazo zazihluke kakhulu komunye nomunye. Esokuqala kwaba Umethuleli (2008), inoveli eqanjiwe yesayensi ngokuhlasela kwabokufika. Futhi, Umethuleli (ngesiNgisi) ihole izinga elithengiswa kakhulu le- New York Times amasonto angama-26 futhi wayiswa ngempumelelo ebhayisikobho ngo-2013.

Ngo-2016 kwavela I-Chemistry, okuthokozisayo okunezinombolo ezinhle zokuhlela (noma ngabe kunezibuyekezo ezihlanganisiwe). Noma kunjalo, Phakathi kwamabili Ilanga wayehlala ekhona engqondweni kaMeyer, yize eyekile ukuyishicilela ngemuva kokuputshuka kwezahluko zokuqala ngo-2008. Kodwa, ngamagama ombhali oxhunyiwe, abalandeli bakhe "abamvumelanga ukuthi anikezele" kuze kube yilapho ikhululwa.

Umehluko phakathi kwe- Kusihlwa y ILanga Lamaphakathi nobusuku

Ngokusho kukaSarabeth Pollock (2020) wengosi Okulandelwayo, Phakathi kwamabili Ilanga ulungise ukungabaza okuthile okuphikisanayo okushiywe ngu Twilight. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi uMeyer wayengumbhali odlala indima yokuqala ukubhala iqhaza ngo-2005. Esikhundleni salokho, kule ncwadi ukhombisa ukukhula kweminyaka engu-15 yolwazi lwemibhalo.

Ngakho-ke, ILanga Lamaphakathi nobusuku iyincwadi ethakazelisa ngokwengeziwe, yize kunezingxoxo eziningi nezigcawu ezifana neze Kusihlwa. Eqinisweni, kuzibuyekezo eziningi basho lokho ILanga Lamaphakathi nobusuku kujabulisa ngokwengeziwe, yize kunaba kakhulu. Lokho wukuthi, amakhasi alo angama-658 amele amanye amakhasi ayi-160 uma kuqhathaniswa nombhalo owalandiswa nguBella.

Olunye uhlangothi lwendaba

cunt ILanga Lamaphakathi nobusuku, abalandeli bakaMeyer abazimisele bagcina bekwazile ukubona umbono ka-Edward Cullen njengoba ethandana noBella Swan. Ngakho-ke, le ncwadi yethula ezinye izindaba maqondana nokuhlalisana phakathi komndeni wakwaCullen. Ngokufanayo, lo mbhalo uchaza ngokuningiliziwe indlela yokucabanga kanye nenqubo yokwenza izinqumo zomuntu othanda ukuncela igazi.

Ngenkathi ukubukeka kwe-vampire kufana nokulingana kwengane eneminyaka eyi-18, ukucabanga kwayo kukhombisa izinga elijulile lokuvuthwa. Empeleni, Ukucabanga kuka-Edward kungumphumela onengqondo wobudala bakhe beqiniso (104). Ngokunjalo, umbhali waseMelika uthathe ithuba lokunikeza le ndaba ngemigqa eyinkimbinkimbi, eyinkimbinkimbi futhi engenacala kunaleyo ebaliswa nguBella.

Ibutho labalandeli abanelisekile

Indlela yokucabanga ka-Edward - ecacile nengavumelani - ibamba abafundi bakhe ngokushesha, noma ngabe basazi isiphetho kusengaphambili. Ngokolunye uhlangothi, okunye kokungafani okusobala ubukhona bezithombe ezinegazi impela. Ngakho-ke, ngokungafani Twilight, Phakathi kwamabili Ilanga Akusilo ibanga lezincwadi zobusha; Yincwadi yabantu abadala egcwele ngokuphelele.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.