UMiguel Hernandez. Iminyaka eyi-110 yembongi engafi. Ukukhethwa kwezinkondlo

Don UMiguel Hernandez wazalelwa e-Orihuela edlule iminyaka 110 usuku olufana nanamuhla. Okukodwa kwe izimbongi ezinkulu futhi ezibalulekile zemibhalo yaseSpain usishiye kusenesikhathi futhi sibancane kakhulu. Kulo nyaka bekubuye kube yisikhumbuzo seminyaka engama-75 yokudlula kwakhe emhlabeni ngo-1942 ebulawa yisifo sofuba. Kepha njalo ngo-Okthoba 30 sigubha futhi ukuthi kungokwethu, ukuthi ibhalwe ngolimi lwethu oluhle nokuthi isishiyile ifa lamavesi amahle kakhulu lokho kungatholakala.

Izimpi ezidabukisayo, Izisebenzi zosuku, Ingoma yokugcina, U-anyanisi nana, Izandla… Ziningi futhi zinhle kakhulu. Kuyafaneleka lokhu okulula inkokhiso kwisimo sakhe nobuciko ekhumbula ingxenye yomsebenzi wakhe nge ukukhethwa yamavesi nezinkondlo engizithandayo. 

UMiguel Hernandez Gilabert

Wazalelwa Orihuela ngo-Okthoba 30, 1910 no wayebuye abe ngumbhali wemidlalo ngaphandle kokuba yimbongi. Kwakuvela ku umndeni othobekile futhi kwakumele ashiye isikole kusenesikhathi ukuze ayosebenza njengomfundisi. Kepha bekuyi umfundi omkhulu wezinkondlo zakudala (Garcilaso, Góngora, Quevedo noma San Juan de la Cruz) futhi ngaleyo ndlela wathola ugqozi nekhono lakhe lezinkondlo.

Kwakuvela ku- 1930 lapho iqala shicilela izinkondlo zakhe komagazini njenge Idolobha lase-Orihuela Usuku luka-Alicante. Kuleyo minyaka eyishumi waya Madrid futhi wabambisana nasezincwadini ezahlukahlukene, okwamvumela ukuthi ahlangane nezimbongi eziningi zangaleso sikhathi. Ngesikhathi u-Orihuela ebuya wabhala Ingcweti ezinyangenilapho ungabona khona ithonya labalobi abafunda ebuntwaneni bakhe nalabo ahlangana nabo kulolo hambo oluya eMadrid.

Lapho ebuyela eMadrid ezozinza, wasebenza njengo umhleli ku Isichazamazwi sokulwa nezinkunzi sikaCossío nase- Ohambweni lokufundisa okushaywe ngu-Alejandro Casona. Kukule minyaka lapho abhala izinkondlo ezifana Impempe ephuliwe Isithombe sonyawo lwakho, futhi okwaziwa kakhulu Umbani ongapheli.

Ngesikhathi seMpi Yombango iqanjwe Umoya wasendaweni y Umuntu uyabheda, iziqu zalokho okwabizwa ngokuthi "izinkondlo zempi." Ngemuva kwempi, wazama ukuhamba eSpain, kodwa waboshwa emngceleni nePortugal. Kwakhe isigwebo sentambo ekuqaleni yashintshelwa kuleyo ye- iminyaka engamashumi amathathu. Ejele kwaphela Incwadi yezingoma nama-ballads wokungabikho. Kepha wagula sofuba washona ngoMashi 28, 1942 ejele lase-Alicante.

Ukukhethwa kwamavesi

U-anyanisi nana

Mhlawumbe wezinkondlo zakhe ezinhle kakhulu nezishaqisayo ukuthi imbongi ibhale ejele iphendula incwadi yomkayo. Babelahlekelwe ingane yabo yokuqala ngonyaka owedlule futhi wayitshela ukuthi ngalezo zinsuku wayedla isinkwa no-anyanisi kuphela.

U-anyanisi uyisithwathwa
kuvaliwe futhi mpofu.
Isithwathwa sezinsuku zakho
nobusuku bami.
Indlala no-anyanisi,
iqhwa elimnyama nesithwathwa
enkulu futhi eyindilinga.

Ngesikhathi sokulamba
ingane yami yayikhona.
Ngegazi lika-anyanisi
oncelisiwe.
Kodwa igazi lakho
iqhwa noshukela,
anyanisi nendlala.

Owesifazane o-brunette
ixazululwe enyangeni
intambo ngentambo ichithekile
phezu kombhede.
Hleka, ngane,
ukuthi ngikulethela inyanga
lapho kudingeka.

Lark wendlu yami,
ahleke kakhulu.
Kungukuhleka kwakho emehlweni akho
ukukhanya komhlaba.
Ahleke kakhulu
ukuthi umphefumulo wami ukukuzwa
shaya isikhala.

Ukuhleka kwakho kungikhulula
kunginika amaphiko.
Ubukhulu buyangisusa,
ijele liyangisusa.
Umlomo ondizayo,
inhliziyo ukuthi ezindebeni zakho
kubaneka. […]

Izihlahla zeminqumo

Ama-Andalusians aseJaén,
izihlahla zomnqumo eziqhoshayo,
ngitshele emphefumulweni wami: ngubani,
ngubani okhulise iminqumo?

Akukho okubakhulisile,
imali, noma inkosi,
kepha umhlaba onokuthula,
sebenza ujuluke.

Ihlanganiswe namanzi amsulwa
amaplanethi asevele ehlangene,
bobathathu banika ubuhle
weziqu ezisontekile.

Sukuma, mhlwathi omhloshana,
basho phansi komoya.
Nomnqumo waphakamisa isandla
isisekelo esinamandla. […]

Ingane yasebusuku

Ukuhleka, ukuhleka usulu ngokusobala usuku,
ingane ebengifuna ukuyicwila kabili ebusuku.
Ngangingasafuni ukukhanya. Ukuze? Ngeke iphume
okuningi kwalokhu kuthula nalobo bumnyama.

Bengifuna ukuba… Ngifunani?… Bengifuna ukufika ngijabule
enkabeni yomkhakha wakho konke okukhona.
Bengifuna ukuletha ukuhleka njengento enhle kakhulu.
Ngife ngimomotheka ngokudabukisayo.

Ingane kabili ingane: kathathu okuzayo.
Phindela emuva kulowo mhlaba opaque wesisu.
Buyela emuva, uthando. Buyela emuva, ngane, ngoba angifuni
phuma lapho ukukhanya kuthola khona ukudabuka okukhulu. […]

Ingoma yendoda yesosha

Ngigcwalise isisu sakho ngothando nokuhlwanyela,
Ngikwelule isikhathi ukunanela kwegazi engisabela kulo
bese ngilinda umsele njengoba igeja lilindile:
Ngifinyelele ezansi

I-Brunette enemibhoshongo ephakeme, ukukhanya okuphezulu namehlo aphezulu,
unkosikazi wesikhumba sami, isiphuzo esikhulu sempilo yami,
amabele akho angasile akhula ngami agxume
isisu esikhulelwe.

Kakade kubonakala kimi ukuthi uyikristalu entekenteke,
Ngiyesaba ukuthi uzongiphula nakancane ukukhubeka,
futhi uqinise imithambo yakho ngesikhumba sami sesosha
ngaphandle njengesihlahla se-cherry.

Isibuko senyama yami, ukondliwa kwamaphiko ami,
Ngikunika impilo ekufeni abanginika khona angikuthathi.
Owesifazane, wesifazane, ngifuna uzungezwe yizinhlamvu,
unxanele ukuhola. […]

Boca

Umlomo ohudula umlomo wami:
umlomo ongihudulele wona:
umlomo wokuthi uvela kude
ukungikhanyisa ngemisebe.

I-Alba oyinikeza ubusuku bami
ukukhanya okubomvu nokumhlophe.
Umlomo ugcwele imilomo:
inyoni egcwele izinyoni
Ingoma ebuyisa amaphiko
phezulu naphansi.
Ukufa kwehliswe kube ukwanga
womele ukufa kancane,
unika utshani obophayo
izimpama ezimbili ezikhanyayo.
Umlomo ongaphezulu kwesibhakabhaka
nomhlaba omunye udebe.

Qabula eligingqika emthunzini:
ukuqabula okuqabulayo
kusukela emathuneni okuqala
kuze kube izinkanyezi zokugcina.
I-Astro enomlomo wakho
kuthulisiwe futhi kuvaliwe
kuze kube nokuthinta okuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka okukhanyayo
kwenza amajwabu amehlo akho adlidlize. […]

Ngibiza inkunzi yaseSpain

Sukuma, nkunzi yaseSpain: vuka, vuka.
Vuka ngokuphelele, nkunzi yegwebu elimnyama,
ukuthi uphefumula ukukhanya futhi ukhiphe isithunzi,
futhi ugxilisa izilwandle ngaphansi kwesikhumba sakho esivaliwe.

Vuka

Vuka ngokuphelele, ngiyabona ulele,
ucezu lwesifuba nenye yekhanda:
ukuthi awukavuki njengenkunzi ivuka
lapho ehlaselwa ngokukhashelwa okuyimpisi.

Sukuma

Hlutha amandla akho, vula amathambo akho,
phakamisa isiphongo sakho ngamazembe ahlabayo,
ngamathuluzi amabili okusabisa izinkanyezi,
ukusongela isibhakabhaka ngezimpondo zenhlekelele.

Ngigcobe.

[...]

Umthombo we-biography: Instituto Cervantes


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

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