U-Maria Sure. Ingxoxo nombhali wencwadi ethi Izinyembezi Zothuli Olubomvu

Saxoxa nomlobi uMaría Suré ngomsebenzi wakhe.

Isithombe: U-Maria Sure. Iphrofayili ye-Facebook.

U-Maria Sure Wazalelwa eSalamanca kodwa wathuthela khona Valencia eneminyaka engu-21 futhi wenza izifundo ze-Computer Engineering. Usebenza njengomhlaziyi kanye nonjiniyela we isofthiwe, kodwa njengoba wayezimisele ngokufunda nokubhala, ngo-2014 wabhala inoveli yakhe yokuqala, umbala wokuthethelela. Kamuva balandele iProyecto BEL, Huérfanos de sombra futhi manje ngoJuni odlule wethula Izinyembezi zothuli olubomvu. Kulokhu ingxoxo ebanzi Usitshela ngaye nokunye okuningi. Nginibonga kakhulu isikhathi sakho nomusa wokungikhonza.

U-Maria Sure - Ingxoxo

  • INCWADI YAMANJE: Inoveli yakho yokugcina eshicilelwe inesihloko Izinyembezi zothuli olubomvu. Yini ongasitshela ngayo futhi umqondo uvelaphi?

UMARIA UQINISEKILE: Umbono wavela lapho nginquma ukusetha inoveli elandelayo eValencia, idolobha eliye langamukela kahle phakathi neminyaka ecishe ibe ngamashumi amathathu ngihlale kulo. Ngaqala ukucwaninga ngomlando wedolobha futhi ngathola izindaba ezithakazelisa ngempela ezangiholela esiqongweni esiqhubeka izinyembezi zothuli olubomvu. Kubaluleke kakhulu okwenzeka edolobheni ngesikhathi se- I-Modern Foral Valencia (ikhulu le-XNUMX nele-XNUMX), lapho umahluleli ekhipha izigwebo zentambo ezihlukene kuye ngecala ababelenzile futhi izidumbu zabo zavezwa ezindaweni ezithile zedolobha njengesexwayiso kubo bonke abantu.

Njengamanje, kunengadi ebizwa ngokuthi Insimu kaPolyphilus eyakhiwa njengesikhumbuzo endabeni eshiwo embhalweni wesandla wekhulu le-XNUMX othi: Hypnerotomachia Poliphili (Iphupho lePolífilo ngeSpanishi). Kumayelana a i-incunabulum igcwele ama-hieroglyphs futhi ibhalwe ngezilimi ezimbalwa, omunye wabo wasungula. Ubunikazi bayo budalwe yi Francesco Colona, indela yangaleso sikhathi, into efisa ukwazi uma umuntu ecabangela inani lemifanekiso eqoshiwe enokuqukethwe okuphakeme kobulili athi umbhalo wesandla uqukethe. Liyincwadi emangalisayo lapho amakhophi ayo amaningana agcinwa khona eSpain, wonke amakwe ngokucwaninga ngandlela thize. Amanye anamakhasi angekho, amanye anqanyuliwe, ashiswa... Umsebenzi ophelele utholakala mahhala kwi-Internet futhi ngikukhuthaza ukuba uwubheke ngoba ngicabanga ukuthi uzowuthanda.

En izinyembezi zothuli olubomvu, umbulali udala kabusha ezinye zezigcawu zangaleso sikhathi lapho iziboshwa zabulawa khona eValencia ngokwenza amacala azo namuhla. Ingadi yasePolifilo ingenye yezindawo ezikhethwe yilo mbulali futhi kuzofanele amaphoyisa afunde umbhalo wesandla wasendulo ukuze athole ukuthi ubani obangela ukufa nokuthi kungani.

By indlela isihloko sibaluleke kakhulu kule noveli. Lapho umfundi ethola ukuthi kungani, uzoqonda izinto eziningi futhi izingcezu zizoqala ukungena ekhanda lakhe.

  • I-AL: Ungakhumbula noma yikuphi ukufunda kwakho kokuqala? Futhi ukubhala kwakho kokuqala?

MS: Ngisemncane ngangithanda umxoxi wezindaba. Abazali bami bangithengela okuningi. Ngibeke itheyiphu ikhasethi futhi wayelandela ukufundwa kwendaba ngenkathi eyilalele. Kukhona owawabamba ngekhanda. Ngicabanga ukuthi yilapho engathola khona uthando lwami lokufunda. Eminyakeni embalwa kamuva washwabadela zonke izincwadi ze Abahlanu, engisenayo. Kamuva, lapho sengimdala kancane, ngikhumbula ngilangazelela ukufika kweqembu I-Bibliobus owayedabula edolobheni lakithi njalo ngemva kwamasonto amabili ukuze athole zonke izincwadi ayefuna ukuzifunda. 

Ngaqala ukubhala ngineminyaka eyishumi noma eyishumi nambiliAngisakhumbuli kahle. Ngibhalile inoveli ye-adventure ngesitayela samaNhlanu. Ngikwenze ngepensela, ngemidwebo yezigcawu ezibaluleke kakhulu. Izoba namakhasi acishe abe amashumi amathathu futhi ngisenombhalo wesandla ogcwele ukugqagqana, ukungapeli kahle kahle namanothi emaphethelweni. Ngiyigcina ngiyithanda kakhulu ngoba kwakuyindlela ingane yami eyayivele icabange ngayo izindaba ekhanda layo futhi yabona kunesidingo sokuzibhala ephepheni. 

  • AL: Umbhali ohamba phambili? Ungakhetha ngaphezu kweyodwa nakuzo zonke izikhathi. 

MS: Yeka ukuthi kunzima kanjani ukukhetha phakathi kwababhali abaningi abanekhono! Ngangivame ukufunda kakhulu UPatricia Highsmith, UJohn le Carréngisho Stephen King yayinendawo enhle phakathi kokufunda kwami ​​kwentsha. Njengababhali bakamuva ngingakhetha u-Dolores Redondo, Maite R. Ochotorena, Alaitz Leceaga, Sandrone Dazieri, UBernard MinierU-Niklas Natt no-Dag, Jo Nesbo, J. D. Barker… 

Umbhali engimtholile kulo nyaka futhi ositayela sakhe engisithanda kakhulu ngu-Santiago Álvarez.

  • AL: Yimuphi umlingiswa osencwadini obungathanda ukuhlangana naye futhi umakhe? 

MS: Ngokubona kwami ​​umlingiswa ohamba phambili emlandweni wemibhalo yabantu abamnyama yilowo ka ULisbeth Salander kusukela ochungechungeni lweMillennium. Iphelele. Ngiyabathanda labo abalingisi ababonakala bebuthakathaka, abangenakuzisiza futhi abavame ukuheha abahlaseli abacabanga ukuthi banelungelo lokusizakala ngabo. Abalingiswa abathi, bephushwa izimo ezibabeke emkhawulweni, bathola amandla angaphakathi abenza bakwazi ukususa izintaba futhi bashiye umfundi enkemile. 

  • AL: Yimiphi imikhuba noma imikhuba ekhethekile uma kukhulunywa ngokubhala noma ukufunda? 

MS: Ngiyayithanda ngizihlukanise nemvelo lapho ngibhala ukugxilisa ingqondo. Ngifake ama-headphone ami ngilalele umculo. izikhathi eziningi ngiyezwa izingoma ezihambisana nalokhu engikubhalayo. Ngisebenzisa umculo omningi we-melancholic kuzigcawu ezidabukisayo, noma i-rock yezigcawu ezidinga isenzo esengeziwe. Ngenoveli yokugcina ngaqala ukwenza a uhlu lwadlalwayo kuSpotify wezingoma engizilalele kakhulu ngesikhathi sokubhala futhi ngakuthanda lokho. Ishicilelwa ku ikhasi lami leWebhu futhi ingafinyelelwa yinoma ubani ofuna.

Kwesinye isikhathi ngimane ngilalele imvelo izwakala futhi ikakhulukazi imvula. Leyo misindo ingiphumuza kakhulu uma ngibhala. Ngicabanga ukuthi kubuye kuncike emoyeni wami ngaleso sikhathi.

  • AL: Futhi indawo yakho oyithandayo nesikhathi sokwenza? 

MS: Ngingathanda ukuba nesikhathi engisithandayo futhi ngikwazi ukuhlangabezana nezinhlelo, kodwa kuba nzima uma ungazinikeli kulokhu kuphela. Ekugcineni ngifuna izikhala nesikhathi sosuku zingahlukahluka kakhulu. Ekuseni kakhulu, ngesikhathi sokulala, ekuntweleni kokusa... Isikhathi esikahle yilapho indlu ithula futhi abalingisi bakho baqala ukufuna ukunaka kwakho. Ngizama ukunikela amahora ambalwa kuyo nsuku zonke, kodwa akwenzeki ngaso sonke isikhathi.

Ngangivame ukubhala ngesandla futhi ngikwenza noma yikuphi, kodwa ngaqonda ukuthi ukwenza kanjalo kwakungithatha isikhathi esiphindwe kabili njengoba kwakufanele ngibhale yonke into ngiyibuyisele kukhompuyutha. Manje Ngihlale ngibhala etafuleni lami, ikhona lami elincane lapho ngijabula khona amahora ambalwa nsuku zonke.

  • AL: Ingabe zikhona ezinye izinhlobo ozithandayo? 

MS: Ngizama ukufunda i-dnakho konke. Kuyiqiniso ukuthi ngifunde amanoveli angekho ohlotsheni lwe-noir futhi engiwathandile. Ngicabanga ukuthi umuntu uthanda inoveli ngendlela ebhalwe ngayo kanye nesakhiwo sayo kungakhathalekile ukuthi ingeyaluphi uhlobo.. Okwenzekayo ukuthi, lapho ngikhetha, ngihlale ngincika kumnyama, kokubili ekufundeni nasekubhaleni. Ngoba ngiyayijabulela ngempela imfihlakalo, lowo mkhathi, kwesinye isikhathi ukuminyanisa, lapho lezi zinhlobo zezindaba zivame ukwenzeka khona, zokuphusha abalingisi kuze kube sekupheleni kanye nokuhlola uhlangothi olumnyama sonke esinalo ngaphakathi.

  • AL: Ufundani manje? Futhi ukubhala?

MS: Ngokujwayelekile ngihlanganisa ukufunda amanoveli amaningana ngesikhathi esisodwa nangezindlela ezahlukene. Njengamanje ngiyafunda Cumuzi ovuthayo, nguDon Winslow kudijithali, i-bologna boogie, kaJusto Navarro ephepheni nokulalela isela lamathambo, nguManel Loureiro, ku-audiobook. Kulaba abathathu, kumele ngisho ukuthi indaba engiyithokozela kakhulu ngeyokugcina.

Njengamanje ngikhona ukubhala ukuqhubeka kwe izinyembezi zothuli olubomvu. Ngasala ngifuna okwengeziwe empilweni yabanye abalingisi futhi abafundi abaningi sebeqalile ukucela ingxenye yesibili. Kuzovela abalingiswa abasemqoka abafanayo kuyo, kodwa abathintekayo esakhiweni esihluke ngokuphelele ukuze bobabili bafundeke ngokuzimela.

  • AL: Ucabanga ukuthi indawo yokushicilela ikuphi futhi yini ethathe isinqumo sokuthi uzame ukushicilela?

MS: Isikhathi esiphila kuso eziyinkimbinkimbi yesigcawu sokushicilela kanye nabanye abaningi. ESpain, kunyatheliswa izihloko ezicishe zibe izinkulungwane eziyikhulu unyaka ngamunye, ngakho umncintiswano unonya. Kusuka kubo, Ama-86% awadayisi amakhophi angaphezu kwamashumi amahlanu ngonyaka, ukuze uthole umbono walesi simo. Ngenhlanhla, ezweni lakithi, abantu bafunda kabanzi. Ukuboshwa kwasondeza abantu ezincwadini, kodwa sisengaphansi kakhulu kwamanye amazwe ase-Europe ngokufunda. Ngaphezu kwama-35% abantu baseSpain abakaze bafunde. Kubonakala sengathi kunomkhuba wokufunda okuningi ephepheni kuneminyaka embalwa edlule futhi ifomethi ye-audiobook ithatha indima ehamba phambili. 

Amanoveli ami amathathu okuqala ngizinyathelise ngokwawo e-Amazon. Kuyinketho enhle kubabhali abasanda kuqala ngoba ikuvumela ukuthi umemezele imisebenzi yakho uma ungenaye umshicileli. Inkinga ukuthi ukufinyelela onakho njengomshicileli akuhlangene nalokho umshicileli wendabuko angakunikeza khona. Yingakho nginqume ukuyizama ngenoveli yami yakamuva. Bobabili uPlaneta noMaeva babenesithakazelo kuyo futhi ekugcineni ngasayina inkontileka yokushicilela nabakamuva. Okuhlangenwe nakho kuye kwaba futhi kuyagculisa kakhulu futhi ngithemba ukuqhubeka nokusebenza nabo esikhathini esizayo.

  • AL: Ngabe isikhathi senhlekelele esibhekene naso sinzima kuwe noma uzokwazi ukugcina okuthile okuhle ngezindaba ezizayo?

MS: Ngifuna ukucabanga ngalezo zikhathi ezimbi ungakwazi njalo ukuthola okuthile okuhle. Njengasendabeni yobhubhane, okwadala ukuthi abantu baqale ukufunda kakhulu. Kulo mzuzu wobunzima lapho izinkampani zizama ukunciphisa ubungozi ngangokunokwenzeka, ngicabanga ukuthi, en esimweni somhlaba wokushicilela, kungenzeka ukuthi imisebenzi eshicilelwe ikhethwa kakhulu kanye nekhwalithi yalokho okuphuma emakethe kungcono. Mayelana nombono wami njengombhali, ngizoqhubeka nokubhala njengenjwayelo, lina noma libalele. Ngoba angibhali ngicabanga ngokushicilela umsebenzi, kodwa ngokunikela okungcono kakhulu ngami nabalingiswa bami ngaso sonke isikhathi. Khona-ke, uma sekuqediwe, sizobona ukuthi kwenzekani kuyo. 


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.