ULuis de Góngora. Isikhumbuzo sokufa kwakhe. Amasonethi akhethiwe ayi-6

ULuis de Góngora. Isithombe sikaVelázquez.

ULuis de Gongora is, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi bathanda izinkondlo ngamunye, imbongi okwakuqala futhi okunethonya kakhulu kwi-Golden Age Spanish, lapho kwakukhona khona ukuhlushwa okunjalo kwezimbongi zokuqala futhi ezinethonya. Namuhla i- isikhumbuzo esisha sokufa yale ndoda engafi yaseCordoba unomphela emsebenzini wayo lokho ulimi oluyinkimbinkimbi, igcwele ihaba, okufanekisela nenkolo, i-periphrasis kanye nezakhiwo cishe ezingenakwenzeka. Ukukukhumbuza, le yi ukukhethwa kwezinye zazo amanethi.

Mina noLuis de Góngora

Kufanele ukuvume. Noma ngubani ofunda uGóngora futhi amqonde (noma acabange ukuthi uyakwenza) okokuqala ungumuntu onelungelo. Ngisho nethenda lami elikhulu ebuntwaneni ingane yesikole, lapho uqala ukufunda (noma zama ukufunda) inganekwane I-Polyphemus neGalatea, hhayi manje eqophelweni le- isigamu sekhulu Ngikwazile ukulandela uDon Luis omuhle. Yilapho futhi okukhanga khona, i- ubuhle wakhe isibhakela nokuthi shintsha of a ulimi ukuthi bambalwa ababekwazi ukuhlanganisa njengale mbongi yaseCordovan yendawo yonke.

Futhi, ekugcineni, kuyiqiniso ukuthi uhlala naye duel dialectical nobumunyu alinakulinganiswa lelo omunye ayenaso nesinye isilo esasisezingeni lakhe, yize ayekhuluma kakhulu njengoba ayenguDon UFrancisco de Quevedo. Kepha futhi neqiniso lokuthi uDon Miguel de Cervantes wamdumisa ngokungapheli. Ngamehlo anikezwa yiminyaka nokufundwa okuningi okuningi, bheka manje eGóngora Kuhlala i- inselelo, kodwa eyakhe ubuhle ngamazwi.

6 amanethi

Ngenkathi uncintisana nezinwele zakho

Ngenkathi uncintisana nezinwele zakho,
ukucwebezela kwegolide okushiswe yilanga ngeze;
ngenkathi ngokwedelela maphakathi nethafa
bheka esiphongweni sakho esimhlophe i-lilio enhle;
ngenkathi udebe ngalunye, ukulubamba,
ukulandela amehlo amaningi kunokuqalwa kokuqala;
futhi ngenkathi ngokunqoba ngokwedelela okukhulu
kusuka kukhristalu ekhanyayo intamo yakho emnene;
ujabulela intamo, izinwele, udebe nebunzi,
ngaphambi kwalokho okwakukhona enkathini yakho yegolide
igolide, i-lilium, i-carnation, i-crystal ekhanyayo,
hhayi ngesiliva noma i-viola encishisiwe kuphela
iyajika, kepha wena nayo ndawonye
emhlabathini, ngentuthu, othulini, ethunzini, lutho.

KuCordoba

O udonga oluphakeme, oh imibhoshongo enemiqhele
Wokudumisa, wobukhosi, wegalantry!
O umfula omkhulu, inkosi enkulu yase-Andalusia,
Kwesihlabathi esihle, ngoba hhayi ngegolide!
O ithafa elivundile, o izintaba eziphakanyisiwe,
Lokho kunikeza isibhakabhaka isibindi futhi kuhlobise usuku!
O likhazimula njalo izwe lami,
Kungakanani ngezimpaphe njengezinkemba! Uma phakathi kwalawo manxiwa nokuphangwa
Lokho kunothisa uGenil noDauro bayageza
Inkumbulo yakho bekungekhona ukudla kwami,

Ungalokothi ufanelwe amehlo ami engekho
Bona udonga lwakho, imibhoshongo yakho nomfula wakho,
Amathafa akho nezintaba, oh izwe lakithi, oh imbali yaseSpain!

Emoneni

Inkungu yombuso othule kakhulu,
Ukufutheka kwesihogo, inyoka ezalwe kabi!
Oh inyoka efihlekile enobuthi
Kusuka edlelweni eliluhlaza kuya esifubeni esinephunga elimnandi!

O phakathi kompe wothando lokufa olunobuthi,
Ukuthi engilazini yekristalu uthatha impilo!
Oh inkemba kimi nginezinwele ezibanjiwe,
Kusukela ku-brake hard brur spur!

O intshiseko, yomusa wesahlulelo saphakade!
Buyela endaweni edabukisayo lapho wawukhona,
Noma embusweni (uma ulingana lapho) ngokwesaba;

Kepha ngeke ulingane lapho, ngoba kube nokuningi kakhulu
Ukuthi uyazidla ungaziqedi,
Kufanele ube mkhulu kunesihogo uqobo.

KuQuevedo

ISpanishi Anacreon, akekho ongakuvimba,
Ungasho ngenhlonipho enkulu ukuthi,
Ukuthi njengoba izinyawo zakho zingama-elegy,
Ukuthi ukuthamba kwakho kwenziwa ngesiraphu.

Ngabe ngeke ulingise iTerentian Lope,
KuneBellerophon nsuku zonke
Kuma-clogs wezinkondlo zamahlaya
Ugqoka ama-spur, amnikeze i-gallop?

Ngokunakekelwa okukhethekile izifiso zakho
Bathi bafuna ukuhumushela esiGrekini
Amehlo akho abengayibhekanga.

Baboleke isikhashana iso lami elingaboni,
Ngoba ukukhanyisa ngakhipha amavesi athile axegayo,
Futhi uzoqonda noma iyiphi i-gregüesco kamuva.

Kakade ukuqabula i-crystal izandla ezicacile

Usuvele uqabula izandla ezicwebezelayo,
usuvele ungibopha entanyeni emhlophe futhi ebushelelezi,
esevele esakaza lezo zinwele phezu kwakhe
uthando luni aludonsa egolide lezimayini zakhe,

ngivele ngigqekeze lawo maparele amahle
amazwi amnandi ayinkulungwane ngaphandle kokufanele,
vele ubambe udebe ngalunye oluhle
ama-rose ansomi ngaphandle kokwesaba ameva,

Bengi, oh ilanga elicwathile elinomona,
lapho ukukhanya kwakho, kulimaza amehlo ami,
yabulala udumo lwami futhi inhlanhla yami yaphela.

Uma isibhakabhaka singasenamandla amancane,
ngoba abakuniki ukucasula okwengeziwe,
Damn, njengendodana yakho, ikunikeze ukufa.

Umbhalo wethuna likaDominico Greco

Isesimweni esihle, oh pilgrim,
yokhiye okhuni okhanyayo we-porphyry,
ibhulashi liyaphika umhlaba othambile,
owanikeza umoya ukhuni, impilo ngelineni.

Igama lakhe, i-dino ephefumula ngokwengeziwe
ukuthi kuma-bugles of Fame kuyalingana,
inkambu ikhombisa kuleyo marble yethuna:
impindisele bese uqhubeka nendlela yakho.

IsiGreki sinamanga. Imvelo Eyifa
Ubuciko; no-Art, funda; Iris, imibala;
I-Phoebus, izibani -uma kungezona izithunzi, uMorpheus-.

I-urn engaka, naphezu kobulukhuni bayo,
izinyembezi ziyaphuza, nokuthi kunuka izithukuthuku ezingaki
Amagxolo omngcwabo wesihlahla sikaSabeo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.