UKurt Vonnegut: I-American Counterculture

Kurt Vonnegut

U-Kurt Vonnegut (1922-2007) wayengumbhali wezincwadi waseMelika ongajwayelekile oxhumene nenganekwane yesayensi enenhlansi ehlekisayo.. Wayazi ukuthi angakuthola kanjani ukuthinta kwakhe ngenxa yesitayela esiyingqayizivele samahlaya amnyama. Umsebenzi wakhe uqukethe amanoveli angaphezu kweshumi nambili. Enye yezincwadi zakhe eziyinhloko ithi I-Matadero cinco (1969).

I-Vonnegut yayisebenza isigamu sekhulu leminyaka. Futhi wayechuma kakhulu, enesibindi sokubhala izindaba ezimfushane, ama-eseyi, imidlalo yeshashalazi nemibhalo yamafilimu. Kodwa-ke, uma evelele ohlotsheni oluthile, leyo kwakuyinoveli. Uma ufuna ukwazi okwengeziwe ngalo mbhali odumile we-counterculture yekhulu leminyaka elidlule, lapha sethula kuwe.

Ukuhlangana noKurt Vonnegut

UKurt Vonnegut wazalelwa e-Indianapolis ngo-1922. emndenini odabuka eJalimane. Ufunde emanyuvesi ahlukene. Nakuba kusukela esemncane wayeseqalile ukubhala, wazama isandla sakhe ku-biochemistry ngemva kokuba uprofesa emtshela ukuthi izindaba zakhe azizinhle ngokwanele. Ugcizelela ukuthi eminyakeni yakhe engumfundi into abeyithanda kakhulu wukusebenzisana namaphephandaba axhumene nezikhungo zokufunda. Esemncane kakhulu wangena ebuthweni futhi ngo-1944 wabhekana nokuzibulala kukanina.

Okuhlangenwe nakho kwakhe eMpini Yezwe II kwamphawula. Inoveli yakhe I-Matadero cinco (1969) ubonisa kahle kakhulu ukwesabeka abhekana nakho ngesikhathi kuqhunyiswa ibhomu eDresden eJalimane ngoFebhuwari 1945. Wayengomunye wabasinda kulesi sigameko esiyingqopha-mlando esashiya izinkulungwane zifile. Futhi, waphila isikhathi esithile njengesiboshwa samaNazi. Kulula ukuqonda ukuthi indlela yakhe yokubona ukuphila ngemva kokuhlangenwe nakho okubuhlungu kanjalo yayisibekela umsebenzi wakhe wokubhala.

Ngemva kwempi wabuyela enyuvesi eyokwenza izifundo ze-Anthropology. Kodwa UVonnegut waqhubeka nokubhala futhi washicilela inoveli yakhe yokuqala ngo-1952. (Umdlali wepiyano). Ezinye zezincwadi zakhe zathengiswa kakhulu futhi wanikela impilo yakhe ekubhaleni, ngokweqiniso ngendlela. UVonnegut waqokomisa ithonya elikhulu umlobi waseMelika uMark Twain ayenalo kuye.

Washada kabili. Indodana yakhe uMark Vonnegut ingudokotela wezingane ovelele kanti indodakazi yakhe u-Edith Vonnegut ungumdwebi odumile. Washonela eNew York ngo-Ephreli 11, 2007.

IMpi Yezwe II

Isitayela somsebenzi wakhe

Umsebenzi wakhe uchazwe njengophazamisayo. Kuyinhlanganisela ephelele ye-wit namahlaya amnyama.. Ngandlela thize, ungomunye walabo babhali okunzima ukuhlukanisa ngezigaba abafinyelela phezulu ngomsebenzi ohlekisayo nonesikhathi eside.

Indlela yakhe yokubhala iqondile. Ngesitayela esilula semisho emifushane nezigaba ezimfishane. Akachazanga ngezindlela ezixakile, usho abekudinga ngaphandle kokuchezuka okuningi. Ngokulinganayo, ezincwadini zakhe ungaphefumula ukudumala kwamahlaya amnyama nokuntula ukholo esintwini. Isibonelo esihle salokhu izinga lokuziphatha alinikeza amaqhawe nezigilamkhuba ezincwadini zakhe, ngokulingana.

Nokho, isizinda somsebenzi wakhe sathinta izici zokweqa. Ibuze umfundi imibuzo yakudala ethi “singobani futhi sivelaphi? Kungani silapha? Impela, I-Vonnegut izosebenzisa izinganekwane zesayensi ukuthuthukisa ngokucacile lezi zindaba ukuthi abantu bakucabangele ngisho ekuncokoleni.

Lo mbhali uyisibonelo se-counterculture. Waba nempumelelo enkulu emphakathini futhi umnikelo womsebenzi wakhe ubaluleke kakhulu esikweni lengxenye yesibili yekhulu lama-XNUMX. Noma kunjalo, futhi kuzoba nabaphikisi abaningi, labo abangabalungile ngokwepolitiki nokuthi babona emlayezweni kaVonnegut, kanye nangesitayela sakhe, kuwukucasulwa okungcolile kuphela.

Kurt Vonnegut wehlele emlandweni wezingasoze zabuna, ngoba ithonya layo ezizukulwaneni ezahlukene zabafundi ngale kwe-United States alinakuphikwa. ngamafuphi umsebenzi wakhe ungachazwa njengohlekisayo, ongajwayelekile futhi onesilinganiso esiphezulu sokwethembeka.

iplanethi yesikhala

Izincwadi Ezinkulu Kurt Vonnegut

  • Umdlali wepiyano (1952) Yinoveli yakhe yokuqala. Ichaza nge-automatism ukunyamalala kwesintu okuye kwathathelwa indawo imishini.
  • izinhlabamkhosi ze-titan (1959). Inoveli yenganekwane yesayensi lapho umlingiswa oyinhloko ehamba nenja yakhe emkhathini. Inkinga ukuthi abakwazi ukuhlala isikhathi eside endaweni ngayinye. Ingxabano eyinqaba kakhulu yesikhathi sesikhala.
  • Ubusuku bomama (1961) yindaba ekhohlisayo yenhloli yaseMelika phakathi neMpi Yezwe II eyaduka e-United States. Njengoba bekholelwa ukuthi ungumsekeli wamaNazi, uzozithola evikelwe abalingisi abahlukahlukene kakhulu, njengamalungu e-Ku Klux Klan.
  • imbeleko yekati (1963) Kwakuyinoveli akwazi ngayo ukuphothula izifundo ze-Anthropology. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, indaba ibekwe esimweni esicatshangelwayo esigcwele ukungalawuleki, iRiphabhulikhi yaseSan Lorenzo. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, undunankulu wale ndawo uyindodana yomsunguli webhomu le-athomu.
  • I-Slaughterhouse Yesihlanu noma I-Crusade of Innocents (1969) Ibhekwa njengenye yamanoveli angcono kakhulu ohlobo lwesayensi yezinganekwane, futhi omunye wemisebenzi ebaluleke kakhulu yezincwadi zaseMelika zekhulu lama-XNUMX. Ifakwe endabeni yeMpi Yezwe Yesibili futhi iyisitatimende esimelene nempi, esihlekisa ngezimpi, futhi sithinta ukwesaba okubangelwa yizo.
  • Isidlo sasekuseni sikaChampion (1973) iyinoveli enokubhuqa umlingiswa wayo oyinhloko uPhilboyd Studge, omunye umbhali wamahlaya omnyama. Uhlobo lokumelwa okufanayo kuka-Kurt ngokwakhe lapho singafunda khona okwengeziwe ngobuntu beqiniso bukaVonnegut.
  • Indoda engenazwe iyinhlanganisela yezindatshana zakhe ezibucayi, ezanyatheliswa ngo-2005. Ukhuluma ngezindaba ezibucayi zamanje, njengepolitiki ka-G. Bush noma ukuguquka kwesimo sezulu, ngaphandle kokushiya iphimbo lakhe elivamile lokubhuqa.

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.