UJesu Valero. Ingxoxo nombhali we I-echo yezithunzi

Izithombe. UJesús Valero, iphrofayili ye-Twitter.

UJesu Valero uvela eSan Sebastián, uDokotela ku-Biological Sciences futhi njengamanje uphethe i- UTecnalia, isikhungo esikhulu kunazo zonke se-R & D ngaseningizimu yeYurophu. Y ngesikhathi sakhe sokuphumula uyabhala. Nge intshisekelo ekhethekile emlandweni wasendulo naseNkathini Ephakathi, kwaqala ezincwadini nge Ukukhanya okungabonakali manje usunengxenye yesibili, Ukunanela kwamathunzi. Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngesikhathi sakho nangomusa enikelwe kulokhu ingxoxo.

UJesús Valero - Ingxoxo 

  • UMBHALO MANJE: Ukunanela kwamathunzi yinoveli yakho yakamuva nokuqhubeka kwe- Ukukhanya okungabonakali. Usitshelani kuso?

UJESU VALERO: Kuyi indaba kubaliwe izikhathi ezintathu. UMarta, umbuyiseli wobuciko, uthola incwadi endala. Kuyidayari kaJean, umlingiswa ongajwayelekile owayephila ngekhulu le-XNUMX. Encwadini yami yamanoveli sizolandela ukuzijabulisa kwabo bobabili, abazama ukufihla nokuthola i- izinsalela zasendulo kusukela esikhathini sikaJesu Kristu. Maduze nje bobabili bazokwazi ukuthi babeka izimpilo zabo engcupheni nokuthi insalela yasendulo yinto ebilokhu ifiswa yisonto. Umfundi uzothola i- isasasa lomlando, lisethwe ngokuphelele, futhi ngizohamba nabaphikisi bezindela zasendulo ne-scriptorium bezama ukuthola okhiye abafihlwe emasontweni nasemibhalo yesandla yasendulo. 

  • AL: Uyayikhumbula leyoncwadi yokuqala oyifundile? Nendaba yokuqala oyibhalile?

I-JV: Ngicabanga ukuthi kungaba yindaba ethile ye- abahlanu noma kwe Hollister. Ngibe sengizicwilisa ngokushesha ezincwadini zokuzijabulisa ze UVerne o ISalgari ngaphambi kokuthola eneminyaka eyishumi incwadi engenze ngafuna ukubhala: INkosi yezindandatho. Indaba yokuqala engiyibhalile ibe Ukukhanya okungabonakali. Kungithathe cishe iminyaka engamashumi amabili ukuyicabanga futhi ngiyibhale. Kungakho-ke, yize ungumbhali omusha, kuyincwadi ebanzi kakhulu enesakhiwo esiyinkimbinkimbi kodwa esilula ukulandela. 

  • AL: Umbhali oyinhloko? Ungakhetha ngaphezu kweyodwa nakuzo zonke izinkathi. 

JV: Ebusheni bami ngaphandle kokungabaza Tolkien. Bese kuthi lapho sengimdala ngizame ukufunda yonke into, noma imuphi umbhali nohlobo. Kuyangisiza ukufunda bese ngixoxa izindaba ezingcono. Uma kufanele ngisho ukuthi obani ababhali engibathandayo, ngingasho UMurakami noPaul ukhwathu. Kubabhali baseSpain ngingaveza abaningi, kepha ngingaqhakambisa ukuthi ngifunde ini okuningi UPérez-Reverte ngokuthi uziphatha kanjani izigcawu zezenzo ezinzima njalo.

  • AL: Yimuphi umlingiswa osencwadini obungathanda ukuhlangana naye futhi umakhe?

I-JV: Kunzima ukukhetha eyodwa. Mhlawumbe ngingasho I-Aragorn, of INkosi yezindandatho. Uyinhlanganisela ye-adventure protagonist eyiqiniso kumbono wakhe womhlaba, onomgomo empilweni futhi olwela ukuwufinyelela, kepha akazimisele ukukwenza nganoma iyiphi indlela. Yiba ne- ikhodi yokuhlonipha kakhulu. Omunye wabaphikisi be Ukukhanya okungabonakali, umkhonto omnyama, yize wehlukile, unezinye zalezo zimfanelo ezingithakazelisa kakhulu.

  • AL: Yimiphi imikhuba noma imikhuba ekhethekile uma kukhulunywa ngokubhala noma ukufunda?

JV: Mina Ngibhala ngesandla, ngaphambili encwadini yokubhalela, manje kufayela le- idivayisi okungivumela ukuthi ngiqhubeke nokukwenza kepha kunginika ithuba lokuthi licubungule ukubhala kwami ​​ngesandla bese kulifaka ngqo kwidijithali. Kamuva, ekulungisweni, ngikwenza nasephepheni futhi kuphela lapho sengithungathe umbhalo wesandla lapho ngethula khona ushintsho kwikhompyutha, into engiyiphindaphinda kaninginingi izikhathi eziningi.

  • AL: Futhi indawo yakho oyithandayo nesikhathi sokwenza?

JV: Ngidinga umsindo omkhulu ungizungezile. Ngibhala ezitolo zekhofi, ezikhumulweni zezindiza nasezitolo zokudlela lapho ngihamba. Ngifuna nje i- ukuthula ukulungisa. Eminyakeni yamuva nami ngivame ukubhala esikebheni ngesikhathi samaholide. Cishe ingxenye yesithathu ye- Ukunanela kwamathunzi kubhaliwe inyanga yonke ukuthi bengiphequlula.

  • AL: Ingabe zikhona ezinye izinhlobo ozithandayo?

JV: Ngithanda cishe yonke into. Uhlobo alubalulekile kangako kimi, ngikwazi ukufunda amanoveli omlando, amanoveli obugebengu, inganekwane, inganekwane yesayensi noma amanoveli ngaphandle kobulili. Ngifunda kukho konke futhi ngicabanga ukuthi kuyangisiza ukukhuluma izindaba ezingcono. Empeleni okukuthandayo kungishintsha njalo ababhaliNgimunca izinto ezehlukile kulowo nalowo.  

  • AL: Ufundani manje? Futhi ukubhala?

I-JV: Manje ngifunda ezinye zakudala. Njengamanje ngiyafunda Izinkumbulo zikaHadrian nguMargarite Yourcenar futhi owedlule ube Phesheya ngu-Albert Camus, ebengifuna ukuyifunda ngohlobo lwayo lokuqala ngesiFulentshi. Mayelana nengikubhalayo, okwamanje Ngithuthuka ngenoveli yami entsha, esingenaso isihloko kodwa izovala i-loop kusuka ekukhanyeni okungabonakali kanye ne-echo yezithunzi. Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngizowuqeda ngasekupheleni konyaka, yize kuya ngokuthi ngikwazi yini ukubhala okuningi kuleli hlobo. Sengivele nginomqondo ezinye izindaba ezintathu Ngifuna ukutshela, kepha ngeke nginqume ngesinye sazo ngize ngiqede esedlule bese ngiyiletha kumshicileli.

  • AL: Ucabanga ukuthi isimo sokushicilela sinjani? Ababhali abaningi nabafundi abambalwa?

JV: Mhlawumbe angisona isibonelo esihle salesi simo. Ukushicilela amanoveli ami amabili bekungelona iphupho kimi. Bengingakaze ngishicilele phambilini futhi bengingazi muntu emhlabeni wokushicilela, kepha umbhalo wami wesandla waheha ngokushesha uPablo Álvarez, i-ejenti yami ye-Editabundo. Lapho kwenzeka lokhu, yonke into yahamba ngokushesha okukhulu futhi uCarmen Romero wasePenguin Random House wathi yebo ngokushesha nje lapho eyifunda. Ngiyazi ukuthi kwabanye ababhali konke kube nzima kakhulu futhi mhlawumbe kungaba njalo nakimi ngokuzayo. Ukuphila ngokubhala kuyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu, bambalwa kuphela abangakwenza, futhi angikhathazekile ngalokho okwenzekayo. Ngiyawuthanda umsebenzi wami futhi ukubhala kuzoqhubeka kube yinto engiyithandayo kodwa engikwenza ngaphandle kwengcindezi.

  • AL: Ngabe isikhathi senhlekelele esibhekene naso sinzima kuwe noma uzokwazi ukugcina okuthile okuhle ngezindaba ezizayo?

I-JV: Ngizijwayeza kahle kunoma yisiphi isimo futhi angikaze ngiyithole le COVID embi kakhulu. Nginenzuzo: Ngingu-microbiologist futhi ngiyakuqonda okwenzekayo nokuthi yini engenzeka ngokwemvelo kunabantu abaningi. Konke lokhu kungokwesikhashana futhi kungekudala sizobuyela ezimpilweni zethu ezijwayelekile. Engikucacelayo ngukuthi lesi simo ngeke sibe ngumthombo wokhuthazo kumanoveli ami, anginantshisekelo enkulu kuleso sifundo kusukela kuleso simo sokubuka. Kunezinto ezingcono kakhulu ongabhala ngazo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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