Izinkondlo zesimanje zaseLatin American (I)

Izinkondlo zesimanje zaseMelika zaseSpain

Uma sikhuluma ngezinkondlo zaseSpain-American, igama lokuqala eliphuma noma elinye lokuqala, ngokungangabazeki lelo URubén Darío, nobani i Isimanjemanje, kodwa kunezinkondlo zaseSpain-American ngale kwale noma nguJosé Hernández, enye imbongi enkulu.

Phakathi kwabanye, amazwi alandelayo avela: UGabriela Mistral, uJosé Martí, uPablo Neruda, u-Octavio Paz, uCésar Vallejo y UVicente Huidobro. Kulesi sihloko sizokhuluma ngezintathu zokuqala, nakwesizoshicilelwa kusasa sizokhuluma ngezintathu zokugcina. Uma uthanda izinkondlo, noma kunalokho, izinkondlo ezinhle, ungayeki ukufunda okuzayo.

Gabriela Mistral

UGabriela Mistral, noma yini efanayo, ULucia Godoy Wayengomunye wezimbongi zaleso sikhathi okwathi ngezinkondlo zakhe wazama ukuthola ubuqiniso, iqiniso lansuku zonke, naye waphephela ekusondelaneni.

UGabriela, owayenguNobel Prize for Literature ngo-1945, wabhala "Amanothi wokufa", omunye wemisebenzi yakhe emihle futhi efanele kakhulu. Kuphefumulelwe yi ukuzibulala kukaRomelio Ureta, uthando lwakhe oludala. Futhi i-sonnet yokuqala ihamba kanjena:

Kusukela ku-niche efriziwe abantu abakufaka kuyo,
Ngizokwehlisela ezweni elithobekile nelinelanga.
Ukuthi kufanele ngilale kuwo, abantu bebengazi,
nokuthi kufanele siphuphe ngomcamelo ofanayo.

Ngizokubeka phansi emhlabeni onelanga nge
ubumnandi bukamama endodaneni elele,
futhi umhlaba kufanele ube yimbumba ethambile
ekwamukeleni umzimba wakho njengengane ebuhlungu.

Lapho-ke ngizofafaza ukungcola ngivuke nothuli
nasothulini oluluhlaza nolukhanyayo lwenyanga,
ilight offal izoboshwa.

Ngizohamba ngihlabelela izimiso zami ezinhle,
Ngoba kuleyo honorer efihliwe isandla sika cha
uzokwehla ukuphikisana nedlanzana lamathambo akho!

UJose Marti

UJosé Marti, waseCuba, wayenezinkondlo njengemodi yokuxhumana eqotho, ekhonjiswa ngendlela ehlelekile ngokulula nangokuvamile. Iyazichaza imbongi "Amavesi alula" ngenkondlo yakhe, ngoba kuyo wethula futhi wabumba umphefumulo wakhe njengoba wawunjalo. Lapho ebhala la mavesi uyaziveza: iyunithi elenziwe ngezinto ezingafani neziphikisayo, njengoba kwenzeka lapho eqamba amagama "Ubuthakathaka bezinyamazane" phambi "Amandla wensimbi". Iphinde ikhombise imizwa efana nobumbano nokuqedwa kwentukuthelo:

Hlakulela i-rose emhlophe
ngoJuni njengoJanuwari
Okomngane oqotho
onginika isandla sakhe esingagunci.

Nangenxa yesihluku esingidabulayo
inhliziyo engiphila ngayo,
Ukulima inkunzane noma imbabazane;
Ngikhulisa i-rose elimhlophe.

Pablo Neruda

Angazi ukuthi sengibhale kangaki ngalo mbhali, kepha angikhathali. UNeruda wayeyilinye lamagama amakhulu ezinkondlweni zomhlaba, futhi uzohlala njalo, hhayi eLatin America kuphela. Ngokuqamba nje umsebenzi wakho "Izinkondlo ezingamashumi amabili zothando nengoma yokuphelelwa yithemba", eyashicilelwa ngo-1924, sithi konke ... Futhi bengingaswela imigqa yokushicilela konke okufanele kufundwe yilo mbhali. Kepha ngizoba mfushane, noma okungenani, ngizozama ukuba:

Ukuze ungizwe
amazwi ami
baba mncane kwesinye isikhathi
njengezinyathelo zezinyoni zasolwandle emabhishi.

Umgexo, inyoka yenyoka edakiwe
ngoba izandla zenu zithambile njengamagilebhisi.

Futhi ngibheka amazwi ami ukude.
Ngaphezu kokwami ​​bangabakho.
Bakhuphuka ebuhlungwini bami obudala njenge-ivy.

Bakhuphuka izindonga ezinomswakama kanjena.
Nguwe okufanele usolwe ngalo mdlalo onegazi.

Babalekela indawo yami emnyama.
Ugcwalisa konke, ugcwalisa konke.

Phambi kwakho bahlalisa isizungu onaso,
futhi bajwayele ukudabuka kwami ​​kunawe.
Manje ngifuna basho engifuna ukukutshela khona
ukuze uzwe njengoba ngifuna ungizwe.

Umoya wentukuthelo usabahudula.
Iziphepho zamaphupho zisabashaya kwesinye isikhathi.
Uzwa amanye amazwi ezwini lami elibuhlungu.
Izinyembezi zemilomo yakudala, igazi lokunxusa okudala.
Ngithande, mlingani wami. Ungangishiyi. Ngilandele
Ngilandele, mlingani, kulelo gagasi losizi.

Kepha amagama ami angcolise uthando lwakho.
Uthatha yonke into, uhlala yonke into.

Ngenza umgexo ongapheli kubo bonke
yezandla zakho ezimhlophe, zithambile njengamagilebhisi.

Uma uyithandile futhi ukujabulele ukufunda le ndatshana ngendlela ebengiyibhala ngayo, ungaphuthelwa yingxenye yesibili ezoshicilelwa kusasa ngoLwesine. Kuyo sizokhuluma kafushane ngo-Octavio Paz, uCésar Vallejo noVicente Huidobro.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Jorge kusho

    Ngivela eTucumán futhi ngihlala nemidwebo yesenzo senkondlo ngiyifunda nsuku zonke. Ngikuthandile ukubona leso sithombe sekhava esihlokweni. Ngiyabonga!