Incwadi evela kuJane Austen eya kudadewabo uCassandra

Umbhali wamanoveli waseNgilandi uJane Austen, okhonjiswe lapha emfanekisweni wokuqala womndeni, wazalwa ngoDisemba 1775.

UJane Austen wayengenakho ukuhlonishwa okufanelekile empilweni, ekukhulumeni, kodwa imisebenzi yakhe, ngemuva kokufa kwakhe, yaba amanoveli amakhulu we izincwadi zakudala cishe okumele kufundwe. Kumele sikhumbule ukuthi lokhu umlobi omkhulu bekufanele abhale amanoveli akhe ngokungaziwa, amanoveli anjenge «Okushiwo futhi ukuzwela ", «Ukuziqhenya futhi ubandlululo" y «U-Emma », ukubala nje abathathu. Njengoba kwenzeka ngoGeorge Orwell, ku-athikili ebhalwe ezinsukwini ezimbalwa ezedlule ongayifunda lapha, Jane Austen Ubhale nezincwadi eziningi, ikakhulukazi umngani nodadewabo omkhulu, uCassandra Austen. Iningi labo labhujiswa kepha kusenamakhulu amabili manje. Phakathi kwabo bonke sikhethe lena engiyihumusha ngezansi, a incwadi evela kuJane Austen eya kudadewabo uCassandra:

USteventon

NgoLwesine, Novemba 20, 1800.

Cassandra wami othandekayo,

Incwadi yakho ingimangazile namhlanje ekuseni; okuye kwamukeleka kakhulu, noma kunjalo, futhi ngiyabonga kakhulu ngakho. Ngicabanga ukuthi ngibe newayini eliningi kakhulu izolo kusihlwa eHurstbourne; Angazi ukuthi yini enye engadala isandla sami sokuxhawulana manje. Ngakho-ke, ngicela ungixolele nganoma yimaphi amaphutha ekubhalweni kwale ncwadi.

Isifiso sakho sokuzwa ngeSonto lami, mhlawumbe, kungaba nzima kuwe ukusiqonda, ngoba umuntu uthambekele ekucabangeni kakhulu ngalezi zinhlobo zezinto ekuseni ngemuva kokuthi zenzekile, kunangesikhathi zenzeka.

Kwakuyintambama emnandi. UCharles wamthola ephawuleka kanjalo, kepha angikwazi ukusho ukuthi kungani, ngaphandle kokuthi ukungabikho kukaNkosazana Terry, nonembeza wakhe omhlambalaza manje ngokungabi nandaba ngokuphelele, kwaba impumuzo kuye. Kwakunemidanso eyishumi nambili kuphela, engadansa kuyo eyisishiyagalolunye, eminye ngangingakwazi ukuyidansa ngokuswela umuntu engangihamba naye. Siqale ngehora leshumi, sadla isidlo sasebusuku ngasikhathi sinye, saya eDeane ngaphambi kwehora lesihlanu. Kwakungekho ngaphezu kwabantu abangamashumi amahlanu ekamelweni; imbalwa kakhulu imindeni, empeleni, ohlangothini lwethu lwesifunda, futhi hhayi eminye eminingi evela kweminye. Engangihamba nabo kwakunguJohns ababili abasebancane, uHooper noHolder, kanye noMnu Mathew owayedume kakhulu, engadansa naye ekugcineni.

Babembalwa kakhulu onobuhle, futhi njengoba bekulindelekile, abukho obuhle kakhulu. UMiss Iremonger ubengabukeki kahle, kanti uMnu Blount bekunguye kuphela obabazeka kakhulu. Uqhamuke njengoba kwenzeka ngoSepthemba, enobuso obufanayo obufanayo, esongwe ngamadayimane, izicathulo ezimhlophe, indoda efake upinki nentamo ekhuluphele. Ababili oMiss Coxes babekhona: Ngaqala ingxoxo nentombazane ejwayelekile, eyadansa e-Enham eminyakeni eyisishiyagalombili eyedlule; enye ihlanjululwe, intombazane enhle enekusasa elihle, uCatalina Bigg. Ngabheka uMnu. Thomas Champneys ngacabanga ngoRosalie ompofu. Ngabheka indodakazi yakhe futhi yabonakala njengesilwane esixakile nesiphika esimhlophe. UNkk. Warren, uyangiphoqa ukuba ngicabange, owesifazane osemusha okahle kakhulu, ongizwisa ubuhlungu kakhulu. Wakwazi ukususa ingxenye yomdanso wendodana yakhe futhi wasina ngomsebenzi omuhle. Umyeni wakhe mubi impela, futhi mubi kakhulu kunomzala wakhe uJuan; kodwa akabonakali emdala kangako. Izintokazi zaseMaitland zombili zihle, zifana kakhulu no-Anne, zinesikhumba esinsundu, zinamehlo amakhulu amnyama, nekhala elihle. Ujenene une-gout, kanti uNkk. Maitland une-jaundice. UMiss Debary, uSusan noSally, begqoke ezimnyama, ezimfishane, bavela, futhi ngangimi phambi kwabo njengoba umoya wabo omubi ungivumela.

UMaria wangitshela ukuthi ngangibukeka kahle kakhulu. Ngagqoka ingubo kanye nesikhafu sikamalumekazi futhi izinwele zami okungenani zazicocekile, okwakuyizifiso zami zonke.

Sibe nosuku oluhle kakhulu ngoMsombuluko e-Ashe, sihleli neshumi nane ekudleni kwakusihlwa esifundweni, egumbini lokudlela bekungejwayelekile ngoba izivunguvungu zehlise iziko lakhe. UNkk Bramston wakhuluma isikhathi eside, okwathi uMnu Bramston noMnu Secretary kwabonakala kucishe kube ngokulingana ukujabulela. Bekukhona ikhwela netafula lekhasino, nabantu bangaphandle abayisithupha. URice noLucy benza uthando, uMat. URobinson walala ubuthongo, uJames noNkk Augusta bafunda ipheshana likaDkt Finnis esikhungweni sezinkomo, wabe eseshintshana nami.

AmaDigweeds amathathu afike ngoLwesibili sadlala echibini lapho kuthengiswa khona. UJames Digweed ushiye iHampshire namuhla. Ngicabanga ukuthi kumele kube othandweni ngawe, ngokukhathazeka kwakho ngokuya kumabhola eFaversham, nokungabikho kwakho. Akuwona umqondo onesibindi? Akuzange kwenzeke kimi ngaphambili, kepha ngiyalokotha ngithi kwenzeke.

Hamba kahle; UCharles umthumelela uthando lwakhe oluhle kakhulu kanti u-Edward wakhe umubi kakhulu. Uma ucabanga ukuthi ukwahlukana akulungile, ungazenzela ngokwakho. Uzokubhalela lapho ebuyela emkhunjini wakhe, futhi okwamanje ngifisa angithathe njengo

udadewabo onothando, uJ.

I-Biography emfushane kaJane Austen: Impilo Nezincwadi

UJane-austen-Gwyneth Paltrow-Emma

Isithombe esivela kwifilimu «Emma»

Jane Austen Wazalelwa eSteventon ngoDisemba 16, 1775. Wakhulela emndenini ocebile wonxiwankulu bezolimo futhi waphila isikhathi esaziwa ngokuthi Ukubuyiselwa. Cishe yonke imisebenzi yakhe wayibhala ngegama elingumbombayi futhi ukwesekwa kwakhe kwezemibhalo kwakunguSir Walter Scott owathuthukisa umsebenzi wakhe ngenxa yokubuyekeza kwakhe okuhle inoveli yakhe ethi «U-Emma.

Ezinye zezincwadi zakhe zilethwe esikrinini esikhulu, icala elaziwa kakhulu nelaziwa kakhulu Ukuziqhenya Nokubandlulula.

Cishe kuzo zonke izincwadi zakhe ukhuluma ngothando, okuyinto engenangqondo impela ukuthi nini UJane Austen akazange awunqande umshado futhi wayengayifuni. Yingakho luthando oluthile, olususelwa ngaphezu kwakho konke ekubhekweni komunye umuntu.

Amanoveli ashicilelwe

  • "Umuzwa nokuzwela" (1811).
  • "Ukuziqhenya Nobandlululo" (1813).
  • "IMansfield Park" (1814).
  • "Emma" (1815).
  • "I-Northanger Abbey" (1818), umsebenzi oshonile.
  • "Ukunxenxa" (1818), umsebenzi oshonile.

Jane Austen ushone ngoJulayi 18, 1817 eWinchester. ISu ithuna Kusengxenyeni esenyakatho yethempeli le- Inqaba yaseWinchester, evakashelwa kaningi nsuku zonke ngoba izinsalela zombhali zingcwatshwa lapho.

Izingcaphuno ezidumile zikaJane Austen

Jane Austen

  • "Amampunge nokuziqhenya izinto ezihlukile, yize amagama evame ukusetshenziswa ngokufana. Umuntu angaziqhenya ngaphandle kokuba yize. Ukuziqhenya kuhlobene kakhulu nombono wethu ngathi: okuyize, nalokho esingathanda ukuthi abanye bacabange ngathi.
  • "Ubugovu kumele buxolelwe njalo, ngoba alikho ithemba lokuthi lizokwelashwa."
  • "Ukuntuleka kokupha kwezihlobo zakhe kumholela ekutheni azibuze ukuthola ubungani kwenye indawo."
  • "Ngikholelwa ukuthi kumuntu ngamunye kunokuthambekela okuthile ebubini obuthile, ebuthakathaka obuzalwe nabo, okungekho ngisho nemfundo engcono kakhulu engabunqoba."
  • "Ngizimisele ukwenza ngendlela engaguquguquki, ngokombono wami, ngenjabulo yami yesikhathi esizayo, kungakhathalekile ukuthi wena noma omunye umuntu ngaphandle kwami ​​ucabangani ngokulingana."
  • “Imvamisa sonke siqala ngokuthanda okuncane, futhi lokho kungaba njalo ngoba, ngaphandle kwesizathu; kodwa bambalwa kakhulu abanezinhliziyo eziningi zokuthandana nothile bengakhuthazekile ».
  • "Kodwa inqobo nje uma abantu bevumela ukuthwalwa yimicabango yabo ukwenza izinqumo ezingalungile mayelana nokuziphatha kwethu futhi bakufanele ngokusekelwe ekubukekeni nje, injabulo yethu iyohlala isemathubeni ethuba."
  • "Maduzane nje kuvela izizathu zokuvumela lokho esikuthandayo!"

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

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