Imitapo yolwazi eyishumi ehamba phambili eYurophu

imilabhulali

Kwabanye, ipharadesi akulona nje kuphela amabhishi esihlabathi esimhlophe namanzi acwebezelayo. Uma uthanda ukuhamba futhi uthanda izincwadi, awukwazi ukuyeka ukubona le mitapo yolwazi emangalisayo.

Namuhla sizogxila kwimitapo yolwazi enhle kakhulu futhi edume kakhulu eYurophu. Sijoyine kulolu hambo ngaphandle kokushiya ikhaya. 

Umtapo Wezincwadi WeRoyal Monastery yaseSan Lorenzo del Escorial, eMadrid

Akudingekile ukuthi uye kude ukucabanga ngalesi simangaliso se-Renaissance esiseSan Lorenzo del Escorial, yasungulwa nguFelipe II.

Inani lemiqulu emtatsheni wezincwadi lilinganiselwa ku-40.000. Phakathi kwazo, ikakhulukazi sizothola imibhalo yesandla ngesiLatini, isiGreki, isiHeberu, isi-Arabhu neSpanishi. Umtapo wezincwadi futhi unamanani ezinye izilimi ezifana nesiCatalan, isiValencian, isiPheresiya, iProvençal, isiNtaliyane ngisho nesiTurkey.

IStrahov Theological Hall, ePrague

Umtapo Wezincwadi we-Strahov

Eyakhelwe ngo-1671 eStrahov Monastery, ungomunye wemitapo yolwazi yasendulo egcinwe futhi ebaluleke kakhulu. Isakhiwo esiyizifanekiselo sinezindlu ezingekho ngaphansi kwezinkulungwane ezingama-200.000. Phakathi kwazo kunemibhalo yesandla engaba ngu-3000 1500 kanye ne-incunabula engu-XNUMX XNUMX. Kufanele ukhokhele ukungena, yize izindleko zingabizi kakhulu futhi uvunyelwe ukuthatha izithombe nokuqopha amavidiyo. Ukuvakasha okuyimpoqo uma uya ePrague.

Umtapo Wezincwadi wase-Abbey eSt Gallen, eSwitzerland

I-Abbey Church Library

Leli tshe eliyigugu le-rococo futhi elakhiwa ngo-1758, libaluleke kakhulu ezweni elingathathi hlangothi. Incane kodwa ihlaba umxhwele, inamanani ayi-160.000. Lesi sakhiwo sinentelezi engashiyi muntu engenandaba. Ngokucophelela okukhulu, baze banikeze nama-slippers lapho bengena ukuze bangalimazi phansi. Umbukiso womlando okungekho muntu okufanele awuphuthe.

Umtapo Wezincwadi wase-Admont Abbey, e-Austria

I-Admont Abbey Central Library

 

Akungabazeki ukuthi indala kunazo zonke futhi empeleni inamandla kulo lonke elase-Austria. Lo mtapo wezincwadi wanikezwa inkosi u-Abbot Matthäus Offner kumakhi wezakhiwo uJoseph Hueber. Oqale ukwakha ngo-1776. Ithathwa njengomtapo wezindela omkhulu kunayo yonke emhlabeni. Ihlala nezinhlobo ezingama-200.000, yize kulinganiselwa ukuthi zingama-70.000 XNUMX zabuyiselwa. Phakathi kwezinto ezivelele kukhona umbhalo wesandla okhanyisiwe we-Admont Bible.

I-Queens College Library, e-Oxford

I-Queen's College Oxford Library

Ihlanganiswe ne-University of Oxford, inemiqulu engama-50.000. Okufanele isigodlo, kuyinsalela okungekho mthandi wencwadi okufanele ayiphuthe. Into enhle ngeLabhulali Ephezulu ukuthi isasebenza. Ungakucabanga ukulungiselela izivivinyo zakho endaweni enjengale?

I-Trinity College Library, eDublin

Umtapo wezincwadi weTratu College

Y Voila! Lo kwakungumtapo wolwazi okhethwe ukudubula izigcawu zikaHarry Potter kanye nesiboshwa sase-Azkaban. Kufanele ukhokhele ukungena, kepha cishe ama-euro angama-14, uzoba nohambo oluqondisiwe. Into efaneleke kakhulu ngomtapo wezincwadi, ngaphandle kokwakhiwa kwawo nemvelo, yi Incwadi yamaKells.

IRoyal Library yaseDenmark, eCopenhagen

IRoyal Library yaseDenmark

Eyaziwa nangokuthi "iBlack Diamond", iyisihlalo esibaluleke kunazo zonke seLabhulali yaseCophenague. Amakhophi angaphezu kuka-250.000 asatshalaliswa ezitezi eziyisishiyagalombili namakamelo okufundela ayisithupha. Isakhiwo sesimanjemanje esakhiwe ngemabula emnyama nengilazi esibheke olwandle, kwenze kube ukuhambela okubalulekile enhlokodolobha yaseDenmark.

Umtapo Wezincwadi waseStuttgart, eStuttgart

Umtapo Wezincwadi waseStuttgart

Ukufunda nezakhiwo. Noma ngabe ukhetha ini, leli yisayithi lakho. Lo msebenzi ka-Eun Youn Yi ubhekwa njengomunye wemitapo yolwazi ehamba phambili emhlabeni. Indlela eyakhiwe ngayo yesimanje, isikhala nokukhanya kwayo, ishiya labo abayivakashelayo bevule imilomo. Kulesi sakhiwo esikhulu kukhona nokusayinwa kwamabhuku, imicimbi nemibukiso.

IBristol Central Library, eBristol

IBristol Central Library

Lesi sakhiwo njengoba sisazi namuhla sakhiwa ngo-1906, ngezikhathi ze-Edoardine. Igcina izincwadi ngesiSomali, isi-Arabhu, isiBengali, isiShayina. IsiKurdish, isiPastu, isiPunjabi, isiVietnam, isiCzech, isiFulentshi, isiJalimane, isiNtaliyane, isiPolish, isiPhuthukezi, isiRashiya kanye neSpanishi. Ngaphezu kwalokhu, ababhalisile nsuku zonke nabanyanga zonke bangenziwa emaphephandabeni aseYurophu, e-Afrika naseMpumalanga.

 

Umtapo Wezincwadi Kazwelonke waseFrance, eParis

Umtapo Wezincwadi Kazwelonke waseFrance

IBnF noma iNational Library yaseFrance, ingenye yemitapo yolwazi ebaluleke kakhulu ezweni. Indlunkulu yayo enkulu, uFrançois Mitterrand, itholakala eTolbiac, eningizimu yeParis. Kunesinqumo emtatsheni wezincwadi esidinga ukuthi kugcinwe ikhophi layo yonke imisebenzi eshicilelwe eFrance. Inengqikithi… yezincwadi eziyizigidi eziyi-13, ezisatshalaliswe kuzo zonke izindawo zayo. Lezi ezine esizithola eParis yiNdlunkulu yeF.

Lokhu kumane nje kuyinothi elincane lezimangaliso esingazithola eYurophu. Ngakho-ke manje niyazi, zikhuthazeni ngokuxuba izincwadi nokuhamba futhi ningayeki ukuvakashela le ngcebo emnandi nefanekisayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Jose kusho

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokuhlanganiswa. Kimi okunye okuhle kakhulu umtapo wolwazi weSigodlo Sikazwelonke saseMafra, ePortugal, esimangalisayo.

i-bool(iqiniso)