"Ingoma kaRoldan" kanye neMpi yaseHastings

Anglo-Saxon-izinkemba.jpg

Kwenzeka ngo-Okthoba 1066. Ngomhla ka-14, endaweni eseduze naseHastings, umshayi wezinsimbi waseNorman ogama lakhe linguTaillefer waqala ukucula amavesi Ingoma kaRoldán ukunikeza isibindi ebuthweni elikwelinye izwe. Ngakho kwaqala impi lokho kungaphenduka uGuillermo umahosha, UMbusi waseNormandy, kuWilliam I uMnqobi, Inkosi yaseNgilandi.

Eminyakeni eyalandela, omunye wabahlanganyeli empini, uTuroldus de Fecamp, ngaleso sikhathi u-Abbot waseMalmesbury, wayezosebenza kabusha ngokubhala enye yezinguqulo zomlomo zale ngoma, okwenza lokho esikwaziyo namuhla ngokuthi Ingoma kaRoldán, ukwakheka okubaluleke kakhulu kwengqophamlando yangenkathi ephakathi yaseFrance.

Indaba ekhulunywa ukuhlabelela iyaziwa. Ekupheleni kwekhulu lesi-XNUMX, uCharlemagne wawela iPyrenees kanye nezipani eziyinhloko zombuso ukuyovimbezela idolobha lamaSulumane iZaragoza. Ngesikhathi sokubuya, uRoldán no-Oliveros, abaphethe ukumboza ingemuva, bahlaselwa ekupasweni kweRoncesvalles. URoldán uyenqaba ukushaya uphondo oluzoletha usizo lwawo wonke amabutho aseFrance, uncamela ukuwa ukulwa kunokwamukela ihlazo elinjalo. Yena no-Oliveros balwa ngobuqhawe baze babhujiswe. Ekupheleni kwengoma, uCharlemagne odangele futhi okhathele ukhala ngokushona kukaRoldán osemncane.

Izazi zihlambalaza ngesakhiwo esiqondile sokwakheka, i-psychology yabalingiswa bayo, nokufana okucashile phakathi komhlatshelo kaRoldán nentshisekelo kaJesu Kristu. Kodwa-ke, funda ngombono wamanje, asikwazi ukubona ukuziqhenya nokuzibulala kukaRoldán. Indaba yeRoncesvalles ibonakala ngathi indaba yobudedengu obungagwemeka, ebekwe ohlakeni lwempi engenamsebenzi yenkolo. Akukho lutho olwenziwa neCid Campeador yethu.

Lapho ukucula kusishukumisela ngempela, kungenxa yendlela uCharlemagus asabela ngayo ekufeni kukaRoldán. Kukhulu kakhulu ukuthi ngaphezu kokuhamba kuyindida. NgeNkathi Ephakathi, isiko lalizosabalala ngokushesha okuya ngokuthi uRoldan wayeyindodana eyimfihlo kaCharlemagne: Ubuhlungu bukaCharlemagne bungaba ubuhlungu bukababa kuphela ngaphambi kwendodana yakhe efile; okunikeza incazelo ehluke ngokuphelele endabeni.

Kepha ake sibuyele emathafeni aseHastings, ngeke ngiphuthelwe yithuba lokukhuluma ngenkosi Harold. Ukuze inkosi igcotshwe omunye kufanele inyamalale. EMpini yaseHastings, kwabulawa uHarold indodana kaJodwin, inkosi yaseSaxon yaseNgilandi. UWilliam uzongena emlandweni, uHarold aphenduke uthuli.

INkosi uHarold yayiyindoda enesibindi. Isazi sase-Iceland Snorri sturluson uyethula ku I-Heimskringlasaga ezimweni ngaphambi kukaHastings. UBorges wenza umbhalo futhi asinikeze nesizinda sakhe Izincwadi Zasendulo ZamaJalimane.

umgibeli.jpgUmfowabo kaHarold uTostig wayehlanganyele neNkosi yaseNorway, uHarald Hardrada, ukuthola amandla. Bobabili bafika nebutho ogwini olusempumalanga yeNgilandi futhi banqoba iYork Castle. Eningizimu yenqaba, amasosha aseSaxon ahlangana nawo:

"Abagibeli bamahhashi abangamashumi amabili bangenela ohlwini lomhlaseli; amadoda, kanye namahhashi, ayembethe insimbi; omunye wabagibeli bamahhashi wamemeza:
"Ukhona uCount Tostig la?"
“Angiphiki ukuthi ngilapha,” kusho isibalo.
"Uma uyiTostig ngempela," kusho umgibeli, "ngiza ukuzokutshela ukuthi umfowenu ukuthethelela futhi nengxenye yesithathu yombuso."
"Uma ngamukela," kusho uTostig, "inkosi izoyinikani uHarald Hardrada?"
"Akamkhohliwe," kuphendula umgibeli, "uzokunika izinyawo eziyisithupha zenhlabathi yamaNgisi futhi, njengoba emude kangaka, uzophinda unikeze enye."
"Bese," kusho uTostig, "tshela inkosi yakho ukuthi sizolwa kuze kube sekufeni."
Abagibeli bahamba. UHarald Hardrada ubuze ecabangisisa:
-Wayengubani lowo mnumzane owayekhuluma kahle kangaka?
Isibalo siphendule:
-Harold, iNkosi yaseNgilandi. "

UHarald Hardrada noTostig ngeke babone okunye ukushona kwelanga. Ibutho lakhe linqotshiwe futhi bobabili bafa empini. Kodwa uHarold ngeke abe nesikhathi sokulilela umfowabo. Ngokushesha kufika izindaba zokuthi amaNorman afike eningizimu futhi kuzofanele ahambe aye eHastings, lapho ezofeza khona isiphetho sakhe ngokufa ezandleni zomhlaseli.

Le ndaba ine-epilogue enomusa uSnorri angazanga, kepha uBorges wayazi, ngoba wayifunda ku Ama-Ballads de UHeine: Kuzobe kungowesifazane owayethanda inkosi, u-Edith Gooseneck, okhomba isidumbu sakhe.


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

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