URudyard Kipling. Iminyaka eyi-153 yokuzalwa kwakhe. Izinkondlo ezimbili

Kuphelile 1865 lapho efika emhlabeni Joseph Rudyard Kipling en Bombay (India), omunye walabo babhali abaqopha umlando ezincwadini ngosonhlamvukazi. Angikhulumi lutho Lesi sihloko yezinguquko zefilimu zencwadi yakhe eyaziwa kakhulu, Incwadi ehlathini. Namuhla, ukugubha okusha usuku lokuzalwa kwakhe (sekuvele iminyaka eyi-153), Ngiyakhumbula ngasohlangothini lwakhe lwezinkondlo ngezinkondlo zakhe ezimbalwa: owaziwa kakhulu Si y Ungalahli ithemba, ngaphezu kwamavesi athile avela kuye Ama-epitaphs empi. Bekuyi Umklomelo weNobel Wezincwadi ngo-1907.

U-Kipling, owaziwa kakhulu mhlawumbe ngomsebenzi wakhe obalulekile wokubhala ngamaprozi, noma kunjalo wayebhekwa njengenkondlo kazwelonke yeGreat Britain. Wabhala izincwadi ezintathu zezinkondlo: Izilwandle eziyisikhombisa, AmaBallads ekamu y Izizwe ezinhlanu. Inkondlo yakhe yendawo yonke, Si, yafakwa ekuqoqweni kwezinkondlo Ama-Fairies nezinzuzo, kusukela ngo-1911. Ngiphinde ngingeze amanye amavesi afakwe kweyakhe Ama-epitaphs empi, ekhuthazwe yiMpi Yezwe Yokuqala lapho kwafa khona indodana yakhe uJohn.

Si

Uma ukwazi ukugcina ikhanda lakho lapho konke okuzungezile
ulahlekelwe okwakho futhi ngalokho bakusola,
uma ungazethemba lapho wonke umuntu ekungabaza,
kodwa futhi uyavuma ukungabaza kwabo;
uma ungakwazi ukulinda ngaphandle kokukhathala ngokulinda,
noma uqanjelwa amanga, ungakhokhi ngamanga,
noma uzondwa, unganiki inzondo indawo,
futhi -nokho- akubukeki kuhle kakhulu, noma kuhlakaniphe kakhulu.

Uma ukwazi ukuphupha - ungenzi amaphupho uthisha wakho,
uma ukwazi ukucabanga - futhi ungenzi imibono ibe umgomo wakho,
uma ukwazi ukuhlangabezana nokunqoba nenhlekelele
futhi uphathe abafaki bobabili ngendlela efanayo;
uma ukwazi ukuvuma iqiniso olishilo
ukukhohliswa yimidlwembe ekopela izilima.
Noma bheka izinto ozibeke empilweni yakho, eziphukile,
bese wehla bese uwakha kabusha ngamathuluzi amadala.

Uma ukwazi ukukhona konke ukunqoba kwakho
futhi uzifake engozini yokushaywa yinhlanhla,
futhi ulahlekelwe, uqale phansi ekuqaleni
futhi ungalokothi usho lutho ngalokho okulahlekile;
uma ungakwazi ukuhluza inhliziyo yakho nezinzwa nemisipha
ukudlala ithuba lakho isikhathi eside ngemuva kokuthi zisetshenzisiwe.
Futhi ngakho melana lapho ungenalutho olusele
ngaphandle kweWill ekutshela: "Melana."

Uma ukwazi ukukhuluma ezixukwini futhi ugcine ubuhle bakho,
noma uhambe namakhosi futhi ungalahlekelwa ukuqonda,
uma izitha nabangane bengakwazi ukukulimaza,
Uma bonke bethembele kuwe, kodwa akekho kakhulu;
uma ungagcwalisa umzuzu ongenakulibaleka
ngemizuzwana engamashumi ayisithupha edlula kuyo.
Owakho umhlaba nakho konke okukuwo,
futhi - ngaphezu kwalokho -, uzoba yiNdoda, ndodana.

Ungalahli ithemba

Lapho izinto zingahambi kahle njengoba kwenzeka kwesinye isikhathi,
lapho ngikunikela ngendlela yakho kuphela amagquma ukukhuphuka,
lapho unokuncane okumele ube nakho kodwa kuningi okufanele ukhokhe
futhi udinga ukumamatheka ngisho nokukhala,
lapho ubuhlungu bukuhlula futhi ungasakwazi ukuhlupheka,
Ukuphumula mhlawumbe kufanele kodwa ungalokothi uyeke.

Ngemuva kwemithunzi yokungabaza
isiliva vele futhi kumnyama,
ukunqoba kungahle kuvele,
hhayi ukwehluleka obukwesaba,
futhi akunakwenzeka ukuthi ukungazi kwakho ucabange ukuthi kusondele kangakanani,
kungaba okuhle okulangazelelayo nokuthi wahlulele kude kangaka, ulwe,
Yebo, noma ngabe kufanele uhlupheke emzabalazweni

Lapho konke sekukubi kakhulu, abaningi kufanele baphikelele!
Uma ukudalelwa kukushaya phansi empini,
uma konke okusendleleni kukhuphuke umqansa,
uma ukumamatheka kwakho kuyisifiso esenelisekile,
uma kukhona ukusebenza ngokweqile nokuvuna okubi,
uma ukugeleza kwakho kuphikiswa ama-dikes,
Zinikeze ukuthula, kepha ungapheli amandla!
«Ngoba kule mpilo akukho okokugcina,
bhekisisa ukuthi: yonke into iyadlula, yonke into ifika futhi konke kuyabuya ».

Ama-epitaphs empi

Abalalelayo

Nsuku zonke, noma zingekho izindlebe ezilalelayo,
imithandazo yami yavuka.
Nsuku zonke, noma ungekho umlilo,
Ngenze ukuzidela.
Noma ubumnyama abuzange buphele kimi,
yize engazange abhekane namandla amancane,
Yize onkulunkulu benganikanga sipho, naphezu kwakho konke,
Naphezu kwakho konke, ngangikhonza onkulunkulu.

Umusa

Ukufa kwasekuqaleni kungithandile, ngazi kahle ukuthi angikwazi ukubamba
linda usuku nosuku. Ushiye abaphathi bami weza
ukushaya amakhwela emasimini, futhi, ngemuva kokuqinisekisa,
"Ulayini wakho uyaphela," esho, "kodwa ngigcinile, okungenani, eyakhe
Igama ".


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   JESUS ​​MANUEL MENDOZA LOZANO kusho

    UKWABELANA OKUHLE. NGIYABONGA, NGIYAYITHANDA LE MIBHALO EPHAKEME.