UGabriel García Márquez: i-biography, imishwana nezincwadi

i-biography nezincwadi zikaGabriel García Márquez

Abanye ababhali banekhono lokushaya into ethinta umfundi ngomusho owodwa. Ukuvusa izimvemvane eziphuzi ezinhliziyweni futhi uzihambise ngokuphelele uye kwenye indawo, ezindabeni zabo nakubalingiswa. Omunye walabo babhali nguGabriel García Márquez, indodana yombhalo waseColombia omakwe ubuqiniso bemilingo kanye nemisebenzi eseyingxenye yomlando wezincwadi ingunaphakade. Sijoyine kulolu hambo lokudlula amabinzana, i-biography kanye nezincwadi zikaGabriel García Márquez.

UGabriel García Márquez: kusuka eMacondo kuya emhlabeni

I-Aracataca eColombia

Izithombe: U-Alberto Piernas

Uthando luhlala njalo ngenkathi luhlala.

Ngize nje ukukhuluma ocingweni

Ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezedlule ngithole ithuba lokuvakashela I-Aracataca, idolobha elahlekile phakathi kwezihlahla zikabhanana nezintaba zeCaribbean yaseColombia lapho uGabriel García Márquez azalelwa khona ngoMashi 6, 1927. Indawo ekude lapho wonke amakhaya, umsele noma inkumbulo izungeza khona Umklomelo kaNobel Ezincwadini: indlu yakudala yomndeni iguqulwe yanamuhla yaba imnyuziyamu enamachashaza nefenisha yasendulo, izimvemvane zamaphepha ezithinta ezinye izihlahla noma amasampula obuciko asemadolobheni agugile amele umxoxi wezindaba ongcono kakhulu leli dolobha (kanye neColombia) elinikeze umhlaba.

Kukulo leli dolobha lapho uGabo aqala khona ukulalela izindaba zikagogo wakhe, owesifazane ocabangayo nonenkoleloze, owayezogqugquzela umsebenzi wakhe wakamuva. Futhi izindawo ezifana ucingo oludumile lwe-Aracataca lapho ubaba wakhe ayesebenza khona ngaphambi kokushada nonina ngemuva kwendaba yothando eyayivinjelwe ekuqaleni ngabazali bakhe.

Umzimba womuntu awenzelwe iminyaka umuntu angaphila ngayo.

Uthando Namanye Amademoni

Ngemuva kobuntwana obabonakaliswa yisikhundla sakhe njengomfana onamahloni owabhala izinkondlo ezihlekisayo ekhoneni lesikole okuhlalwa kuso eBarranquilla, uGabo waqala ukufundela ezomthetho eBogotá, waphumelela ngo-1947. Yize ayefunde lezi zifundo ukuze ajabulise uyise, umbhali wakusasa uthathe isinqumo sokwenqaba umsebenzi wokuba ngummeli futhi wagxila ebuntathelini, isici esaqala ukuhlangana nokubhalwa kwe- izindaba eziphefumulelwe imisebenzi efana neThe Metamorphosis, nguFranz Kafka, The Thousand no-One Nights noma ezinye izindaba zikagogo wakhe lokho kuvuse imicimbi emnandi efakwe emhlabeni ojwayelekile, wansuku zonke.

Ukubhala kukaGabo

UGabriel García Márquez wahlangana nothando olukhulu lwempilo yakhe, IMercedes barcha, kwesinye sehlobo lasehlobo lobuntwana, waba ngumngane wakhe omkhulu futhi athembela kuye. Eqinisweni, ngemuva kokuzalwa kwendodana yabo uRodrigo ngo-1959, umndeni wathuthela eMexico City ngemuva kwezinsongo ezitholwe ngabaphikisi abehlukene baseCuba kanye namalungu e-CIA mayelana nemibiko eyenzelwe iphephandaba i-Prensa Latina evela eNew York.

Umbhali omuhle angathola imali enhle. Ikakhulukazi uma usebenza nohulumeni.

Phila ukutshela

Ufakwe enhlokodolobha yaseMexico, uGabo nomndeni wakhe babhekana nesinye sezimo zabo zomnotho ezimbi kakhulu, siqhutshwa ukwenziwa kwenoveli ebizwa Iminyaka eyikhulu yedwa okwabhekana nezingqinamba eziyinkulungwane ngaphambi kokufika endaweni yokushicilela yaseSudamericana, e-Argentina, ngo-1967. Babengacabangi ukuthi umsebenzi wawuyogcina usuyinto yokuthengisa kanye nemoto ephelele yendawo yonke lapho zonke lezo zindaba imele izwekazi lonke.

Kuqondana naleso esaziwa ngokuthi «isi-latin American boom«, Umsebenzi kaGabo waqala ukuthola ukuphakama okunamandla amakhulu, waba ngomunye wababhali abakhulu besizukulwane sakhe futhi, ekugcineni, wamazwi esiSpanish.

Izincwadi ezihamba phambili zikaGabriel García Márquez

Iminyaka Eyikhulu Yokuba Sodwa nguGabriel García Márquez

Iminyaka eyikhulu yedwa

Iminyaka eyikhulu yedwa

Izinto zinempilo yazo, konke kuyindaba yokuvusa umphefumulo.

Kuthathwa njengenye ye- izincwadi ezihamba phambili, Umsebenzi omkhulu kaGabo waba yimpumelelo engalindelekile ngemuva kokushicilelwa kwayo ngo-1967, kwaqondana nokuqhamuka kobuqiniso bemilingo osekuqiniswe abanye ababhali abanjengoJuan Rulfo waseMexico. Setha edolobheni eliqanjiwe lase Macondo (empeleni i-Aracataca), le ndaba ilandisa ngokuguquka komndeni wakwaBuendía njengesifaniso esiphelele sezwekazi elinomlingo lapho izinkolelo-ze, ukubusa kwaseMelika noma ukulahleka kwamagugu athile kwakha indaba eyingqayizivele ezungeze abalingiswa abanjengo-ularsula Iguarán, umatriarch ovela ku- umndeni okhuthazwe ngugogo kaGabo uqobo.

Ungathanda ukufunda Iminyaka eyikhulu yedwa?

Uthando ngezikhathi zekholera

Uthando ngezikhathi zekholera

Kwakungenakugwemeka: iphunga lama-alimondi ababayo amkhumbuza njalo ngesiphetho sothando oluphikisanayo.

UGabo wayehlala esho ngaye ukuthi "yincwadi ayithandayo", mhlawumbe ngenxa yesici se-nostalgic esikhishwe kuso indaba yothando lwabazali bakhe uqobo lapho le noveli eyashicilelwa khona ngo-1985 iphefumulelwe. Beka edolobheni eColombia eCaribbean (okungenzeka ukuthi idume kakhulu Cartagena de Indiaas lokho kukhuthaze umbhali kakhulu), Uthando ngezikhathi zekholera ilandisa ngothando lukaFlorentino Ariza noFermina Daza, abashade nodokotela uJuvenal Urbino iminyaka engamashumi amahlanu nanye, izinyanga eziyisishiyagalolunye nezinsuku ezine.

Umlando Wokufa Okubikezelwe

Umlando Wokufa Okubikezelwe

Wonke amaphupho ngezinyoni asempilweni enhle.

Yize uGabo ayezoduma njengombhali oqanjiwe, akumele sikushaye indiva ukusebenza kanzima kweNobel Prize njengentatheli. Umsebenzi omuhle ogcwele ezincwadini ezifana nalezi, iphazili elishubile nelokuhlola elisuselwa ekubulaweni kwangempela okwenzeka ngo-1951 okwathi, kwadluliselwa embusweni wamanga, kwaba ukwakhiwa kabusha kokufa kukaSantiago Nasar ezandleni zomunye wabahlali bedolobha owazi ukuthi leli cala lisebenza kanjani. Le ncwadi yashicilelwa ngo-1981 iba ngenye yezincwadi ezaziwa kakhulu nguGabriel García Márquez.

Lee Umlando Wokufa Okubikezelwe.

UColonel akanamuntu ongambhalela

UColonel akanamuntu ongambhalela

Akukaze kwephuze noma yini.

Umsebenzi wesibili kaGabriel García Márquez uyinoveli emfushane yokuthi, yize ubude bayo bufushane, buqukethe isizathu esinamandla njengokulahlekelwa yindodana esindwe ngabazali bayo, ikakhulukazi ngu-colonel ongalokothi athole impesheni esalindile yezinsizakalo zakhe ngesikhathi Impi Yezinsuku Ezinkulungwane. Kubalulekile.

Thola umlando we UColonel akanamuntu ongambhalela.

Ekwindla Komphathi

Ekwindla Komphathi

Besazi kahle kamhlophe ukuthi bekunzima futhi kuyisikhashana kodwa bekungekho okunye, Jikelele.

Ubudlelwano obuseduze phakathi kukaGabriel García Márquez kanye nomholi waseCuba uFidel Castro kwakuhlala kunempikiswano. Eqinisweni, bathi umashiqela wayengayithandi kakhulu le noveli, lapho uGabo alandisa khona ngempilo yenjengele yaseLatin America ngezindlela ezahlukahlukene. Ekwindla Komphathi Yashicilelwa ngo-1971, iqala iminyaka eyishumi lapho amazwe afana neCuba acwiliswa kobushiqela kanti amanye afana neDominican Republic ayesalulama ejokeni likaTrujillo.

Inkumbulo yezifebe zami ezidabukisayo

Inkumbulo yezifebe zami ezidabukisayo

Uphawu lokuqala lokuguga ukuthi uqala ukubukeka njengoyihlo.

Impikiswano ibuyele kuGabo ngale noveli ekhuluma ngokuthatheka kwendoda endala ethola uthando okokuqala ngqa ngentombazane eyintombi. Umdlalo, uvotelwe e-Iran futhi wasolwa ngama-NGO ahlukile eMexico, waba owokugcina ukushicilelwa ngumlobi ngaphambi kokushona kwakhe ngo-Ephreli 17, 2014 ngenxa yomdlavuza we-lymphatic owawudonse iminyaka eminingi.

Ngabe awufundanga okwamanje Inkumbulo yezifebe zami ezidabukisayo?


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.