IGarcilaso de la Vega. Amasoni akhe amahlanu amahle kakhulu okumkhumbula

IGarcilaso de la Vega, imbongi enkulu ye-Spanish Renaissance, ushone ngosuku olufana nanamuhla ngo-1536 eNice. Impilo yakhe, egcwele ubuqili bezempi nempumelelo, incintisana ngobuhlakani nge umsebenzi onqabile kodwa obalulekile ezincwadini zaseSpain. Enkumbulweni yakhe ngiyasindisa 5 wamanethi akhe ukukhumbula.

IGarcilaso de la Vega

Wazalelwa Toledo, emndenini ohloniphekile wamaCastile. Kusukela esemncane kakhulu wabamba iqhaza kuzungu lezepolitiki likaCastile waze wangena ngo-1510 enkantolo yeNkosi uCharles I. Wabamba iqhaza ezimpini eziningi zezempi nezepolitiki futhi wabamba iqhaza kwi ukuhambela eRhodes, ngo-1522, kanye UJuan Boscan, owayengumngane wakhe omuhle. Ngo-1523 waqokwa Knight of Santiago futhi, eminyakeni embalwa kamuva wathuthela noCarlos I waya Bologna lapho athweswa khona umqhele wokuba ngumbusi.

Wadingiswa wabe eseya I-Naples, lapho ehlala khona. Kodwa-ke, ekuhlaselweni kwenqaba yaseMuy, eFrance Provence, wayekhona abalimele ngokufa empini. Ngemuva kokudluliselwa ku- Kuhle washona lapho ngosuku olufana nanamuhla 1536.

Umsebenzi wakhe

Umsebenzi wakhe omncane olondoloziwe, obhaliwe phakathi kuka-1526 no-1535, yanyatheliswa ngendlela ethile ngemuva kokufa kanye naleyo kaJuan Boscán ngaphansi kwesihloko esithi Imisebenzi yaseBoscán nabanye beGarcilaso de la Vega. Le ncwadi yethule i- Ukuvuselelwa Kwemibhalo Ngezincwadi ZaseSpain. Ithonya lezinkondlo namamethrikhi ase-Italiya lingabonakala ngokusobala kuwo wonke umsebenzi wakhe futhi uGarcilaso wawavumelanisa nemitha yeCastilian ngemiphumela emihle kakhulu.

Ngokuya ngokuqukethwe, izinkondlo zakhe eziningi zikhombisa uthando olukhulu nguGarcilaso ngentokazi yasePutukezi Elizabeth freyre. Wahlangana naye enkantolo ngo-1526 kanti ukushona kwakhe ngo-1533 kwamthinta kakhulu.

Ngiyazikhetha lezi 5 amanethi kwabangu-40 ababhalile, ngaphezu kwe 3 eclogues.

I-Sonnet V - Isenzo sakho sibhalwe emphefumulweni wami

Isenzo sakho sibhaliwe emphefumulweni wami,
nokuthi ngifuna ukubhala okungakanani ngawe;
uyibhale wedwa, ngiyifundile
ngingedwa, ukuthi ngisho nani ngizigcine ngikulokhu.

Kulokhu engikhona futhi ngiyohlala ngikhona;
ukuthi noma ngingalingani ukuthi ngibona kangakanani kuwe
Ngicabanga okuhle kakhulu engingakuqondi
esivele ithathe ukholo isabelomali.

Angizalwanga ngaphandle kokukuthanda;
umphefumulo wami ukukusikile esilinganisweni sawo;
ngenxa yomkhuba womphefumulo uqobo ngiyakuthanda.

Kungakanani enginakho ngiyavuma ukuthi ngikukweleta;
Ngazalelwa wena, ngiphila wena,
ngifela wena, futhi ngifela wena.

USonnet XIII - Izingalo zikaDaphne besezivele zikhula

Izingalo zikaDaphne zase zikhula,
futhi waziveza ngezimbali eziyindilinga ezinde;
emaqabungeni aluhlaza ngabona ukuthi aba
izinwele igolide elimnyama laba mnyama.

Ngamagxolo amabi bavale
izitho ezithambile, ezisabilayo, yilezi:
izinyawo ezimhlophe phansi zaguqa phansi,
futhi zaphenduka zaba izimpande ezisontekile.

Lowo owayeyimbangela yomonakalo onje,
ngenxa yokulila, ngakhula
lesi sihlahla esinisele ngezinyembezi.

Isimo esidabukisayo! Hawu usayizi omubi!
Lokho ngokukhala kukhula nsuku zonke
imbangela nesizathu sokuthi akhalelani!

I-Sonnet IX - Ntokazi yami, uma ngingekho kuwe ...

Ntokazi yami, uma ngingekho kuwe
kule mpilo enzima futhi angifi,
Kubonakala kimi ukuthi ngiyakhubekisa engikuthandayo,
futhi kwaba kuhle ukuthi wayekujabulela ukuba khona;

ngemuva kwalokhu bese ngizwa enye ingozi,
okungukubona ukuthi uma ngilahla ithemba ngempilo,
Ngilahlekelwa ukuthi kuningi okuhle engikuthemba kuwe;
Futhi-ke ngihamba kulokho engizizwa ngokuhlukile.

Kulokhu umehluko izinzwa zami
kunjalo, lapho ungekho futhi unenkani,
Angisazi ukuthi ngenzeni ngosayizi ongaka.

Angikaze ngibonane ngaphandle kokungqubuzana;
lobuciko obunjalo balwa ubusuku nemini,
ukuthi bavumelana kuphela ngomonakalo wami.

I-Sonnet VII - Ngubani olahlekelwe kakhulu ulahlekelwe futhi ...

Ungalahlekelwa ngaphezulu ngubani olahlekelwe kakhulu,
kwanele, sithandwa, kwenzekeni kimi;
Angikaze ngizame
ukungivikela kulokhu obukufuna.

Ngigqokise ithempeli lakho nezindonga zalo
wezingubo zami ezimanzi futhi zihlotshisiwe,
njengoba kwenzeka kulowo osevele weqile
Ngikhululekile esivunguvungwini engibonakale kuso

Ngangifungile ukuthi ngeke ngiphinde ngingene,
ngamandla ami nemvume yami,
kwenye ingozi enjalo, njengeze.

Kepha okuzayo ngeke ngikwazi ukukusebenzisa;
futhi kulokhu angiphikisani nesifungo;
ukuthi ayifani nezinye noma isesandleni sami.

I-Sonnet XIV - Njengomama onethenda, ukuthi abahluphekayo ...

Njengomama onethenda, ukuthi ukuhlupheka
indodana imbuza ngezinyembezi
okuthile, okudlayo
Uyazi ukuthi ububi abuzwayo kufanele buguqe,

nokuthi uthando olungcwele alumvumeli
lokho kubheka umonakalo okwenzayo
lokho amcela ukuba akwenze, uyagijima,
shweleza ukukhala bese uyiphinda kabili ingozi,

ngakho emcabangweni wami wokugula nowokusangana
Ngingathanda ukuthi ekulimaleni kwakhe angibuze
susa lesi sondlo esibulalayo.

Kepha ngibuze ngikhale nsuku zonke
kangangokuthi ngiyavuma ukuthi ufuna kangakanani,
bakhohlwe inhlanhla yabo ngisho neyami.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.