UCharles Bukowski: Ubulili, Utshwala kanye ne-Underworlds

amadlibha.gifCharles Bukowski kwabaningi, ungumbhali ovelele emlandweni wesintu. Futhi ngukuthi, ngokungangabazeki, uma siqonda umqondo wombhali njengalowo obhala imizwa ethathwe emphefumulweni weqiniso nohlanzekile, ngeke sibe nephutha. UBukowski Wazalwa uHeinrich Karl Bukowski futhi wayengumbhali waseMelika futhi eyimbongi yalokhu okuthiwa 'ngumshoshaphansi'.

Uhlanganiswa ngephutha nababhali beBeat Generation, ngenxa yokufana kwabo kwifilosofi. Ukubhala kukaBukowski kuthonywe kakhulu yisimo sedolobha lapho achithe khona impilo yakhe yonke, iLos Angeles e-United States, yingakho ingqikithi engaphansi komhlaba lapho kubonakala sengathi kukhona indawo yocansi kuphela, utshwala nabaphansi. Umbhali wayengumbhali ovelele, wabhala izincwadi ezingaphezu kwamashumi ayisihlanu, izindaba ezimfishane ezingenakubalwa nobuningi bezinkondlo. Uvame ukubalulwa njengothonywe ngababhali bangaleso sikhathi futhi isitayela sakhe sivame ukulingiswa. Wabulawa yi-leukemia ngo-1994, eneminyaka engama-73. Namuhla uthathwa njengomunye wababhali abakhulu baseMelika kanye nophawu "lweqiniso elingcolile" nezincwadi ezizimele.

Ngokuwa komnotho waseJalimane ngemuva kwe- Impi Yezwe Yokuqala, umndeni wawuzothuthela eBaltimore ngo-1923. Ukwenza kuzwakale kakhulu ngokwaseMelika, abazali baqala ukubiza UBukowski UHenry. Kamuva bazothuthela edolobhaneni laseLos Angeles lapho umndeni kababa kababa UBukowski. Ngesikhathi esemncane, ubaba wakhe, owayehlala engasebenzi, wamphatha kabi uCharles (amaqiniso yena ngokwakhe awalandisayo ezinkondlweni nasezindabeni eziningi, nasencwadini ethi «Indlela Yolahleko«). Ngaphezu kwalokho, akazange amukelwe kahle esikoleni esemncane (wayenamamaki ebusweni ngenxa yesifo ayephethwe yiso esemncane: izinduna, ezandisa ukwenqatshwa), kanye namahloni akhe uphephela ekufundeni esigabeni sokuqala sempilo yakhe.

Lapho nje ephothula esikoleni esiphakeme eLos Angeles, UBukowski Ufunde ubuciko, ubuntatheli, nezincwadi eLos Angeles City University iminyaka emibili, kepha akakwazanga ukukuqeda. Ku-24, indaba emfushane kaBukowski «Ngemuva kweSlip Yokulahlwa Okude»Ishicilelwe kwiNdaba Magazine. Ngemuva kweminyaka emibili babezoshicilela enye indaba «Amathangi angama-20 asuka eKasseldown«, Lesi sikhathi kwenye indlela. Kwathi lapho uBukowski edumele ngenqubo yokushicilela lapho ayeka khona ukubhala iminyaka eyishumi. Ngalesi sikhathi wayehlala eLos Angeles, yize futhi wayechitha isikhathi ezulazula e-United States, ezinikela emisebenzini yesikhashana ayeyishiya futhi ehlala empeshenini eshibhile, njengomthumeli weposi, oletha izincwadi, njll.

Ngo-1955 walaliswa esibhedlela enesilonda esopha kakhulu. Lapho ephuma esibhedlela, waqala ukubhala izinkondlo. Ngo-1957, washada nombhali nembongi uBarbara Frye, kodwa bahlukanisa kamuva, ngo-1959. UFrye wayevame ukungabaza ukuthi UBukowski njengembongi. Lapho esehlukanisile, UBukowski Waqhubeka nokuphuza nokubhala izinkondlo.

Ngaphambi kokuqala kweminyaka yama-60, wabuyela eposini eLos Angeles, lapho aqhubeka nokusebenza khona iminyaka eyishumi. Ku-1964, wayenendodakazi, uMarina Louise Bukowski, owazalwa ebudlelwaneni bakhe nentombi yakhe uFrances Smith. Kamuva, uBukowski wahlala eTucson isikhashana, lapho ahlangana khona noJon Webb noGypsy Lou, abamthonya ukuthi ashicilele futhi aziphilise ngezincwadi zabo.

Ngenxa yeWebb waqala ukushicilela ezinye izinkondlo kumagazini wezincwadi «The Outsider«. Ngaphansi kwe- "Umshini waseLoujon»KushicilelweIbamba Inhliziyo Yami Esandleni Sayo»Ngo-1963, futhi«Isiphambano Esibulaweni Sokufa"Ngemuva kweminyaka emibili. Kwakungesikhathi uBukowski ehlangana noFranz Douskey, umngani kaJon Webb, owayejwayele ukuvakasha njalo endlini yakhe encane ku-Elm Street nayo eyayisebenza njengesikhungo sokushicilela. UWebb, uBukowski noDouskey bachitha isikhathi ndawonye eNew Orleans.

Ngo-1969, ngemuva komshicileli uJohn Martin we IBlack Sparrow Press wamthembisa umholo ka-100 ngenyanga ngempilo yakhe yonke, UBukowski Uyeke ukusebenza eposini, ukubhala ngaso sonke isikhathi. Ngaleso sikhathi wayeneminyaka engama-49 ubudala futhi wayelindelwe yimpilo. Njengoba achaza encwadini ngaleso sikhathi, “Nginezinto ezimbili engingakhetha kuzo, ukuhlala eposini ngihlanye… noma ngihlale ngaphandle ngidlale ngokuba umbhali ngilambe ngife. Senginqume ukubulawa yindlala. " Kwadlula isikhathi esingaphansi kwenyanga ngemuva kokushiya umsebenzi ePosini, lapho eqeda inoveli yakhe yokuqala, enesihloko esithi Ehhovisi leposi (ngeSpanishi, Uposi).UBukowski wabulawa yi-leukemia ngoMashi 9, 1994 eSan Pedro, eCalifornia, eneminyaka engama-73, ngemuva nje kokuphothula incwadi yakhe yokugcina ethi «Umtfumbu ». Izidumbu zomngcwabo wakhe zaziphethwe yizindela ezingamaBuddha. Etiyeni lakhe lengcwaba lifundeka kanje: "Ungazami".

I-Bibliography

  • Ibamba inhliziyo yami ezandleni zayo, 1963. (Ngaphandle kokuhumushelwa olimini lwesiSpanish)
  • Crucifix ekufeni, 1965. (Ngaphandle kokuhumushelwa olimini lwesiSpanish)
  • Amanothi endoda endala engcolile, 1969. (Imibhalo yekhehla elingenanhlonipho, u-Anagrama)
  • Izinsuku zibaleka njengamahhashi asendle phezu kwamagquma, 1969. (Ngaphandle kokuhumushelwa olimini lwesiSpanish)
  • Ehhovisi leposi, 1971. (UPostman, u-Anagram)
  • I-Mockingbird Ingifisela Inhlanhla, 1972.
  • ENingizimu yeNo North, 1973. (Wafuna owesifazane, Anagrama)
  • Ukulungiswa, ama-ejaculations, imibukiso kanye nezinganekwane ezijwayelekile zobuhlanya obujwayelekile, 1972. (Ama-Erections, ejaculations, imibukiso, i-Anagram)
  • I-Factotum, 1975. (I-Factotum, i-Anagram)
  • Uthando luyinja evela esihogweni, 1977. (Uthando luyinja yesihogo nezinye izinkondlo, i-Etching productions, Lima, Peru, 2005)
  • Abesifazane, 1978. (Abesifazane, Anagram)
  • UShakespeare akazange akwenze lokhu, 1979. (UShakespeare akazange, Anagram)
  • UHamu ku-rye, 1982. (Indlela yolahlekileyo, i-Anagrama)
  • Umculo wamanzi ashisayo, 1983. (Umculo wamapayipi, u-Anagram)
  • Amagumbi okulala amakamelo, 1988. (IMadrigales de la pension, Visor, 2001)
  • Hollywood, 1989. (IHollywood, Anagram)
  • Ubusuku bokugcina bomhlaba izinkondlo, 1992. (Izinkondlo zobusuku bokugcina emhlabeni, ama-DVD Editions, 2004)
  • Umtfumbu, 1994. (Umtfumbu, Anagram)
  • Ukaputeni uphume wayodla isidlo sasemini kanti amatilosi asewuthathile umkhumbi, 1998. (Ukaputeni waphuma wayodla futhi amatilosi athatha isikebhe, i-Anagrama)

Eminye imisebenzi ngeSpanishi:

  • 10 izindaba ezivusa inkanuko, Indlu Engahleliwe Mondadori
  • Engikuthanda kakhulu ukunwaya amakhwapha uFernanda Pivano exoxa noBukowski,
  • Ukudansa ngokufa (Eminyakeni eyishumi ngemuva kokufa kwakhe, kuhlelwe ngu-hanz moth nemidwebo kaFernando Laguna Silva)

Izinkondlo:

  • Ngingunqenqemeni lwengilazi enquma ukuthi ngiyigazi (UAM, Col. Inyosi esidlekeni, eMexico)
  • Umhlaba ubonwe ngefasitela lesitezi sesithathu (Umhl. Hombre que Lee, Mexico)
  • Uthando luyinja yesihogo (Ama-editions we-millennium, eMexico)
  • Izinkondlo zendoda endala engenanhlonipho (Ama-Cultural Editions, Mexico)
  • Uthando luyinja evela esihogweni nezinye izinkondlo (I-Etching productions, Peru, ehlelwe ngu-hanz moth nemidwebo ka-Fernando Laguna Silva)
  • Wabhekisisa ukuhlanya efuna igama, ivesi, umzila (Visor, 2005)
  • Izinkondlo zobusuku bokugcina emhlabeni (ama-DVD Editions, 2004)
  • Qhubeka! (I-Visor, 2007) -umsebenzi owenziwe ngemuva-

I-Anagram

  • Indodana kasathane, Anagram
  • Ukulwa, Anagram
  • Umshini Wokuncinza, Anagram
  • Into ebaluleke kakhulu ukwazi ukuthi ungangena kanjani emlilweni, Izinkondlo, Señor Hildago
  • Shisa emanzini, ucwile emlilweni, Izinkondlo, Señor Hildago
  • Ukaputeni waphuma wayodla futhi amatilosi athatha isikebhe, Anagram
  • I-Cartero, Anagram
  • Abesifazane, Anagram
  • Indlela Yolahleko, Anagram
  • Hollywood, Anagram

Okuhlobene:

  • UHank: (impilo kaCharles Bukowski), nguNeeli Cherkovski, Anagram.
  • Ukuhlanya Okuvamile, ifilimu ekhuluma ngempilo kaCharles Bukowski, kaMarco Ferreri.
  • I-Barfly, ifilimu ebhalwe nguBukowski uqobo wakhe kamuva owakhuthaza inoveli yakhe iHollywood, elandisa ngokuhlangenwe nakho kwakhe ngesikhathi sokuqopha.
  • I-Factotum ifilimu lithathelwa noveli engaziwa.

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-3, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Uthuli Lweze kusho

    UBukowski ungomunye walabo babhali engaziyo ukuthi lapho ngifunda bazongondla ngalokho engikudinga kakhulu, iqiniso elingcolile, ngaphansi komhlaba. Ngemuva kokukufunda, sengivele ngazi okwengeziwe ngalo mbhali omkhulu.

  2.   Justby kusho

    UF Fabricio,
    UChinaski akabuphiki ubukhona bothando, impela, ukukhononda kwakhe njalo nokuhlubuka kwakhe njalo kulokho okumele aphile, iqembu lakhe kulokho okubiza ngokuthi "imigomo yenhlalo", akusikho ukuphika ukuthi uthando lukhona, kepha kunalokho uyakwenza ungayitholi njengoba besho. Kungu «angikukholwa ongitshela khona, kodwa ngeke ngiyeke ukukholelwa kwengikukholelwayo», kungukuya «esihogweni nonke nina enenza lo mdlalo owesabekayo eningiphoqa ukuba ngiwubone»

    Yebo, sonke singuHenry Chinaski .. ngezinga elikhulu noma elincane
    Ngabe umuntu akasakholelwa kwizikhulu kanye / noma amakhosazana

  3.   impisi faro kusho

    kukhona izidalwa eziphilayo, ukuba yingxenye yohlelo olusunguliwe, futhi ezichitha izimpilo zazo zizama ukufeza, ukuqashelwa futhi zibe nendawo ephakeme, lapho ukuzazisa kwazo kugcwele ukukhonza izithombe. Futhi kukhona izidalwa ezinobuhle obukhulu, nokwazi ukuthi zinezipho, ukuthobeka kwazo kanye nemibono yazo kubathumela endleleni engadluliswanga ukukhombisa umhlaba ukuthi kufanele kuhlale kukhona okunye. . U-Aunk usathola abaningi k bebiza izinkondlo zeqiniso njengesiphukuphuku. . !! UWolfy.