U-Ana Lena Rivera. Ingxoxo nombhali wencwadi ethi Yini abafileyo bathule

Izithombe ezisemboziwe: ngezilokotho zika-Ana Lena Rivera.

U-Ana Lena Rivera waqala i-adventure enkulu yokubhala selokhu anqoba i- Umklomelo weTorrente Ballester 2017 ngenoveli Yini abafileyo bathule. Manje ngena ku-maelstrom ejwayelekile yalezi zindaba ngokwethulwa kwakho nokwethulwa. Ku-AL tsinenhlanhla yokuba naye njengomhleli. Ube nomusa omkhulu ngokusinika le ngxoxo ebanzi lapho esitshela khona kancane ngenoveli yakhe, amathonya akhe, inqubo yakhe yokudala, imibono yakhe nemisebenzi yakhe elandelayo. Ngakho-ke Ngibonga kakhulu ngesikhathi sakho futhi ngikufisela impumelelo yonke..

U-Ana Lena Rivera

Wazalelwa ngaphakathi Oviedo Ngo-1972, wenza izifundo ze-Law and Business Administration e-ICADE, eMadrid. Ngemuva kweminyaka engamashumi amabili njengomphathi ezweni elikhulu lezizwe ngezizwe, washintsha ibhizinisi waba ngumbhali, uthando lwakhe olukhulu, oluhambisana nokuzalwa kwendodana yakhe, u-Alejandro. Eceleni kwakhe naye wazalwa UGrace Saint Sebastian, lo umcwaningi oholayo yochungechunge lwakhe lozungu olwaqala ngale noveli yokuqala.

Ingxoxo

  1. Wina iTorrente Ballester Award nge Yini abafileyo bathule Kube ukungena kwakho ngempumelelo ezweni lokushicilela. Kwakunjani ukungenela umncintiswano?

Iqiniso? Ngenxa yokungazi. Yini abafileyo bathule Yinoveli yami yokuqala, ngakho-ke lapho ngiqeda ukuyibhala, ngangingazi ukuthi ngenzeni. Bengingazi muntu kulo mkhakha, ngakho-ke ngacwaninga ku-inthanethi, ngenza uhlu lwabashicileli olwamukela imibhalo yesandla futhi nganquma ukuthumela inoveli yami ngenhloso yokuthola umbono wabo. Kudlule izinyanga ezimbili noma ezintathu futhi angitholanga mpendulo, ngakho-ke ngaqala ukuyihambisa kweminye imincintiswano. Bambalwa, ngoba kuningi awukwazi ukulinda isinqumo komunye umncintiswano, ngakho-ke izinyanga ezimbalwa ziphinde zadlula futhi angitholanga mpendulo. Ngisho nokuvuma.

Ngokungazelelwe, kungabikho lutho lokumemezela, izinto zaqala ukwenzeka: Ngangingene kowamanqamu kuFernando Lara Award futhi lokho kwabonakala kungakholeki kimi. Kwakungukujaha, kodwa kwadlula izinyanga ezimbalwa futhi akwenzekanga lutho. Lapho bengivele ngifuna isu elisha, futhiijaji leTorrente Ballester Prize linqume ukutshela umhlaba: "Hheyi, funda lokhu, kuhle!", futhi ngacabanga ukuthi sengifinyelele esicongweni samaphupho ami. Kepha bekungakabi njalo.

Umklomelo weTorrente Ballester ukuqashelwa futhi uphethe umklomelo wemali, kepha kungumklomelo ozimele, Akukho mshicileli ngemuva kwayo, ngakho ukuwina akuqinisekisi ukuthi umshicileli uzokushicilela. Futhi kwafika umvuthwandaba: ngosuku olufanayo baqala ukungibiza ngabahleli babefunde umbhalo wesandla. Izikhathi zokugcina zokufunda zingunyaka owodwa noma ngaphezulu ngenxa yenani elikhulu lemisebenzi abayitholayo. Bengingakwazi lokho! Phakathi kwalabo abashayele ucingo bekukhona nomshicileli wami, UMaeva, lapho bekungakaziwa ukuthi iTorrent Ballester inqobile. Ngangibathumele lo mbhalo wesandla ezinyangeni ezimbalwa ezedlule futhi babengishayela bezongitshela ukuthi banentshisekelo yokungishicilela!

Uma usuku enganquma ngalo ukwenza amanye amakhophi ombhalo wesandla futhi ngizama ukuwuthumela emincintiswaneni ethile nakubashicileli, bangitshela ukuthi kuzokwenzekani nokuthi ngizoba kuphi namuhla, bengingeke ngikukholwe. Okucacayo ukuthi, kulo mkhakha, awukwazi ukushesha. Izinto zenzeka kancane futhi zisuselwa ekuphikeleni okuningi.

  1. Uphi umqondo wokubhala Yini abafileyo bathule?

Yini abafileyo bathule Kuvela ezindabeni engizizwe ebuntwaneni bami, ezindebeni zabazali bami nakwabanye abantu abadala futhi lokho kwangithinta ngaleso sikhathi. Ngicabanga ukuthi cishe zonke izingane, okwangithusa kakhulu ukulahlekelwa ngabazali bami, ukuthi kukhona okuzokwenzeka kubo, ukulahleka, ukuthunjwa ngumuntu okhuthele ... ngangikuthanda lokho.

Lapho ngizwa abadala bekhuluma izindaba zobaba abathi ngesikhathi sempi Babethumele izingane zabo zodwa eRussia noma eNgilandi ukuze zikwazi ukuthola impilo engcono kunaleyo ezazingabanika yona eSpain, ngisho nokwazi ukuthi zazingaphinde zibabone, ngathuka. Noma lapho ngizwa izindela nabapristi besikole sami betshela ukuthi bamukelwe esigodlweni noma esikoleni sobufundisi lapho beneminyaka eyi-9 noma eyi-10 ngoba babengabancane kunabo bonke abafowethu, bebancane kakhulu ukuba basebenze futhi abazali babo babengenakho okwanele bondle.

Lapho sengimdala ngangikuqonda ukuthi izinqumo zabantu Bangabaluleka kuphela futhi baqondwe ngokwazi izimo abaphuza kuzo. Futhi lokho kukhuthaze inoveli.

En Yini abafileyo bathule bayahlangana izindaba ezimbili: ukuqoqwa, ngokusobala okukhwabanisayo, kwempesheni enkulu yomyalo ophakeme webutho lamaFrancoist ukuthi, uma ephila, ubezoba neminyaka eyi-112, ngabe usanda kushintshela kwi-internet banking futhi ubengeke elashwe ngudokotela wezempilo womphakathi iminyaka engaphezu kwamashumi amathathu. Lapho umcwaningi omkhulu, uGracia San Sebastián, eqala ukuphenya leli cala, kukhona umcimbi ongalindelekile: umakhelwane kanina, uthisha osethathe umhlalaphansi, owaziwa emphakathini njengoLa Impugnada, uzibulala ngokuziphonsa ngefasitela le-patio, ngenothi elibhalwe ngesandla liphiniwe esiketini sakhe elibhekiswe kumnyango womnyango wesakhiwo.

Kuyinoveli yozungu, ngesakhiwo esishesha kakhulu, esinamahlaya, kepha njengakunoma iyiphi inoveli yozungu kukhona isithombe somphakathi ngemuva kwesakhiwo. Vuliwe Yini abafileyo bathule okwasemuva yi ukuvela komphakathi waseSpain kusuka enkathini yangemva kwempi kuze kube manje, waleso sizukulwane esazalwa ngeminyaka yama-40s, ngokushoda, phakathi kobushiqela, ngaphandle kwenkululeko noma imininingwane futhi ngubani namuhla okhuluma nabazukulu babo ku-Skype, uchungechunge lokubuka ku-Netflix bese ubhalisela izifundo zekhompyutha zalabo abangaphezu kweminyaka engama-65.

Amaqiniso aphenywa kule noveli angumphumela izinqumo ezathathwa eminyakeni engama-50 edlule futhi kuzodingeka ukuqonda izimo zomzuzwana ukuveza okwenzekayo njengamanje.

  1. Ngubani umlingiswa wakho omkhulu, uGracia San Sebastián, futhi kuthiwani ngawe kuye?

Hmuva nje ngizwe uRosa Montero ethi ababhali babhala babhekane nokwesaba kwethu, ukukhathazeka kwethu, ukuzitshela izindaba zabalingiswa ababhekana nokwesaba kwethu, ukuze sizenze buthaka futhi sizisuse kithi. Angazi noma into efanayo izokwenzeka kubo bonke ababhali, kepha kimi, ngizikhomba ngokuphelele.

UGrace uyiqhawe lami, ebhekene nokwesaba kwami ​​okukhulu. Yena nomyeni wakhe balwela ukunqoba inhlekelele eshaqisa impilo, yokulahlekelwa yindodana yabo eneminyaka emithathu engozini yasekhaya.

UGrace unobuntu bakhe obukhula namanoveli, kuguquka ngokwakho ngaphandle kwami, noma ngabe umbhali kangakanani, elawula indlela yayo yokuvuthwa. Unokuhlangenwe nakho okuhlukile kokwami, okulolonga isimilo sakhe.

Vele, angikwazanga ukumelana nokuyinikeza ngezinye zezinto engizithandayo nengizithandayo: isibonelo, akekho phakathi kwethu oke wabuka izindaba isikhathi eside noma wafunda lezo zindaba. Futhi ngehora lesibili sithanda ukudla okumnandi newayini elibomvu.

  1. Futhi ngebhentshi lamanje labaholi besifazane abalungile, yini uGracia San Sebastián azogqama kakhulu kuyo?

Okukhethekile ngoGrace ngokunembile ukuthi ungumuntu ojwayelekile. Uhlakaniphile futhi ulwa, ulwa, njengabanye abesifazane abaningi. Uhlukile, njenge-protagonist yochungechunge lozungu, ukuthi akayena umphenyi ojwayelekile, kepha uchwepheshe wokukhwabanisa kwezezimali.

UGrace uhlala ekhanda lami kusukela ebusheni bami ngingazi. Ngiseyingane ngangikuthanda ukufunda futhi ngokushesha ngangena ogibeni lwendaba yozungu, ngasuka eMortadelos ngaya Agatha Christie futhi ukusuka lapho kuya kulokho okwakungaleso sikhathi: kusuka USherlock Holmes waya ePepe Carvalho, edlula ngoPhillip Marlowe, uPerry Mason. Bengilangazelela ngisho isahluko ngasinye salolu chungechunge UMike Hammer kuthelevishini.

Kakade ngabona izinto ezimbili: ukuthi abalingiswa abaphambili bamanoveli engangibathanda kwakungamadoda, futhi bonke babenokuthile abafana ngakho: babeneme ngempilo, ngaphandle kobudlelwano bezenhlalo noma izibopho zomndeni, abaphuza iwhisky ngehora leshumi ekuseni futhi balale ehhovisi ngoba akekho owayebalindile ekhaya. Bese abacwaningi besifazane baqala ukuvela, kepha balandela iphethini yabanduleli babo besilisa: abakhulu UPetra Delicado ngu-Alicia Jimenez - uBarlett noma I-Kinsey milhone nguSue Grafton.

Lapho, ngokungazi, nginqume ukuthi ngelinye ilanga ngizobhala ngomcwaningi ukuthi wayengowesifazane nokuthi wayenobudlelwano obuseduze bomuntu siqu nobomndeni. Ngisho ukhomishani wamaphoyisa ehambisana noGracia San Sebastián ezimweni zabo, URafa Miralles, uyindoda ejwayelekile: Unekhono lomsebenzi wobuciko esiteshini samaphoyisa, kodwa ujabule emshadweni, ubaba wamantombazane amabili, othanda ukupheka, onabangani abahle nenja edlalayo.

  1. Yibaphi ababhali obathandayo? Ngabe kukhona omunye umuntu othinte kakhulu le noveli? Noma mhlawumbe ukufundwa okukhethekile?

Ngaqala ukubhala ngo U-Agatha Cristhie. Iqoqo lonke lalisendlini yami. Ngisenawo wonke, ngisesimweni esidabukisayo kusukela ezikhathini engizifunda ngiphinde ngazifunda. Namuhla ngenza okufanayo ngezincwadi zentokazi entsha yobugebengu, UDonna Leon, noBrunetti wakhe eVenice.

Phakathi kwababhali baseSpain enginokubhekisela kuye UJose Maria Guelbenzu, futhi ngiyazithanda zonke izincwadi ezintsha ngo UMaría Oruña, uReyes Calderón, uBerna González Harbour, u-Alicia Jiménez Barlett noma uVíctor del Arbol. Okunye futhi okuzishicilele ngithembeke ngokuphelele njengoRoberto Martínez Guzmán. Futhi okutholwe okusha okusha kulo nyaka: USantiago Díaz Cortés no-Inés Plana. Ngibheke phambili ekufundeni amanoveli wakho wesibili.

  1. ¿Yini abafileyo bathule Ngukuqala kwesaga noma uhlela ukushintsha irejista kunoveli yakho elandelayo?

Kuyisaga iyaqhubeka i-protagonist nezinhlamvu eziyizungezile: ukhomishani uRafa Miralles, Sarah, umngani wakho wemithi, UGeni, unkosikazi kaKhomishani kanye UBarbara, udadewabo, udokotela wenhliziyo, ongabekezeli futhi ofuna ukuphelela. Icala elisha kule noveli yesibili lizohluka kakhulu kwelokuqala Futhi, uma abafundi befuna, ngiyethemba kukhona okuningi okuningi.

  1. Inqubo yakho yokudala ivame kanjani? Ngabe unaso iseluleko noma ukuholwa? Uyayincoma?

Njengemicabango yami: kunesiphithiphithi. Angikaze ngibe nesifo sekhasi esingenalutho. Ngidinga nje isikhathi nokuthula. Kuthule amahora amaningi, ngaphandle komsindo noma iziphazamiso futhi indaba igeleza. Angazi ukuthi ngizobhalani, noma kuzokwenzekani kule noveli. Kuyinqubo emnandi kakhulu ngoba ngibhala ngomzwelo womfundi ongazi ukuthi kuzokwenzekani esigcawini esilandelayo. Lapho ngiqeda kufika ingxenye ebucayi: lungisa, lungisa, lungisa.

Vele ngifuna izeluleko: Ngifunde eSikoleni Sabalobi nge ULara Moreno, engisizayo ukulungisa amanoveli ami, bese ngiqala uhlelo lwe mentoring okubhaliwe noJose María Guelbenzu, Owayesevele omunye abalobi engilithandayo futhi okuyindawo Angizange ayeke ukufunda, enginakho club yami ababhejela, ... Umsebenzi wokubhala unesizungu kakhulu, ngakho-ke ukuba nabantu abanolwazi lokukufundisa amandla akho nobuthakathaka bakho kanye nabafundi ukuze bakunikeze umbono wabo ngomphumela wokugcina kimi kube yingcebo. Nginamathela kuzo, ziyisiqondisi sami nesethenjwa sami.

  1. Yiziphi ezinye izinhlobo zemibhalo ozithandayo?

Yize ngithanda ubuqili, ngingabanjwa yinoma iyiphi inoveli noma ngabe yiluphi uhlobo. Kuze kube unyaka owedlule bengizokutshela ukuthi inoveli yomlando ibiminca kancane, kepha kulo nyaka ngifunde ezimbili ezinginqobile: eyokuqala, I-engela yenkungu, kusuka kumlingani wami UFatima Martin. Kamuva, ngaba nenhlanhla ngokwanele yokuba yingxenye yejaji lama- Umklomelo kaCarmen Martín Gaite futhi selokhu ngafunda umsebenzi we I-Paco Tejedo Torrent Nge-biography eqanjiwe mayelana noMaría de Zayas y Sotomayor, ngangazi ukuthi kufanele ngiphumelele. Ngenhlanhla, amanye amajaji avuma. Futhi Ngangiyijaji eTorrente Ballester futhi ngiyithandile inoveli ewinayo, I-Argentina uNkulunkulu ayifunayo, okuyi noveli yezokuvakasha, ye Lola shultz, ezehlukile. Esikhundleni salokho, uhlobo engingajwayele ukulifunda.

Ngicabanga ngokujwayelekile Ngithanda izindaba ezimnandi ezingixhumanisa futhi zingenze ngifune ukwazi kabanzi, noma ngabe yiluphi uhlobo.

Ngize ngikuvume lokho kunezinoveli engizifundayo ngiphinde ngazifunda njalo akuwona amanoveli wozungu, afana nawo Umuntu akaphili nge-caviar eyedwa, de UJohannes M. Simmel, inoveli endala kakhulu ebikade inami kusukela ebusheni, Akukho okuphikisana nobusuku nguDolphine de Vigan, engivame ukuyifunda ehlobo. OLUmpheki kaHimmler, de UFranzt Olivier Giesbert, ukuthi ngikwazi ukufunda izikhathi eziyinkulungwane futhi bekungangimangaza njalo.

  1. Amagama ambalwa kubalobi bokuqala?

Bayeke babhale lokho abangathanda ukukufunda, ngoba ngaleyo ndlela bazokholwa emsebenzini wabo futhi bazokwazi ukuthi ngaphambi kokuqeda sebenomlandeli wabo wokuqala ongenamibandela. Futhi ukuthi bayakha, ukuthi bafunde ingxenye yezobuchwepheshe yokubhala kubalobi abanolwazi, ukuthi bayalungisa, ukuthi babheke umqondisi oqeqeshiwe omuhle ukuqeda ukupholisha indaba yakho.

Futhi ekugcineni ungabi namahloni ngokuthumela inoveli yakho kuzo zonke izingosi lapho yamukelwa khona. Ngokubekezela okuningi, ngaphandle kwamawala, kepha ngaphandle kokulahlekelwa ngamathuba: uma ukhombisa umsebenzi wakho, awunaziqinisekiso, kepha unethuba futhi awazi ukuthi lingaphela kuphi.

  1. Futhi ekugcineni, unamaphi amaphrojekthi lapho yonke imibhalo enkulu yezethulo namasiginesha idlula?

Thatha izinsuku ezimbalwa ukubonga bonke abantu abakhethe le noveli nokuthi maphakathi ne-maelstrom kungenzeka ukuthi kwenzeke kimi ukukwenza okwamanje. Bese uhlala phansi ukubhala futhi usebenzise isikhathi samahhala nomndeni.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.