Amanoveli kaGaston Leroux

I-Quote kaGaston Leroux

I-Quote kaGaston Leroux

UGastón Leroux wayengumbhali waseFrance, intatheli kanye nommeli owashiya uphawu lwakhe ezincwadini zesikhathi sakhe ngenxa yamanoveli akhe angaqondakali. Phakathi kwazo, izitolimende ezimbili zokuqala zochungechunge lwakhe kumphenyi uJoseph Rouletabille zidume kakhulu. Okungukuthi, Imfihlakalo yegumbi eliphuzi (1907) futhi Amakha entokazi emnyama (1908).

Kunjalo, kuwukuzidela I-Phantom ye-Opera (1910), indalo edume kakhulu kaLeroux. Akumangalisi ukuthi lesi sihloko siguqulelwe emidlalweni yeshashalazi engaphezu kwekhulu, uchungechunge lwethelevishini namafilimu avelele, kokubili aseYurophu naseHollywood. Sekukonke, umbhali waseParisian ushicilele amanoveli angama-37, izindaba ezimfushane eziyi-10 nemidlalo emibili ngesikhathi sokuphila kwakhe.

Imfihlakalo yegumbi eliphuzi (1907)

I-protagonist

UJoseph Rouletabille ungumseshi oyimfundamakhwela ongumlingisi ophambili wamanoveli ayisishiyagalombili kaLeroux. En Le mystere de la chambre jaune -isihloko sokuqala sesiFulentshi-kuvezwa ukuthi igama lakhe empeleni liyisiteketiso. Ngendlela, isibongo sakhe singahunyushwa ngokuthi "globetrotter", isichasiso esinelukuluku somfana okhulele ekhaya lezintandane zenkolo e-Eu, isigodi esiseduze neNormandy.

Ekuqaleni kwe-saga, umphenyi uneminyaka engu-18 ubudala futhi "umsebenzi wakhe wangempela" ubuntatheli. Naphezu kweminyaka yakhe esemncane nokungabi nalwazi, ubonisa amandla okunciphisa "unembeza ngaphezu kwamaphoyisa". Ngaphezu kwalokho, esimweni sakhe sokuqala kufanele abhekane noBallmeyer, isigebengu samazwe ngamazwe esaziwayo esinomazisi abaningi.

Ukuhlaziya kanye nendlela

Imfihlakalo yegumbi eliphuzi Kubhekwa njengenoveli yokuqala "yemfihlakalo yegumbi elikhiyiwe". Yaqanjwa ngesakhiwo sayo, lapho isigebengu esibonakala singabonakali siyakwazi ukuvela futhi sinyamalale ekamelweni elivaliwe. Ngenxa yalesi sizathu, ukunyatheliswa kokuqala kwalesi sihloko—phakathi kuka-September no-November 1907—kwababamba ngokushesha abafundi baleli phephandaba. L'Illustration.

Umlandi wendaba nguSinclair, umngane ongummeli weRouletabille. Isenzo senzeka enqabeni yaseChâteau du Glandier. Laphaya, UMathilde Stangerson, indodakazi yomnikazi wendawo, utholwe elimele kanzima elabhorethri engaphansi komhlaba (kuvalwe ngaphakathi). Kusukela ngaleso sikhathi kuqhubeke, itulo eliyinkimbinkimbi elixhunywe esikhathini esedlule somlingiswa oyinhloko lidalulwa kancane kancane.

Abanye abalingiswa ababalulekile

  • UFrédéric Larsan, umholi wabaseshi bamaphoyisa aseFrance (uRouletabille usola ukuthi unguBallmeyer);
  • Stangerson, usosayensi ongumnikazi wenqaba kanye nobaba kaMathilde;
  • Robert Dalzac, ingoduso kaMathilde Stangerson kanye nomsolwa omkhulu wamaphoyisa;
  • UJaques, umphathizitsha womndeni wakwa-Stangerson.

Amakha entokazi emnyama (1908)

En Le parfum de la dame en noir isenzo sizungeza izinhlamvu eziningi ezivela kusitolimende esandulelayo. Isiqalo sale ncwadi sikhombisa abasanda kushada uRobert Darzac noMathilde Stangerson bakhululeke kakhulu kwi-honeymoon yabo ngoba isitha somndeni sishonile ngokusemthethweni. Kungazelelwe, u-Rouletabille uyabizwa futhi lapho izitha zakhe ezinonya zivela futhi.

Imfihlakalo iya ngokuya ijula, ukunyamalala okusha kanye nobugebengu obusha buyenzeka. Ekugcineni, futhiuJoseph osemusha uyakwazi ukufinyelela ekugcineni kwayo yonke le nto ngenxa yokuhlakanipha kwakhe okukhaliphile… Kuvele ukuthi intatheli yindodana kaMathilde noBallmeyer. Lesi sakamuva sayenga indodakazi kaProf Stangerson isencane kakhulu.

Amanye amanoveli adlala uJoseph Rouletabille

  • I-Rouletabille esigodlweni sikaTsar (Rouletabille chez le tsar, 1912);
  • inqaba emnyama (I-chateau noir, 1914);
  • Imishado eyinqaba yeRouletabille (Les Étranges Noces de Rouletabille, 1914);
  • Rouletabille emafektri e-Krupp (Rouletabille chez Krupp, 1917);
  • Ubugebengu be-Rouletabille (Ubugebengu beRouletabille, 1921);
  • I-Rouletabille kanye nama-gypsies (I-Rouletabille chez les Bohémiens, 1922).

I-Phantom ye-Opera (1910)

Isiqubulo

Uchungechunge lwezehlakalo ezixakile zenzeka eParis Opera ngeminyaka yawo-1880.. Lawo maqiniso angaqondakali aqinisekisa abantu ukuthi lo mcimbi usuke une-haunted. Abanye abantu baze bafakaze ngokuthi bake babona umuntu onethunzi, onogebhezi lwekhanda olunesikhumba esiphuzi namehlo ashisayo. Kusukela ekuqaleni umxoxi uyaqinisekisa ukuthi isipoki singokoqobo, nakuba singumuntu.

Kuba nesiphithiphithi lapho abadansi bethi babone isipoki emdlalweni wakamuva oqondiswa u-Debienne no-Poligny. emva kwesikhashana, UJoseph Buquet, onguchwepheshe bemishini yaseshashalazini, utholakale eshonile (elenga ngaphansi kwesiteji). Nakuba yonke into ibonakala ikhombisa ukuzibulala, ukucabanga okunjalo akubonakali kunengqondo lapho intambo yokuxhonywa ingatholakali.

Isijobelelo: uhlu namanye amanoveli kaLeroux

  • Umthengisi we-chip omncane (1897);
  • indoda ebusuku (1897);
  • Izifiso ezintathu (1902);
  • ikhanda elincane (1902);
  • Ukuzingela umcebo ekuseni (1903);
  • Impilo ekabili ye-Théophraste Longuet (1904);
  • inkosi yemfihlakalo (1908);
  • Umuntu owabona usathane (1908);
  • umnduze (1909);
  • isihlalo esiqalekisiwe (1909);
  • indlovukazi yesabatha (1910);
  • Isidlo sakusihlwa samabhasi (1911);
  • umfazi welanga (1912);
  • Izigigaba zokuqala zika-Chéri-Bibi (1913);
  • Cheri-Bibi (1913);
  • Balaoo (1913);
  • UChéri-Bibi noCecily (1913);
  • Izigigaba Ezintsha ze-Chéri-Bibi (1919);
  • Ukuketula umbuso kuka-Chéri-Bibi (1925);
  • ikholomu yesihogo (1916);
  • imbazo yegolide (1916);
  • confit (1916);
  • Indoda ebuya kude (1916);
  • UCaptain hyx (1917);
  • impi engabonakali (1917);
  • inhliziyo eyebiwe (1920);
  • amakilabhu ayisikhombisa (1921);
  • unodoli onegazi (1923);
  • umshini wokubulala (1923);
  • Ukhisimusi omncane kaVicent-Vicent (1924);
  • Hhayi Olympic (1924);
  • I-Tenebrous: Ukuphela Kwezwe & Igazi ku-Neva (1924);
  • I-coquette ejezisiwe noma i-adventure yasendle (1924);
  • Owesifazane Ophethe Umgexo weVelvet (1924);
  • Mardi-Gras noma indodana yobaba abathathu (1925);
  • i-attic yegolide (1925);
  • AmaMohicans aseBabele (1926);
  • abazingeli bomdanso (1927);
  • UMnu Flow (1927);
  • Pouloulou (1990).

Biography of Gaston Leroux

UGaston Leroux

UGaston Leroux

UGaston Louis Alfred Leroux wazalelwa eParis, eFrance, ngoMeyi 6, 1868, emndenini ocebile wabathengisi. Ngesikhathi esemusha wayefunda esikoleni okuhlalwa kuso eNormandy ngaphambi kokwenza izifundo zomthetho enhloko-dolobha yaseFrance. (Wathola iziqu zakhe ngo-1889). Ngaphezu kwalokho, umlobi wesikhathi esizayo wazuza njengefa ingcebo yamafranc angaphezu kwesigidi, inani lezinkanyezi ngaleso sikhathi.

Imisebenzi yokuqala

U-Leroux wachitha ifa phakathi kokubheja, amaphathi nokuphuza ngokweqile, ngakho-ke, lowo owayengusozigidi osemusha waphoqeleka ukuthi asebenze ukuze azondle. Umsebenzi wakhe wokuqala obalulekile kwaba yintatheli yasensimini kanye nomgxeki weshashalazi L'Echo de Paris. Wabe eseya ephephandabeni the Morning, lapho aqala khona ukuhlanganisa iNguquko Yokuqala YaseRussia (January 1905).

Esinye isenzakalo ayehileleke kuso ngokugcwele kwakuwuphenyo lwe-Opera yaseParis endala. Esitezi esingaphansi kwendawo ebiyelwe - ngaleso sikhathi eyethula i-ballet yaseParis - kwakukhona isitokisi esineziboshwa ze-Paris Commune. Ngemva kwalokho, ngo-1907 wayeka ubuntatheli kwaba nomthelela omubi ekubhaleni, uthando aluhlakulela kusukela ezinsukwini zakhe zokufunda ngesikhathi sakhe sokuphumula.

Umsebenzi wezincwadi

Okuningi Izindaba zika-Gaston Leroux zibonisa ithonya eliphawulekayo elivela ku-Sir Arthur Conan Doyle futhi kusukela Edgar Allan Poe. Ithonya lomlobi waseMelika ohlakaniphile alinakuphikwa kuzilungiselelo, ama-archetypes, i-psychology yabalingiswa kanye nesitayela sokulandisa seParis. Zonke lezi zici ziyabonakala enovelini yokuqala kaLeroux, Imfihlakalo yegumbi eliphuzi.

Ngo-1909, u-Leroux wenza i-serial kumagazini I-Gaulois de I-Phantom ye-Opera. Ukuphumelela kwayo okumangalisayo kwaholela ekutheni isihloko sibe incwadi ethandwa kakhulu ngaleso sikhathi ezweni lonke nasemhlabeni jikelele. Ngawo lowo nyaka, umlobi weGallic waqanjwa UChevalier weLegion d'honneur, umhlobiso ophakeme kakhulu (owomphakathi noma wezempi) oklonyeliswe eFrance.

Ifa

Ngo-1919, u-Gaston Leroux no-Arthur Bernede -umngane oseduze- bakha i- I-Society of Cineromans. Inhloso enkulu yaleyo nkampani yefilimu kwakuwukushicilela amanoveli angaba aphenduke amafilimu. Ngawo-1920, umbhali waseFrance waqashelwa njengephayona ohlotsheni lwabaseshi baseFrance., isilinganiso esasigcina kuze kube yilolu suku.

Kuphela kwe I-Phantom ye-Opera Zingaphezu kuka-70 izinguquko ezenziwe phakathi kwe-cinema, umsakazo kanye nethelevishini. Ukwengeza, lo msebenzi ugqugquzele izihloko ezingaphezu kwekhulu ezihlanganisa amanoveli abanye ababhali, izincwadi zezingane, amahlaya, imibhalo okungezona izinganekwane, amaculo kanye nokubalula okuhlukahlukene. UGastón Leroux washona ngo-April 15, 1927 ngenxa yokutheleleka kwezinso; Ngangineminyaka engu-58.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.