Ukubuyekezwa kweThe Satanic Verses, kaSalman Rushdie: Ake sikhulume. . .

Isembozo Samavesi KaSathane

Isikhathi esithile benginelukuluku lokwazi ukuqala le ncwadi, ebhekwa njengenye yayo impikiswano enkulu kunazo zonke emlandweni nobuciko (kanye ne-Children of the Midnight) ngumbhali waseBrithani onemvelaphi yamaHindu uSalman Rushdie.

Iqiniso ukuthi, uma isiqediwe, le ncwadi inamaphuzu ambalwa okufanele iphawule ngawo, hhayi kuphela ngenxa yezincazelo zayo eziningi noma ihlaziya lokho kulahleka kobunikazi ezweni eliya ngokuya liba nobumbano lomhlaba wonke, kepha futhi nangenxa yokuthi ingxenye yezindima kusukela emshweni wencwadi uRushdie ukufihla ngemuva kokubeka inani ekhanda lakhe nguRuhollah Khomeini, U-Ayatollah wase-Iran ngo-1988; isigwebo esiqhubeka nokusebenza.

Ake singene kulokhu kubuyekezwa kwe- Amavesi kaSathane kaSalman Rushdie.

Iqiniso lomlingo yenziwe e-india

Amavesi kaSathane anama protagonists izinhlamvu ezimbili zamaHindu: UGibreel Farishta, umlingisi odume kakhulu ku-Bollywood, noSaladin Chamcha, owaziwa ngokuthi yi-Man of a Thousand Voices ngekhono lakhe lokuthambisa nokuthanda isiko laseBrithani ngaphezu kwakho konke okunye. Bobabili abalingiswa bahlangana phakathi nendiza iBostan 706, eqhuma ngaphezulu kwe-English Channel ngenxa yokuhlaselwa kwamaphekula.

Ngesikhathi sokuwa, uGibreel uqala ukuhlushwa imibono emxhumanisa ngesikhathi nangesikhala nezinye izilungiselelo nezinhlamvu, ikakhulukazi, idolobha lasendulo laseMecca (lapha elibizwa ngeJahilia), indawo esenyakatho neNdiya eqala uhambo oluholwa yikholwa eligama lingu-Ayesha , noma ekudingisweni komholi wama-Arab eLondon.

Ngemuva kokuwela ogwini olubandayo lwase-United Kingdom, bobabili abalingiswa bahlukene, baziphonsa eLondon edidayo lapho uChamcha, owesibili ngokungavumelani, efihla khona ekhefi laseNdiya lapho izimpondo ziqala ukuhluma ekhanda lakhe bese zibukeka njengaye. USathane.

Bobabili abalingiswa bayahlangana, bayalahleka futhi babhekane eLondon edidekile futhi exubekile, lapho iGibreel noSaladin badlala khona njenge-duel endala emhlabeni: eyengelosi nosathane uqobo.

Incwadi yakamuva ye-post-colonialism

Angijwayele ukuhleka incwadi enjengale, ikakhulukazi ngenxa yethoni elihlekisayo uRushdie alisebenzisa kuwo wonke umsebenzi. Futhi ukuthi amavesi kaSathane akuyona nje incwadi ekhuluma ngenkolo, kodwa futhi mayelana nokuhwebelana kwembulunga yonke, ukulahleka kobuwena, uthando, ukwabiwa kwamasiko kanye nokholo olungazinzi kulezi zikhathi lapho amazwe amaningi ayengamakholoni aseNtshonalanga (bheka iNdiya) esaqhubeka nokuzifuna.

Ngokulandelayo, lencwadi ichaza ukucabanga okuchichimayo, hhayi kuphela ezingathekisweni nasezitayeleni zayo, kepha nasezindabeni ezifana nezikaRosa Diamond, i-Anglo-Argentine eyamukela abalingisi abaphambili lapho bewa endizeni, noma lelo hambo eliholwa ngu-Ayesha , intombazane embozwe izimvemvane ezihlose ukuvula amanzi oLwandle i-Arabia ngendlela kaMose wesimanje.

Ukuphela kwephutha, ngombono wami, kungaba isidingo esiqhubekayo sokwethula abalingiswa abazobachaza kepha azinikeli kakhulu esakhiweni, esinciphisa uketshezi lwento yonke futhi okwenza ukufunda kube nzima kwezinye izingxenye. Kodwa-ke, imininingwane engemincane uma iqhathaniswa nazo zonke ezinye izimfanelo zencwadi okufanele umfundi ngamunye azibuke kuyo ngesikhathi esithile, noma ngabe uyahambisana nobuSulumane, ukuhwebelana kwembulunga yonke noma okunye ukunyakaza kwesikhathi sethu.

I-Iran ayikuthandanga lokho

Amavesi kaSathane 2

URuhollah Mousavi Khomeini, i-Imam yase-Iran owakhuthaza ukuzingelwa kukaRushdie ngemuva kokushicilelwa kweThe Satanic Verses.

Isici esiyimpikiswano enkulu kakhulu yamaThe Satanic Verses silele emibonweni yomlingiswa waseGibreel, ingelosi enkulu enguGabriyeli futhi ekhona kuleso sichazamazwi seKoran esicabanga umbono wakhe weJahilia (noma iMecca), lapho kuphakanyiswa ukuthi ukuzalwa kweQur'an kanye nokuphakama kwamandla komprofethi uMuhammad bekungenxa yenkinga elula yokuthengiswa kwethonya. Ngale ndlela, uMuhammad ubezophendula iJahilia ibe yindawo yokudlala lapho kungadliwanga khona ingulube futhi abesifazane bebevalelwe emakhaya ingxenye yosuku.

Umbono wesibili, lowo we-Imam ocashile eLondon, ukhomba ngqo kumfanekiso we-Ayatollah URuhollah Mousavi Khomeini, umholi wase-Iran nomsunguli we-Islamic Union of Iran sekwedlule iminyaka engama-70.

Futhi kwaba nguye uqobo, ngemuva kokushicilelwa kwencwadi ngo-1988, wakhipha i- fatwa (noma umyalelo wezomthetho ngokusho kukahulumeni wase-Iranian) lapho kucelwe khona inhloko kaRushdie neyabo bonke ababandakanyeka kule ncwadi. Ngale ndlela, umbhali kwakufanele ahlale efihliwe iminyaka eminingana, yize ababesondelene naye njengoHitoshi Igarashi, umhumushi wale ncwadi waseJapan, wabulawa ngo-1991.

Okubi kunakho konke, noma ngabe uRushdie wanqotshwa ukuhlengwa, i-fatwa iyaqhubeka nokusebenza ngokusho kweziphathimandla zase-Iran. Empeleni, intengo yekhanda lakhe inyuke yafika ku- $ 3.3 million ngo-2016.

Lapho uGabo unuka ukhari

USalman Rushdie - Ngaphambili

Yize wazalelwa eBombay ngo-1947, uRushdie, kubazali baseKashmiri bezinkolelo zamaSulumane, wathunyelwa eLondon eneminyaka eyi-14. Ngemuva kokubhala indaba yempumelelo encane, Izingane zobusuku, eyanyatheliswa ngo-1980, yayiyoba isimanga futhi ibe ushintsho ezincwadini zamaHindu nezaseBrithani. Umnqobi WombhukiUkuqala kwakhe kuzolandelwa eminye imisebenzi efana neThe Satanic Verses noma uShalalimar the Clown.

Encwadini yakhe yezincwadi ngifaka nezincwadi ezithile zezindaba ezinjenge-Oriente, i-Occidente, eyokuqala engiyifunde ngalo mbhali.

URushdie uqokwe kaningi ukuba inxusa le- ubuqiniso bomlingo be-india, ukwahlulela ngalokho kuhlangana kwansuku zonke nobumnandi, ecaleni lakhe ngezinganekwane nobuqili bezwekazi lase-Asia. Umbhali othonye ngokusobala abanye ababhali besikhathi sakhe njengo-Arundhati Roy nencwadi yakhe ethi The God of Small Things, eyaba yindlalifa enamandla kakhulu ethonyeni lalo mbhali.

Amavesi kaSathane kaSalman Rushdie Yincwadi ezoheha labo abakhangwa kakhulu ngumphakathi nezwe esiphila kulo namuhla (izinto azikashintshi kangako kusukela ngo-1988), ngasikhathi sinye ukuthi ukufunda kungukuhamba kulezi zindawo eziyinqaba futhi ngaphezu kokukodwa Umbono wokuphikisana ngalezo zindima zomlando oshisekelwano lwakhe sonke esilubonile eminyakeni yamuva.

Ngabe nawe ufunde iThe Satanic Verses? Ucabangani?

 

 

 


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Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

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