UWilliam Faulkner biography

 

UWillian faulkner wayengumbhali waseMelika owazalwa ngo-1897 esifundazweni sase UMississippi. Umndeni wakhe kwakuwumndeni wendabuko oseningizimu wezingane ezinhlanu uWilliam ayengomdala kubo.

Ubuntwana bakhe wayichitha edolobheni elincane lase Oxford, nokuba khona kwalelo Lizwe laseNyakatho Melika, ngabalingiswa balo, indlela yabo yokuba, ukukhuluma nokucabanga kwabo, kuzobonwa kamuva kuyo yonke imisebenzi yombhali.

Ngesikhathi Impi Yezwe I Wangena njengomshayeli wendiza ye- IRoyal British Air Force, kepha kunokungabaza okuningi ngokuthi indima yakhe ibiyini phakathi nempi kunikezwe ukuthambekela kwemvelo koku I-Faulkner ukuxoxa.

Imisebenzi yakhe yokuqala yayisebhange likayisemkhulu, emva kwalokho waba ngumdwebi (wasodongeni) wabe eseposa. Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi UFulkner uthole imisebenzi ehlobene kakhulu nezincwadi, owokuqala njengentatheli ku ENew Orleans.

Inoveli yakhe yokuqala, Inkokhelo yamasosha, wayinyathelisa ngo-1926.

Ngemuva kwalokho uthathe uhambo wadlula Europa lapho ahlangana khona, phakathi kwabanye, wayemthanda James Joyce.

Lapho ebuyela kufayela le- United States, kwasungulwa amanoveli akhe alandelayo Yoknapatawpha, insimu eqanjiwe, eyenziwe ngababhali ekhuthaze ababhali ukuthi bathande U-Onethi (ukudala iSanta Maria yakho), ukuze UGarcia Marquez (iMacondo yakhe) nabanye abaningi.

Inoveli yokuqala eyenzeka ku- Yoknapatawpha fue I-Sartoris ngo-1929, kodwa kwalandela eminye imisebenzi eminingi (amanoveli nezindaba ezimfushane) emakhasini ayo izimpilo zezakhamuzi zayo eziqanjiwe zixubana ziphinde zixube, lapho imigwaqo iwela khona futhi izibuko ziyanda.

Ngokushicilelwa kwe- Umsindo Nokufutheka, UFaulkner wabhekwa njengomfundisi. Ngaleso sikhathi, wayeseshadile U-Estelle oldham, ayekholelwa ukuthi uhlala nabo edolobheni elincane lase Oxford.

Kumele kushiwo ukuthi yize wayekwazi ukuhlela imisebenzi yakhe, wayengakaze abe ngumbhali owaziwa kakhulu ngumphakathi jikelele, futhi nanamuhla umMelika ojwayelekile akazazi ukuthi ungubani. I-Faulkner.

Phakathi neminyaka eyalandela wenza imali njengombhali wesikrini eHollywood, waze ngo-1949 wathola le Izincwadi zeNobel.

Emisebenzini yakhe umyalo ongavamile wolimi namasu ugqamile. Isibonelo esigqame kakhulu salokhu yimisho yakhe emide, kwesinye isikhathi inamakhasi amathathu noma amane ubude, eneziphambeko eziningi, ama-parentheses nemishwana engaphansi. Kepha ukweqa kwesikhathi kanye nokushintshana ngombono wombalisi nakho kuyamangaza.

Ngandlela thile, isitayela sakhe besiphikisana nesitayela se- Hemingway nemisho yayo emfushane (basho lokho Hemingway Ngimthumelela ithelegramu ethi: "Ngizoshintsha esinye sezigwebo zakho ezinde ngemisho yami emibili emifushane"). Kodwa-ke, ezinye izinto zazibaxhumanisa: utshwala, impilo abayinikele ekubhaleni, ngaphezu kweqiniso lokuthi bacabanga njengamaMelika.

I-Faulkner Waqhubeka nokubhala (futhi umkhiqizo wakhe wawunzima kakhulu) waze wafa (waze wabuyela ezweni lakulelo ningizimu ayelithanda kakhulu) ngo-1962.

 


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.