Ingabe uShakespeare wasungula amagama nemisho eminingi njengoba kushiwo?

Shakespeare

Ngokusho kwesazi sase-Australia, uShakespeare akazange asebenzise amabinzana anjengokuthi "ngesiGreki kimi" noma "ukusesha okuyize."

Ku-athikili eshicilelwe kuwebhusayithi ye-University of Melbourne nguDkt David McInnism sUbeka isichazamazwi i-Oxford English isiphambeko ngokulandela igama elithi Shakespeare njengomsunguli wamakhulu amagama esiNgisi. I-Oxford English Dictionary (OED) inezingcaphuno ezingaphezu kuka-33000 zikaShakespeare, kusho uMcInnis, cishe abangaba ngu-1.500 7.500 bebabiza ngokuthi "ubufakazi bokuqala begama lesiNgisi" futhi abangaba ngu-XNUMX XNUMX bachazwa ngokuthi "ubufakazi bokuqala bokusetshenziswa kwencazelo ethile".

“Kepha i-OED iyenzelela: ikakhulukazi ezinsukwini zokuqala, kukhethwa izibonelo zemibhalo futhi ezidume kakhulu phakathi kwazo. Imisebenzi ephelele kaShakespeare yayivame ukufakwa kwizibonelo zokuqala zokusetshenziswa kwamagama, noma ngabe amagama noma imishwana kungenzeka ukuthi ngaphambili yayisetshenziswa ngabantu abadume kancane nabantu abangafundile kangako. "

Ngokusho kombhali wale ndatshana, uShakespeare akazange awasungule wonke amagama nemishwana okwakuthiwa kuye osukwini lwakhe futhi aqhubeke nokushiwo kuye nanamuhla.

“Izithameli zakhe bekufanele ziqonde, okungenani, umongo walokho ayefuna ukukusho, ngakho amazwi akhe ikakhulukazi amagama ayesakazwa noma inhlanganisela enengqondo yemiqondo eyayivele ikhona. "

Inkulumo ethi “is Greek to me” (“is Greek to me”), isibonelo, ibhekisa enkulumweni engaqondakali eyenziwe nguJulius Caesar lapho uCasca etshela uCicero ukuthi “Labo abangamqondi bayamoyizelana futhi banikine amakhanda .kodwa, ngokwami, bekuyisiGreki kimi. "

Umsebenzi, owenziwa uMcInnis kusukela ngonyaka ka-1599, uyisibonelo sokuqala kakhulu senkulumo esichazamazwini se-Oxford English, kodwa le nkulumo yasetshenziswa nakuRobert Greene's The Scottish History, eyanyatheliswa ngo-1598 futhi mhlawumbe yabhalwa ngo-1590.

"Kuwo, indoda ibuza intokazi ukuthi izoyithanda yini futhi iphendula ngendlela engaqondakali:" Angikwazi ukuzonda. " Wacindezela futhi wabuza ukuthi uzomshada yini, wazenza ngathi akaqondi: “kungokwesiGreki kimi, nkosi yami"Impendulo yakhe yokugcina."

Ngokwengxenye yayo, umdlalo kaShakespeare "Romeo noJuliet" ucashunwe yi-OED njengesibonelo sokuqala sebinzana lokusesha okuyize ngo-1595. Le nkulumo yashiwo yiMercury kuRomeo futhi yile elandelayo:

“Cha, uma ubuhlakani bakho buphazamisa ukuzingelwa kwamahansi asendle, ngicabanga ukuthi ngilahlekile; Yebo, unehansi lasendle ngomqondo owodwa kuphela kunami enginakho kuyo yonke eyami emihlanu. Bengidlala nawe ihansi? "

Kepha uMcInnis uyakhomba ukusetshenziswa kwalesi sisho ngo-1593 yi-peta yesiNgisi uGervase Markham lapho ekhuluma ngokulebula. Ngokunjalo, uMcInnis uphawula ukuthi amazwi kaShakespeare kwesinye isikhathi ayakhumbuleka futhi abe ngesoqobo ngenkathi kukhona amanye, njengasendabeni yebinzana elithi "ukuzenzela imbongolo", lapho ephawula khona ukuthi umbhali wemidlalo yeshashalazi kubukeka sengathi nguye owasungula lelo gama.

"Bese, Ingabe uShakespeare wawasungula wonke lawo magama? Cha akunjalo. Wasungula ezinye; okuvame kakhulu kwenzeka kuye njengenhlanganisela yezinto ezingalibaleki kakhulu noma ezisetshenziswa kakhulu, futhi singathola ukusetshenziswa kwangaphambilini isichazamazwi se-Oxford English esingakakusho. Ithalente likaShakespeare lilele olwazini lwakhe ngemvelo yomuntu, emandleni akhe okuxoxa izindaba ezinkulu, nasendalweni yakhe yabalingiswa abahle kakhulu., hhayi nje ngekhono angaba nalo noma angalisebenzisi amagama amasha. "

Okhulumela i-OED uthe ube nokubuyekezwa okugcwele okuhleliwe okuqhubekayo njengamanje nokuthi ifuna ukubuyekeza igama ngalinye kuye, ngokusho kwamazwana, "ithuthukise ukunemba kwezincazelo, ukutholakala, ukuphinyiselwa kanye nezingcaphuno zomlando"

“Ingxenye ebalulekile yomsebenzi ukwenza ucwaningo olusha kusuka ezinhlotsheni eziningi zamafayela edijithali nezinsizakusebenza. Lokhu kuveza ubufakazi obuningi obungabonwa ngabahleli bokuqala besichazamazwi, abathi kwasekuqaleni bamukela noma yiluphi uhlobo lombhalo, obhaliwe noma cha, njengobufakazi obufanele. Njengengxenye yenqubo, siye sabuthola ubufakazi bangaphambilini bamagama amaningi nemishwana ngaphambili eyayishiwo uShakespeare"

 


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   i-silvinarubio59 kusho

    Ngicabanga ukuthi kusobala ukuthi uShakespeare akawenzanga wonke lawo magama, njengoba kushiwo kule ndatshana, ikhono lakhe kwakungukuhlanganisa lawo magama ukuze afinyelele kubantu kahle.