Ukuhlaziywa okufushane kwe- «Hopscotch» nguJulio Cortázar

Omncane ofunde le ndatshana uqinisekile ukuthi ucabanga ngayo "Hopscotch", umsebenzi oyisisekelo we UJulio CortazarNjengaleyo ncwadi "tostón" ethi Literature othisha bayithumela kwesinye isikhathi esikhungweni. Labo bethu asebedlule kulokho, bakufundile "Hopscotch" ezinsukwini zethu zobusha bese sibuye sayifunda futhi (impela baningi bethu, ngiyazihlanganisa nami) eminyakeni embalwa kamuva, asibonanga nje kuphela ukubaluleka kwalencwadi emlandweni wezincwadi kepha futhi yehluke kangakanani kuningi.

"Hopscotch", eshicilelwe ngo 1963, yisethenjwa esiyisisekelo sezincwadi zaseMelika zaseSpain. Kwakhe isakhiwo sokulandelana okuxekethile ivumela ukufundwa okuhlukile, ngakho-ke, ukutolika okuhlukile. Ngale ndlela yokufunda, lokho uJulio Cortázar ayekuhlosile kwakuyikho zimele izinxushunxushu, ithuba lokuphila kanye nobudlelwano obungenakuphikwa phakathi kwalokho okudaliwe nesandla somculi okwenzayo.

Uma ungakafundi okwamanje "Hopscotch" futhi ucabanga ukukwenza, ima lapha, ungaqhubeki nokufunda ... Uma ungahlelile ukukufunda, yeka futhi, ngiyakukhuthaza ukuthi ukwenze ... Uma usuqedile, buyela emuva ufunde noma yini ngifuna ... Kepha indaba yangempela ibhalwe nguJulio Cortázar.

Ukuhlaziya i- «Hopscotch»

Ngaphambi kokuthi sisho ukuthi kungumsebenzi ohlukile kunabanye ngoba kulokhu kusho ukubamba iqhaza okusebenzayo komfundi. Ukufundwa okubili kwencwadi kuhlongozwa ebhodini labaqondisi (njengoba igama layo liphakamisa, umdlalo ojwayelekile wehopscotch esidlale sonke ngezikhathi ezithile). Lolu hlobo lwesakhiwo lwehlukaniswe nakho konke okusungulwe kuze kube ngokuqondene nezincwadi.

Incwadi yokuqala

Incwadi yokuqala ka "Hopscotch" sizoyifunda ku- ukuhleleka okuqondile, ephela esahlukweni 56. Kwakhiwa ngu Izingxenye ezimbili: "Ehlangothini laphaya" y "Eceleni lapha". Kuzo zombili, kwethulwa isakhiwo noma indaba ebalulekile yencwadi.

"Ehlangothini laphaya"

UHoracio Oliveira usebenza njengomhumushi eParis. Lapho wasungula iKlabhu nabanye abangane, lapho abulala khona isikhathi ekhuluma noma elalela umculo we-jazz. Ugcina ubudlelwane obunothando noLucía, la Maga, wase-Uruguay ongumama wengane ambiza ngoRocamadour. Kodwa-ke, ubudlelwane obukhethekile phakathi kwalaba bobabili buyawohloka. Komunye wemihlangano yabo, uRocamadour uwa ngokufa ngokuzumayo futhi ngenxa yalokho, uLucía uyanyamalala futhi ushiye imigqa embalwa ibhaliwe.

"Ehlangothini laphaya"Ngamanye amagama, le ngxenye yokuqala iphela ngomfanekiso we-hopscotch, intambo ejwayelekile kuyo yonke incwadi emele ukusesha ibhalansi (isibhakabhaka).

"Eceleni lapha"

Isenzo sale ngxenye yencwadi senzeka edolobheni laseBuenos Aires. Ngaphambi kokufika lapha, u-Oliveira ufuna iLa Maga eMontevideo. Emuva ngesikebhe esiya e-Argentina, umenza iphutha ngomunye wesifazane.

Lapho ese-Argentina, ubuyela ebunganeni bakhe noMhambi futhi uhlangana nomkakhe, uTalita, omkhumbuza uLa Maga kusukela ngomzuzu wokuqala. Uzosebenza nalezi zithandani esekisini nasemtholampilo wabagula ngengqondo. Kepha u-Oliveira ukhungathekile yizimpawu eziqhubekayo zokungalingani kwengqondo. Ukudideka kwakhe kumenza acabange ukuthi ubona iLa Maga ngaso sonke isikhathi esikhundleni sikaTalita. Lokhu kuzoholela enhlekeleleni ekwenza ucabange ngokuzibulala. Uzama ukuzibulala kodwa ekugcineni uTraler noTalita bamvimbela ukuthi angawi kusukela ekuthengisweni kuya epalazini lapho kupendwe khona i-hopscotch.

Incwadi yesibili

Encwadini yesibili sine- enye indlela yokufunda yesibili y iqala esahlukweni 73. Ngamafuphi sizothola izengezo ezintsha ku-landscape, i- "Izahluko ezingasetshenziswa", esakhiweni sesakhiwo esichazwe ekuqaleni kwencwadi.

Kusuka kwezinye izinhlangothi

Lezi zindawo zakha umbono ojulile weqiniso elifanayo, lapho kwembulwa khona ukuxhumana okufihliwe. Kepha ngaphezu kwalokho, kuvela izinhlamvu ezinjengoMorelli, umbhali wakudala umbhali amsebenzisayo ukudalula ezinye zezinkinobho zeHopscotch: inoveli evulekile, ehlukanisiwe, ephazamisayo futhi ebamba iqhaza lokho kukhombisa isiphithiphithi seqiniso kepha akulayishwa futhi akuchazi.

Isahluko Engisithandayo: Isahluko 7: UKiss

Ngithinta umlomo wakho, ngomunwe ngithinta umphetho womlomo wakho, ngiwudonsa kube sengathi uphuma esandleni sami, kube sengathi ngokokuqala ngqa umlomo wakho uvuleka kancane, futhi ngidinga nje ukuvala amehlo ami ukulungisa konke futhi uqale phansi, ngenza umlomo engiwufisayo, umlomo isandla sami esiwukhethayo futhi udonsele ebusweni bakho, umlomo okhethwe phakathi kwabo bonke, ngenkululeko yobukhosi ekhethwe yimina ukuyidweba ngesandla sami ebusweni bakho, futhi ukuthi ngethuba lokuthi angifuni ukuqonda kuqondana ncamashi nomlomo wakho omamatheka ngaphansi kwalokhu isandla sami esikudonsayo.

Uyangibuka, uyangibhekisisa, uyasondela eduze nangaphezulu bese sidlala ama-cyclops, sibheke kakhulu futhi siseduze futhi amehlo ethu avuleke, asondele komunye nomunye, agqagqene futhi ama-cyclops abukane, aphefumule ukudideka , imilomo yabo bahlangane futhi balwe ngokufudumele, balumana ngezindebe zomlomo, ngokulambisa babeke ulimi lwabo emazinyweni, badlale ezindaweni zabo lapho kufika khona umoya onamandla futhi uhambe nesiqholo esidala nokuthula. Lapho-ke izandla zami zifuna ukucwila ezinweleni zakho, zithambise kancane ukujula kwezinwele zakho ngenkathi siqabulana kube sengathi imilomo yethu igcwele izimbali noma inhlanzi, ngokunyakaza okunempilo, nephunga elimnyama. Futhi uma siziluma ubuhlungu bumnandi, futhi uma siminza ngomfutho omfushane nowesabekayo wokuphefumula ngasikhathi sinye, lokho kufa okusheshayo kuhle. Futhi munye kuphela amathe nokunambitheka okukodwa kwezithelo ezivuthiwe, futhi ngizwa sengathi ungiqhaqhazela ngokungathi yinyanga esemanzini.

Imibuzo ebuzwa njalo ngencwadi ethi "Hopscotch"

UJulio Cortázar, umbhali weHopscotch

Ngubani i-protagonist ye-Hopscotch?

I-protagonist yendaba nguHoracio Oliveira. Ungowesilisa wase-Argentina cishe iminyaka engama-40-45 ubudala. Ungumuntu owazi izinto eziningi futhi oye eParis wayofunda kodwa namanje akafundi. Esikhundleni salokho, usebenza ukusiza ekuhleleni iposi.

Kuyaziwa ukuthi unomfowabo ohlala e-Argentina. Nokuthi uyindoda ejwayelekile ebonakala ihlale ifuna okuthile (kwesinye isikhathi inomuzwa wokuthi isivele inakho lokho ekufunayo ...).

Ngubani umlumbi?

Umlingo nguLucia, omunye umlingiswa oyinhloko wale ndaba. Uhlala eParis, kepha izwe lakubo i-Uruguay. Unendodana enegama elingajwayelekile: URocamadour. Ngokungafani noHoracio, uyintombazane engazi okuningi cishe cishe ngalutho, okumenza azizwe kwesinye isikhathi engabukelwa phansi noma into encane eduze kwabanye.

Amaphuzu ayo aqinile ukuthi inesisa esiningi ne-naivety, into ethandana neso lenyama futhi okufiswa abanye abalingiswa besibili kule noveli. UHoracio unomona ngomlingo ngekhono lakhe lokuzikhandla ukuze aphile okuhlangenwe nakho okusha, ukuba manzi lapho edlala nokuba nesibindi.

Ubani igama lendodana yomlingo?

Njengoba sishilo ephuzwini eledlule, indodana yakhe ibizwa ngeRocamadour kodwa igama layo langempela nguFrancisco. Ingane enenyanga ubudala eqale inakekelwe nguMadame Irene, ongumuntu ohamba phambili. Ekugcineni, umfana uhlala noLa Maga noHoracio, futhi kwenzeka umcimbi ocasulayo naye. Leli qiniso liyingxenye eyisisekelo yenoveli.

Buyini ubulili uCortázar?

Lo mbuzo ubangela "izingxabano" ezinkulu phakathi kwabagxeki bemibhalo, ngoba umsebenzi wakhe kunzima ukuwuhlukanisa. Ubhale amanoveli, kodwa futhi nezinkondlo; kodwa-ke, uJulio Cortázar ugqame ngeMagic Realism yakhe. Lolu hlobo lungelomuntu uqobo, i-avant-garde, futhi njalo "luyadansa" phakathi kwangempela nokuhle. Ngaphandle kwalokhu, kukhona labo abasaphikelela ukuyibeka eLatin American Boom eyaziwayo.

I-athikili ehlobene:
Izincwadi ezinhle kakhulu zemibhalo yaseLatin American

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-12, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Ubuso kusho

    Umbono omuhle kakhulu we-hopscotch, muhle kakhulu, ngizokunikeza olunye ulwazi olungaphezulu uma kwenzeka ufuna ukulengeza, isahluko 62 se-hopscotch siyaqhubeka encwadini, ngisho ukuthi, kungukuqala kwencwadi ebizwa nge-62 / model to hlanganani, lapha eBuenos Aires Sithi i-rayuelita, ngiyethemba ukuthi lolu lwazi luyakusebenzela, ngoba i-hopscotch inekani isikhashana

  2.   sthembiso kusho

    Ngicabanga ukuthi kuhle kakhulu ngoba ngiyathanda ukufunda okuningi futhi lokhu kwenzelwe umsebenzi wesikole manje uma ngikwazi ukwenza kahle incazelo ngoba ngiyifunde yonke le ncwadi, ngiyabonga kakhulu.

  3.   jes kusho

    Sengivele ngaqala

  4.   Pedro kusho

    Ngingathanda ukwazi ukuthi kule no (counter) inoveli uHoliveira kuthiwa ungumhumushi.
    Siyabonga kusengaphambili.

    M

  5.   UCarlos Garcia Garcia kusho

    Eminyakeni engama-34 ngemuva kokuhlwanyelwa kwayo, imbongi engake ngahlangana nayo eVenezuela, ngiseyingane, njengoba ngishilo, ngibhala okuthile nge-hopscotch.
    I-Hopscotch noma i-Tread.
    (ICULO LOKUPHILA)

    Umfana ngesandla
    Izinyathelo zokuqala zisunguliwe
    Balance isithukuthezi
    I-torso iyagoba, ukuvumelana okuhle
    Lesi sibalo siyavela
    Umfana ubabaza, sekuyithuba lami!
    Impilo ingubufakazi, kaninginingi
    Uzoba nemihlaba yakho yokukhanya.

    Nginyathele, nganyathela, inombolo yami yomlingo
    Sondeza imihlaba yethu
    Usana olusengqondweni yami
    Ukulangazelela ubuntwana, ukushiya ubumsulwa.

    Qala impilo yakho, uyi-hopscotch
    Ekugcineni, phumula, phumula
    Ukujabula, khuphukela esikoleni
    Mphathi wezimfihlo zethu
    I-alifafes ebhuliwe, baya kwalasha baya
    I-Hopscotch ikhuphuka
    Umugqa wakho oya kokungapheli uyahamba

    UCarlos Garcia. 2016 (+1) / 31/10. Usuku lomhlaba wonke lokucula kwe-netizen.

  6.   UMFUNDISI kusho

    ulwazi olwethulwayo aluhlelwanga ngokwanele, imibono ethuliwe ayicaci futhi imfishane, amanothi amaningi ayisisekelo alahlekile ukuze kuqondwe kangcono inoveli

  7.   Ntombifuthi (@ntombifuthi) kusho

    NGANGITHANDA ICORTÁZAR
    KWI-BLOG YAMI NGISETSHENZISELA UKUFAKA LABO BABHALI NABABHALI ABABHEKE NGOKUSHESHA UKUTHI NGESIKHATHI BABENZA IBHAYIBHILI EMIBHALWENI YABO
    KUBUYELA ISIZATHU (ENGIZIBEKELA sona) UKUFUNDA UMSEBENZI WONKE UMA UNGAKWAZI
    NGESIKHATHI ESININGI NGIBONA UKUBA BHEKISINI NJENGESIVIVINYO SOKUGCINA KOMBHALI
    I-CORT HZAR INABO KANYE NAMANYE AHLE KAKHULU
    I-GREETINGS
    I-ANTON BV ICI
    NGIYABONGA KAKHULU NGEMINININGWANE YAKHO NOKUBONGELA IBlog
    NGIGCINA ISITHOMBE SAMABHAYISIKILI NAYE
    NGIZOYIlengisa futhi nami ngizoba nesikhumbuzo ngawe
    AKUKWAZI UKULAHLEKA NOMA KUNGENZEKA NGIPHENDULE UKUTHI NGIPHINDE NGIPHINDE NGIPHENDULE RAYUELA EZINDABENI NOMA KWI-HURGAR KWEZIKHONKONI
    UMA UMUNTU ECHOLA ...

  8.   Nicole kusho

    UCortazar ubonakala ngemibhalo emnandi, hhayi ngobuqiniso bomlingo !!

  9.   USebastian Castro kusho

    umbono omuhle kakhulu we-hopscotch, kuhle kakhulu kimi kubonakala sengathi ngumsebenzi ohlukile kwabanye ngoba kulokhu kusho ukubamba iqhaza okusebenzayo komfundi.

  10.   I-Llcordefoc kusho

    Iqiniso ukuthi lapho ngifunda iHopscotch bekungathi yincwadi eminyene nehaba ngokweqile. Unginike ukuguquka komcabango, kuze kufike ezingeni lokuthi ngizowufunda kabusha ngethemba lokuthola lezo zingxabano naleso sikhundla abakhuluma kakhulu ngaso.

  11.   UMariela kusho

    Isayithi elihle kakhulu !!! Uthando lwezincwadi luzwakala kulabo ababelane ngala makhasi wokuqondisa. Uzwa ukuphana ...
    Ngiyabonga kakhulu

  12.   UGustavo Woltmann kusho

    Ungazi kanjani iHopscotch, nokuthi ungamazi kanjani uCortazar njengenye yezinsika zomlando wokubhala waseSpain. I-titan nje yensimu. Indatshana enhle kakhulu.
    - UGustavo Woltmann.