UJuan Francisco Ferrándiz. Ingxoxo nombhali we Isivivinyo Samanzi

Izithombe: UJuan Francisco Ferrándiz, iphrofayili ye-Twitter.

UJuan Francisco Ferrándiz Ungumbhali wenoveli yomlando enezihloko ezifana nokuthi Amahora amnyama, ilangabi lokuhlakanipha noma Izwe eliqalekisiwe. NgoMashi walo nyaka wethule owokugcina, Ukwahlulelwa kwamanzi. Ngibonga kakhulu isikhathi nomusa wokunginika lokhu ingxoxo, lapho ekhuluma ngaye nangezinye izihloko eziningi.

UJuan Francisco Ferrándiz. Ingxoxo

  • UMBHALO WAMANJE: Inoveli yakho yakamuva ibizwa ngokuthi Isahlulelo samanzi. Usitshelani ngakho futhi umqondo wavelaphi?

U-JUAN FRANCISCO FERRÁNDIZ: El ukwahlulela kwamanzi i-akhawunti impilo yomlimi wekhulu le-XNUMX esizokwazi ngayo ingxenye engashicilelwe kepha eyisisekelo yomlando wethu. Phakathi kokuzidela nezimfihlo sizosondela ekutholeni okumangazayo: ubulungiswa obusha kwababuthakathaka nalabo umbungu Wamalungelo Esintu. Kuyiqiniso elincane elaziwa ngokomlando elashintsha umhlaba.

Yize la maqiniso ayefundwe ngezinga lezomthetho, kunjalo ukufunda isihloko Ngamalungelo Esintu lapho ngizwa amandla ayo. Lokhu kwaqala kanjalo.  

  • AL: Ungabuyela kuleyo ncwadi yokuqala oyifundile? Nendaba yokuqala oyibhalile? 

I-JFF: Ngikhumbula kahle inoveli yami yokuqala, kwaba USandokanngu-Emilio ISalgari. Ngangiseyingane futhi ngathola le ncwadi emtatsheni wezincwadi kamasipala wedolobha lakithi, eCocentaina. Umlando kwangibamba (Kwakuyilokho kuchoboza kokuqala komfundi), kepha lapho sifinyelela ivolumu yesithathu kuvela ukuthi ibibolekwe. Ngangihamba cishe nsuku zonke ngiyobheka ukuthi sebeyibuyisile yini kodwa cha. Ngelinye ilanga, umphathi womtapo wolwazi, ebona ukudumala kwami, wasikisela ukuthi ngifunde enye incwadi ngisalindile. Wabe esencoma enye nenye ... Kusukela lapho angikaze ngiyeke ukufunda yize ngilokhu ngilinde ukubuyiselwa kwengxenye yesithathu yeSandokán. 

  • AL: Futhi lowo mbhali omkhulu? 

I-JFF: Lo mbuzo uvame ukubuzwa kimi futhi ngikuthola kunzima ukuwuphendula. Empeleni Anginambhali oyinhlokoEngikuthandayo yizindaba esingazakha. Imikhawulo yemicabango yethu. 

Kusuka Tolkien a Reverte, Pardo Bazán, Vázquez Figueroa, Asimov, Dumas, Umberto Eco, Conrad, Ursula K. Le Guin... Njengoba ubona kuyi-a amalgam ezinkathi nezitayelaNokho, yileyo ndlela engithanda ngayo ukuhlola umhlaba wemibhalo, ngaphandle kwamalebula, ngidlula ezinhlotsheni ezahlukene nababhali. 

  • AL: Yimuphi umlingiswa osencwadini obungathanda ukuhlangana naye futhi umakhe? 

I-JFF: Impela uku UWilliam waseBaskerville de Igama le-rose. Umele njenganoma iyiphi enye i-archetype yomeluleki; indoda ehlakaniphile eqondisa futhi iqondise (hhayi kuphela abanye abalingiswa, kepha futhi nomfundi). Unguhlobo lomlingisi olungithakasela kakhulu ngenxa yekhono lokunothisa indaba. 

  • AL: Yimiphi imikhuba noma imikhuba ekhethekile uma kukhulunywa ngokubhala noma ukufunda? 

I-JFF: Kusukela ngenza izifundo zokuthayipha ngisemncane Bengikuthanda ukuthayipha kakhulu kunokubhala ngesandlaKungakho ngihlala ngibhala nekhompyutha. Mhlawumbe okuwukuphela komqondo wukuthi lapho ngibhala amanoveli ngiyakuthanda lokho umbhalo osesikrinini uyefana nombhalo oshicilelwe, okungukuthi, ngama-indenti, amamajini, amadeshi amade ezingxoxo, ifonti, izikhala, njll. 

  • AL: Futhi indawo yakho oyithandayo nesikhathi sokwenza? 

I-JFF: Nginguye isikhova futhi uma ngikwazi ngincamela ukubhala ebusuku. Nginekhoneni lami kwelinye ekamelweni elisophahleni ekhaya futhi ngokuvamile ugcine kokubili umkhuba kanye nendawo yokusebenza. Kodwa ngokuhlangenwe nakho kwami ​​​​ngizokutshela ukuthi uma kukhona ugqozi ungabhala egaraji elimnyama futhi uhlale esihlalweni sepulasitiki. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, uma kungekho neyodwa noma uvinjelwe, kungenzeka ukuthi usuvele usesidlekeni esihle sezinkozi ezintabeni zaseSwitzerland; ayikho incwadi ephuma. 

  • AL: Ingabe zikhona ezinye izinhlobo ozithandayo? 

I-JFF: Njengoba izindaba engizithandayo ziyizindaba, ngithanda ukuthi zenzeke ku izinkathi ezahlukene nangezindlela ezahlukene (kungaba esigodlweni sasendulo, eMadrid yanamuhla noma esikhaleni). Injini yempilo yami ilukuluku futhi uma umbhali akwazi ukuyivusa kimi, uhambo, noma ngabe lukhona kuphi, luyoba mnandi. 

Futhi, njenganoma yimuphi umbhali, kufanele uhlukanise isikhathi sokufunda ukuze uzibhale wena, ngezindatshana, izindatshana, njll. Kwesinye isikhathi kuba ngumsebenzi wobuphenyi othokozisayo. 

  • AL: Ufundani manje? Futhi ukubhala?

I-JFF: Ngisanda kuqeda inoveli eqanjiwe yesayensi Okutholakele, of ibhokisiDamon futhi ngaqala ngomdlandla omkhulu Umthengisi wencwadi de ULuis Zueco. Njengoba ukwazi ukubona, izinguquko zobulili ziyaxaka. Nginokuthakazelisa kakhulu ukuhlolwa mayelana nobuciko bangenkathi ephakathi obubizwa ngokuthi Izithombe ezifakiwe ngu-Alejandro García Avilés, ukutholwa kwangempela kokuqonda okunye engikucabangayo: sebenzisa ingqondo ukuze ukwazi ukubona umhlaba njengoba kwakungenza umuntu wenkathi ephakathi. 

Mayelana nezindaba ezidumayo ekhanda lami, inkungu ayikasuki futhi Angikwazi ukulindela noma yini yenoveli yami elandelayo. Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngingakutshela kungekudala.

  • AL: Ucabanga ukuthi sinjani isigcawu sokushicilela?

I-JFF: Ngaphandle kokungabaza sigcwele inqubo yoguquko kanye noshintsho lwepharadigm. Ngaphezu kwencwadi yedijithali, ezinye izinhlobo zokuzilibazisa sezifikile ezabelana ngokufana okufana nokufunda, ngikhuluma ngamanethiwekhi omphakathi kanye nezinkundla zokusakaza. 

Ukusabela kwabamemezeli kuye kwaba ukukhulisa isipho sezincwadi futhi njalo ngenyanga kuphuma amakhulu ezincwadi ezintsha, eziningi ezisakazwa kancane ukuze kugwenywe ukulahlekelwa. Kusho ukuthi ababhali abaningi banethuba lokushicilela, kodwa uhambo lwencwadi lufushane kakhulu, amasonto ambalwa nje noma izinyanga ezimbalwa, futhi umphumela uba mubi.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, indlela yokusondela kumfundi akuseyona incwadi evezwa ezitolo zezincwadi kodwa kunalokho ukuchayeka kombhali kumanethiwekhi. Ngicabanga ukuthi impumelelo igxile kubabhali abanobukhona bemidiya obukhulu kakhulu.

Konke lokhu akubangcono futhi akukubi, kuyinguquko. Umlando ugcwele izinguquko, ngezinga elincane noma elikhulu, ezimele isimo esibucayi kwabanye nethuba labanye. 

  • AL: Ngabe isikhathi senhlekelele esibhekene naso sinzima kuwe noma uzokwazi ukugcina okuthile okuhle ngezindaba ezizayo?

I-JFF: Ngahlupheka njengawo wonke umuntu lowo muzwa wokuzwa ukuthi iqiniso liyashabalala futhi elinye lalizenza. Ngikhumbula ukuthi ekuqaleni wangitshela ukuthi "ngeke kwenzeke lokho" noma "ngeke sifike lapho", bese kwenzeka. Ukuvalelwa, imigwaqo engenalutho, inani labashonile… Uma ucabanga ngakho, kunamandla.

Ngihumusha okwenzekile ngokuthi a Idrama engokomlando yayihlala kumuntu wokuqala, kodwa ngiyavuma ukuthi ngishiywe nomuzwa odangele. Angazi noma sizolisebenzisa yini leli thuba lokuvusa iplanethi ukuze sishintshe. Namuhla kuyimfashini ukwahlulela okwedlule ngesilinganiso sethu samanje samanani kanye nokukhukhumeza okuningi. Ngiyazibuza, Bazakwahlulela kanjani ngokuzayo? 


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.