UFrankenstein. I-classic kaMary Shelley ijika iminyaka engama-200

Ingabe i- UJanuwari 1 we-1818 ngenkathi ishicilelwa UFrankenstein noma i-Prometheus yanamuhla, umsebenzi wobungcweti wombhali wayo, iBrithani UMary Wollstonecraft Shelley. Ngakho-ke lokho okuvele kungu- zakudala zezincwadi hhayi nje ezethusayo kepha ezomhlaba wonke ngisanda kuqeda okokuqala iminyaka 200. Akukho okungcono kunokuqala lo 2018 ngokuthatha ukubukeka okungaphelanga komlando waphakade ojabulisayo, owesabisayo futhi owenza zonke izizukulwane zibonise ngokungakhathali. Ngezinhlobo nezinguqulo eziningi uFrankenstein uzoqhubeka nokubekezelela ngaphandle kokungabaza.

UMary Shelley

Wayeyindodakazi yombhali wesazi sefilosofi UWilliam Godwin no-de UMary Wollstonecraft. Eyodwa evuna ukuqedwa kwempahla futhi iphikisana nazo zonke izinhlobo zikahulumeni, cishe i-anarchist yokuqala. Futhi omunye, umbhali nezwi lokusungula lobufazi besimanje, umbhali we Ukulwelwa kwamalungelo wowesifazane (Ukulwelwa kwamalungelo abesifazane) lapho abesifazane kwakudingeka babe nokufinyelela okufanayo kwezemfundo njengabesilisa.

Ngo-1814, eneminyaka eyishumi nesithupha ubudala, wakhuluma nembongi UPercy shelley, ayeqale naye ukuthandana yize ayeshadile. Babeshade ngo-1816, ngemuva kokuthi unkosikazi wokuqala kaShelley ezibulele ngokuminza. UMary ungumsunguli wencwadi ethathwa njengeyokuqala ka- isayensi yeqiniso nokuthi namuhla kuhlala kungenye yezindaba ezesabekayo ezinkulu kunazo zonke.

Inganekwane ithi wabhala indaba yososayensi uVictor Frankenstein ngo ukubhejwa. Ngobunye ubusuku ngoJuni 1816 wahlangana naye Lord Byron nabanye e-villa emaphethelweni aseGeneva. Lapho, bezivalele endlini ngesiphepho, babenjalo ukufunda izindaba ze-terror kwezokuzijabulisa.

Frankenstein ngokushesha yaba impumelelo ebalulekile kanye nomphakathi. Kepha uMary Shelley akazange ayithole futhi ngeminye yemisebenzi yakhe yakamuva. Ngoba wabhala amanye amanoveli amane, izindaba ezimfishane, izinkondlo kanye nezincwadi zokuvakasha eziningana. Isibonelo, inoveli yakhe Indoda yokugcina Kubhekwa futhi njengenye yezinto ezinhle kakhulu kulabo abhala futhi isitshela ngokubhujiswa kwesintu ngesifo esibi. Y ULodore kungumlando oqoshiwe.

Ngemuva kokushona komyeni wakhe, ngo-1822, uMary wazinikezela ekusakazeni umsebenzi wakhe wembongi. Her ushone eLondon ngoFebhuwari 1, 1851. Isifiso sakhe sokugcina bekungcwatshwa nabazali bakhe futhi bonke baphumula emathuneni aseSt Peter, eBournemouth, eningizimu yeNgilandi.

Frankenstein

UVictor Frankenstein ungusosayensi futhi ungumfundi wezemilingo, othanda kakhulu ukuthola inselelo enkulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni wesayensi: uvuse isidumbu. Kepha impumelelo yakho kuzoba yisigwebo sakho. Ukwakhiwa kwesilo esesabekayo okuthi, ekuphenduleni ukwenqatshwa esikhiqizayo kuwo wonke umuntu, kufune ukuziphindiselela kumdali waso, asola yena ngebhadi laso. Ngakho-ke kuphendukela kuye nakho konke akuthandayo. I-monster, egula isizungu, icela umdali wayo umlingani esikhundleni sokunyamalala unomphela, kepha uVictor uyenqaba ukwenza kanjalo. Ukuphela kwento engaletha ukuthula nokuphumula kuzoba ukuphela kokukodwa kwalokhu okubili.

Isingathekiso esisemuva kwendaba naso si isithombe sokwesaba ubunye, okwehlukile, kanye nesicelo esikhulu sokungabekezelelani. Ukuhlanganiswa kokumnandi nokwesabekayo, inoveli yamaGoth kanye nendaba yefilosofi nakho kuyingxenye yempumelelo yayo enkulu futhi iyaqhubeka nokuthakazelisa abafundi.

Vele uVictor Frankenstein nesidalwa sakhe esidalwe ngezidumbu zabantu bekulokhu kunjalo into nokukhuthazwa kwemisebenzi ecishe ibe yinkulungwane phakathi kwe-cinema, yaseshashalazini namahlaya.

E-cinema

La ukulungiswa kokuqala Kwakukhona esikrinini esikhulu ngo-1910. Kusukela lapho kube nezinguqulo ezingaba ngu-150 ngamafomethi ahlukene. Nazi ezinye.

UFrankenstein, ngo-1910

Yini i- Ifilimu elifushane leminithi eli-16 kukhiqizelwe i- UThomas Edison Film Company ukuthi ezinsukwini zokuqala zebhayisikobho wayesebenzisa uFrankenstein njengesifundo sakhe.

UFrankenstein, ngo-1931

Le nguqulo ye UJames Whale yilona elisinike isithombe esaziwa kakhulu sesilo se UFrankenstein, edlalwa nguBoris Karloff. Le filimu yayinezigcawu eziningana. Esokuqala kwaba Umakoti kaFrankenstein, we-1935, uqondiswe futhi yi-Whale, futhi nge UBoris Karloff noColin Clive njengesilo noDkt Frankenstein, ngokulandelana. U-Elsa Lanchester kwenye inganekwane wahumusha intombi yesilo. Ngemuva kweminyaka emine yakhululwa Indodana ka Frankenstein, kuqondiswe ngu URowland V. Lee. UKarloff wayeyisilo okokugcina.

Isiqalekiso sikaFrankenstein, ngo-1957

Kungenzeka kanjani ukuthi inkampani ekhiqiza amafilimu ifane naleyo Isando saseBrithani? Ngakho-ke ngo-1957 bazenzela eyabo inunu. Isiqalekiso sikaFrankenstein Kwakufakwe izinkanyezi ngezinganekwane ezimbili zalolo hlobo njengoba zazinjalo Christopher Lee, endimeni yesilo, futhi Peter Cushing njengoVictor Frankenstein. Kwakuyi-movie yokuqala ethusayo enemininingwane eminingi ebabazekayo.

Umndeni wakwaMunster kanye no-Young Frankenstein

Ngama-60s uhlobo lohlobo lwalufuna ukudlulela kumahlaya futhi uchungechunge lwethelevishini luyaziwa futhi luthandwa kakhulu Umndeni wakwaMunster, owadala uhlobo lwakhe lwesilo esikhuthazwe ngumfanekiso kaKarloff. UHerman Munster wayengu- Ubaba omuhle, onobungane futhi omuhle womndeni wezilo, ama-vampires nama-werewolves.

UFrankenstein nguAndy Warhol, ngo-1973

Futhi inganekwane yesiko le-pop njengo-Andy Warhol yakhiqiza le nguqulo ngo-1973 eyakhiwe ngokubambisana yiFrance ne-Italy futhi yaqondiswa nguPaul Morrisey. Idlale u-Udo Kier noMonique van Vooren futhi ilayishwe ngodlame nobulili obucacile.

UFrankenstein nguMary Shelley, ngo-1994

Kwakungumlingisi nomqondisi odumile waseBrithani njengoKenneth Branagh owayefuna ukubuyela embhalweni wokuqala kaShelley kulo mkhiqizo wezigidi eziningi. Walingisa kuyona edlala uVictor Frankenstein owayephindwe nguRobert De Niro ngobuso nomzimba othungiwe obuthembekile encazelweni yokuqala. nguShelley.

UFrankenstein, ngo-2011

Kwakuwukuzijwayeza okuphawulekayo eNational Theatre eLondon. Nabadlali Benedict Cumberbatch y UJohnny lee miller bashintshe izindima zikaVictor Frankenstein nesidalwa.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.