U-Playwright uHarold Pinter ushonile

U-Playwright, imbongi, umbhali wesikrini kanye nesishoshovu sezepolitiki Harold Pinter Ushone ngoLwesithathu olwedlule eneminyaka engama-24 eneminyaka engu-78 ubudala, eyisisulu somdlavuza, ngokusho komkakhe u-Antonia Fraser. ephephandabeni i-Guardian. UPinter ubhale izinkondlo, imibhalo yama-movie, imibhalo yomsakazo, iprozi eqanjiwe, ngisho wadlala umlingisi, kodwa ukweleta udumo lwakhe ngaphezu kwakho konke emidlalweni asayine kuyo, phakathi kwayo The Room (1957), Iphathi Lokuzalwa (1957), I-Homecoming (1964) noma Ukukhaphela (1978) mhlawumbe ezinye zezinto ezaziwa kakhulu.

Kuwo wonke umsebenzi wakhe, uHarold Pinter wathola Imiklomelo eminingi. Ukuphakanyiswa njengo Umphathi we-Order of the British Empire ku-1966, i- Umklomelo ka-Laurence Olivier ngo-1996, umklomelo weFiesole i-Maestri del Cinema ngo-2001 kanye nokunye okude. Enye yezinto ezazivelele kwakuyi- Nobel, ngo-2005. Akakwazanga ukuyicosha ngenxa yesimo sakhe sempilo esingesihle, kodwa akazange aphuthelwe yithuba lokwenza izwi lakhe lizwakale esiteji esidume kangaka. Enkulumweni yakhe yokwamukela, lokho okuqoshiwe Kuvidiyo, enikezwe ukuthi akunakwenzeka ukubonakala, waqala ngokukhuluma ngeqiniso kwezobuciko obumangalisayo (maqondana nohlobo lwezinto ezintsha) ukuze agcine esesungula ukuxhumana nendiza yezepolitiki - «Njengesakhamuzi kumele ngibuze : iqiniso? Yini amanga? ”- into emholela ekutheni asole ngqo impi yase-Iraq kanye nokugxeka kanzima ohulumeni abaholwa nguGeorge Bush noTony Blair.

Wabiza le ndatshana ngobuciko Ubuciko, Iqiniso Nezombusazwe (Ubuciko, Iqiniso Nezombusazwe) ukwenza kucace izingcingo ezintathu ezibaluleke kakhulu kumlobi wazo: ezomdali, ezobukhali nezobushoshovu bezepolitiki. Isibonelo esihle kunazo zonke, umsebenzi ohlanganisa indlela lezi zifiso ezintathu ezihlangana ngayo ePinter: ngo-2003, washicilela iqoqo lezinkondlo ezilwa nempi, elinesihloko esithi War (impi), kwaqondana nesiyaluyalu esamemezela impi e-Iraq kanye nokuboniswa kokuqala kobudlova.

Umklomelo womklomelo wezincwadi ohlonishwa kakhulu emhlabeni, iNobel, uze eminyakeni emine ngemuva kokutholakala ukuthi unesifo uPinter ubelokhu elwa naso eminyakeni eyisikhombisa edlule. Umdlavuza awuzange umvimbe, kanti empeleni phakathi kuka-2001 no-2008 umkhiqizo wakhe ubalulekile. Ngokwamazwi omgxeki waseshashalazini uMarcos Ordóñez, “odokotela benza iphutha ngo-2001, lapho bethola ukuthi unomdlavuza wokugcina wokucinana. Kusukela lapho kuze kube sekufeni kwakhe wenza umsebenzi owedlula owomuntu, njengombhali, umphathi wesiteji, umbhali wesikrini (…), isishoshovu sezepolitiki (esazimisele ngokuthola ukukholelwa kuTony Blair njengesigebengu sasempini) futhi njengomlingisi. "

Kuvame ukushiwo ngomsebenzi wakhe ukuthi ungakhiwa kulokho okubizwa ngokuthi inkundla yemidlalo engenangqondo. Kukhona labo abashesha ukugqamisa izici ezibaxhumanisa nentsha ethukuthele, iqembu lezazi zaseBrithani okuthe maphakathi nekhulu lamashumi amabili lifuna ukuveza, ngendalo yabo emikhakheni ehlukene yamasiko, ukudana umphakathi obabangele lowo kwakufanele baphile. Abanye, njengo-Ordóñez uqobo, bancamela ukumane bathi "indawo yakhe yeshashalazi ingukugxila ngokweqile kweqiniso" futhi baphike amalebula anjenge okungenangqondo o okungokomfanekiso. Okucishe kuvume wonke umuntu ngokugqamisa uPinter njengomunye wababhali bemidlalo ebaluleke kakhulu engxenyeni yesibili yekhulu lama-XNUMX; ngaphandle kokungabaza, ungomunye wemiklomelo eklonyeliswa kakhulu.

Esitatimendeni u-Antonia Fraser asithumela ephephandabeni laseBrithani iThe Guardian, unkosikazi wesibili kaHarold Pinter umemezele ukuthi "kube yinhlanhla ukuhlala naye iminyaka engama-33" futhi uqinisekile ukuthi "akasoze akhohlwa." Mhlawumbe, abafundi bakho abaningi noma ababukeli baye baba nokuqiniseka okufanayo lapho bezwa izindaba.

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