Theresa Old. Ingxoxo nombhali wencwadi ethi Intombazane ebifuna ukwazi yonke into

Sikhulume nombhali nomkhulumeli uTeresa Viejo ngomsebenzi wakhe wakamuva.

Isithombe: Teresa Viejo. Ngokuzithoba kweCommunication Ingenuity.

A UTeresa Viejo Waziwa kakhulu ngomsebenzi wakhe wobungcweti njengo intatheli, kodwa futhi umbhali umsebenzi wezandla. Usebenzisa isikhathi sakhe phakathi komsakazo, ithelevishini, ubudlelwano nabafundi bakhe nezinye izinkundla zokucobelelana ngolwazi nezinkulumo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, uyiNxusa leGoodwill UNICEF kanye Nesisekelo Sezisulu Zethrafikhi. Ubhale izindatshana namanoveli anezihloko ezinjengokuthi Ngenkathi lina o Inkumbulo yamanzi, phakathi kokunye, futhi manje usethulile Intombazane eyayifuna ukwazi konke. Kulokhu ingxoxo Usitshela ngaye nangezinye izihloko. Ngibonga kakhulu ngokunaka nesikhathi sakho.

Teresa Viejo - Ingxoxo

  • UMBHALO WAMANJE: Inoveli yakho yakamuva ibizwa ngokuthi Intombazane eyayifuna ukwazi konke. Usitshelani ngakho futhi umqondo wavelaphi?

U-TERESA OMDALA: Intombazane eyayifuna ukwazi yonke into akuyona inoveli, kodwa a izinto ezingelona iqiniso zisebenza ngelukuluku, inqaba engiyenze ucwaningo lwaso ngokukhethekile eminyakeni yamuva nje, futhi ngiphethe memezela izinzuzo zayo futhi ukhuthaze ukusetshenziswa kwayo ezingqungqutheleni nasekuqeqesheni. Le ncwadi iyingxenye yenqubo enginika injabulo enkulu, eyokuqala eqalayo ithisisi yami yobudokotela ukusekela lolu cwaningo. 

  • AL: Ungabuyela kuleyo ncwadi yokuqala oyifundile? Nendaba yokuqala oyibhalile?

I-TV: Ngicabanga ukuthi kungaba ikhophi yesaga sa Abahlanu, ngu-Enid Blyton. Ngiphinde ngikhumbule ngokukhethekile Pollyanna, ka-Eleanor H. Porter, ngenxa yokuthi ifilosofi yakhe ejabulisayo naphezu kobunzima umlingiswa ayebhekene nabo, yangiphawula kakhulu. Kamuva, ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, ngathola kuwo imbewu ye-psychology eyakhayo engiyenza manje. ngaleso sikhathi Ngaqala ukubhala izindaba ezingaqondakali, okwakubonakala kungavamile kakhulu entombazaneni eneminyaka eyishumi nambili, eyishumi nantathu, kodwa, njengoba uJuan Rulfo esho, "sihlala sibhala incwadi esingathanda ukuyifunda." 

  • AL: Umbhali oyinhloko? Ungakhetha ngaphezu kweyodwa nakuzo zonke izinkathi. 

I-TV: UPedro Paramo, kaJ. Rulfo iyincwadi engihlale ngiyifunda. Umbhali ubonakala kimina eyisidalwa esingavamile ngobunkimbinkimbi bakhe. Ngiyathanda Garcia Marquez, Ernesto Sabato, kanye no-Elena Garro; Ababhali benoveli be-Boom bangisizile ukuba ngikhule njengomfundi. izinkondlo ze UPedro Salinas njalo bangiphelekezela; owayephila ngesikhathi sakhe, nakuba engobulili obuhlukile, kwaba UDaphne du Maurier, amacebo akhe angiyenga kwasekuqaleni, isibonelo esihle sokuthi ungathandwa futhi ubhale kahle kakhulu. futhi ngincoma ukuthi U-Olga Tokarczuk kokuthile okufanayo, owawina uMklomelo KaNobel izincwadi zakhe eziheha ngokushesha. Edgar Allan Poe phakathi kwezakudala noJoyce Carol Oates, wamanje. 

  • AL: Yimuphi umlingiswa osencwadini obungathanda ukuhlangana naye futhi umakhe? 

I-TV: Ngaphezu komlingiswa, bengingathanda vakashela noma yiziphi izilungiselelo ezivela kumanoveli ka-Daphne du Maurier: Indlu kaRebecca, Jamaica Inn, ipulazi lapho kuhlala khona umzala uRachel...

  • AL: Yimiphi imikhuba noma imikhuba ekhethekile uma kukhulunywa ngokubhala noma ukufunda? 

TV: Hawu, Okuningi! Inoveli ngayinye inezinhlobonhlobo zayo zamaphunga, ngakho Kufanele ngibhale ngamakhandlela anephunga elimnandi noma izinto zokuvuselela umoya nxazonke zami. ehhovisi lami Ngidala isimo sabalingiswa bami ngezithombe ezindala: izindwangu nezingubo abazozisebenzisa, izindlu lapho isakhiwo sizokwenzeka khona, ifenisha nezinto zomuntu ngamunye zazo, izindawo zezindawo ... uma isenzo esithile senzeka edolobheni, esimweni sangempela , ngidinga ukuthola imephu echaza ukuthi kwakunjani ngesikhathi indaba yembuleka. Izithombe zezakhiwo zayo, izinguquko ezenziwe kamuva, njll. 

Njengesibonelo, ngesikhathi ngibhala inoveli yami yesibili, Sengathi isikhathi singasithola, yamukelwa izisho zasemexican ukuze ngizinike abalingisi futhi ngajwayela ukudla kwaseMexico, ngigxile esikweni lakhona. Ngivame ukusho ukuthi ukubhala inoveli kuwuhambo: ngaphakathi, ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, ezinkumbulo zethu kanye nenkumbulo ehlangene. Isipho okumele ngamunye wethu asinike sona, okungenani kanye empilweni. 

  • AL: Futhi indawo yakho oyithandayo nesikhathi sokwenza? 

I-TV: Ehhovisi lami, nokuningi ukukhanya kwemvelo, futhi ngikhetha ukubhala emini. Kungcono ekuseni kunantambama. 

  • AL: Ingabe zikhona ezinye izinhlobo ozithandayo? 

I-TV: Ngokuvamile, ngiyawathanda ama-soap opera anomthwalo omuhle imfihlakalo, kodwa futhi idlula emigqeni. Ngokwesibonelo, eminyakeni yamuva ngifunde okungezona izinganekwane: isayensi yezinzwa, isayikholoji, ukufunda izinkanyezi, ubuholi nokukhula komuntu siqu… futhi, phakathi kokufunda kwami, imibhalo ephathelene nengokomoya ihlala ingena ngokunyenya. 

  • AL: Ufundani manje? Futhi ukubhala?

I-TV: Kuvame kakhulu ukuthi ngihlanganise izincwadi eziningana ngesikhathi esisodwa; epotimendeni lami leholide ngifake amanoveli UHamnet, nguMaggie O'Farrell, kanye Isibhakabhaka siluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, umhlaba umhlophe, kaHiromi Kawakami (incwadi ejabulisayo), kanye nezindatshana Cabanga futhingu-Adam Grant ukuba nobudlelwano, nguKenneth Gergen kanye amandla enjabulo, nguFrédérich Lenoir (ukucabanga kwakhe kuzwakala kancane). Futhi namuhla nje ngithole i-Blonde, nguCarol Oates, kodwa cishe ngamakhasi ayo ayi-1.000 ngidinga isikhathi. 

Mayelana nokubhala, ngi eqeda indaba ukuthi ngithunyiwe okokuhlanganisa. Futhi kuzungeza inoveli ekhanda lami. 

  • AL: Ucabanga ukuthi indawo yokushicilela ikuphi futhi yini ethathe isinqumo sokuthi uzame ukushicilela?

Umabonakude: Empeleni angazi ngempela ukuthi ngikuphendule ngithini ngoba ukubhala nokushicilela kimina kuxhumene. Ngashicilela incwadi yami yokuqala ngonyaka wezi-2000 futhi kwaba umphumela wezingxoxo enganginazo nomshicileli wami; Bengilokhu ngigcina ukuxhumana okuketshezi nabahleli bami, ngiyawazisa umsebenzi wabo neminikelo yabo, ukuze umphumela wokugcina ube isamba semibono eminingana phakathi nenqubo yokudala. 

  • AL: Ngabe isikhathi senhlekelele esibhekene naso sinzima kuwe noma uzokwazi ukugcina okuthile okuhle ngezindaba ezizayo?

I-TV: Yonke inkathi inobunzima bayo, impi yayo nezipoki zayo, futhi abantu kufanele bafunde ukuyilawula. Akunakwenzeka ukuphika ubunzima besimo esikuso; kodwa uma ubhala ngezinye izikhathi zomlando kukusiza ukuthi uhlanganise futhi uqonde. Angikwazi ukukucabanga ukuhlupheka kogogo nomkhulu bethu bezama ukuthola okuthile okujwayelekile phakathi nempi yombango, futhi ukuphila kwaqhubeka: izingane zaya esikoleni, abantu baphuma, baya ezitolo zekhofi, bathandana futhi bashada. Manje abantu abasha bayafuduka ngenxa yezizathu zezomnotho futhi ngo-1939 babaleka ngezizathu zezombangazwe. Amanye amaqiniso asondela ngokuyingozi, ngakho ukuze siqonde esibhekene nakho kufanele sifunde umlando wakamuva.  


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.