Intaba yemiphefumulo

Intaba yemiphefumulo.

Intaba yemiphefumulo.

Intaba yemiphefumulo ingenye yezindaba eziyingxenye ye- Soria, iqoqo lomlobi waseSpain uGustavo Adolfo Bécquer. Le nganekwane ethusayo yamaGothic yashicilelwa ngoNovemba 7, 1861 ephephandabeni Isimanje kanye nezinye izindaba eziyishumi nesithupha. Umsebenzi uhlukaniswe ngesingeniso esifushane, izingxenye ezintathu kanye nesiqephu lapho umbalisi engeza imininingwane emisha endabeni.

Isitshela ngokungahambi kahle kuka-Alonso, umzingeli osemncane onesimo esimsulwa que uyaqiniseka kalula ngumzala wakhe uBeatriz ukuya eNtabeni Yemiphefumulo phakathi nobusuku boSuku Lwabafileyo. Yindawo efanelekile yokuvakasha maphakathi nemikhosi ye-All Saints.

Sobre el autor

Wabhapathizwa ngaphansi kwegama likaGustavo Adolfo Domínguez Bastida, wazalwa ngoFebhuwari 17, 1836 eSeville, eSpain. Uyise, uDon José Domínguez Bécquer, nabafowabo babengabadwebi abadumile. Enhlokodolobha yase-Andalusi wachitha ubuntwana bakhe nobusha; lapho wafundela ezobuntu nokudweba. Wayengaphansi kokuqeqeshwa kukamalume wakhe, uJoaquín Domínguez Bécquer, ngemuva kokuba yintandane eneminyaka eyishumi nanye.

Imisebenzi yokuqala

Ngaphambi kokuba ngumuntu obhala izincwadi, wathuthela eMadrid ngo-1854, lapho asebenza khona njengentatheli nokuguqula imidlalo yangaphandle. Ngo-1958, ngesikhathi ehlala edolobheni lakubo, wagula kakhulu kwadingeka achithe izinyanga ezingu-9 embhedeni ngenxa yokugula okungathi sína. Kuze kube manje, izazi-mlando azivumelani ngesimo sesifo (phakathi kofuba nogcunsula).

Umfowabo uValeriano wamnakekela futhi wamsiza ukuthi ashicilele umlando wakhe wokuqala: Isikhulu esinezandla ezibomvu. Ngaleso sikhathi waphinde wahlangana noJulia Espín, oqokwe izifundiswa eziningi njengomnyuziyamu wakhe Imilolotelo. Abanye bacabanga ukuthi ngu-Elisa Guillén omgqugquzele. Ngo-1861 washada noCasta Esteban, indodakazi kadokotela. Yize kwakungewona umshado ojabulisayo, babenezingane ezintathu.

phakathi Izinganekwane y Imilolotelo

Ingxenye yokuqala yama-1860s kwakuyisikhathi sayo sokukhiqiza kakhulu ngokwemigomo yezincwadi zikaGustavo Adolfo Bécquer. Akazange abhalele ize iningi lakhe Izinganekwane ngalesi sikhathi. Ngokufanayo, wasebenza ekwandiseni imibhalo yezintatheli futhi waqala umbhalo wakhe wesandla we Imilolotelo. Ngo-1866 waba ngumhloli osemthethweni wamanoveli, ngakho-ke wakwazi ukugxila kakhulu kwizingoma zakhe.

Inguquko ka-1868 yamenza waphelelwa ngumsebenzi kwathi umkakhe wamshiya.. Ngenxa yalokho, wathuthela eToledo nomfowabo base beya enhloko-dolobha yaseSpain. Lapho waqondisa umagazini Ukukhanyiselwa kweMadrid (umfowabo wayesebenza njengomfanekiso). Ukushona kukaValeriano ngoSepthemba 1870 kwamfaka ekucindezelekeni okukhulu. UGustavo Adolfo Bécquer wadlula ezinyangeni ezintathu kamuva.

Ifa

UGustavo Adolfo Becquer.

UGustavo Adolfo Becquer.

UGustavo Adolfo Becquer yena - kanye noRosalía de Castro - uthathwa njengommeleli omkhulu kunabo bonke bezingoma zangemva kothando. Isizinda sezinkondlo esihlukaniswe indlela yaso yokusondelana nemvelo yokuzwakalisa ukukhuluma okungahlotshisiwe okuncane kunokuthandana. Ngaphezu kwalokho, UBécquer wathonya abaculi abakhulu kamuva, njengoRubén Darío, u-Antonio Machado noJuan Ramón Jiménez, phakathi kwabanye.

Intaba yemiphefumulo kukodwa kungumsebenzi onefa elithile. Uke wavela ezingqungqutheleni ezahlukene zomculo nama-opera ngabaculi abanjengoRodríguez Losada, iqembu lomculo wensimbi i- "Saurom" neqembu lama-80s, uGabinete Caligari. Njengamanje, kunendlela yabavakashi eSoria ekhuthazwe yinganekwane yaseBécquer.

Ukuhlaziywa kwe-El Monte de las Animas

Personajes

Alonso

Ungumzala ongenalwazi kaBeatriz. Kusho isimilo sakhe esimsulwa ngemuva kokuncengwa kalula ngaso ukuthi ayofuna iribhoni eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka eMonte de las Ánimas. Inkinga ukuthi bekufanele ngobusuku be-All Saints, lapho imimoya eminingi izula endaweni.

Umzingeli nendlalifa ezigodlweni u-Alcudiel wayeyisibindi sangempela sokubeka umngcwabo wakhe engcupheni. Okungaphezulu kakhulu kokuba nolwazi ngezindaba ezihlobene nemimoya yama-Templars afele empini yawo nama-hidalgos. Alonso bagcina sebephula izinkolelo zabo ukuze bajabulise umuntu abamthandayo.

Beatriz

Owesifazane osemusha onobuhle obungenakuphikiswa, kepha ngokuziphatha okubandayo nokubala. Indodakazi yokubalwa kukaBorges ikhombise ubugovu lapho icela umzala wayo u-Alonso ukuthi aye eMonte de las Ánimas ukuyolanda ingubo elahlekile. Wayengenandaba nokuncane ngezimo zasebusuku noma ngengozi ilunga lomndeni lakhe eligijimela lapho.

U-Beatriz ungumfanekiso we-narcissism emsulwa. Owesifazane one-ego ngokweqile nokuziphatha okungenamqondo, unikezwe ubuhlakani obubulalayo obukwazile ukuphonsela inselelo u-Alonso. Izinga lokuthi umzala wakhe wehluleka ukuphikisa isicelo sokuyofuna ingubo ngobusuku obuyingozi kangaka.

Izinhlamvu zesibili

  • Ukubalwa kuka-Alcudiel, abazali baka-Alonso.
  • Ukubalwa kweBorges, abazali bakaBeatriz.
  • Osikwele, abazingeli nezisebenzi zesigodlo.
  • Abasizi esigodlweni se-Counts of Alcudiel phakathi nobusuku be-All Saints.
Ukucaphuna kukaGustavo Adolfo Bécquer.

Ukucaphuna kukaGustavo Adolfo Bécquer.

Isifinyezo Senganekwane

U-Alonso wayejwayelene kakhulu nenganekwane yamaMonte de las Ánimas. Maphakathi nosuku lokuzingela nezingane kanye namakhasi eLos Condes de Borges ne-Alcudiel, wabatshela izindaba ngabakwaTemplars ababebusa intaba. Babengamaqhawe futhi bekholwa abafela lapho ezandleni zamasosha eNkosi yaseCastile lapho inkosi yanquma ukuxosha ama-Arabhu edolobheni laseSoria.

Ngokwenganekwane, imimoya yama-Templars angcwatshwe kule ndawo yaphuma yayogada intaba kanye nezilwane ngobusuku babo bonke abangcwele. Ngokwalesi sizathu, akekho umuntu ophile kahle engqondweni owaya ngakuyo leyo ntaba phakathi naleyo mikhosi.

Inselele

Ngesikhathi sedina esigodlweni se-Counts of Alcudiel, u-Alonso noBeatriz bahlala bekhuluma eziko. Utshela umzala wakhe ukuthi maduze uzosuka lapho futhi ufisa ukumnika ubucwebe njengesikhumbuzo. Uyasamukela isipho, naphezu kokunqikaza kwakhe kokuqala. Kepha u-Alonso ufuna ukuthatha isikhumbuzo kumzala wakhe futhi.

UBeatriz umtshela ukuthi uzomnika iribhoni eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka. Noma kunjalo, ingubo ilahlekile eMonte de las Ánimas. Ngakho-ke, usebenzisa ukuhleka kwakhe ukubuza isibindi sika-Alonso futhi enze ngokunganaki. Ngokulandelana, unquma fakazela ukubaluleka kwakho ngokuthola isibopho somzala wakho… Konke ukuze simjabulise.

Tape

UBeatriz wakuthola kunzima ukulala ngalobo busuku. Ekuqaleni wayecabanga ukuthi wayenehaba ngokwesaba futhi ethandazela ephindelela amaphupho amabi ayewaphethe. Kepha into ephazamisayo ihlala etafuleni egumbini layo: iribhoni eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka elinegazi. Lapho inceku kaBorges iyomtshela izindaba zokushona kuka-Alonso izimpisi, uBeatriz utholwa eseshonile.

Esikhathini esithile ngemuva kwalokhu okwenzekile, umzingeli ngobunye ubusuku eMonte de las Ánimas. Ngaphambi kokuba ashone, le ndoda ithi ibone amathambo ama-Templars ephuma kanye namaSoriya ahloniphekile angcwatshwe lapho. Ngaphezu kwalokho, wabona isithombe sowesifazane omuhle odidekile onezinyawo ezinegazi, ehamba ezungeza ithuna lika-Alonso.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.