UJuan Granadas. Ingxoxo

Sixoxa nomlobi uJuan Granados ngomsebenzi wakhe womlando.

Izithombe: UJuan Granados, iphrofayili ye-Facebook.

UJohn Granados Uneziqu zeGeography and History, ugxile kwiModern History azithola eNyuvesi yaseSantiago de Compostela futhi umbhali wezincwadi nezindatshana zomlando namanoveli alolo hlobo njengalezo ezenziwa uBrigadier Nicolás Sartine, kwezinye. Kulokhu ingxoxo Usitshela ngazo kanye nezinye izihloko eziningi mayelana nenqubo yakhe yokubhala, indawo yemibhalo noma ezinye izinhlobo azithandayo. Ngiyasibonga kakhulu isikhathi sakho nomusa wokungikhonza.

UJuan Granados - Ingxoxo

  • IZINCWADI ZAMANJE: UCaptain Omkhulu, amaBourbons, uNapoleon, uSir John Moore… Ingabe abalingiswa bangempela bayabadlula abaqanjiwe noma bahlala ngaphandle kwezinkinga nabo?

UJOHN GRANADOS: Kumanoveli ami amabili okuqala e-EDHASA, USartine kanye ne-Knight of the Fixed Point y Sartine kanye neMpi yamaGuarani, abalingiswa abayinhloko, ngokuvamile abaqanjiwe, babehlala nabanye abangempela kakhulu njengoMarquis wase-Ensenada, uJosé Carvajal, uFarinelli noma iNkosi uFernando VI ngokwakhe. Le ndlela yokwenza isiza ekuhlakanipheni inoveli yomlando ngesikhathi sayo ngendlela ethambile futhi ekholekayo. 

Endabeni Ukaputeni omkhulu, indlela yayilungile ku ukuhlanekezela, abalingiswa bangempela kakhulu, abahambisana namarekhodi omlando, kanye nabalingiswa benganekwane, abasiza "ukuqamba indaba" futhi bavumele ukwethulwa kwezenzakalo ezingakenzeki ngempela. Zombili izindlela zizuzisa kakhulu.

into ehlukile indatshana yomlando (The Bourbons, Napoleon, Sir John Moore) Lapho ukuqina kufanele kunqobe zomlando.

  • I-AL: Ungakhumbula noma yikuphi ukufunda kwakho kokuqala? Futhi ukubhala kwakho kokuqala?

JG: Njengoba yayingekho i-inthanethi ngaleso sikhathi, ngiseyingane ngangifunda ngaso sonke isikhathi futhi ngicabanga ngakho konke; kusuka kokujwayelekile (Salgari, I-Dumas, Verne…) kuma-encyclopedia ayesekhaya, kusukela ku-abacus kuye phambili. Nezincwadi eziningi zomlando ubaba ayejwayele ukufunda kuzo.

  • AL: Umbhali ohamba phambili? Ungakhetha ngaphezu kweyodwa nakuzo zonke izikhathi. 

JG: Maningi kakhulu… Kunzima ukugcina amabili noma amathathu. Ezikhathini zamuva, izilingo ze U-Antonio Escohotado kanye namanoveli (hhayi wonke) of Paul auster. Kodwa ngaso sonke isikhathi, ngicabanga UFlaubert, Stendhal Futhi kunjalo, JL Borges.

  • AL: Yimuphi umlingiswa osencwadini obungathanda ukuhlangana naye futhi umakhe? 

JG: Nakhu ngizoshanela ekhaya, UBrigadier Nicolas Sartine. Kuseyintandokazi yami, yingakho ngayidala.

  • AL: Yimiphi imikhuba noma imikhuba ekhethekile uma kukhulunywa ngokubhala noma ukufunda? 

JG: Lokhu sekuvele kwaziwa njengendaba shisa isihlalo,akekho omunye. Njalo ikhofi futhi ngezinye izikhathi i-rum ne-coke.

  • AL: Futhi indawo yakho oyithandayo nesikhathi sokwenza? 

JG: Iqiniso liwukuthi phakathi komsebenzi kanye nokuba umzali, umuntu uhlale ebhala ukugxumela ekubulaleni futhi lapho kungenzeka. Ngibe nokuqhubeka okuthile ngezikhathi zamaholide.

  • AL: Ingabe zikhona ezinye izinhlobo ozithandayo? 

JG: Njengoba wazi, ngihlakulela inoveli yomlando kanye nendatshana yomlando. Muva nje ngisebenza kakhulu ngefilosofi yezepolitiki (Umlando Omfishane Wenkululeko). Kulo nyaka kuzoba nesahluko sami esikhuluma nge-Isaiah Berlin encwadini eyiqoqo lezazi zefilosofi zamaJuda. Futhi Umlando Wobugebengu eSpain, ngokusekelwe emsebenzini wami wakamuva ekufundiseni kwami ​​​​e-UNED. 

Ngaphandle kwalokhu, Ngithanda ithiyetha ebonwe, hhayi ukufunda kanye izinkondlo ngemithamo emincane nezicashile. Izindawo ezimbili engingasoze ngagqekeza kuzo njengombhali, lokho kuqinisekile.

  • AL: Ufundani manje? Futhi ukubhala?

JG: Ngemva kwesikhathi esithile, ngiba no- iphrojekthi entsha yenoveli yomlando, iyona ethinta lonyaka. Funda, ngifunde kakhulu ifilosofi yezombangazwe, sengiyasithanda lesi sihloko, kanye nomlando wezomthetho eSpain, ngenxa yokuzijabulisa nangenxa yezizathu zomsebenzi. Into yokugcina engayisa olwandle kuleli hlobo ukukhishwa kabusha kokwakudala Ukuwohloka kwemibuso, eyahlelwa osukwini lwakhe nguCarlo Cipolla. Futhi Ukuzikhukhumeza kukaHayek, zifaneleka kakhulu izikhathi ezisenza siphile.

  • AL: Ucabanga ukuthi indawo yokushicilela ikuphi futhi yini ethathe isinqumo sokuthi uzame ukushicilela?

JG: Endabeni yami, eminyakeni engama-22 edlule, kuyadumaza ukucabanga ngakho, ngachitha ihlobo elingenzi lutho ngibhala incwadi yami yokuqala. ipani. Ngabe sengicinga i-Intanethi, ngathola uchungechunge lwama-ejenti wokubhala, ngathumela inoveli futhi ukusuka lapho, ukushicilelwa nge-EDHASA. Kusukela lapho, ngenhlanhla, Angibanga nankinga yokushicilela kubashicileli abahlukene engisebenze naye futhi ngisaqhubeka nokusebenza. 

Kwakukhona isikhathi lapho sonke sasicabanga ukuthi incwadi yedijithali izoqeda iphepha, kodwa kubonakala sengathi ngeke, abashicileli baseSpain bayamelana futhi banochwepheshe kakhulu. Yebo, ukushoda kwemali kuyabonakala ezindabeni eziwumgogodla ezifana nokuba nomhleli wedeski, okuyinto kimina engumuntu obalulekile ohlelweni, ngeshwa osekukhishwe okuningi muva nje. Lokhu kunomphumela omubi kakhulu kumphumela wokushicilelwe. Umhleli oyingcweti uwukunethezeka Kuyasiza kakhulu ukuqondisa imibhalo yesandla exegayo. Okuzofika manje endimeni yokukhangisa, akekho owaziyo, kodwa akubukeki kukuhle impela, nginabangane abakhokhiswa ukushicilela, into engasile neze, engingayicabangeli.

  • AL: Ngabe isikhathi senhlekelele esibhekene naso sinzima kuwe noma uzokwazi ukugcina okuthile okuhle ngezindaba ezizayo?

JG: Kuvame ukuba nokuthambekela kokusho, cishe ngamazwi, ukuthi into enhle njalo iphuma ezinkingeni ezinkulu. Hhayi-ke, ngiyakungabaza kakhulu. Ngicabanga ukuthi sizophila kabi kunakuqala, ngenhlanhla, kodwa embi kakhulu kunabazali bethu abaye baba nomkhathizwe wenqubekelaphambili enengqondo nenethezekile emgudwini wabo wokuphila. Okuwukuphela kwento enhle, mhlawumbe, othile uzobhala okuthile okuseduze Amagilebhisi Olaka.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   UMichael Fair kusho

    Iphrezentheshini yanini ku-Ferrol?
    Khuluma, uma uthanda, nendodana yami, u-Alberto.
    I-Central Bookstore, i-Dolores Street 5.
    Ngangilithandile elokuqala lamaKhathoni. Angizange ngisifunde esesibili.
    Angazi noma usaxhumana no-José Luis Gómez Urdañez.
    Ukuqabulana
    UMichael Fair