Incwadi ekhuthaze ababulali abathathu futhi 'yaqeda' impilo kaLennon

ukubulawa kuka-john-lennon-isidumbu

Iziphathimandla zisusa isidumbu sikaJohn Lennon.

Kuwo wonke umlando izincwadi eziningi zithathwe njengeziqalekisiwe. Ukufa ezimweni ezingajwayelekile, ababulali ababulalayo noma ukunyamalala ngokungenakuphikwa kuye kwaxhunyaniswa nemisebenzi noma ababhali abahlukahlukene.

Mhlawumbe elinye lamacala adume kakhulu yi- lowo onencwadi "Umbambi ku-Rye" nguJD Salinger owashicilelwa ngonyaka we-1951. Ngenkathi lo msebenzi ushicilelwa e-US, wasusa uthuthuva emphakathini waseMelika ngenxa yokubhekana nezindaba zocansi, ukuba umlutha wotshwala noma ukuthengisa ngomzimba ngendlela evusa inkanuko kanye nesilulumagama esasingejwayelekile ngaleso sikhathi.

Noma kunjalo, le mpikiswano eyajika ngemuva kokushicilelwa kwayo ukuphela kwento leyo okubangelwe ukwanda kwenani lokuthengisa nokuthandwa komsebenzi. Ngisho, phakathi neminyaka eyalandela, yaba yincwadi yokufunda yesibili eyimpoqo efundwa kakhulu ezikoleni. Ngasikhathi sinye, phakathi nawo-90 kuya ku-2005, "Umgcini phakathi kwalesi sikhungo" uhlale endaweni yeshumi ohlwini Izincwadi Ezifundwa Kakhulu eNyakatho Melika.

Ngaphandle kokuthandwa okungenakuphikwa, lencwadi nayo inemfihlakalo ethile nempikiswano ngenxa yokuthi ababulali abahlukahlukene babambe iqhaza noma babandakanyeka kule noveli njengesizathu noma imbangela yezenzo zabo zobugebengu.

Elokuqala lalawa macala ngelikaMark Davis Chapman owathi, ngo-1980, wadubula wabulala uJohn Lennon ngaphandle kwesakhiwo Dakota eManhattan. Ngemuva kokubulala ilungu elidumile lamaBeatles, umbulali wahlala phansi wafunda ikhophi yale noveli kuze kube yilapho abezokuphepha bembamba ngaphandle kokuphikisa.

Lapho incwadi isishaqiwe, abaphenyi babona ukuthi, ngaphakathi kwesembozo sayo, uMark Davis Chapman wayebhale ngepensela: "Lesi yisitatimende sami." Ngaphandle kwalolu lwazi, ngenkathi isitatimende sithathwa emahoreni ambalwa ngemuva kokudukiswa kwakhe, umbulali waqinisekisa ukuthi wayeqiniseka ukuthi iningi lakhe kwakunguHolden Caulfield (umlingiswa oyinhloko wencwadi) nokuthi bonke abanye kumele ukuthi bavela kuDeveli.

Icala lesibili elihlobene nale ncwadi lenzeke ngemuva konyaka ngemuva kokubulawa kukaLennon. Ngalesi sikhathi, izinhloso zombulali azenzekanga ukuze kuvunyelwe isisulu sakhe, uRonal Reagan uqobo. UJohn Hinckley Jr, owayeyigama lomuntu okukhulunywa ngaye, wazama ngo-1981 ukuqeda impilo kamongameli waseMelika ngokumdubula ngesibhamu.

Inhlamvu edutshulwe nguJohn Kinckley ishaye isidumbu sikamengameli ekhwapheni yahlala amasentimitha ambalwa ukusuka enhliziyweni yakhe. Ekugcineni, njengoba sesishilo, uReagan ukwazile ukusinda kulokhu kuhlaselwa. Noma kunjalo, umhlaseli wagomela ephindelela impilo yakhe yonke ukuthi wayeyithanda kakhulu le ncwadi esikhuluma ngakho.

Ekugcineni, icala elilandelayo lenzeka ngo-1989. URobert John Bardó wabulala umlingisi uRebecca Lucile Schaeffer emnyango wefulethi lakhe ngemuva kokumhlukumeza iminyaka emithathu. Ngesikhathi kuboshwa umbulali Wayephethe nekhophi ye- "Umbambi ku-Rye".

Ukube le ncwadi ibihlobene ngqo nalezi zehlakalo kuyinto esingeke sikuqinisekise. Noma kunjalo, okusobala ukuthi ubukhona bayo obulula kulezi zimo ezintathu busiphoqa ukuthi sikucabange lokho ngandlela thile noma ngobunye kunobudlelwano namaqiniso.

Ngaphandle kokungena emibuzweni engaqondakali noma esoteric, singamane siqinisekise ukuthi kwesinye isikhathi, kuya ngokuthi yikuphi okusebenzayo nokuthi kuziphi izandla, ukungalingani okuthile kungakhuthazwa noma kukhuthazwe lokho kungadala, njengoba sesibonile, ukubulawa kwabanye babafundi bayo.

Le ncwadi ngombono wami othobekile, enye yezimanga kakhulu ezikhona hhayi kangako ngenxa yesakhiwo sayo, yize ifaka izici ezibalulekile zobusha kanye nokusebenza kwengqondo yayo, kepha ngenxa yezimo ezizungeze lencwadi uqobo. Ngaphandle kokungabaza, ngakho-ke, inketho enhle yokubhala ngobusuku besikhathi esizayo yokwesaba ukuthi, ngenxa yezinsuku esizithola sikhona ikakhulukazi ezweni lase-Anglo-Saxon, seziphezu kwethu.

 


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-3, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   RICARDO kusho

    SENGIKUFUNDILE FUTHI AKWENZELwanga UKUTHI KAKHULU KODWA UYAZI NJENGOBA ABANTU BASE-USA BADUTSHWA

  2.   Edward kusho

    I-athikili ethokozisayo, kodwa iqiniso ukuthi le ncwadi ibizwa nge- "The Catcher in the Rye" hhayi njengoba ibhaliwe lapha "phakathi neminyaka elandelayo, yaba yincwadi yokufunda yesibili eyimpoqo efundwa ezikoleni. Ngasikhathi sinye, phakathi kweminyaka yama-90 kuya ku-2005, i- "The Guardian Among the Center" yahlala endaweni yeshumi ohlwini lwezincwadi ezifundwa kakhulu eNyakatho Melika. "

  3.   UMiguel Angel, kusho

    Angibuboni ubudlelwano obuqondile phakathi kwencwadi nokubulala, umlingiswa ophambili akanaye nganoma yisiphi isikhathi umqondo wokubulala noma ngubani