Zithini izalathandawo

Zithini izalathandawo

Izalathandawo zisinceda ukuba sicwangcise izimvo zethu kwisicatshulwa ngendlela edibeneyo. Ligama legrama elinokuba luncedo kakhulu ekubhaleni nasiphi na isicatshulwa. Kufuneka sizazi ukuze sazi ukuba sizisebenzisa ngokufanelekileyo. Hayi ngokukwazi ukuthetha ulwimi esinokuqonda ukuba siluthetha ngokuchanekileyo okanye akunjalo.

Kodwa kude nokwenza inqaku elidinayo ngalo mbandela, Apha siza kukunika imizekelo yokusetyenziswa kwezalathandawo kwiSpanish. Khumbula ukuba izalathandawo luluhlu lwamagama esiwafunde ngentloko esikolweni. Oku kuya kwenza kube lula ukubakhumbula.

Zithini izalathandawo

Izalathandawo ziziindidi zegrama okanye iindidi zamagama ezisebenza ukudibanisa amabinzana (adla ngokuba libizo) okanye izivakalisi.. Ibinzana sisakhiwo samagama, udidi lwalo olungundoqo lubizwa ngokuba yi-nucleus kwaye linomsebenzi we-syntactic kwisivakalisi. Umzekelo: ibinzana lesibizo lithi: "[inja] iyakhonkotha" ([inja] idefinite article + noun or noun).

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, Umzekelo webinzana elithi «Udade wethu uyayithanda itshokolethi»; ulwakhiwo oluziswe ngesalathandawo [Kudade wethu] libinzana lesalathandawo kwaye kule meko yenza ibinzana lesibizo [udade wethu]. Omnye umzekelo: "Umbulali wabanjwa ngamapolisa" [ibinzana legama elithi: ngamapolisa].

kunjalo, izimelabizo kulwimi lwesiSpanish zikholisa ukwazisa izivakalisi. Imizekelo: "Intombazana endandinixelele ngayo ngenye imini isebenza kwidama lokuqubha likamasipala" [amabinzana angaphambili: le bendinixelele ngayo / kwidama lokuqubha likamasipala] / "Ubomi edolophini bungcono kunokuba bendikhumbula" [ibinzana isimaphambili: kwinto awayeyikhumbula].

Intombazana efundayo iyadika

Izixhobo

Izandulela ngeSpanish zezi: ukuya, phambi, ngaphantsi, kufanelana, kunye, ngokuchasene, ukusuka, phakathi, phakathi, ukuya, ukuya, ukuya kuthi ga, ngokutsho, ngaphandle, njalo, emva, ngokuchasene.

Ezinye zazo ziye zayeka ukusetyenziswa. Sinokuzifumana kwezinye iincwadi zakudala, okanye kwimibhalo esemthethweni. Kufuneke i lithetha "kufutshane ne" (Indlu yasefama i iyangena umlambo) kunye so "ibhasi". Asiyi kusebenzisa "ukufaneleka" okanye ukuva komnye umntu, kodwa "ngoko" isaxhaphakile kulwimi olusemthethweni okanye lwenkqubo kwaye, ngoko ke, kumajelo eendaba: "Abafazi babini abanakubuyela kwilizwe labo. so isigwebo sentambo". Ngokwenxalenye yayo, "nxamnye" yi-anglicism ekufuneka isetyenziswe kuphela ngamaxesha athile (ukhuphiswano lwezemidlalo okanye imidlalo): "Kumdlalo wanamhlanje bajongana neReal Madrid. Ukuqobisana eAtletico Madrid".

Izalathandawo zine ifomu engaguqukiyo (abazange batshintshe), yiyo loo nto bengenabo isini okanye inombolo kunye umsebenzi wayo lubudlelwane phakathi kwamagama, amabinzana kunye nezivakalisi, njengoko sele sibonile. Banokungeniswa ngale ndlela: a + el (al) kunye ne-de + el (del).

Ngokuqhelekileyo sisebenzisa izihlomelo ukubonisa intshukumo, indawo kunye nexesha. Yeyona ixhaphakileyo: Ndiye eFlorence kule holide (intshukumo), ndihlala eMadrid (indawo), Ikhonsathi iqala ngesithoba (ixesha).

Sisenokufumana izihlomelo ezibekwa phambili. Isihlomelo sisiguquli sesenzi kwaye izimaphambili zinokuncedisana rhoqo nesenzi. Yiyo loo nto sinokufumana izihlomelo ezinenkangeleko yesalathandawo, ngakumbi ukufumanisa indawo yento ethile. Ezi zezona zihlomelo ezixhaphakileyo ze-hybrid prepositional: ngaphezulu/phezulu, ngaphantsi/ezantsi, ngaphambili/phambili, ngasemva/ngasemva, ngaphakathi/ngaphakathi, ngaphandle/ngaphandle, ngaphambili.

nayo, Kukho ulwakhiwo oluninzi olubandakanya izalathandawo kwaye zibizwa ngokuba ngamabinzana esalathandawo., kodwa nezihlanganisi zokubhaliweyo: ngenxa yokuba, ukuze, ngokunyanzeliswa, nangona, ngenjongo, malunga, ecaleni, ukujikeleza, phambi, ngokunxulumene, ukujongana, phambi, emva, ukuze, ukuze , phakathi, endaweni, ngenxa ye, malunga...

Incwadana

Sebenzisa kunye nemizekelo

A

Usebenzisa: modo (Ndiyabhala a umatshini kuba ndiyayithanda), intshukumo (Ndihamba kakhulu a eToledo kuba ndisebenza apho), iinxalenye zosuku (Beza kujonga ibhoyila a emini), into yomntu ngqo (Ndiyabona a ummelwane rhoqo kusasa), ubudala (Ndatshata a iminyaka engama-25), ixesha / ixesha elichanekileyo (Iklasi i a Sibhozo), Ukubonakaliswa kwendawo / umgama / usuku / ubushushu / frequency (Igumbi lokuhlambela li al imvelaphi / yi a 200 km / Sinjalo a NgoLwesibini / Thina a 20th / Ndizilolonga kabini a iveki), Ukuncoma ngokungathanga ngqo (A usapho lwam luyathanda ulwandle), Ishedyuli (ivulwe ngo9 a 8), space (Usuka eMadrid a I-Alicante iphantse ibe yi-500 km).

Ante

Usebenzisa: phambi kwe (Abantwana baya ngaphambili umlawuli / uMaria uyantlitheka ngaphambili iingxaki)

Ephantsi

Usebenzisa: indawo (Ibhayisekile i phantsi umthi).

Con

Usebenzisa: isixhobo (Ndizifowunela zonke nge ifowuni yam), nkampani (Hlala nge umfana endincuma naye).

Uluhlu

Usebenzisa: inkcaso / umothuko (Ayilunganga ukuba uMariana enze chasene umzalwana wakhe).

De

Usebenzisa: ilifa (Le ncwadi ithi de Manuel), izinto (Itheyibhile i de iinkuni), Ishedyuli (Ithala leencwadi livuliwe de 9 ukuya ku-8), mvelaphi / imvelaphi (Ndaphuma de ekhaya rhoqo ekuseni / Hans ukhona de Jemani), ukugcwalisa igama (ibhegi de iziqhamo / incwadi de izibalo), isahlulo (Ngaba ufuna ezinye de ikhekhe?), bangela (Wafa de umhlaza), space (De I-Madrid ukuya e-Alicante iphantse ibe yi-500 km / Ndiza kucima umabonwakude de eli gumbi), inxalenye yosuku ngokunxulumene neyure (yi5 de emva kwemini).

Ukusuka

Usebenzisa: indawo (Ukusuka I-balcony andiyiboni ikhemesti), ixesha (Andibaboni abazalwana bam kusuka Krisimesi), ukuqala kwesenzo sexeshana (Isebenzile kusuka NgoMatshi ukuya kuOktobha).

Durante

Usebenzisa: ulwandiso lwexeshana (UDolores akazange atshaye nantoni na durante ukukhulelwa).

En

Usebenzisa: indawo (Saphumla en Majorca / Ibhedi i en igumbi lokulala / Iileta zi en itafile / iikawusi zi en umatshini wokuhlamba), ixesha (siya kubhabha en NgoJuni ukuya eMalaga / Ndenza umsebenzi wam wesikolo en Imizuzu engama-30).

Entre

Usebenzisa: ubudlelwane bexeshana (Entre NgoSeptemba noNovemba imithi mihle), zobuqu (Entre URosa noJulián baza kundiphambanisa), zezinto (Andiqinisekanga Entre iwotshi ebomvu nebhlowu).

Ukuya

Usebenzisa: idilesi (Kufuneka sihambe ukuya phambili Salamanca), ixesha eliqikelelweyo (Ndiye ndahlala noMarta ukuya phambili Intsimbi yesithandathu).

phezulu

Usebenzisa: isiphelo sesenzo sexeshana okanye hayi / indawo (Bendisebenza ukusukela ngoMatshi phezulu Okthobha / Ndiza kusebenza phezulu intsimbi yesithandathu / Sadla phezulu hlutha / ndiza kuhamba phezulu epakini kwaye ndiyagoduka).

Ngu

Usebenzisa: kuhamba / nge (Ndayenza amaphepha mediante isatifikethi sombane).

ukuba

Usebenzisa: injongo (Ndiyazilolonga for Yomelela), umamkeli (Le ilokhwe for Sarah), ixesha lexesha (Kufuneka ndigqibezele oku for ntseni), idilesi (Ndiyahamba for Girona ngempelaveki), uluvo (Ukwenzela mna ukuba abayi kuza emtshatweni).

por

Usebenzisa: bangela (Ndifunda isiJamani yi isebenzile), iinxalenye zosuku (Isebenzile yi emva kwemini), ixesha / indawo eqikelelweyo (Ndiza kuya eMadrid yi Novemba / Ndiyathanda ukuhamba yi ulwandle), kuhamba (Umkile yi umnyango omkhulu), u buninzi (Ndifundisa isiginci kathathu yi iveki), phakathi (Ndahamba yi intanethi), endaweni (watshintsha imoto yakhe yi isithuthuthu), melwano / ukungavisisani (por andizufika).

Ngokutsho

Usebenzisa: modo (Ndiza kuyenza ngokutsho ndixelele).

isono

Usebenzisa: ukungabi nako (Ngesiqhelo njengemibhobho isono Ityuwa).

Malunga

Usebenzisa: indawo (Ikhamera i malunga ibhedi), ukusondela (sahlala malunga Intsimbi yethoba), niselo / malunga (Ndiyakuthanda ukuthetha malunga icinema).

Emva koko

Usebenzisa: ngasemva (Umlambo u emva loo ntaba).

Ngendlela

Usebenzisa: nge (Sithumela amaxwebhu ngethuba ifeksi / Siza kufika eAlicante ngethuba Albacete).


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-2, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   UFernando sitsho

    Inqaku elinomdla kakhulu. Njengesiqhelo ngokuzisebenzisa imini yonke kwaye ngaphandle kokuqaphela ukuba sizisebenzisa ngendlela enesiphene. Kwaye xa silusebenzisa kakubi ulwimi ukucinga kwethu kuba buthathaka. Enkosi ngeli nqaku lilula kwaye liyimfuneko.

    1.    Belen Martin sitsho

      Molo Fernando! Enkosi kakhulu ngezimvo zakho. Oku kuhlala kunjalo kwimiba enxulumene nolwimi esilusebenzisayo sonke kodwa abambalwa abalwaziyo. Kufanelekile ukucinga ngayo kancinane.