UStefan Zweig: iincwadi ezilungileyo

Stefan Zweig Quote

Stefan Zweig Quote

Ukuthetha ngezona ncwadi zibalaseleyo zikaStefan Zweig kukuphonononga umsebenzi wombhali oguquguqukayo owayesazi ukuba angagqama njani kwiindidi ezahlukeneyo zokubalisa. Ngokwenene, uninzi lwemibhalo yakhe yaziwa ngokubanzi eYurophu ngexesha leemfazwe. Ngapha koko, uninzi lweebhayografi zakhe zaphula iirekhodi zokuthengisa kwaye nekaMarie Antoinette yaziswa kwiscreen esikhulu ngo-1938.

Ngokufanayo, umbhali Austrian wayesaziwa kakuhle enkosi iinoveli ezifana ukuhlonela uThixo okuyingozi (1938) okanye Inoveli yechess (1941), phakathi kwezinye. Ngokufanayo, wayengomnye wabantu bokuqala abadumileyo bexesha lakhe ukuthetha ngokucacileyo ngokuchasene ne-fascism eJamani emva kweMfazwe Yehlabathi I.

Iincwadi ezilungileyo zikaStefan Zweig

ingqokelela engabonakaliyo (1925)

Die unschtbarre Sammlung -igama lokuqala ngesiJamani- Libali elifutshane elinomdlalo elinconywa kakhulu ngabahlalutyi boncwadi belo xesha.. Libali eliphefumlelweyo ngobunzima obubangelwa yi-hyperinflation eyenzeka eJamani ngexesha le-1920. Apho, uZweig uzisa indoda endala eyimfama ephethe iqoqo elihle leempapasho kunye nokhohliswa ngumfazi nentombi yakhe.

Ngokukodwa, i-protagonist yaxelelwa ukuba amaJamani aphumelele imfazwe. Kwakhona, Izalamane zakhe kwafuneka zithengise imisebenzi yobugcisa ukuze ziphile zaza zafaka iikopi endaweni yazo. Ezi kopi zazichukunyiswa rhoqo lixhego, elalizaliswe likratshi xa liziva (ikholelwa ukuba zezokuqala).

Ezinye iinkcukacha malunga nebali

Eyona nto ivunywa kakhulu luluntu kunye nabagxeki yayiyindlela uZweig abandakanyeka ngayo umlingiswa wangaphandle (umfundi oqeqeshelwa umsebenzi) ukuze enze nzulu iqhinga lokukhohlisa. Kwelinye icala, Ngokukodwa ingqokelela engabonakaliyo wazijula ​​etomini I-Kaleidoscope (1936). Hayi Nangona kunjalo, okwangoku kunokwenzeka ukuba ufumane esi sihloko ngokuzimeleyo (uhlelo lweSpanish luka-2016 yincwadi enamaphepha angama-86).

Ukubhideka kweemvakalelo (1927)

Verwirrung der Gefühle (ngesiJamani) Yinoveli emfutshane ethe yavelisa impembelelo enkulu kunye nempikiswano kuluntu loohlohlesakhe baseYurophu ngeminyaka yoo-20.. Oku kungenxa yendlela engafihlwanga kwimiba ethile enameva ngelo xesha: ihomophily nenkululeko yabasetyhini. Ukongeza, umbhali waseOstriya wasebenzisa umxholo wesicatshulwa ukwandisa ukuthanda kwakhe uShakespeare.

Ukwenza oku, uZweig wadala umlingiswa woprofesa owaziwayo owathi, njengoko wayeneminyaka engama-XNUMX ubudala, wayengenakukwazi ukufihla imfihlo awayeyigcinile ukususela ebusheni bakhe. Emva koko, I-protagonist yaqala ubudlelwane obungaqhelekanga kunye nomntu omtsha osebenza naye, owatshintsha ngokupheleleyo ubudlelwane kunye nomfazi wakhe. Ngaloo ndlela, wayetshintsha imbono yakhe yoncwadi kunye nobudlelwane obuchaphazelekayo ngokubanzi.

Amaxesha eStellar oluntu (1927)

Le ncwadi sisincoko esiqulunqwe liqela leziqwenga zoncwadi ezinovelisiweyo ezibhekiselele kwiziqendu zembali ezigqithileyo kulo lonke uluntu. Isicatshulwa siqala ngentshayelelo ngaphambi kokuqhubeka nenkcazo yeziganeko ezilishumi elinesine zeenkwenkwezi ezikhethwe nguZweig.. Zikhankanywe ngezantsi:

  • "Cicero, Matshi 15, 44 BC";
  • "Ukoyiswa kweByzantium. NgoMeyi 29, 1453»;
  • "Indiza ekungafiyo: Ukufunyanwa koLwandlekazi lwePasifiki, ngoSeptemba 25, 1513";
  • "Uvuko lukaGeorg Friedrich Händel, ngo-Agasti 21, 1741";
  • "Ingqondo yobusuku: La Marseillaise, ngo-Aprili 25, 1792";
  • "I-Universal Waterloo Minute: iNapoleon, ngoJuni 18, 1815";
  • IMarienbad Elegy: Goethe phakathi kweKarlsbad kunye neWeimar, ngoSeptemba 5, 1823″;
  • "Ukufunyanwa kwe-El Dorado: JA Sutter, California, ngoJanuwari 1848";
  • "Umzuzu wamaHeroic: iDostoevsky, iSt. Petersburg, iSemenovsk Square, ngoDisemba 22, 1849";
  • "Ilizwi Lokuqala Ngaphesheya Kolwandle: UKoreshi W. Field, ngoJulayi 28, 1858";
  • “Ukusabela kuThixo. I-epilogue kwidrama engekagqitywa kaLeo Tolstoy ethi The Light Shines in the Darkness, ngasekupheleni kukaOktobha 1910»;
  • Umlo wePole yaseMzantsi: UCaptain Scott, i-90 degrees latitude. NgoJanuwari 19, 1912»;
  • "Uloliwe otywiniweyo: uLenin, ngoAprili 9, 1917";
  • "UWilson uyasilela, ngoAprili 15, 1919".

inoveli yechess (1941)

Abachasi ababini abanyanisekileyo badibana kumdlalo wechess enqanaweni. Kwelinye icala ngu UMirko Czentović, intshatsheli yehlabathi yangoku eqhinga layo lilinganisa ukusetyenzwa komatshini. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, umkhweli ongaziwayo uvela - i UGqr B- osekela umdlalo wakhe kumava akhe anzima (wavalelwa entolongweni waza wahlushwa yiGestapo).

Ngelixa kwintolongo yaseJamani, uB weba incwadi yechess kwaye wacinga imidlalo emininzi njengendlela yokunciphisa intlungu yakhe. Nangona kunjalo, umdlalo ochasene noCzentovic uvuselela i-traumas yokubanjelwa ngelixa uxela ngengqondo isiphumo somdlalo. Sele kwidenouement yebali, uGqr. ubhengeza ukoyiswa kwakhe ngokuchasene notshaba olungayekeleliyo.

Ezinye izihloko ezingaphoswanga nguStefan Zweig

  • Ileta evela kumntu ongamaziyo (Ngokufutshane einer Unbekannten, 1922)
  • UMarie Antoinette (1932);
  • ukuhlonela uThixo okuyingozi (Ungeduld des Herzens, 1939);
  • ihlabathi layizolo (1942);
  • Ukuxilwa kwe-metamorphosis (Rausch der Verwandlung, 1982).

*Izihloko ezibini zokugqibela zingqinelana neempapasho zasemva kokufa.

Ubomi bukaStefan Zweig

Wazalelwa eVienna, eOstriya, ngoNovemba 28, 1881—waba ngummi waseBritani ngowe-1939—kwintsapho efumileyo yamaYuda. Wafumana isidanga sakhe sobugqirha kwiPhilosofi kwiDyunivesithi yaseVienna., apho wayefunda nemibandela ephathelele uncwadi. Ngowe-1901, wenza incwadi yakhe yokuqala ngengqokelela yeengoma iintambo zesilivere.

UStefan Zweig

UStefan Zweig

Ngowe-1904 wapapasha inoveli yakhe yokuqala. -izinto ezimangalisayo zobomi-, apho wabonisa kakhulu

ubunzulu bengqondo ekwakhiweni kwabalinganiswa babo. Xa kwaqhambuka iMfazwe Enkulu, wabamba isikhundla seofisi kumkhosi wase-Austro-Hungarian. Nangona kunjalo, ukususela ngoko umbhali wase-Austrian wenza ngokucacileyo isikhundla sakhe sokulwa nemfazwe, ngoko ke, kwathiwa akafanelekanga ukulwa.

Umfazi wokuqala kunye nokungcwaliswa koncwadi

UZweig wagqiba imveliso enkulu ebhaliweyo phakathi kwemisebenzi yakhe yobuntatheli, iinoveli, imidlalo, ibhayografi, ukuziqhelanisa kunye neenguqulelo. Iimbekiselo kuhambo lwakhe oluninzi zivela kwimibhalo yakhe emininzi, nangona iSalzburg yayisisixeko sakhe ahlala kuso phantse iminyaka engamashumi amabini. Apho, wayehlala kunye noFriderike Maria Burger von Winternitz, owayengumfazi wakhe phakathi ko-1920 no-1938.

Umbhali waseViennese wafikelela encotsheni yoncwadi ebudeni beminyaka yee-20. ezinye zeencwadi zakhe -Amaxesha eStellar oluntu (1927), umzekelo— Baba ngabona bathengisa kakhulu ngexesha labo.. Phezu kwayo nje impumelelo yokupapasha, ukudityaniswa kobuNazi kwiminyaka elishumi eyalandelayo kwenza kwaba nzima ngakumbi ukupapasha iincwadi zakhe.

Umfazi wesibini, ukuhamba kunye nokufa

Kwiminyaka engaphambi kweMfazwe Yehlabathi II, umsebenzi wakhe wavalwa ngoorhulumente bobuFasi eJamani naseItali. Ngowe-1939, umbhali waseVienna watshata noCharlotte Elisabeth Altmann. Emva kokuqhambuka kwemfazwe, yena nenkosikazi yakhe bahlala iinyanga ezimbalwa eParis. Emva koko, badlula eLondon, eU.SA, eDominican Republic, eArgentina naseUruguay.

Ekugqibeleni, esi sibini sahlala ePetrópolis, eBrazil, apho sazibulala khona (ngenxa ye-sedative overdose) NgoFebruwari 22, 1942. Kule nkalo, umfazi wakhe wokuqala wabhala ukuba uZweig wayeyindoda ejongene nokudandatheka ixesha elide ukususela ebutsheni bakhe. Umfanekiso wehlabathi jikelele weminyaka yee-40 mhlawumbi wawumfiliba kakhulu kuye.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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