IiViking. Ihlala iklasikhi kwaye ihlala inefashoni. Olunye ufundo

Imvelaphi yeqweqwe: (c) TVNorge. Ukusuka kumdlalo wakhe weTV Umngxuma siste viking (IViking yokugqibela). Umlingisi waseNorway, umlawuli kunye nomsasazi uTrond Espen Seim.

Iindwendwe. Zimbalwa iidolophu ezidume kangaka, zigcwele ziintsomi namabali. Iiklasikhi kwimbali yoLuntu ezingaphumiyo kwisitayile. Nokuba kuncwadi. Ndinikezela eli nqaku kuwe kuba ndibhiyozela namhlanje i-47 ka-Okthobha ewela kwenye: eso sidalwa sihombisa imvelaphi yekhava kwaye sibonisa ukuba oothixo bonyana baka-Odin basaqhubeka nokuhamba eMhlabeni ukusikelela abantu abafayo khasa kuphela kuye. Apho baya khona Kufundwe izi-7 ezikhethiweyo kwiindidi ezahlukeneyo.

I-viking -Ubobbi Smith

Siqala nge inoveli yothando. Ukuba kunokubakho efanelekileyo, stereotype ene-hackney ethi inike umdlalo omninzi kolu hlobo, kukuba iViking isebenzise njengale ikuleqweqwe nayo ukuyisebenzisa.

Umbhali waseMelika UBobbi smith xuba imbali kunye nothando kweli bali leqhawe IBrage norwaldUngaze woyiswe emfazweni, Ude woyiswe ziiSaxon ngenxa yobuqhophololo obusondele kakhulu. Nangona kunjalo, kwaye nangona kunjalo wenzakele kwaye uyenze ibanjwa, Udibana no umhlobo ongalindelekangaInenekazi ledynna ngumlingane ka Umntu okhohlakeleyo Inkosana yaseSaxon uEdmund. UDynna umthiyile kwaye eBrage ubona ithuba baleka. Kwaye benza njalo. Umbuzo ngulo ukuba bangabaleka kwabo babasukelayo okanye ekutsaleni nasekuthandeni abangakwaziyo ukuzibamba kodwa baziva.
Kuyonwabisakodwa inobunzima kwezinye iindawo. Kukwakho nokusilela okunje, umzekelo, ubunzulu obunikwe isimilo sendoda embi emva koko uyithumele ngaphandle kokuphazama. Nangona kunjalo, inokufundwa phantse ngcono ngokujonga ngamehlo malunga cliches ezininzi uhlobo.

Iindwendwe -UJames L. Nelson

Siya ku inoveli yembali kunye nombhali obalulekileyo wohlobo, iAmerican James L. Nelson. Le yi isihloko sokuqala yesaga ezinikezelwe kubo.

Sikunyaka 852d. C. IiViking ziye zatsiba elwandle iminyaka, zoyisa kwaye ziphanga imimandla. Ekugqibeleni bafikile Unxweme lwaseNgilani naseIreland. Kwaye nangona ekuqaleni olu hambo lwalulolokuphangwa, baphele bahlala apho, ngaphandle kokuchaswa, njengoko kunjalo eIreland.

I-Thorgrim the Wolf Night kunye no-Ornolf iTireless badibana nenqanawa yaseIreland ethwele into exabisekileyo: isithsaba. Bayayibamba kumlo onobundlobongela kodwa bangakuhoyi ukubaluleka kwayo kubantu baseIreland kunye namandla ayinika ukumkani onawo. Ke baya kubandakanyeka kwicebo le iyelenqe nobundlobongela kwi-medieval Ireland, apho ookumkani bendawo balwa bodwa kunye nabahlaseli abavela emantla ukuze babambe amandla.

Northumbria, ubukumkani bokugqibela -UBernard Cornwell

Enye yeengcibi ezinkulu zenoveli yezembali yamanye amazwe ayinakushiya abalinganiswa abaphambili njengeeVikings banikezele ngesaga, IiSaxon, iiViking kunye namaNorman, equka Iincwadi ze-7.

Umbhali oliNgesi ubeka olu luhlu kuhlaselo lweViking lweGreat Britain ngexesha lolawulo lwe UAlfred Omkhulu. Kwaye kuqala ngonyaka 866 xa Ifundisiwe, iAnglo-Saxon encinci yemvelaphi yobukhosi, ihlala phakathi kwamazwe amabini. IiViking bambamba njengomntwana kwaye loo nto iyamnceda ukuba azi kwaye akwazi ukugweba amasiko, iinkolelo kunye nezithethe zeSaxon naseDanes. Kancinci uyayifumana imbeko yakhe kubukrelekrele bakhe kunye nesibindi, kodwa kuye kufike ixesha apho isazisi sakho sibuza.

Kukho okwangoku Imiboniso bhanyabhanya yaseBritane, ukusuka kumaxesha ama-2, malunga nesaga ebizwa Ukumkani wokugqibela.

Uluhlu lwezihloko ukuza kuthi ga ngoku:

  1. Northumbria, ubukumkani bokugqibela,
  2. Svein, lowo nehashe elimhlophe, 
  3. INkosi zaseNtla, 
  4. Ingoma yekrele 
  5. Umhlaba ngomlilo 
  6. Ukufa kwaKumkani
  7. Ukhuphe umhedeni

Imbali emfutshane yeeViking -UManuel Velasco

Este Isincoko sembali ijolise ngakumbi kwi imvelaphi kunye nokubonakala kweeViking eYurophu phakathi kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX neye-XNUMX. Yiyo loo nto sibona kwaye sifunde malunga nenkcubeko etyebileyo yeViking, sibona ixabiso labo njengamagorha, oomatiloshe kunye nabakhi beenqanawa, kwaye sikwafumanisa ukuba umsebenzi wentengiso, ezibakhokelele ekumiseni indlela esuka IGreenland iye eConstantinople, Kwaye naseBaghdad.

Inkqubo ye- Ubomi bemihla ngemihla ngamagcisa, abalimi kunye nabarhwebi kwaye, ewe, isixelela ngesakhe iintsomi kunye nezenzo zonqulo. Kubandakanya isihlomelo sokugqibela esinoluhlu lwamagama eViking, reyes yemimandla eyahlukeneyo yeNordic, iiprofayili ze abalinganiswa abanomdla, Iindawo ezinomdla, okanye ulwazi malunga nokuphindaphindeka kweedrakkars, kunye a Ubalo maxesha ixesha elinamandla le-viking.

Uqinisekisa -Francisco Narla

Enye into ebalulekileyo kwimbali yamandulo, kodwa ukuthanda izwe ngeli xesha, kusifaka kwi-adventure ekufanele ukuyifumana nokufunda. UAssur yinkwenkwe yaseGalician ohlala eOuteiro, idolophu encinci nayo enengxaki uhlaselo lwe-viking ezo zisongela iCompostela echumayo xa unyaka uhamba 968d. C.

Inkedama kunye nabantakwabo ababanjwe ngabahlaseli, u-Assur uya kwenza a uhambo olukhulu ukwazi apho akhoyo. Ngale nto uzakufumana uncedo lwe UGutier de Leon, infanzón ka-Count Gonzalo Sánchez, owamkela phantsi koqeqesho lwakhe, nge Jesse ben benjamin, ugqirha onobubele ongumYuda, kunye no weland, i-Norman mercenary kwinkonzo yamaKristu. Kodwa yonke into iya kuba nzima xa naye ukubanjwa Wasiwa kumazwe abandayo asentla.

I-Saga yeGreenlanders kunye neSaga ye-Eirik ebomvu-engaziwayo i-Icelandic ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX

UAntón noPedro Casariego Córdoba njengabaguquleli Sizisele la ma-sagas mabini abalisa ngendlela abalinganiswa babo abaphambili, abemi base-Iceland abanemvelaphi yaseNorway, abafumanisa ngayo ikolon yeGreenland, bafikelela kumazwe aseMelika kwaye bazame ukuhlala apho malunga nonyaka we-1000. siqhubeka kancinci eGalicia kuba yayilixesha elinye xa iiVikings zemvelaphi efanayo zahlasela iSantiago de Compostela kwaye zangena kwi-Umayyad caliphate kunye neAsturias.

Abadla izidumbu -Umichael Crichton

Kwaye ndiphela nge-adventure yokuba, kwelona laziest, ibine Ukulungiswa kwefilimu ezithile ezinxulumene ne Inamba ye-13.

Kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX ukhalifa waseBaghdad ithumela inxusa kuKumkani waseBulgaria, kodwa Abathunywa ubanjiwe ziiViking. Unozakuzaku uza kuthi chu ukuphela ukufunda nokuthakazelelwa ngamasiko Iibhari zabathimbi bazo. Kwaye ecaleni kwabo nomphathi wabo Buliwyf Yiya kwi-adventure enomdla: ulwe izidalwa ezingaziwayo, «labo batya abafileyo».


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo, shiya eyakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   UMnuCervero sitsho

    "I-Northumbria, uBukumkani bokuGqibela" yeyona ncwadi yandazisa kwilizwe leeVikings. Ndiyayithanda i-saga kwaye ngokobuqu yingcebiso yam enkulu "yeViking" lol.

    Inqaku elilungileyo, ndibhalise ngokukodwa amazwe endingawaziyo.

    A ubingelele.