UMaria ngokuqinisekileyo. Udliwano-ndlebe nombhali wencwadi ethi Iinyembezi Zothuli Olubomvu

Sathetha nombhali uMaría Suré ngomsebenzi wakhe.

Ukufota: UMaria Sure. Iprofayile kaFacebook.

UMaria ngokuqinisekileyo Wazalelwa eSalamanca kodwa wafudukela apho Valencia kwiminyaka eyi-21 kwaye ufunda Ubunjineli beKhompyutha. Usebenza njengomhlalutyi kunye nomphuhlisi we isoftwe, kodwa ekubeni wayekuthanda ukufunda nokubhala, ngo-2014 wabhala inoveli yakhe yokuqala, umbala wokuxolelwa. Kamva balandela iProyecto BEL, i-Huérfanos de sombra kwaye ngoku ngoJuni ophelileyo uye wabonisa Iinyembezi zothuli olubomvu. Kule nto udliwanondlebe olubanzi Usixelela ngaye nokunye okuninzi. Ndiyabulela kakhulu ixesha lakho kunye nenceba yakho ukuba undikhonze.

U-Maria Sure - Udliwano-ndlebe

  • UNCWADI LWANGOKU: Inoveli yakho yokugqibela epapashiweyo inesihloko Iinyembezi zothuli olubomvu. Ungasixelela ntoni ngayo kwaye ivele phi ingcamango?

UMARIA UQINISEKILEYO: Umbono wavela xa ndagqiba ekubeni ndisete inoveli elandelayo eValencia, isixeko esiye sandamkela kakuhle kule minyaka imalunga namashumi amathathu ndihleli kuso. Ndaqala ukuphanda ngembali yesixeko kwaye ndafumana amabali anomdla kakhulu andikhokelele kwiyelenqe esenzeka uthuli olubomvu iinyembezi. Ibaluleke kakhulu into eyenzekayo esixekweni ngexesha le I-Foral Valencia yanamhlanje (kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX neye-XNUMX), apho umxhobi wayegwebela izigwebo zentambo ezahlukeneyo ngokuxhomekeke kulwaphulo-mthetho abalwenzileyo kwaye izidumbu zabo zavezwa kwiindawo ezithile zesixeko njengesilumkiso kubo bonke abemi.

Okwangoku, kukho umyezo obizwa ngokuba Isitiya sikaPolyphilus elakhiwa njengembeko kwibali elibaliswa kumbhalo-ngqangi okhethekileyo wenkulungwane ye-XNUMX: Hypnerotomachia poliphili (Iphupha lePolífilo ngeSpanish). Imalunga ne i-incunabulum igcwele i-hieroglyphs kwaye ibhalwe ngeelwimi ezininzi, omnye wabo wayila. Ububhali bayo bubangelwa Francesco Colonna, imonki yelo xesha, into enomdla xa ubani eqwalasela inani lemizobo enomxholo ophezulu wesini othe umbhalo-ngqangi uqulethe. Yincwadi emangalisayo apho iikopi zayo ezininzi zigcinwe eSpain, zonke ziphawulwe ngokuhlolwa ngendlela enye okanye enye. Abanye banamaphepha angekhoyo, amanye agqitywe, atshiswe ... Umsebenzi opheleleyo ufumaneka simahla kwi-Intanethi kwaye ndiyakukhuthaza ukuba uwujonge kuba ndicinga ukuba uyawuthanda.

En uthuli olubomvu iinyembezi, umbulali uphinda enze ezinye zeziganeko zelo xesha apho amabanjwa abulawelwa khona eValencia ngenxa yokwenza ubugebenga bawo namhlanje. Igadi yasePolifilo yenye yeendawo ezikhethwe ngulo mbulali kwaye amapolisa kuya kufuneka afunde umbhalo wesandla wakudala ukufumanisa ukuba ngubani obangela ukufa nokuba kutheni.

Ngendlela, isihloko sibaluleke kakhulu kule noveli. Xa umfundi efumanisa ukuba kutheni, uya kuqonda izinto ezininzi kwaye iziqwenga ziya kuqala ukungena entloko.

  • AL: Ngaba uyazikhumbula naziphi na izifundo zakho zokuqala? Kwaye ukubhala kwakho kokuqala?

MS: Ndisemncinci ndandithanda umbalisi webali. Abazali bam bandithengele kakhulu. Ndabeka iteyiphu ikhasethi kwaye wayelandela ufundo lwebali ngelixa elimamele. Umntu othile wazinkqaya. Ndicinga ukuba kulapho ndafumanisa khona ukuthanda kwam ukufunda. Kwiminyaka embalwa kamva wazigqiba zonke iincwadi ze Abahlanu, endisenayo nangoku. Kamva, xa ndandimdala, ndikhumbula ndikhangele phambili ekufikeni kwe Ibhayibhile owayehamba kwidolophu yam rhoqo emva kweeveki ezimbini ukuze afumane zonke iincwadi awayefuna ukuzifunda. 

Ndaqala ukubhala xa ndandineminyaka elishumi okanye elinesibini ubudalaAndikhumbuli kakuhle. Ndabhala inoveli yohambo ngendlela yesiHlanu. Ndenze ngepensile, kunye nemizobo yeyona miboniso ibalulekileyo. Iza kuba namaphepha amalunga namashumi amathathu kwaye ndisenombhalo-ngqangi ogcweleyo ngokunqamlezileyo, upelo olugwenxa kunye namanqaku emdeni. Ndiyigcina ndiyithanda kakhulu kuba yayiyindlela apho umntwana wam wayesele ecinga ngayo amabali entloko yakhe kwaye waziva efuna ukuwabeka ephepheni. 

  • AL: Umbhali ophambili? Unokukhetha ngaphezulu kwesinye kwaye kuwo onke amaxesha. 

MS: Hayi indlela ekunzima ngayo ukukhetha phakathi kwababhali abaninzi abalungileyo! Ndandidla ngokufunda kakhulu UPatricia Highsmith, UJohn le Carré, nkqu UStephen King yayinendawo ebalaseleyo phakathi kofundo lwam lokufikisa. Njengababhali bamva nje ndingakhetha uDolores Redondo, Maite R. Ochotorena, Alaitz Leceaga, Sandrone Dazieri, UBernard MinierUNiklas Natt och Dag, Jo Nesbø, J. D. Barker… 

Umbhali endimfumene kulo nyaka kwaye isitayile sakhe endisithandayo nguSantiago Álvarez.

  • AL: Nguwuphi umlinganiswa osencwadini onqwenela ukudibana naye kunye nokwenza? 

MS: Ngokoluvo lwam, oyena mlinganiswa ubalaseleyo kwimbali yoncwadi lwabantsundu ngulo U-Lisbeth Salander ukusuka kuthotho lweMillennium. Igqibelele. Ndiyabathanda abo balinganiswa babonakala bebuthathaka, abangenakuzinceda kwaye bahlala betsala amarhamncwa abacinga ukuba banelungelo lokuthatha ithuba kubo. Abalinganiswa abathi, betyhalwa ziimeko ezibabeke esichengeni, batsale naphi na amandla angaphakathi abenza bakwazi ukususa iintaba baze bashiye umfundi engathethi. 

  • AL: Ngaba unayo nayiphi na imikhwa okanye imikhwa xa kufikwa ekubhaleni nasekufundeni? 

MS: Ndiyayithanda ndakhe ndandedwa kwimekobume xa ndibhala ukugxininisa. Ndifake iearphones zam ndimamele umculo. amaxesha amaninzi ndiyeva iingoma ezihambelanayo nale ndiyibhalayo. Ndisebenzisa umculo we-melancholic kwimiboniso elusizi, okanye i-rock kwimiboniso efuna isenzo esingakumbi. Ngenoveli yokugqibela ndiqale ukwenza a uluhlu lokudlala kwiSpotify yeengoma endizimamele kakhulu ngexesha lenkqubo yokubhala kwaye ndiwathandile amava. Ipapashwa kwi iphepha lam leWebhu kwaye inokufikelelwa nguye nabani na ofuna.

Ngamanye amaxesha ndiyamamela izandi zendalo kwaye ngakumbi imvula. Ezo zandi zindiphumza kakhulu xa ndibhala. Ndicinga ukuba kuxhomekeke kwimo yam ngelo xesha.

  • AL: Kwaye indawo oyikhethileyo kunye nexesha lokwenza oko? 

MS: Ndingathanda ukuba nomzuzu endiwuthandayo kwaye ndikwazi ukuhlangabezana neeshedyuli, kodwa kuba nzima xa ungazinikelanga kuphela koku. Ekugqibeleni ndikhangela izikhewu kunye nexesha lemini ingahluka kakhulu. Ekuseni kusasa, ngexesha le-siesta, ekuzeni kokusa ... Umzuzu ofanelekileyo kuxa indlu ithi cwaka kwaye abalinganiswa bakho baqala ukufuna ingqalelo yakho. Ndizama ukunikezela iiyure ezimbalwa kuyo yonke imihla, kodwa akusoloko kusenzeka.

Ngaphambi kokuba ndibhale ngesandla kwaye ndiyenze naphi na, kodwa ndaqonda ukuba ukwenza ngaloo ndlela kwandithatha ixesha eliphindwe kabini njengoko kufuneka ndibhale yonke into kwikhompyutheni. Ngoku Ndihlala ndibhala edesikeni yam, ikona yam encinane apho ndonwabile iiyure ezimbalwa yonke imihla.

  • AL: Ngaba zikhona ezinye iintlobo ozithandayo? 

MS: Ndizama ukufunda dnayo yonke into. Kuyinyani ukuba ndifunde iinoveli ezingezizo ezohlobo lwe-noir kwaye ndizithandile. Ndicinga ukuba umntu uyayithanda inoveli ngendlela ebhalwe ngayo kunye nesakhiwo sayo nokuba ingoluphi na uhlobo.. Yintoni eyenzekayo kukuba, xa ukhetha, ndihlala ndoyama kumnyama, kokubini ukufunda nokubhala. Kuba ndiyonwabela kakhulu imfihlakalo, loo moya, ngamanye amaxesha uyafutha, apho ezi ntlobo zamabali zihlala zenzeke, zokutyhala abalinganiswa ukuya kumda kunye nokuhlola icala elimnyama esiliphetheyo sonke ngaphakathi.

  • AL: Ufunda ntoni ngoku? Ukubhala?

MS: Ngesiqhelo ndidibanisa ukufunda iinoveli ezininzi ngaxeshanye nakwiifomathi ezahlukeneyo. Ndiyafunda ngoku Cumzi otshayo, nguDon Winslow kwidijithali, ibhogna boogie, kaJusto Navarro ephepheni kunye nokuphulaphula isela lamathambo, nguManel Loureiro, kwincwadi yeaudio. Kwezi zintathu, manditsho ukuba ibali elona lilonwabelayo lelokugqibela.

Okwangoku ndinguye ukubhala ukuqhubeka kwe uthuli olubomvu iinyembezi. Ndishiywe ndifuna ngakumbi kubomi babalinganiswa abathile kwaye abafundi abaninzi sele beqalile ukucela inxalenye yesibini. Abalinganiswa abaphambili abafanayo baya kuvela kuyo, kodwa babandakanyeke kwisakhiwo esahluke ngokupheleleyo ukuze bafunde bobabini ngokuzimeleyo.

  • AL: Ucinga ukuba imeko yokupapasha injani kwaye uthathe isigqibo sokuba uzame ukupapasha?

MS: Ixesha esiphila kulo lilo inzima kwindawo yopapasho nakwabanye abaninzi. ESpeyin, nyaka ngamnye kupapashwa izihloko ezimalunga nekhulu lamawaka, ngoko olu khuphiswano lukhohlakele. Ukusuka kubo, I-86% ayithengisi ngaphezulu kweekopi ezingamashumi amahlanu ngonyaka, ukuze ufumane umbono wemeko. Ngethamsanqa, kwilizwe lethu, abantu bafunda ngakumbi nangakumbi. Ukuvalelwa kuye kwasondeza abantu ezincwadini, kodwa sisengaphantsi kakhulu kwamanye amazwe aseYurophu ngokufunda. Ngaphezu kwe-35% yabantu baseSpain abazange bafunde. Kubonakala ngathi kukho utyekelo lokufunda ngakumbi ephepheni kuneminyaka embalwa eyadlulayo kwaye ifomathi yeaudiobook ithatha indima ephambili. 

Iinoveli zam ezintathu zokuqala zipapashiwe ngokwazo kwiAmazon. Lukhetho olulungileyo kubabhali abasaqalayo kuba ikuvumela ukuba upapashe imisebenzi yakho ukuba awunampapashi. Ingxaki kukuba ukufikelela onakho njengomshicileli ngokwakho akunanto yakwenza noko umshicileli wemveli unokukunika kona. Yiyo loo nto ndigqibe kwelokuba ndiyizame ngenoveli yam yamva nje. Bobabini iPlaneta noMaeva babenomdla kuyo yaye ekugqibeleni ndatyikitya isivumelwano sokupapasha naba bamva. Amava aye kwaye ayanelisa kakhulu kwaye ndiyathemba ukuqhubeka nokusebenza nabo kwixesha elizayo.

  • AL: Ngaba umzuzu wobunzima esijamelana nawo unzima kuwe okanye uya kuba nakho ukugcina into elungileyo kumabali exesha elizayo?

MS: Ndifuna ukucinga ngala maxesha amabi ungasoloko ufumana into elungileyo. Njengakwimeko yobhubhane, owabangela ukuba abantu baqale ukufunda ngakumbi. Ngeli xesha lobunzima apho iinkampani zizama ukunciphisa umngcipheko kangangoko kunokwenzeka, ndicinga ukuba, en imeko yehlabathi lokushicilela, kunokwenzeka ukuba imisebenzi epapashiweyo ikhethwe ngakumbi kunye nomgangatho koko kuphuma kwimarike kungcono. Ngokubhekiselele kwimbono yam njengombhali, ndiza kuqhubeka nokubhala njengesiqhelo, imvula okanye imvula. Kuba andibhali ndicinga ngokupapasha umsebenzi, kodwa ngokunikela ngeyona nto ingcono kum kunye nabalinganiswa bam ngamaxesha onke. Emva koko, yakuba igqityiwe, siya kubona ukuba kuya kwenzeka ntoni kuyo. 


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.