Ukulinda uGodot

Indawo yaseIreland

Indawo yaseIreland

Ukulinda uGodot (Ngo-1948) ngumdlalo weqonga elingenangqondo elibhalwe ngumntu waseIreland uSamuel Beckett. Phakathi kwayo yonke ireferensi ebanzi yombhali, le "Tragicomedy kwizenzo ezibini" -njengoko yayinesihloko-sisicatshulwa esaziwa kakhulu kwihlabathi liphela. Kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele ukuba yayiliqhekeza elazisa ngokusesikweni u-Beckett kwindalo yeqonga, kwaye yamzuzela iNobel yeNobel yoNcwadi ngo-1969.

Inyaniso enomdla kukuba u-Beckett-ingcali yeelwimi kunye ne-philologist-wasebenzisa ulwimi lwesiFrentshi ukubhala lo msebenzi. Hayi ilize ushicilelo isihloko Yapapashwa phantsi kwemibhalo ebhalwe ngesiFrentshi ethi Les Éditions de Minuit, kwiminyaka emine emva kokuba ibhaliwe (1952). Ukulinda uGodot Inkulumbuso yeqonga ngoJanuwari 5, 1953, eParis.

Isishwankathelo somsebenzi

U-Beckett wahlulahlula umsebenzi ngendlela elula: kwizenzo ezibini.

Isenzo sokuqala

Kule ndawo, ibali libonisa UVladimir no-Estragon bafika kwinqanaba eliqulathe «Umendo ebaleni. Umthi. -Ezi zinto zigcinwa kuwo wonke umsebenzi- Ngenye imva kwemini. " Abalinganiswa banxiba ubuqhetseba kunye noburhabaxa. Bavela phi, kwenzeka ntoni kwixesha labo elidlulileyo kwaye kutheni banxiba ngolu hlobo kuyimfihlakalo epheleleyo.

UGodot: isizathu sokulinda

Yintoni eyaziwayo ngokwenene, kwaye umsebenzi unoxanduva lokwenza yaziwe kakuhle, yile balinde i "Godot" ethile". Ngubani, akukho mntu waziyoNangona kunjalo, isicatshulwa sinika lo mlinganiswa unamandla okulungisa ubunzima kwabo bamlindeleyo.

Ukuthengisa Ukulinda uGotot: ...

Ukufika kukaPozzo kunye noLucky

Ngelixa belinde lowo ungafikanga, uDidi noGogo - njengoko abalinganiswa abaphambili besaziwa njalo - incoko yababini emva kokuncokola ngokubhadula ngobubhanxa kwaye batshone kulonto "yokuba". Emveni kwexeshana, UPozzo - umnini kunye nenkosi yendawo abahamba kuyo, ngokutsho kwakhe- kunye nesicaka sakhe uLucky bajoyina ukulinda.

Pozzo itsaliwe njenge umntu oqhayisayo ocebileyo. Ukufika kwakhe, ugxininisa amandla akhe kwaye uzama ukubonisa ukuzithiba nokuzithemba. Nangona kunjalo, njengoko ixesha lisitsha kwintlebendwane, kuyacaca ukuba -njengabo bonke abanye abalinganiswa-usozimali uxakanisekile kwakule ngxaki inye: akayazi ukuba kutheni okanye kutheni ekhona. Unethamsanqa, ngenxa yakhe, ululamile kwaye uxhomekeke kwikhoboka.

Umyalezo otyhafisayo owandisa ukulinda

USamuel Beckett

USamuel Beckett

Xa usuku sele luza kuphela kungekho nto ibonisa ukuba uGodot uzakufika, kwenzeka into engalindelekanga: kuvela umntwana. Lo usondela apho uPozzo, uLucky, uGogo noDidi bazula khona y yazisa ukuba, Ewe kulungile U-Godot akazukuza, Kungenzeka kakhulu yenza imbonakalo Umhala olandelayo.

UVladimir no-Estragon, Emva kwezo ndaba, bayavuma ukubuya kusasa. Abancami kwisicwangciso sabo: kufuneka, ngazo zonke iindleko, ukudibana noGodot.

Isenzo sesibini

Kanye njengoko bekutshiwo, imeko enye ihleli. Umthi, kunye namasebe awo amnyama, ulinga nzulu ezantsi ukuze usetyenziswe kwaye uphelise isithukuthezi kunye nesiqhelo. UDidi noGogo babuyela kuloo ndawo kwaye baphinda imingxunya yabo. Nangona kunjalo, kwenzeka into eyahlukileyo xa kuthelekiswa nomhla odlulileyo, kwaye oko kukuthi baqala ukuqaphela ukuba bekukho izolo, njengoko imiqondiso yokuba bebelapho ibonakala.

Uyakwazi ukuthetha ngoko ukuqonda okwethutyana, nangona, ngokusebenzayo, yonke into iyaphindwa; uhlobo lwe "Groundhog Day."

Ukubuya kunye notshintsho olukhulu

Ngethamsanqa nenkosi yakhe bayabuya, nangona kunjalo, bakwimeko eyahluke kakhulu. Isicaka ngoku sisimumu, kwaye uPozzo unengxaki yokungaboni. Ngaphantsi kwale panorama yotshintsho olukhulu, ithemba lokufika lisaqhubeka, kunye neengxoxo ezingenangqondo, ezingenangqondo, umfanekiso wobomi obungenangqondo.

Njengosuku olungaphambili, umthunywa omncinci uyabuya. Nangona kunjalo,, xa babuzwa nguDidi noGogo, Umntwana uyaphika ukuba ebekhe wanabo izolo. Ewe ewe phinda kwakhona ziindaba ezifanayo: U-Godot akazukuza namhlanje, kodwa kungenzeka ukuba ngomso uza kuza.

Abalinganiswa bayabona kwakhona, naphakathi kokuphoxeka nokuzisola, Bavumile ukubuya ngengomso. Umthi onesizungu uhlala umile njengophawu lokuzibulala njengendlela yokuphuma; UVladimir no-Estragon bayayibona kwaye bacinge ngayo, kodwa balinde ukubona ukuba "ngomso" uza kuzisa ntoni.

Ngale ndlela umsebenzi uvuthondaba, unika indlela kwinto enokuba iluphu.

Uhlalutyo Ilinde iGogdot

Ukulinda uGodot, ngokwayo, kukuswela umsebenzi okusitsala ukuba yeyiphi na imini yomntu. Okuqhelekileyo kwizenzo ezibini zesicatshulwa —Ngaphandle kotshintsho olwenzeka ngamaxesha athile— kukuphindaphinda okuqhubekayo ayenzi nto ngaphandle kokubonisa uhambo olungenakulinganiswa lomntu ngamnye, inyathelo ngenyathelo, ukuya engcwabeni lakhe.

Ubuchule bokulula

Kukulula komsebenzi, nangona kubonakala ngathi yinto nje, apho ubuchule bakhe bulele khona, apho ubutyebi bakhe bulele khona: umzobo kwiibhodi ezibonisa ukungabi nangqiqo okujikeleze umntu.

Nangona u-Godot-ekudala elindelwe, lowo kudala elindelwe- engazange avele, ukungabikho kwakhe kubonakalisa umbono wentlekele yobudenge bobukho bomntu. Ixesha eqongeni lifumana isizathu kunye nezenzo ezithi, nangona zibonakala zingenangqondo, ngekhe zibengcono okanye zimbi kunabanye, kuba lowo ulindelweyo, ngendlela efanayo, akazokuza.

Nokuba kwenzeka ntoni, akukho nto iya kutshintsha ikamva lamadoda

Kumdlalo ofanayo ukuhleka okanye ukulila, phefumla okanye ungaphefumli, bukela imva kwemini isifa okanye umthi womile, okanye ube mnye nomthi kunye nembonakalo yomhlaba. KUNYE akukho nanye kwezi eya kuthi itshintshe ikamva elilodwa: ukufika kokungabikho.

U-Godot akangoThixo ...

USamuel Beckett ucaphula

USamuel Beckett ucaphula

Nangona kule minyaka bekukho abo bathi uGodot nguThixo ngokwakhe, U-Beckett wayikhaba ngaw 'omane le ndlela yokuqiqa. Ewe, nangona benxulumana ngokuyintloko nokulinda komntu ubuthixo kwiinkcubeko ezahlukeneyo, besebenzisa ukuqondana okulula negama lesiNgesi Thixo, inyani kukuba umbhali ubonakalisile ukuba igama lavela kwilizwi le-francophone uthixo, Oko kukuthi: "ukuqala", ngeSpanish. Ke ngoko, yintoni le yayilindelwe nguDidi noGogo?

Kwakhona Kukho abo baye banxulumana nomthunywa kaGodot kunye nomesiya wenkcubeko yamaJuda-yobuKrestu, kwaye kukho ingqiqo apho. Kodwa kuthathelwa ingqalelo oko kwathethwa ngumbhali, le ithiyori nayo iyalahlwa.

Ubomi: iluphu

Isiphelo besingangqinelani ngakumbi nayo yonke into ephakanyisiweyo emsebenzini, ngokuqinisekileyo. Ke ubuyela kwasekuqaleni, ukanti ufumana ukuqonda ukuba unguye, ukuba bekukho izolo lokulinda, ngokungathi okanye kungaphezulu kunegazi kunamhlanje, kodwa akukho ngaphantsi komso. Kwaye lowo uthi kufuneka eze uyaphika ukuba ebethethe izolo, kodwa uthembisa ukuba inokwenzeka ngomso ... njalo njalo, kude kube kukuphefumla kokugqibela.

Izimvo ezivela kubagxeki abakhethekileyo Ukulinda uGodot

  • «Akukho nto yenzekayo, kabini«, IVivian Mercier.
  • Akukho kwanto yenzekayo, akukho mntu uzayo, akukho mntu uhamba, iyoyikeka!«, Ongaziwayo, emva kwenkulumbuso eParis ngo-1953.
  • "Ukulinda uGodot, iyinyani kunengqiqo”. UMayelit Valera Arvelo

Ukukhangela Ukulinda uGodot

  • Umgxeki UKenneth BurkeEmva kokubona umdlalo, Uthe ikhonkco phakathi kuka-El Gordo no-El Flaco lalifana kakhulu neleVladimir ne-Estragon. Eyona nto isengqiqweni kakhulu, sisazi ukuba u-Beckett wayengumlandeli we Amafutha kunye namafutha.
  • Phakathi kwemvelaphi emininzi yesihloko, kukho enye ethi yenzeke ku-Beckett ngelixa bonwabele iTour de France. Ngaphandle kwento yokuba ugqatso belugqityiwe, abantu bebesalindelwe. USamuweli Ubuzile: "Ulinde bani?" kwaye, ngaphandle kokuthandabuza, baphendula abaphulaphuli "KuGodot!". Eli binzana lalibhekisa kuloo mntu wayekhuphisana naye owayeshiyiwe kwaye engekafiki.
  • Bonke abalinganiswa Bayathwala umnqwazi we isitya esisitya. Kwaye oku akuyiyo ingozi U-Beckett wayengumntu othanda uChaplin, kunjalo Yayiyindlela yakhe yokumnika imbeko. Kwaye emsebenzini kukho okuninzi kwe-cinema ethe cwaka, okuninzi okuthethwa ngumzimba, kwinto ethi cwaka, ngaphandle kokuthintela. Kule nkalo, umlawuli weqonga u-Alfredo Sanzol uchaze kudliwanondlebe no El País ukusuka eSpain:

“Kuyahlekisa, ucacisa ukuba uVladimir no-Estragon banxibe iminqwazi kwaye yiyo yonke loo nto behlala benxibe iminqwazi. Bendixhathisa. Inyani yile yokuba ndizamile iminqwazi kunye nezinye iintlobo zeminqwazi, kodwa azisebenzi. Kude kube ndiyalela ipleyiti kwaye, ewe, kuye kwafuneka banxibe izitya. Umnqwazi wokuphosa yiChaplin, okanye eSpain, uColl. Bacaphukisa uninzi lokuhanjiswa. Kum ibisisifundo sokuthobeka ”.

  • Ngexesha Ukulinda uGodot Yayilulindelo lokuqala olusesikweni luka Beckett kwindawo yokubonela, bekukho iinzame ezimbini zangaphambili ezingaphumelelanga ukwenzeka. Omnye wabo yayingumdlalo malunga noSamuel Johnson. Enye yayiyiyo Eleutheria, kodwa yacinywa emva kokuphuma kukaGodot.

Izicatshulwa ze Ukulinda uGodot

  • “Sisigcinile idinga, kuphelele apho. Asingcwele, kodwa sikugcinile ukubekwa. Bangaphi abantu abanokuthetha okufanayo?
  • “Iinyembezi zehlabathi azinakuguquka. Umntu ngamnye oqala ukukhala, kwelinye icala kukho omnye oyekayo ukwenza njalo ”.
  • “Ndikhumbula iimephu zeLizwe eliNgcwele. Ngombala. Intle kakhulu. ULwandle Olufileyo laluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka. Bendinxanwe ndijongile nje. Undixelele: sizakuya apho sichithe iholide yethu yasemva komtshato. Siza kuqubha. Siya konwaba ".
  • “UVLADIMIR: Ngale nto siligqithile ixesha. I-ESTRAGON: Bekuya kufana, kunjalo. VLADIMIR: Ewe, kodwa khawulezisa kancinci ”.

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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