Amaxesha aphakathi ngoSeptemba II. IArchpriest kaHita kunye neNcwadi yakhe yoLuthando oluLungileyo.

Kweli nqaku lesibini elinikezelwe Uncwadi lwamaSpain oluphakathi Awunakuphulukana nelinye lawona magama adumileyo: UJuan Ruiz, uBhishophu omkhulu waseHita. Ke namhlanje lixesha lokukhumbula inani lakhe kunye nomsebenzi wakhe ongafiyo, i Incwadi entle yothando, kunye nesibini se iziqwenga kukhethwe.

UJuan Ruiz, u-Archpriest waseHita

Akukho nto ingako eyaziwayo malunga nesazisi kaJuan Ruiz ngaphezulu kokuqonda kwakhe igama kunye nenqanaba. Kodwa kwiminyaka yakutshanje kuye kwakho uphando ngakumbi kwaye obona bukho bayo buyelelwe kwi-1330, umhla amgcina ngawo eToledo njengengqina kwisigwebo somgwebo.

Yiyo loo nto kuvela ukuba Archpriest weDiocese yaseToledo, ngoqeqesho olubanzi kwizifundo zakwalizwi nakwezomculo kunye noncwadi. Kwaye kamva iya kudlala iiofisi zecawa Ingamthatha, ngaphezulu kwako konke, ngo IHita, iGuadalajara kunye neAlcalá de Henares. Kwaye nangona kungakhange kwenzeke ukuba uchaze unyaka wokuzalwa, unyaka wokufa kwakhe, okanye iindawo, ababhali-mbali abaninzi bakufumene ukuzalwa kwakhe kwezi zixeko zibini.

Incwadi entle yothando

Yiyo le nto ubabhali omkhulu ngokwakhe wayibiza njalo ngaphakathi kokubhaliweyo kunye ne imibhalo-ngqangi Ezigciniweyo zinemihla ye 1330 kunye ne1343. Ibhalwe kwi ii-snippets ezingapheliyo kunye nomntu wokuqala, ikuvumela ukuba wandise okanye ungeze ezinye iziqendu ezinje nge amabali, iintsomi, amabali, iingoma okanye amazwi.

Ayinakulunga nakuluphi na uhlobo loncwadi lwamaxesha aphakathi, kodwa kubonakala ngathi sisishwankathelo sento ibikhona, ene Ukudityaniswa kwemixholo kunye neentlobo oko kwakukhuthaza abanye. Ewe kunjalo Incwadi yepicaresque eqokelela bonke abalinganiswa kunye neemeko, ujikeleze uthando ingakumbi, kuluntu lwelo xesha.

Iziqwenga ezibini ezikhethiweyo

Thetha uthando ...

Ukuba ufuna ukuthanda abanini okanye nawuphi na umfazi
izinto ezininzi kuya kufuneka uzifunde kuqala
ukuze afumane ukwamkela ngothando.
Okokuqala, jonga ukuba leliphi ibhinqa oza kulikhetha.

Ukhangele umfazi omhle, onomtsalane kwaye onempilo,
hayi mde kakhulu, kodwa ayifani;
ukuba unako, awufuni kumthanda umfazi okhohlakeleyo,
kuba akazi kwanto ngothando, umlimi kunye noxinaniso.

Ukhangele umfazi omncinci onentloko encinci,
iinwele ezimthubi, zingafakwanga ngehena;
amashiya ahlukene, made, aphezulu, elityeni;
isinqe esibanzi, obu bubungakanani bomnini.

Mkhulu, mhle, uyabonakalisa, amehlo aqaqambileyo
kunye neenkophe ezinde, zicace gca kwaye ziyahleka;
iindlebe zincinci, zibhityile; uyaxoka
ukuba inentamo ephezulu, yindlela abantu abayithandayo ngayo.

Impumlo ebukhali, amazinyo egazili,
alinganayo kwaye amhlophe kakhulu, ahlukene kancinci,
iintsini ezibomvu, amazinyo abukhali,
imilebe yomlomo wakhe ibomvu, imxinwa

Umlomo wakhe omncinci, kulungile, ngendlela elungileyo,
ubuso bakhe bumhlophe, akanaboya, ucacile kwaye ugudile;
Kuya kufuneka umbone kuqala ngaphandle kwehempe
kuba ukumila komzimba kuya kukuxelela: le aguisa!

***

UAristotle uthe, kwaye kuyinyani ...

UAristotle uthe, kwaye kuyinyani,
Indoda isebenza izinto ezimbini: eyokuqala,
yesondlo, kwaye eyesibini yayi njalo
ukuba ilandelwe yimanyano kunye nomntu obhinqileyo othandekayo.

Ukuba nditshilo, kunokugqitywa,
kodwa ifilosofi ithi, andinakubekwa tyala.
Akufuneki sithandabuze into ethethwa yindoda elumkileyo,
kuba ubulumko bakhe bungqiniwe.

Isilumko sithi inyaniso iyangqinwa ngokucacileyo;
amadoda, iintaka neenkomo, zonke izilwanyana ezisemqolombeni
ifuna, ngendalo, inkampani entsha rhoqo
Kwaye umntu ongaphezulu komnye umntu ohambayo.

Ndiyathetha ukuba umntu ongaphezulu, kuba ezinye izidalwa
kuphela ngexesha elinye abahlangana kunye, ngokwemvelo;
umntu, ngamaxesha onke, engenangqondo kwaye engenamlinganiselo,
Nanini na xa efuna kwaye angayenza loo nto iphambeneyo.

Umlilo ukhetha ukugcinwa eluthuthwini,
ngenxa yokuba ngokukhawuleza ityiwa ngakumbi iyacinywa;
umntu, xa esona, ubona kakuhle ukuba uyatyibilika,
kodwa ngemvelo, ingena nzulu ebubini.

Mna, njengokuba ndingumntu kwaye, ke ngoko, ndingumoni,
Ndaziva ndithanda kakhulu abantu basetyhini ngamanye amaxesha.
Into yokuba sizame izinto ayisoloko imbi kakhulu;
ukwazi okuhle nokubi kwaye ukhethe okuhle.
[...]


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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