Izinto ezimbi: Alasdair Grey

izidalwa ezihluphekayo

izidalwa ezihluphekayo

izidalwa ezihluphekayo -eyaziwa ngesiNgesi njenge Izinto ezimbi- yintsomi yesayensi, i-adventure, kunye nenoveli ehlekisayo ebhalwe yimbongi yaseSkotlani engasekhoyo, igcisa, kunye nombhali uAlasdair Gray. Umsebenzi wapapashwa okokuqala ngo-1992 yiBloomsbury Press. Emva kwexesha elide, ngo-2023, yaguqulelwa kwiSpanish emva kokuthandwa eyayifumanayo ngenxa yefilimu enegama elifanayo.

Esi sihloko yi-prolific Alasdair Grey mhlawumbi kakhulu eyaziwa ngcono ifilimu ephumelele ibhaso ekhokelwa Yorgos Lanthimos, ebhalwe nguTony McNamara kunye nabadlali staring ezifana Emma Stone, Ramy Youssef, Willem Dafoe kunye Mark Ruffalo. Nangona kunjalo, Inoveli kunye nefilimu ithatha iindlela ezahlukeneyo zefilosofi, ezopolitiko kunye nezobugcisa.

Isishwankathelo se Izinto ezimbi

Ukufundwa kwakhona kwabasetyhini baseFrankenstein okanye iPrometheus yanamhlanje

Uyilo oluphambili lwenoveli libonisa ibali likaBella Baxter ngokweendlela ezahlukeneyo, ibhinqa elineminyaka engamashumi amabini anesihlanu yokuqala yobomi liye lathotyelwa emthunzini. Oko kungacaci malunga nesazisi sakhe kuba nzima ngakumbi emva kokuba umhleli-odlalwa nguAlasdair Gray ngokwakhe-efumene iinkumbulo zomyeni kaBella ongasekhoyo, u-Archibald McCandless.

Kula maxwebhu, UMcCandless uthi umfazi wakhe wayeyimveliso yovavanyo lomcebisi wakhe wangaphambili, UGqr. Godwin Bysshe Baxter. UBella kuthiwa ufunyenwe ecaleni kwecala Ubungqongqo bomphefumlo emva kokuzibulala. Ekubeni isazinzulu sasingafuni ukumhlutha ilungelo lakhe lokufa, wafakela ubuchopho bemveku awayeyithwele esibelekweni sakhe waza wamdlulisela njengomtshana wakhe owayeyinkedama.

Ukubaluleka kweSkotlani kwi Izinto ezimbi

U-Alasdair Grey wazichaza ngokuba "ngumhlali waseScottish", kwaye loo ngcamango yangena kuwo wonke umsebenzi wakhe wemifanekiso kunye noncwadi ukususela ekuqaleni kwayo. Izinto ezimbi Akakhululwa kolu thando lwelizwe lakhe lokuzalwa, kodwa olu seto luba lelinye inqaku lenoveli. UGrey wathatha iGlasgow kwaye wayenza yaqhuba le volumu, ngokumnika indima ephambili.

Le yinto ephawulwe ekuqaleni komsebenzi, kuba ithetha ngokuhlonela ilungelo likaBella lokuzibulala, ekubeni ukumvuselela kunokuthetha ukuba anyamezele ukugculelwa, indawo yokukhosela okanye intolongo, ekubeni esixekweni "ukuzibulala kuyafana. ngempambano okanye ngolwaphulo-mthetho.” Nangona kunjalo, UMcCandless uchaza uBella njengendalo yenye indoda., ngoxa eqinisekisa ukuba la mazwi avela kumyeni wakhe alusizi.

Inkqubela yengqondo yomntwana

Emva kotyando kunye "nokwamkelwa" nguBaxter, uBella uqalisa ukuphuhlisa izakhono zakhe zokuqonda ngokukhawuleza. Lo mlinganiswa ubonakaliswa kukulangazelela kwakhe ukwazi ngehlabathi elimngqongileyo., eguqulela kwimvukelo yendalo ephula zonke iiparadigms ukuba uluntu lwaseScottish lwexesha lalisetyenziselwa ukunyanzelisa.

Ngokomgaqo, kwakucwangcisiwe ukuba isazinzulu siza kwenza uBella iqabane lakhe lothando, kodwa, ngokutsho kukaMcCandless, Wayenomdla ongagungqiyo wesini kwaye efuna ukwazi ihlabathi. eyathi, ekugqibeleni, yamkhokelela kwiingalo zamanye amadoda kunye nabasetyhini, kuquka u-Archibald ngokwakhe kunye negqwetha elibi eligama linguDuncan Wedderburn, apho umfazi ahamba naye.

Isityholo sokuthandana nengxabano kaWedderburn kunye noBella

Kamva kwingxelo, nguDuncan ngokwakhe "othatha umgangatho" kwaye watyhila ukuba ubalekele eSkotlani kunye noBella ukuze baphile uthando oluye lwavela ngokukhawuleza kunokuba kamva. Nangona kunjalo, emva kweli lizwi likaBella elibalisayo lingena kwaye lichaza imeko yakhe yobuqu. Uthi wafumanisa intlupheko e-Egypt, wasebenza kwindlu yoonongogo eParis, emva koko watshata noMcCandless.

ileta kaBella

Ekupheleni komsebenzi, ileta eyabhalwa nguBella Baxter ngo-1914 ichazwa kuyo, umbhali wayo udiza ukuba iziganeko ezichazwe kwingxelo yomyeni wakhe ongasekhoyo zibubuxoki, ekhanyela ukuba wazalwa phantsi kwengqiqo yenzululwazi kaGodwin. Ngokutsho kwamazwi akhe, Ungumfazi oguqukayo ohamba ngegama elithi Victoria.

Emva kwayo yonke le nto yokufuna inyaniso, kuphela kwento enokuqinisekiswa kuyo Izinto ezimbi kukuba abalinganiswa bayo abathembekanga, enika umfundi ithuba lokutolika iziganeko ngokwemiqathango yakhe, ngaphaya koko amaxwebhu "afunyenwe" ngu-Alasdair Gray express.

6 umahluko phakathi kwencwadi kunye nefilimu

  1. Umsebenzi ka-Alasdair Gray wenziwa eGlasgow, eSkotlani, ngelixa ifilimu kaYorgos Lanthimos isetwa eLondon;
  2. UGrey wayenoxanduva lokubonisa zonke iincwadi zakhe, kwaye wayesoloko ebanika isimbo sobugcisa semizobo emininzi emnyama namhlophe. Kwelinye icala, Ifilimu ine-eclectic "belle époque" yobuhle. kunye nezinto ezintle ezithi zinqwale kuHG Wells noJules Verne;
  3. Kwifilimu, zonke iinkalo zezopolitiko kunye nefilosofi malunga neScotland kunye nobudlelwane beli lizwe kunye neNgilani kunye nehlabathi lonke liyapheliswa;
  4. Ukulungelelaniswa kuthatha njengeyona nto iphambili kwiingxelo eziphambili zika-Archibald McCandless kunye noDuncan Wedderburn, beshiya imbono kaBella kunye nokuchasa kwakhe iitekisi zangaphambili;
  5. Ukwabelana ngesondo, okukule ncwadi kusetyenziswe njengesixhobo esibalisayo ukufuzisela ukuvuswa kukaBella, kucacile ngakumbi kwaye kuphindaphinda kwifilimu yefilimu;
  6. Isiphelo sazo zozibini izindululo sibodwa.

Sobre el autor

UAlasdair Gray wazalwa ngoDisemba 28, 1934, eRiddrie, eGlasgow, eSkotlani. Wafunda eGlasgow School of Art phakathi ko-1952 no-1957. Ngeli xesha linye waqalisa umsebenzi wakhe njengombhali. Emva kokugqiba isidanga sakhe sobugcisa Wayesebenza njengomzobi wemifanekiso kunye nomyili wemibhalo yerediyo kunye nomabonwakude. Kuwo wonke umsebenzi wakhe wokubhala upapashe amabali, izincoko, imibongo neenguqulelo.

Ngokunjalo, wabhala imidlalo apho wadibanisa izinto zokwenyani, umbono kunye nentsomi yenzululwazi. Umsebenzi wakhe kumdlalo ophakathi wamzuzela iimbasa ezifana neMbasa yeFiction Guardian kunye neSaltire Awards.. Nangona ingaqatshelwa ngokubanzi kulo lonke elaseYurophu, iGrey ihlala igugu lesizwe laseSkotlani, apho imibhalo yakhe yasekuqaleni igcinwa khona, kunye nayo yonke imisebenzi yakhe yobugcisa.

Ezinye iincwadi zika-Alasdair Grey

Novelas

  • ILanark (1981);
  • Ngowe-1982, uJanine (1984);
  • Ukuwa kukaKelvin Walker (1985);
  • Into yesikhumba (1990);
  • McGrotty kunye noLudmilla (1990);
  • UMenzi Wembali (1994);
  • Mavis Belfrage (1996);
  • Amadoda Amadala Ngothando (2007).

Iincwadi zamabali

  • Amabali angenakwenzeka, ngokubanzi (1983);
  • Funda amabali (1985);
  • Iintsomi ezilishumi zinde kwaye ziyinyani (1993);
  • Iziphelo zeTethers zethu: Amabali ali-13 ayaxolisa (2003).

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