Inqaba emnyama. I-horror, inzululwazi kunye nefantasy emnyama entshona nguStephen King.

Umzekeliso ngeNqaba emnyama yoKumkani

Indoda enxibe mnyama yayibaleka entlango, kwaye umpu wayemlandela.

Ngamabinzana amabini anamandla aqala ngayo Inqaba emnyama, isaga se UStephen King Umbhali ngokwakhe uyayiqwalasela umsebenzi wakhe wobugcisa. Umbhali waseMaine, owaziwa kakhulu ziinoveli ezoyikisayo ezinje It, noCarrie, okanye Imfihlakalo kaSalem, Ijika ibe ngumsebenzi wokubhala ongummangaliso Inqaba emnyama (omabini ngokomthamo, amanye amaphepha angama-4.500 XNUMX ewonke, kunye namabhongo obugcisa) konke ukuthanda kwakhe, iimpembelelo kunye neminqweno yakhe.

Kodwa yintoni Inqaba emnyama? Abanye baya kuthi ziiholide zenkwenkwe evela kwelinye ilizwe. Abanye, eluhlobo lwe INkosi yamakhonkco nguKumkani. Kwaye kuya kubakho nabo bathi luhlobo lokuzivocavoca ngetsimbi. Kwaye inyani kukuba zonke ziphosakele kwaye kwangaxeshanye zichanekile.

Ukufa kunye nokuhlanya kulindelwe kwindlela yomqhubi

Inyaniso yeprosaic yobukho bendalo iphela iyayiphazamisa i-pragmatist kunye nothando ngokwalo.

Inqaba emnyama luthotho lweencwadi ezisibhozo ezisibeka ezicathulweni ze IRoland Deschain yaseGiliyadi, yomnombo ka-King Arthur (kwade kwacetyiswa ukuba iinjubaqa zakhe, ezineempawu zobugqi, zazenziwe ngentsimbi ye-Excalibur). URoland ngoyena usindileyo wokugqibela kwi-chivalric odolo, kwihlabathi elinesahluko seklasi yamaXesha Aphakathi, kodwa ngetekhnoloji ye-XNUMXth century. Ayikaze icace gca ukuba uMbindi weHlabathi, njengoko ubizwa njalo, uyinxalenye yomlinganiso ofanayo, wexesha lethu elidlulileyo, okanye ikamva eliqikelelweyo apho impucuko iye yawa emva kwemfazwe yeathom.

Ngexesha lomlo wakhe, iqhawe kufuneka linqumle ubume bomhlaba obanzi (obujongeka ngathi yinto evela kwimovie yakudala yaseMelika) ukufumana indoda emnyama, umlumbi ongaqondakaliyo owatshabalalisa ubomi bakhe kunye nabo bonke abo abathandayo, njengoko ejonge umhlaba ubola ngeenxa zonke kuye. Nangona kunjalo, eyona njongo kaRoland ayisiyiyo indoda emnyama, kodwa ukufikelela inqaba emnyama, ikhonkco apho zonke iimeko ezikhoyo ezikhoyo kunye nezinto eziyinyani ziyahlangana. Kwaye ukufezekisa le njongo uya kuncama yonke into kwaye wonke umntu ahlangana naye endleleni yakhe.

Andisikhombisi isandla sam; olatha ngesandla ulibele ubuso bukayise. Ndolathe iliso lam.

Andidubuli ngesandla sam; otola ngesandla sakhe ulibale ubuso bukayise. Ndidubula ngengqondo.

Andibulali ngompu; obulala ngompu ulibele bubuso bukayise. Ndiyabulala ngentliziyo yam

Ukufuna kukaRoland iNqaba kuyinto enkulu njengoluhambo lokomfuziselo nolokomoya. Yiyo kanye inkcazo yeNqaba, isakhiwo esimnyama esimnyama esiya ngokungapheliyo, kwaye singqongwe yi Ngaba'-Ka Akukho Rey, Intsimi yeentyatyambo apho intyatyambo nganye ifanekisela enye yezinto ezikhoyo ezinokubakho kwizinto ezininzi, ngumbono wobuhle obubhlungu obumbongo.

Ukuqala kweNqaba emnyama

Imigca yokuqala ye Umphathi ngompu, umqulu wokuqala we Inqaba emnyama.

I-epic yanamhlanje

Elona gama lilungileyo lokuchaza iincwadi ze Inqaba emnyama ingaba eclectic. UStephen King waphefumlelwa yimithombo eyahlukeneyo yokuphuhlisa. Kwelinye icala, isiqu sebali sizalwe kumbongo U-Childe Roland kwi-Dark Tower wafika de URobert Browning (Ngo-1812-1889). Kwelinye icala, uhlobo lwe-epic yokukhangela, kunye nobukho beqela elihamba nomntu ophambili, basela ngokuthe ngqo Iintsomi zetolkien kunye Umjikelo weArthurian. Ukongeza, umlinganiswa kaRoland ngumfanekiso ocacileyo wokuchazwa kwe Clint Eastwood en entshona njengaye Okulungileyo, okubi kunye nokubi.

Los Iincwadi zeSaga ngokulandelelana kwazo Zizo zilandelayo:

  • Umphathi ngompu (1982)
  • Ukufika kwesithathu (1987)
  • IBadlands (1991)
  • Umlingo kunye noCrystal (1997)
  • Umoya ngeqhaga (2012)
  • Iingcuka zikaCalla (2003)
  • Ingoma kaSusannah (2004)
  • Inqaba emnyama (2004)

Inqaba emnyama ikhuthaze uninzi imisebenzi evela kwimveliso ethile, njengoko amahlaya, imidlalo yevidiyo, un ifilimu, neengoma ezifana Kwenye indawo kude ngaphaya yeqela Umgcini oyimfama, ebalisa ngeziganeko zikaRoland ngethuba lokufuna kwakhe iNqaba.

Zonke iindlela zikhokelela kwiNqaba

URoland wahlala evukile emamele amazwi asebusuku xa umoya usula iinyembezi ezidleleni zakhe.

Isigwebo? Usindiso? Inqaba.

Wayeza kufika kwiNqaba emnyama aze apho acule amagama abo.

Yeyona nkcukacha inomdla Inqaba emnyama yiloo nto inxulumene ngokupheleleyo nazo zonke ezinye iincwadi zikaKumkani. Abalinganiswa, indawo, kunye nezalathiso kwimisebenzi eyahlukileyo njenge Imayile eluhlaza, Ukukhanya o Inkungu. Ngobuchule obunokuthi ekugqibeleni la mabali aphele edibene, kwaye umbhali ngokwakhe ubonakala komnye wemiqulu njengomntu omnye.

Ngamafutshane, ukuba unomdla wokufunda into eyahlukileyo kunye entsha, ndincoma Inqaba emnyama. Ngamanye amaxesha inokuba namahla ndinyuka (into eqondakalayo xa kuthathelwa ingqalelo ubungakanani bayo), kodwa xa iyonke ngamava amnandi nawentsusa njengabanye abambalwa.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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