Isebenza nguGarcilaso de la Vega

Isicatshulwa nguGarcilaso de la Vega

Isicatshulwa nguGarcilaso de la Vega

Umsebenzi kaGarcilaso de la Vega uthathwa njengobalulekile kwiindlela ezichazayo zeRenaissance imibongo ngolwimi lweSpanish. Enyanisweni, imbongi yaseToledo igqalwa njengomnye woovulindlela bombongo ebudeni bexesha elibizwa ngokuba yiSpanish Golden Age. Nangona kunjalo, akazange ayibone nayiphi na indalo yakhe ebhaliweyo epapashwa ngexesha lokuphila kwakhe.

Yayingumhlobo wakhe omkhulu uJuan Boscán I-1487 - 1542 owaqulunqa imveliso yombongo kaGarcilaso waza wayipapasha (ipost-mortem) kunye nemibongo yakhe emininzi ngowe-1543. Kwandula ke, ngowe-1569, umshicileli waseSalamanca wapapasha umsebenzi womqambi waseToledo eyedwa. Kamva kwakuloo nkulungwane, eminye imibongo—eyayingekapapashwa ngelo xesha—yaqukwa kuluhlu lwembongi yaseSpeyin eyaziwayo namhlanje.

Imisebenzi kaGarcilaso de la Vega

Upapasho lokuqala lwemibongo yakhe

Yenziwe phakathi kwe-1526 kunye ne-1535, Umsebenzi omncinci ogcinwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku nguGarcilaso uvele okokuqala ngqa Imisebenzi yaseBoscán kunye neGarcilaso de la Vega (1543). Nangona kunjalo, abanye ababhali-mbali bathi mhlawumbi wabhala iingoma zemveli kwaye waba yimbongi eyaziwayo phakathi kweenkundla zaseCastilian ngexesha lobutsha bakhe.

Ngayiphi na imeko, UJuan Boscán wayesisitshixo sokulungelelaniswa kwevesi ene-hendecasyllable (ikekeliswe) kukwakheka kwemetrical yaseCastilian nguGarcilaso.. Le yokugqibela ilungelelanise kakuhle ubume bentetho yeCastilian ukuya kwisiTaliyane. Ngendlela efanayo, udibanise imibongo ye-neoplatonic eqhelekileyo kwimibongo kaTana yeRenaissance.

Iimpembelelo kunye neempembelelo

I-Boscán yayibalulekile kuxabiso lukaGarcilaso lwesihobe sendoda yaseValencia u-Ausiàs Matshi. Omnye umntu obalulekileyo ebomini bomqambi waseSpain nguPedro de Toledo, owaba nguViceroy waseNaples. Ngokuqinisekileyo, ukuhlala kukaGarcilaso (ngo-1522-23 no-1533) kwisixeko esisemazantsi e-Italiya kwaphawula ukudityaniswa kweempawu zePetrarchan kumbongo wakhe.

Ngowe-1526, imbongi yaseToledo yadibana noIsabel Freire de Andrade, elinye lamanenekazi ka-Isabella wasePortugal xa i-empress yexesha elizayo yatshata noCarlos I. Ngokutsho kwezinye izifundiswa, intombazana yasePortugal ibonakala njengomalusikazi u-Elisa kwiindinyana zikaGarcilaso de la Vega. Ngokucacileyo, oku kwachaphazeleka xa watshata noDon Antonio de Fonseca, uceba waseToro (Castilla) ngowe-1529..

Olunye uthando olufanele ukukhankanywa

Ngowe-1521, uGarcilaso wazala unyana ongekho mthethweni -nangona ifakiwe kwintando yakhe- kunye noGuiomar Carrillo, owaziwa ngokuba luthando lokuqala lwembongi yaseToledo. Eli nenekazi libizwa ngokuba yiGalatea kwi Ukungena kwe-I. Ukongeza, uMagdalena de Guzmán (umzala) nguCamila kwi-Eclogue II kunye noBeatriz de Sá omhle, umfazi womntakwabo uPablo Laso (okwabizwa ngokuba nguElisa).

Iimpawu zamazwi kaGarcilaso de la Vega

Umsebenzi we IGarcilaso de la Vega Ineeclogues ezintathu, iingoma ezine, iisonethi ezingamashumi amane, incwadi, i-ode kunye neengoma ezisibhozo. uhlobo lwemveli (olwe kwiivesi ze-octosyllabic). Kule ngqungquthela kunokwenzeka ukuxabisa kuwo wonke umlinganiselo wayo uhlaziyo lwemixholo kunye neentlobo ezisetyenzisiweyo ngaphakathi kwi-Renaissance lyric.

Ngaphaya koko, ezinye zeesonnet zikaGarcilaso kunye neeclogues zithathwa ngababhali-mbali njengomelo oluthembekileyo lwendoda efanelekileyo yeRenaissance. Ngaxeshanye, iivesi zakhe ngokuqinisekileyo zibandakanye iimetrics zengoma yesiTaliyane yesihobe kwiingoma zesiSpanish..

Izihloko

Uninzi lwee-sonnets zikaGarcilaso zezendalo yothando, phakathi kwazo, ezinye ezibhalwe ebutsheni bakhe zibonisa iimpawu zeculo lesintu. Endaweni yoko, ezo sonethi zidalwe kwiminyaka ekhulileyo ngakumbi yembongi yaseToledo zibonisa indlela ebonakalisa ngakumbi uvakalelo lweRenaissance. (ekwaqondakala kwiingoma zabo).

Sonnet XXIII

"Ngaphandle kokuba rose kunye nenyibiba

umbala uboniswa kwintshukumo yakho,

kwaye ukubonakala kwakho okunyanisekileyo, okunyanisekileyo,

ngokukhanya okucacileyo isaqhwithi esizolileyo;

 

kwaye ngoxa iinwele, leyo emthanjeni

igolide yanyulwa, yaza yabaleka ngokukhawuleza;

ngentamo entle emhlophe, eme nkqo,

umoya uyahamba, uyanwenwa kwaye wonakalise;

 

thatha kwintwasahlobo yakho eyonwabileyo

isiqhamo esimnandi, phambi kwemozulu enomsindo

gubungela incopho entle ngekhephu.

 

Umoya womkhenkce uya kubunisa irozi;

ixesha elikhanyayo liya kutshintsha yonke into,

ngenxa yokungabi nanguquko kwisiko labo”.

Indalo kumsebenzi kaGarcilaso

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, Ii-eclogues zikaGarcilaso zenza eyona ntetho iphezulu yetalente yakhe yobumbongi. Kuzo, abelusi abaliqela baxoxa ngemibuzo ephathelele uthando kwimeko efanelekileyo. Ngaphandle kobalo Ukungena II Yayiyeyokuqala eyabhalwa ngumqambi waseCastilian kwaye, phakathi kwabathathu bombhali wakhe, yaba yeyokuphela kwayo eyabonisa iyelenqe elimangalisayo.

Ukungena II (isiqwenga)

"Albanian

 

Ngaba eli liphupha, okanye ngokwenene ndiyadlala

isandla esimhlophe? Hayi, phupha, uyaphoxisa!

Bendikholelwa ngathi ndiyaphambana.

Yhoo ndihoye! uyabhabha

Ngamaphiko akhawulezayo ngomnyango we-ebhoni;

Ndalala apha ndilila.

Ngaba akwanelanga ububi obunzulu apho buvusa khona

umphefumlo uyaphila, okanye ukubeka ngcono,

ukufa bubomi obungaqinisekanga?

 

isalicium

Albanio, yeka ukulila, qu'en oíllo

Ndibuhlungu

 

Albanian

Ngubani na okhoyo kwisijwili sam?

 

isalicium

Nanku umntu oza kukunceda uzive.

 

Albanian

Ulapha Salicio? intuthuzelo enkulu

Ndandikwinkampani yakho embi,

kodwa mna kule nto ngokuchaseneyo nesibhakabhaka”.

Biography Garcilaso de la Vega

IGarcilaso de la Vega

IGarcilaso de la Vega

Ababhali-mlando abanakho ukuvumelana malunga nomnyaka wokuzalwa kukaGarci Lasso de la Vega (igama le-christening). Enye yezinto eziqinisekileyo ngalo mba kukuba wazalelwa eToledo phakathi kowe-1491 nowe-1503, kwintsapho yamanene eCastilian. Wayeyinkedama kayise esemncinane, kodwa oku akuzange kumthintele ekubeni afake amayelenqe ezopolitiko kubukumkani baseCastile..

Ubutsha bakhe kwiinkundla zaseCastilian

UGarcilaso oselula wafumana imfundo epheleleyo ngexesha lakhe kwiiNkundla zobukumkani. Apho, wafunda iilwimi ezininzi (isiLatini, isiGrike, isiTaliyane kunye nesiFrentshi) kwaye wadibana noJuan Boscán, ekusenokwenzeka ukuba unetyala lakhe kwimibongo yeLevantine. Ngowe-1520, imbongi yaba ijoni lasebukhosini; ukusukela ngoko wathatha inxaxheba kumaphulo amaninzi asemkhosini kwinkonzo kaKumkani uCarlos I.

NgoNovemba 11, 1523, uGarcilaso de la Vega wamiselwa eSantiago kwicawa yaseSan Agustín ePamplona. Kwiminyaka elandelayo, waqhubeka ethatha inxaxheba kuhambo olubalulekileyo lwasemkhosini (wonzakele kakhulu kwenye yazo). Ngelo xesha, ngowe-1525 watshata noElena de Zúñiga, udade boCarlos I waseSpeyin, awayenabantwana abahlanu.

Amaphulo omkhosi wokugqibela, ukuthinjwa kunye nokufa

Ngowe-1530, uGarcilaso wayeyinxalenye yohambo lwasebukhosini lukaCarlos I oluya eBologna, apho waba nguCharles V, uMlawuli Ongcwele waseRoma. Emva konyaka, wagxothwa (ngokuthatha inxaxheba kumtshato ongagunyaziswanga) kwisiqithi saseSchut (Danube), ngaphambi kokuhlala eNaples. Ngo-1535, wanqunyulwa iincula ezimbini emlonyeni nasengalo yasekunene ngoMhla waseTunis.

Kunyaka olandelayo, uCharles V waya kulwa noFrancis I waseFransi. Kungekudala emva koko, uGarcilaso wonyulwa njengenkosi yentsimi kuhambo lokuya eProvence. Apho, walimala kakhulu ekulweni ngexesha lokuhlaselwa kwe-Muy's fortification. Ekugqibeleni, imbongi nejoni laseToledo lafa eNice, ngo-Oktobha 14, 1536.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.