Imbali emfutshane malunga nayo yonke into: uBill Bryson

Imbali emfutshane phantse yonke into

Imbali emfutshane phantse yonke into

Imbali emfutshane phantse yonke into -okanye Imbali emfutshane phantse yonke into, ngesihloko sayo sokuqala sesiNgesi, ngumbhalo odumileyo obhalwe yintatheli yaseMelika, i- popularizer kunye nombhali uBill Bryson. Umsebenzi wapapashwa okokuqala ngo-2003 ngenxa yendlu yopapasho ye-Black Swan (e-UK), waza waphumelela imbasa ye-Aventis yeyona ncwadi ibalaseleyo yesayensi.

Kwiminyaka emibini kamva, Imbali emfutshane phantse yonke into Yaguqulelwa kwiSpanish yaza yahlelwa yiRBA Libros. Uvavanyo luye lwaphononongwa zizazinzulu ezininzi. Inyaniso, omnye unjingalwazi odumileyo wayichaza “njengengenampazamo ngendlela ekruqulayo.” Ngenxa yoku, umbhali wathi wayezithatha njengomntu ofuna inyaniso, ngoko ke uphando lwakhe lwaluzolile kwaye lungqongqo.

Isishwankathelo se Imbali emfutshane phantse yonke into

Indlela yokufikelela kwimbali yenzululwazi

Isincoko sikaBill Bryson inika ibali elinomdla malunga ukuvela kwenzululwazi, abalinganiswa bayo abaphambili kunye nendlela ababephila ngayo ubomi babo ngolwazi lwabo, uloyiso lwabo kunye neentsizi zabo. Umbhalo ulawula ukubamba iikhonsepthi ezisisiseko ezinxulumene nekhemistri, igeology kunye nefiziksi, izihloko ezizigubungela ngokulula nangokufaneleka. Mhlawumbi ngenxa yesi sizathu sokugqibela yaba yeyona ncwadi ithengiswa kakhulu eUnited Kingdom.

Ngo-2005 kuphela, isihloko sithengise iikopi ezingaphezu kwama-300.000, nto leyo eyenza ukuba ibe sisincoko esiphambili. kubafundi nabafundisi-ntsapho ehlabathini lonke, ekubeni ulwimi lwayo olulula noluhlekisayo lwenze kwalula ukufundwa ngabo bangaqeqeshwanga kangako kwinzululwazi, ngoxa bebanceda baqonde ezona nyaniso zisisiseko ngokusebenza kwehlabathi lenzululwazi.

Njengayo yonke into kwisayensi, oku kwaqala ngokuthandabuza

Ukwakhiwa kwe Imbali emfutshane phantse yonke into Yaqala ngelixa uBill Bryson wayebhabha phezu kwePasifiki. Ngelixa ewela ulwandle, umbhali waqonda ukuba wayengazi ukuba ubuninzi bamanzi emhlabeni benziwe njani, kunye nendlela abantu bokuqala baselwandle abavele ngayo. Ngaloo nto engqondweni, wanikela iminyaka emithathu yobomi bakhe kuphando ngoMhlaba kunye nendalo yonke.

Izisombululo zikaBill Bryson kwimibuzo ziye zanceda abafundi abaninzi ukuba bayiqonde ngcono indlela elisebenza ngayo ihlabathi. Umbhali wenze ukuba kufumaneke ebantwini ukudibana phakathi kwamabali ezona nzululwazi zibalaseleyo kunye neethiyori eziguqule inzululwazi njengoko yaziwa namhlanje, ukongezelela ekunikeni igalelo kulwazi lomntu malunga noko kungqonge umntu.

Ukuba awanelisekanga, bhala eyakho incwadi

Njengababhali abaninzi ngaphambi kwakhe, uBill Bryson wabhala Imbali emfutshane phantse yonke into ukuhlangabezana neemfuno zakho zokwazi. Ukunganeliseki koko akufumene kwezinye iincwadi zesayensi, Wathatha umngeni wokwenza isicatshulwa esiquka yonke imibuzo yakhe esisiseko. Njengoko egqabaza, kuye inzululwazi yayisisifundo esikude esikolweni.

Le nyaniso ithetha ukuba umbhali akazange anikele ngqalelo eyaneleyo ekufundiseni, kuba ii-encyclopedias neengcaciso zootitshala azizange zivuse umdla kuye, ngokubanzi, kuba azizange zihlolisise ukuba yintoni, nini, njani kwaye kutheni. Ngokuphathelele oku, wathi: "Kwaba ngathi—umbhali wencwadi yesikhokelo—wayefuna ukugcina izinto ezilungileyo ziyimfihlelo ngokuzenza zingaqondakali.«.

Isishwankathelo sesahluko sokuqala se Imbali emfutshane phantse yonke into

Isahluko I: Ilahlekile kwi-cosmos

Indlela yokwakha indalo iphela

Isincoko siqala ngengxoxo-mpikiswano esekho malunga nokudalwa kwendalo iphela. Eyona thiyori inefuthe kakhulu ithi ineminyaka eyi-13.700 yeebhiliyoni ubudala, kodwa uphononongo lusenabo abaluchasayo. Ngamafutshane, esi sahluko sijongana neBig Bang kunye nophando olwenziwayo malunga nalo.

Wamkelekile kwisixokelelwano selanga

Inkqubo yelanga ayipheli kwiPluto. Ngapha koko, kuqikelelwa ukuba umda wayo ujikelezwe lilifu le-Oort, indawo enkulu yamafu akhukulisayo amalunga ne-10.000 leminyaka ubudala. Kuninzi okuphunyeziweyo kumashumi eminyaka akutshanje, kodwa uBill UBryson uxoxa ngelithi asikho kufutshane nencam yomkhenkce.

Indalo yonke kaMfundisi uEvans

URobert Evans ngumfundisi wecawa yaseOstreliya yaseUnitarian. Indoda iphantse ithathe umhlala-phantsi ngokupheleleyo, kodwa inomdla oye wamkhokelela ekubeni abe liziko lengxoxo kuluntu lwezenzululwazi: ebusuku, uguqula umzingeli we-supernova. Eli candelo lichaza indlela iinkwenkwezi ezizalwa ngayo, eziphila ngayo nezifa ngayo, kunye nemisebenzi yazo kunye neendawo ezikuyo..

Izihloko zezahluko ezilandelayo ze A Brief History of Almost Everything

Isahluko II: Ubungakanani bomhlaba

  1. Umlinganiselo wezinto;
  2. abaqokeleli bamatye;
  3. Amadabi amakhulu kunye negazi lenzululwazi;
  4. Imiba yokuqala.

Isahluko III: Ixesha elitsha liyazalwa

  1. Indalo kaEinstein;
  2. Iathom enamandla;
  3. Ilothe, iklorofluorocarbons kunye nobudala bomhlaba;
  4. IiQuarks eMunster Mark;
  5. Umhlaba uyashukuma.

Isahluko IV: Iplanethi enobungozi

  1. Bang!
  2. Umlilo ongezantsi;
  3. Ubuhle obuyingozi.

Isahluko V: Ubomi ngokwabo

  1. Iplanethi eyedwa;
  2. KwiTroposphere;
  3. Ulwandle oluhlukanisayo;
  4. Imbonakalo yobomi;
  5. Ihlabathi elincinci;
  6. Ubomi buyaqhubeka;
  7. Sala kakuhle kuyo yonke loo nto;
  8. Ubutyebi bokuba;
  9. Iiseli;
  10. Ingcamango kaDarwin eyodwa;
  11. Izinto zobomi.

Isahluko VI: Indlela eya kuthi

  1. Ixesha lomkhenkce;
  2. Ibiped engaqondakaliyo;
  3. Inkawu engazinzanga;
  4. Sala kakuhle.

Sobre el autor

UWilliam McGuire Bryson wazalwa ngoDisemba 8, 1951, eDes Moines, Iowa, eUnited States. Wafunda kwiDyunivesithi yaseDrake, kodwa wabashiya ngo-1972 waya eYurophu nomhlobo wakhe. Kamva, umbhali Wasebenza njengentatheli kumaziko eendaba ezifana Ixesha y Ezizimeleyo. Ngo-2003, wonyulwa njengoMkomishinala weLifa leMveli yamaNgesi.

UBryson ubhale imisebenzi eliqela ngembali yolwimi lwesiNgesi, neqhwatyelwe izandla ngabagxeki nabafundi, nangona bekwajongelwa phantsi licandelo elithile lecandelo lezemfundo ngokuthathela ingqalelo ukuba baneziphoso eziyinyani. Ngaphandle kwale nto, IBill iyaqhubeka nokuthathwa njengombhali olungileyo kwindawo yolwazi lweelwimi.

Ezinye iincwadi zikaBill Bryson

Iincwadi malunga nesayensi

  • Kumagxa eZigebenga (2009);
  • Umzimba womntu (2019).

Iincwadi malunga nembali

  • Ekhaya: Imbali emfutshane yoBomi baBucala (2010);
  • 1927: Ihlobo elatshintsha ihlabathi (2015).

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