Ilizwe lakuloFernando Aramburu

Ilizwe lakuloFernando Aramburu.

Ilizwe lakuloFernando Aramburu.

patria uthathwa njengomsebenzi wokungcwaliswa kombhali waseSpain uFernando Aramburu, enkosi apho, ifunyenwe ngokuzeleyo ngeMbasa yeSizwe yokuBalisa ngo-2017. Libali elingahlambulukanga kakhulu malunga noluntu lwaseBasque phakathi kwemeko enzima yezopolitiko eyaxhokonxa ingingqi yaseBasque ukusuka kwisiqingatha sesibini senkulungwane yama-XNUMX ukuya ekuqaleni kwemillennium entsha.

Icandelo elaveliswa yinkqubo yenkululeko kwilizwe laseBasque libangele iziphumo ezinokubakho nanamhlanje, njengoko kubonisiwe yimiboniso yakutshanje exhasa ukukhululwa kwabantu abanxulunyaniswe nezenzo zeqela lokwahlulahlula i-ETA okanye kwimidlalo yebhola ekhatywayo phakathi kwe-Athletic Club de Bilbao kunye neReal Sociedad de San Sebastián, abalandeli babo abakhwaze ngokungcikiva ngezopolitiko. kwaye ngaphezulu kwesihlandlo esinye bade baya kufikelela ekujonganeni ngokwasemzimbeni.

Sobre el autor

UFernando Aramburu wazalelwa eSan Sebastián, eSpain, ngo-1959. Ukhulele kusapho olunengeniso ephantsi kwaye waphumelela i-1982 ene-BA kwi-Hispanic Philosophy evela kwiDyunivesithi yaseZaragoza. Wayeyinxalenye yokusekwa kweGrupo CLOC de Arte y Desarte, egxile ikakhulu kwi-surrealism nakwi-counterculture. Ukususela ngo-1985 wafudukela eHannover, eJamani.

Ilizwe laseJamani liya kuba yindawo yakhe yokuhlala, apho watshata, waba nabantwana bakhe ababini kwaye wakhonza njengomfundisi-ntsapho waseSpanish kwinzala yabafuduki eRhineland, umsebenzi awawenza de kwaba ngu-2009, unyaka awathi wagqiba ekubeni azinikele kuye kuphela kuncwadi. Ngelo xesha, u-Aramburu wayesele eneminyaka eli-14 okoko kwapapashwa inoveli yakhe yokuqala, Imililo yelamuni (1996).

Ukwamkelwa kwakhe kokuqala okubalulekileyo kwavela kwisandla sika Iminyaka ecothayo, Incwadi yakhe yesithandathu epapashiweyo, ophumeleleyo kwiMbasa yeNoveli yeeMbasa ngo-2011. Ukuphehlelelwa patria imihla evela ku-2016, ukubalisa kwakhe ngaphezulu kwamaphepha angama-600 kubundlobongela obuhlala kwilizwe lakhe lokuzalwa kwaba yimpumelelo phakathi kwabagxeki bokuhlela kunye noluntu, oku kungqinwa ngamabhaso akhe amaninzi awafumanayo, phakathi kwawo amabhaso abaGxeki ka-2017 kunye noFrancisco Umbral Ibhaso leNcwadi yoNyaka. Ayisiyonto lencwadi iye yaba enye yezona zifundwa kakhulu eSpain, Mexico, Argentina naseColombia.

Enye yeempapasho ezibalulekileyo zikaFernando Aramburu yile Ixilongo lase-Utopia (2003) Kuthathiwe kumdlalo bhanyabhanya onegama le Ngaphantsi kweenkwenkwezi (2007). Lo mboniso bhanyabhanya uya kuba uphumelele amabhaso amabini adumileyo eGoya. Umbhali waseBasque ukwagqamile kwikhondo lakhe njengomguquleli, imbongi kunye nombalisi wamabali wabantwana; Kwiminyaka yakutshanje uye wangena kuhlobo lwe-aphorism ngoshicilelo olwahlukeneyo (ikakhulu kwiphephandaba i-El País).

Ubume bempikiswano yePatria

Ngelixa impikiswano ye patria ijolise ngokukodwa kwingingqi yeBasque, inkcazo yeenkqubo ezikhokelela kubunzulu-bume bezopolitiko sisizathu esidlula kwimida, eneempawu eziqhelekileyo kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo apho zenzeka khona. Ngaphandle kwento yokuba ilizwe ngalinye linezinto zalo ezizodwa, iingxabano zommandla kunye nokwahlulwa kukaRhulumente phantse kuhlala kukhokelela kwiingxabano nasekufeni, akunakuphepheka?

UFernando Aramburu.

UFernando Aramburu.

Imiba efana nokuthethelelwa kwamalungelo oluntu, ubunqolobi, ubume benkcubeko kunye nokwahlulahlula usapho kunye noluntu ngenxa yesiseko seengcinga kubonisiwe kwimbali yamva nje yamazwe amaninzi. Amabali e-protagonists malunga nokonakala konxibelelwano phakathi kwabantu ahamba ngokukodwa kwisangqa sakhe somntu esisondeleyo.

Ibinzana lasekhaya nguFernando Aramburu.

Ibinzana lasekhaya nguFernando Aramburu.

Ngesi sizathu, patria Isifundo esinconyelweyo kakhulu sokuqonda iindlela zoBudlelwane baMazwe ngaMazwe kwihlabathi namhlanje. Ukongeza, uFernando Aramburu uyakwazi ukugcina umfundi ebambekile ukusuka ekuqaleni kuye esiphelweni kule noveli ngenxa yesitayile sayo sokubaliswa kunye nokubandakanywa kweziganeko zokwenyani.

Ukuphuhliswa kwamabali

Ingxabano yezopolitiko phakathi kwe-Eta kunye neLizwe laseBasque

IAramburu idale umsebenzi othetha ngesinye seziganeko ezimbi kakhulu (ukuba ayizizo ezimbi) ezenzekileyo kwimbali yakutshanje yaseSpain.. Ibonisa ukungqubana kwezopolitiko phakathi kwe-ETA kunye neLizwe laseBasque kuko konke ukurhaba. Olunye lweempawu zalo eziphambili kukuchazwa kweendawo ezahlukeneyo zokujonga, ukubonelela ngeli bali ngenqaku elifanelekileyo lokujonga ngokunika indawo kuwo onke amazwi abandakanyekayo.

Ubulungisa bebali

Ke uluvo lokuqala olufunyanwa ngumfundi yingqondo yobulungisa. Oku kunzima ukufezekisa ngokujonga ukuba kubuhlungu kangakanani kwiintsapho zamaxhoba. Ngokulandelanayo, ziyahambelana ngokupheleleyo kwingxelo efanayo imiqathango "yobunqolobi" kunye naleyo ye gudari (ijoni). Zombini ezi ngcinga zibhekisa kwindoda ye-ETA egwetyelwe ukuvalelwa entolongweni.

Incwadana igxile ebomini kwilizwe laseBasque emva kokuba i-ETA ilahlile umzabalazo oxhobileyo. Intlungu yeentsapho, zombini abo babuleweyo kunye nabo basentolongweni, kufuneka boyiswe ukuze bapholise amanxeba ukuze bakhe uluntu apho wonke umntu anokunyamezelana ukuba bahlale kunye ngoxolo. Ngaphezulu kwamaphepha angama-600 ngesihloko esinobuzaza anokuba yindinisa.

Ibali lokuntywilisela

Nangona kunjalo, ulwakhiwo lwabalinganiswa olwenziwa nguFernando Aramburu ngokukhawuleza luguqula umfundi. Umbhali wenza ubumnandi obulandelelanayo obuthelekiswa ngokugqibeleleyo nomoya oxineneyo noxineneyo apho kwenzeka khona iziganeko. Izinto ezingaziwayo ezijikeleze abanye babalinganiswa abaphambili azisombululekanga de kufike iphepha lokugqibela kwinoveli. Oku kungasentla bekubalulekile kwicala lombhali ukugcina umdla womfundi.

Ukwengeza, umbhali uchaza ngendlela ebalaseleyo abantu baseBasque. I-Aramburu yaqaqambisa isimilo esihle, ngokuthe ngqo, ngokunyaniseka kwabahlali kunye nendlela impikiswano yezopolitiko eyahlula ngayo abantu. Umbhali ubonakalise uloyiko njengeyona nto ichazayo ekuwohlokeni koluntu, ngaphaya kokugwetywa ngabanye abalinganiswa.

"Akukho mvo wobubi" njengeziko lesakhiwo sebali

I-Patria yinoveli ekhokelela ekubonakaliseni okunzulu ngabantu baseSpain kwiinkqubo zokwahlulahlula e-Euskadi kwaye, kutshanje, eCatalonia. Nangona engathethi ngokuthe ngqo malunga nokuba bekukho ukungcungcuthekiswa ngurhulumente waseSpain, u-Aramburu wayenza yacaca into yokuba icandelo lomthetho kufuneka lihlonitshwe ngalo lonke ixesha.

Ibinzana lasekhaya nguFernando Aramburu.

Ibinzana lasekhaya nguFernando Aramburu.

Ekugqibeleni, Kunokuthiwa owona myalezo unamandla ashiye umbhali nomsebenzi wakhe kukwazisa ukungabikho kobubi. Nokuba ivela phi na, akukho sizathu. Ayizonyani ezamkela imilinganiselo yesiqingatha okanye izikhundla eziphakathi, ububi abunakuthethelelwa phantsi kwazo naziphi na iimeko, nokuba zigqithile kangakanani. Ingongoma.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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