Iindidi zamabali

Iindidi zamabali

Ukucinga ngamabali phantse kuhlala kunxulumene nabaphulaphuli babantwana. Nangona kunjalo, oku akufuneki kube njalo njengoko zininzi iindidi zamabali. Ezinye zazo zijolise kubaphulaphuli abadala, ngelixa ezinye, ezinemixholo engaphezulu yabantwana, ziya kuba zezabantwana.

Kodwa zeziphi iintlobo zamabali ezikhoyo? Ithetha ngantoni nganye yazo? Ukuba ukwazi kwakho kukuthabathile, siya kuthetha ngako.

Lithini ibali

Lithini ibali

Ibali lichazwa njengebali elifutshane, elinokuthi okanye lingasekelwa kwiziganeko eziyinyani, kwaye abalinganiswa babo bancitshiswe. Impikiswano yala mabali ilula kakhulu kwaye inokuxelwa ngendlela yomlomo okanye ebhaliweyo. Kuyo, imiba yeentsomi ixutywe neziganeko zokwenyani, kwaye isetyenziselwa ukubalisa ibali kodwa nokunceda abantwana bafunde amaxabiso, isimilo, njl.

La Isakhiwo sebali sisekwe kumacandelo amathathu ichazwe kakuhle kuzo zonke:

  • Isingeniso, apho abalinganiswa baziswa khona kwaye baziswa kwingxaki abanayo.
  • Iqhina, apho abalinganiswa batyhilwe kwingxaki kuba kukho into eyenzekileyo ethintela yonke into ukuba ingabi ntle njengakwintshayelelo.
  • Isiphumo, esenzeka xa isisombululo sifunyenwe kuloo ngxaki ukuze uphinde ube nesiphelo esonwabisayo, esinokufana nesiqalo.

Zeziphi iintlobo zamabali ezikhoyo?

Zeziphi iintlobo zamabali ezikhoyo?

Asinakukuxelela ukuba kukho udidi olunye lweentlobo zamabali akhoyo, kuba kukho ababhali abazihlela ngokwamanani amakhulu kunabanye. Umzekelo, ngokwentetho "Ukusuka kwibali elithandwayo ukuya kwimbali yoncwadi" nguJosé María Merino, zimbini iindidi zamabali:

  • Ibali elidumileyo. Libali lendabuko apho kuboniswa ibali labalinganiswa abathile. Oku, kwahlulwe kube ziintsomi, izilwanyana, iintsomi namabali amasiko. Ukongeza, kuzo zonke ezo zihlomelo kuya kubakho iintsomi namabali, nangona bezingayi kubandakanywa kulwahlulo lwentsomi.
  • Iincwadi zoncwadi: nguloo msebenzi uhanjiswa ngokubhaliweyo. Enye yezona zidala zigciniweyo yi-Count Lucanor, ukwakhiwa kwamabali angama-51 aneemvelaphi ezahlukeneyo, ebhalwe nguDon Juan Manuel. Kukule didi likhulu apho sinokufumana ukwahlula okukhulu, kuba amabali ayinyani, imfihlakalo, ezembali, ezothando, amapolisa, intelekelelo ...

Abanye ababhali abaluboni olu luhlu kwaye qwa lasela ukuba ukwahlulahlula ngokwenyani ziindidi zamabali ezikhoyo. Ke, ezona zibalulekileyo ziya kuba:

Amabali entsomi amnandi

Ingachazwa ngaphakathi kweentsomi ezidumileyo, enye yezona zifundwayo kwaye ibonakaliswe ngokuba libali elingelilo eliyinyani, elenzeka ngexesha elingaziwayo nasendaweni kwaye kuvavanyo ekufuneka loyisiwe ukufikelela kwisiphelo esonwabisayo.

Iintsomi zezilwanyana

Kuzo abalinganiswa abaphambili ayingobantu, kodwa izilwanyana ezinobuntu. Ngamanye amaxesha izilwanyana zinokuhamba nabantu, kodwa ezi ziya kwenza ngasemva.

Iimbali zamasiko

Ngamabali apho ufuna ukugxeka uluntu okanye ixesha apho ibali libaliswa, ngamanye amaxesha ngokuxubusha okanye ukuhlekisa.

Umtsalane

Baya kubandakanywa kumabali okubhala, kodwa abaninzi bakholelwa ukuba banokuba ngamabali athandwayo. Kule meko, ibali lisekwe kwinto eyiliweyo apho umlingo, ubugqwirha kunye nabalinganiswa banamandla khona.

Yinyani

Ngabo baxelela izigcawu imihla ngemihla, ngazo abantwana banokuzazisa kwaye, ngale ndlela, bafunde.

Mistery

Babonakaliswe ngokufuna ukuba umfundi abambeke ebalini ngendlela yokuba aphile phantse ngokufana nomlinganiswa ophambili webali.

Uloyiko

Ngokungafaniyo neyangaphambili, apho kufunwa iyelenqe, apha luloyiko oluya kuphawula iyelenqe. Kodwa kukwajongwe ukuba umfundi afumane amava afanayo nawomntu ophambili, owoyikayo kwaye aphile uloyiko olubaliswayo ebalini.

Wokuhlekisa

Injongo yakho kukubonisa ibali elihlekisayo elenza umfundi ahleke, Nokuba kungokuqhula, iimeko ezihlekisayo, abalinganiswa abangaqhelekanga, njl.

Yembali

Ayichazi kangako inyani yembali, kodwa endaweni yoko basebenzisa inyani yokwenyani ukufumana abalinganiswa kunye nexesha nendawo, kodwa akufuneki bathembeke kwinyani.

Umzekelo, inokuba libali malunga noLeonardo Da Vinci ngenye imini xa wayethathe ikhefu kwipeyinti. Kuyaziwa ukuba umlinganiswa ubekhona kwaye ibali likweli xesha lesithuba, kodwa akufuneki ukuba ibe yinto eyenzekileyo ngokwenene.

Ezothando

Isiseko sala mabali libali apho umxholo ophambili luthando phakathi kwabalinganiswa ababini.

Mapolisa

Kubo iyelenqe isekwe kulwaphulo-mthetho, ulwaphulo-mthetho okanye ukucacisa ingxaki ngabalinganiswa abangamapolisa okanye abecuphi.

Kwinzululwazi

Zizo ezo zibekwe kwixesha elizayo okanye ngoku kodwa ngenkqubela phambili kwezobuchwephesha (ezingekabikho kubomi bokwenyani).

Yintoni eyenza ibali liwele kudidi olunye okanye kwelinye

Yintoni eyenza ibali liwele kudidi olunye okanye kwelinye

Khawufane ucinge ukuba uza kubalisa ibali kunyana okanye kwintombi yakho, kumtshana wakho okanye kumtshana wakhe… Endaweni yokuchola incwadi ze ubafundele, uqala ubalise ibali ngokulenza. Okanye ukubalisa enye osele uyazi. Ngokusekwe kulwahlulo olungentla, le inokuba yintsomi ukuba ijongana nokwahlulwa-hlulwa kwezo ntsomi.

Kwelinye icala, ukuba into oyenzayo ifunda incwadi yamabali, iya kuwela kwinqanaba lombhalo, kuba izakudluliselwa ngokubhala.

Ngokwenene Xa uhlela ibali, linokwenziwa ngeendlela ezininzi:

  • Nokuba kuyabaliswa okanye kuyafundwa (kubhaliwe).
  • Nokuba kuyathandeka, iintsomi, intsomi, amagosa asebupoliseni, isibini ...

Nokuba ezinye amabali anokuhlelwa ngokwamaqela amabini nangaphezulu okoko ngela xesha ikhathalogu inokwenziwa ngayo ngokuhambelana nabalinganiswa okanye ngokweploti. Umzekelo, cinga ukuba abalinganiswa zizilwanyana ezineempawu zomntu (bayathetha, baqiqe, njalo njalo). Siya kuba sijamelene nentsingiselo yezilwanyana. Kodwa kuthekani ukuba abo bantu bangabacuphi abaphanda malunga nokuphanga ehlathini? Sele singena kwingxelo yabantwana yamapolisa.

Musa ukunika ukubaluleka kokufuna ukwahlula incwadi. Kuphela ngabapapashi abazihlela kwaye benza njalo ukugcina "iodolo" kwikhathalogu yabo yeencwadi, kananjalo nokwazi ukuba zeziphi iincwadi ekufuneka bezipapashile nezingafanelekanga. Kodwa xa kusiziwa ekucingeni ngabafundi, baya kufunda amabali ngokusekwe kwiincasa zabo, bakwazi ukudibanisa iintlobo kwaye, ngenxa yoko, babeyintsusa ngakumbi ukubamangalisa.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
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