Luis Landero: iincwadi

Isicatshulwa nguLuis Landero

Isicatshulwa nguLuis Landero

Ngowe-1989, indlu yokushicilela yaseTusquets yapapashwa Ukudlala kade, incwadi yokuqala kanjingalwazi uLuis Landero—ebengaziwa ngabafundi beSpanish de kube ngoko. Ukukhululwa okuthe kwayifanele iMbasa ye-Icarus yababhali abatsha, iMbasa yeCastilian Critics kunye neNational Narrative Award, phakathi kwabanye.

Emva kokubhalwa kwencwadi enjalo, umbhali wase-Iberia uye waphila ngokulindelekileyo kwincwadi entsha nganye. Hayi ilize, isimbo sakhe siye sanconywa kakhulu ngenxa yokhathalelo lolwimi kunye nokwakhiwa kunye "neengcambu zeCervantine”. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, uLandero upapashe iinoveli ezilishumi elinanye, ii-autobiographies ezimbini, isincoko kunye neetekisi ezimbini zokuhlanganiswa kwamanqaku oshicilelo kunye nomabonwakude.

Isishwankathelo sezona noveli zibalaseleyo zikaLuis Landero

Ukudlala kade (1989)

Umlinganiswa ophambili ngu UGregory Olias, indoda ephakathi kweengxaki zobomi obuphakathi ezibona njengentsilelo ekruqulayo. Ngenxa yoko, yena uthatha isigqibo sokwakha indalo iphela kunye nomhlobo wakhe uGil, omnye umntu oqolileyo nophoxekileyo. Yile ndlela uFaroni wazalwa ngayo, injineli ecingelwayo enetalente yeembongo, i-prototype yesibindi, umzekelo wempumelelo ... ukuchasana nabadali bakhe.

Ngokuqinisekileyo, iimpawu ezibalisayo ezikhankanywe kumhlathi ongaphambili isakhelo sebali ngaphakathi kwesubgenre ye ubunyani bomlingo. Ngokufanayo, Uphuhliso luhamba phakathi kwamaphupha kaGregorio amakhulu kunye neziphumo zezenzo zikaFaroni. Ehlabathini lokwenyani. Kodwa, kungekudala okanye kamva uOlías akayi kukwazi ukukuphepha ukungqubana nokuphoxeka kwakhe. Ngaba uya kukwazi ukuzoyisa?

I Knights zethamsanqa (1994)

Abantu abahlanu abaneemeko ezahlukeneyo ezikhoyo baphela bedibana kwaye badibanisa iindawo zabo kwiyelenqe elibi.. Bonke banomnqweno ofanayo wokugqiba iiprojekthi ezinkulu, kodwa bazive bengonwabanga ngokungafezeki iinjongo zabo. Ngendlela, indawo yeziganeko yidolophu efana kakhulu ne-Albuquerque, idolophu apho uLandero wazalelwa khona.

Abalinganiswa

  • Esteban: es umntu onyulu oguqula imbono yakhe xa ewazi onke amandla avela emaliniKe ngoko, uthatha isigqibo sokuba ngusozigidi kuzo zonke iindleko.
  • Luciano: es umfundisi ozinikeleyo obukho bakhe bugungqiswayo emva kokufumana uthando.
  • Belmiro: es ixhego elichubekileyo, elilibalayo yonke imimiselo yalo emva kokugqabhuka okungenangqondo.
  • UDon Julio: es umrhwebi obekekileyo onezipho (engakhange acingelwe nguye kuqala) kwezopolitiko.
  • amelia: es inenekazi elingenazigqibo phakathi kwenkanuko yomlilo (kunye nempikiswano) yomfana kunye nokhuseleko olunikezelwa ngumkhwenyana omdala.

Igitare (2002)

Inoveli yesine kaLandero ibonisa—njengenkoliso yeencwadi zakhe—iimeko ezahlukahlukeneyo zobomi bomntu. Ngokukodwa, iinkumbulo zika-Emilio, umbalisi oyintloko, zineengqalelo kunye nee-anecdotes ezikhutshwe kulutsha lombhali wase-Badajoz. Nangona iinkcazelo zibonakalisa ukuba nokwenzeka, kumsonto wengxelo iinkumbulo ezingeyonyani zibhidaniswa nezo zokwenyani.

Kwimeko nayiphi na into, ezi ntlobo zimbini ze-evocations zichaza ukufunda okuxabisekileyo ngokweemvakalelo kunye novelwano olufunyanwa ngumbalisi ngexesha lobomi bakhe njengegcisa. Ngelo xesha, Iimfuno "zenyaniso yasemhlabeni" zenza idiatribe malunga neenkqubo ezimbini (ngokucacileyo) yeyabathile macala. Ngaba kunokwenzeka ukuvuthwa ngelixa usondla amaphupha?

Namhlanje, iJupiter (2007)

Ingxelo iveza ubunyani babalinganiswa ababini abazalwa benethamsanqa elahlukileyo. Kwelinye icala nguDámaso, umlimi oselula ozele buburhalarhume ngenxa yokukhuliswa ngendlela engqongqo nengenaluvelwano ayifumana kuyise. Ngenxa yokuba lo mva wayefuna ukunciphisa iintsilelo zobutsha bakhe ngokuqonda unyana. Omnye umlinganiswa ophambili nguTomás, umfundisi-ntsapho owaziwayo woLwimi noNcwadi nobukho obungachazwanga.

Ngokukwanjalo, unjingalwazi ukhathazwa kukungavisisani kwangaphakathi phakathi komoya wakhe wokoyisa nokuvisisana kwakhe. Nangona kunjalo, ukubonakala kwentombazana eneminyaka eyi-16 ubudala kuguqula ngokupheleleyo ubukho bakhe. Ekugqibeleni, iindlela ekuqaleni zikude eDámaso kunye noTomás zidibana kwindawo yaseMadrid. Olo ntlanganiso lubalulekileyo lubanceda baqonde intsingiselo yobomi babo.

Ukuzibandakanya (2012)

Ilineni uyindoda ehlaselwe yimvakalelo eqhubekayo yokungaqiniseki ngenxa yokungakwazi ukushiya ngasemva amashwa exesha lakhe langaphambili. Ngokucacileyo, imiphumo yokungcungcuthekiswa kukufikisa iyamthintela ekubeni alikholelwe ikamva lakhe elithembisayo. Nkqu naye akakwazi ukuzikhulula kwixhala lakhe nangona enesipho esivumelanayo phakathi kwenjikalanga entle yasentwasahlobo.

Ekuqaleni kwencwadi, i-protagonist ineentsuku ezine kuphela ukutshata noClara, intombi kaMnu Levin, umnini wehotele apho wayesebenza khona. Uhambo losuku luphawula isidlo sangokuhlwa sentsapho ukubhiyozela kunye. Nangona kunjalo, ngaphambi kokufika kwidinga ubandakanyeka kwingxabano yesitrato kwaye zonke iintlungu zakhe zangaphambili ziphuphuma kwiingcamango zakhe.

Ubomi bukaLuis Landero

ULuis Landero

ULuis Landero

U-Luis Landero Durán wazalwa ngoMeyi 25, 1948, kwintsapho yasekhaya yaseAlburquerque, eBadajoz, eSpain. Wahlala apho ebuntwaneni bakhe de kwafika ngo-1960 wafudukela nabazali bakhe eMadrid. Xa wayekwishumi elivisayo waqala ukuziqhelanisa nekatala ye-flamenco, wada waba yimvumi enobuchule kwaye waba neqela kunye nomzala wakhe.

Ikhondo lomsebenzi

Kwangaxeshanye neentambo, uLuis oselula wahlakulela uthando olunzulu ngoncwadi waza wenza imisebenzi eyahlukahlukeneyo ukuze akwazi ukuhlawulela izifundo zakhe eziphakamileyo. EMadrid wathweswa isidanga kwi-Hispanic Philology kwiYunivesithi yaseComplutense (kamva waba ngunjingalwazi apho). Kwikomkhulu laseSpain, uLandero naye wasebenza kwiziko laseCalderón de la Barca nakwi-Escuela Superior de Arte Dramatico.

Kamva ngeminyaka yoo-1980, waba ngunjingalwazi woLwimi lweSpanish kunye noNcwadi kwiYunivesithi yaseYale. Ekugqibeleni, ukwamkelwa kwafunyanwa emva impumelelo evakalayo ye Ukudlala kade wamvumela ukuba azinikele ngokupheleleyo ekubhaleni. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, umbhali wase-Alburquerque upapashe iincwadi ezili-16 ezibandakanya iinoveli, i-autobiographies, imibhalo yokudibanisa kunye nezincoko.

Ezinye iincwadi zikaLuis Landero

  • Umfundi ofundela imilingo (1999). Inoveli
  • Phakathi kwemigca: ibali okanye ubomi (2000). Uvavanyo
  • Lo ngumhlaba wam (2000). Ukuqulunqwa kombhalo wenkqubo kamabonakude
  • Ndizicheba njani iinwele zam, mhlekazi? (2004). Ukuqulunqwa kwamanqaku eendaba
  • Umfanekiso wendoda engekavuthwa (2009). Inoveli
  • Imvula entle (2019). Inoveli
  • Balcony ebusika (2014). I-autobiography
  • Ubomi obunokuxoxwa (2017)
  • Igadi yeziqhamo kaEmerson (2021) Inoveli
  • ibali elihlekisayo (2022) inoveli ye-autobiographical.

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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