Iincwadi oza kuzinika umhlobo wakho

Iincwadi oza kuzinika umhlobo wakho

Umhla wokuzalwa uyafika, iKrisimesi, uSuku lweeNcwadi..., kwaye awazi ukuba leliphi ibali omawulikhethele loo mntu ukhethekileyo othanda ukutya iincwadi. Ngokwenene, naliphi na ixesha lixesha elifanelekileyo lokunika incwadi. Ngaba sele uyazi ukuba yiyiphi obuya kuyinika, ngokomzekelo, kumhlobo wokwenene?

Kweli nqaku sikunika iingcebiso. Lukhetho olwahlukileyo phakathi koncwadi lwakudala, oluthengiswa kakhulu kunye nemisebenzi ehlangulwe kumashumi eminyaka akutshanje. Ibingeyonjongo yethu, kodwa uninzi ngamabali abhalwe ngabafazi. Phuma; yeyiphi ongathanda ukuyongeza kuluhlu?

UValeria Saga

Ukufika kukaValeria kufumene udumo olunjalo phakathi kwabafundi kangangokuba ubomi bale ntombazana buye bahlengahlengiswa kwiscreen ngo-2020 Netflix. Ngempumelelo enkulu yoluntu phakathi Valeria kunye neencwadi ezibhalwe ngu-Elisabet Benavent (1984) zikwakhona iiyantlukwano ezimbalwa. Bavumelana ngezinto ezibalulekileyo, ewe: Iqela labahlobo babelana ngobomi babo, impumelelo yabo yothando kunye nokusilela. Umlinganiswa oyintloko, uValeria, ungumbhali wothando. Ngokumalunga neploti malunga nethoni akunakuphepheka ukuqaphela into ethile Zesini kunye nesiXeko, kodwa, endaweni yaseNew York, amantombazana ethu aseMadrid.

Ezinye iiyantlukwano phakathi koluhlu kunye neencwadi zihamba ngabalinganiswa bazo. I-Nerea kwi-series ine-orientation eyahlukeneyo yezesondo kunye nejelo lobufazi njengomcimbi wangoku. UValeria, kwicala lakhe, ufumana ibhloko yokuyila ekuqaleni kwifomathi kamabonwakude kwaye akakapapashwa.

Valeria. Iincwadi

  • Kwizihlangu zikaValeria (2013)
  • UValeria kwisipili (2013)
  • Valeria ngombala omnyama nomhlophe (2013)
  • UValeria uhamba ze (2013)
  • Idayari kaLola (2015)

Ibali lesicakakazi

Enye imveliso enkulu iphume kwinoveli kaMargaret Atwood (1939). Kananjalo ngaphandle kwamahluko ambalwa phakathi kwe-HBO series kunye nencwadi. Ibali lesicakakazi (1985) yi-dystopia ebekwe kwixesha elimnyama. Iqela lamadoda liye lathatha igunya lendawo elaliyibiza ngokuba yiUnited States. IGiliyadi lilizwe elinobuzwilakhe elisekela imithetho yalo kwimithetho kaThixo. Ikwahlukanisiwe nehlabathi liphela, kwaye abafazi baphulukene neentsapho zabo, inkululeko yabo kwanobuntu babo.

Ingqikelelo iyoyikeka mhlawumbi ngenxa yokuba sifumana ukufana kobunyani bethu Kwiminyaka engamashumi amane emva kokupapashwa kwe I-Tale's Handmaid's Tale. Oku mhlawumbi kungenxa yokuba imveliso ye-audiovisual ibe yimpumelelo. Lo Msintsi kuza isizini yesihlanu kolu luhlu.

Umahluko ophambili phakathi koluhlu kunye nenoveli

  • Ubuntu bukaOffred (Inikezelwe, kwinguqulelo yokuqala), iqhawekazi lebali, unamandla ngakumbi kuthotho kunasencwadini.
  • Ulandelelwano lwebali kunye neziganeko zitshintshwa phakathi kweefomathi ezimbini. Inovelikananjalo ichaza ngakumbi.
  • Abekho abalinganiswa abamnyama kule noveli, kuba ukuhlengahlengiswa kobuhlanga kwimbali kuyayithintela.
  • Ifomathi ye-HBO yandise isicwangciso esisaziyo. Ibali lencwadi laqhubeka kuphela nguAtwood nge Iminqweno (2019), umbono ka-Anti uLydia emva kweziganeko zencwadi yokuqala.

Igumbi lam

Igumbi lam (1929) sisincoko sakudala esibuza ukunqongophala okupheleleyo kokuzimela okuthe kwafunyanwa ngabasetyhini ukutyhubela iinkulungwane. UVirginia Woolf (1882-1941) ubanga ilungelo lokuzimela kwezoqoqosho kunye nendawo yokusebenza, kwimeko yabasetyhini abanomsebenzi wabo obhalayo.. Ngokungathandabuzekiyo isicatshulwa esikrelekrele esinombono wobufazi, kodwa sijolise kumsebenzi woncwadi wabasetyhini.

Izele ziindlela ezibambekayo kwimeko ethile yezentlalo nezopolitiko (khumbula ukuba ilungelo lokuvota labasetyhini liphunyeziwe kwiminyaka embalwa eyadlulayo eNgilane). Nangona kunjalo, okubhaliweyo kuyasebenza ngokupheleleyo. Misela into ethandwa ngumntu wonke:

Umfazi kufuneka abe nemali kunye negumbi lakhe ukuze akwazi ukubhala iinoveli.

tristana

tristana (1892) yiSpanish classic yoncwadi oluyinyani. Umbhali wayo ngomnye wababali ababalaseleyo bolwimi lwesiSpanish kwimbali: uBenito Pérez Galdós (1843-1920). Izizathu ezibini ezikhulu zokubandakanya le noveli encinci (ngokufutshane) kolu luhlu. Lo mdlalo uguqulelwe kwifilimu yenye inkcuba-buchopho, uLuis Buñuel. Ifilimu ka-1970 yadlala uCatherine Deneuve kunye noFernando Rey.

Sisityholo esimalunga nenkululeko yabasetyhini ekupheleni kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX; ke ngoko, yayiyinoveli ephikisanayo nephambili. Nangona kunjalo, iinzame zikaTristana zokufumana ukuzimela ziphazamiseke ngokulusizi luluntu lwelo xesha kunye nentlupheko ejikeleze ubomi bakhe obutsha.

Abalinganiswa abangamadoda bayamrhintyela, bamkhohlise, baze bamphathe ngokuzithoba okoyikekayo. Uhlala kuhlobo lokuxhwilwa kwaye amaphupha akhe wonakaliswa. Inkululeko ayize ifike kuTristana, umntu ophuphayo nomphefumlo ongenangqondo, ekufuneka afunde ukwamkela ukungaphumeleli kunye nelahleko..

Madam Bovary

Umsebenzi kaGustave Flaubert (1821-1880) owapapashwa ngo-1856 ngumsebenzi wokwenyani ngokunjalo. Yandulela eminye yale ntshukumo yoncwadi, njenge tristana. Nangona kunjalo, Madam Bovary umlinganiswa wayo ophambili ngumfazi eyahlukileyo kakhulu Tristana oselula. Ikhohlakele ngakumbi kwaye ayinangqondo; kwaye uthatyathwe ziimvakalelo ezingento yanto kwaye ulunge kakhulu.

Ngokufanayo, imiphetho ye-protagonist inomdla kakhulu, kuba ibonisa umfazi njengomntu ongumntu, kunye nezibane zakhe kunye nezithunzi. Ekubeni ungabi ngumfazi kuya kufuneka uvumelane nobuntu obucacileyo kunye nobubele, okanye ububi obupheleleyo. Ngenxa yokuba ekugqibeleni, uMama Bovary akayonto ngaphandle komntu okhangela ulonwabo okanye intsingiselo ekhoyo ngaphaya koko kwakucetywayo kumfazi otshatileyo we-bourgeois ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX.

Madam Bovary ikwasisigxeko soluntu lwamanxila ngelo xesha. Omnye wemisebenzi engcono kakhulu yexesha lonke eyabangela i-scandal ngelo xesha kwi-protagonist engavamile.

umphathi wobomi bakho

Le yincwadi onokuthi uyibhale. Uya kuqalisa uhambo lokuzazi ukuze ube nguwe olawula ubomi bakho. umphathi wobomi bakho (2019) unenjongo yokukhupha eyona nguqulelo ilungileyo kuwe. Ijoliswe kwinqanaba lobuchwephesha okanye lobuqu, oko kuxhomekeke kuwe. Y lonke iphepha kunye nosiba: ewe, sijongene nenguquko ye unyango lwephepha.

Incwadi iyilwe nguCharo Vargas (charuca), umfazi owathi ngenye imini wagqiba ekubeni atshintshe ubomi bakhe kwaye ngoku uyinkokeli yentlangano kunye nemveliso enempilo. Ngeencwadana zakho, ii-ajenda kunye nale ncwadi, ikunika izitshixo kunye nokuzivocavoca ukukunceda ukuba umisele ezo projekthi kunye neengcinga ezisentloko yakho kuphela ukuze ukwazi ukuthatha inyathelo kwaye uzenze zibe zizinto ezibonakalayo. Yincwadi eluncedo neyonwabisayo onokuthi uyibhale kwakhona xa ufuna njalo.

Kufuneka sithethe ngoKevin

Kufuneka sithethe ngoKevin (2003) libali eliyolisa ngokuba ngumamaikhuliswe njengentsomi. Yazalwa ngosiba lombhali waseMelika uLionel Shriver (1957). UEva usasaza umothuko awaba nawo nosapho lwakhe kwixesha elidlulileyo ngokubhala ezinye iileta.

U-Eva wayekade engumphefumlo okhululekileyo, enomdla ngomsebenzi wakhe, njengoko wayengumbhali ophumelelayo wesikhokelo sohambo.. Kwaye kwakungekho mbuzo wokuba nabantwana konke konke. Ngoku akukho nto iseleyo kuye. Ulahlekelwe yiyo yonke into. Mhlawumbi unazo kuphela iileta azibhalela owayesakuba ngumyeni wakhe noyise womntwana wakhe. Kwaye mhlawumbi uzama nje ukufumanisa into ayenzileyo engalunganga kangangokuba unyana wakhe uKevin, imfihlakalo kuye, wajika waba yi-monster. Umlingiswa wakhe yi-rag ebonakalisa ububi, indima yakhe njengomama kunye nokukwazi ukuthanda.

Ukulungiswa kwefilimu kwakhululwa kwi-2011 kwaye yayilawulwa nguLyanne Ramsay. Kwinoveli, ibali leepistolary likhathaza umfundi ngendlela efanayo nemiboniso bhanyabhanya ikushiya unesikhewu ekunzima ukusichaza. Ewe, eli libali le-macabre elikushiya ubanda kwaye ungathethi. Yintoni enokuba yintshukumisa yento ebonakala ingenakuthetheleleka?

I-Modernita iyazibuza: yintoni eqhelekileyo?

IModernita ngumbono omncinci womsebenzi womzobi uRaquel Córcoles (1986), owaziwa ngokuba yiModerna de Pueblo.. Umxholo walo mzobi uye waba nefuthe elikhulu kuthungelwano ngenxa yomlinganiswa wakhe osuka kwiModerna de Pueblo, intombazana evela kwisizukulwana se-millennial eguqula iindibano zijonge phantsi ngomqondo wokuhlekisa.

Liphondo lanamhlanje eliqhawula uburharha kunye nempoxo kunye ne-archetypes ngokwesiko eyenziwe eluntwini. Ithetha ngeengxaki ezijongene nesizukulwana sonke kwisixeko esikhulu. Abo babiza ngokuba lixesha langoku nabaziva bedimazekile ngenxa yokusikelwa umda kweminyaka nesizukulwana sabo.

I-Modernita iyazibuza: yintoni eqhelekileyo? (2021) yinoveli enemifanekiso eyenza ukuba sibuze into esiyifundisiweyo ukususela ebuntwaneni ukuba ibe nengqiqo kwaye yendalo. Kodwa abantwana ngokwemvelo bangabantu abanomdla kwaye banemibuzo emininzi. UModernita uya kufumanisa ukuba okuqhelekileyo kunokwahluka kumntu ngamnye. Le yincwadi yaloo mhlobo ukwiminyaka yakhe yamashumi amathathu enabantwana okanye engenabo. Kwezinkulu nezincinci.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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