Ihlazo: JM Coetzee

Ilishwa

Ilishwa

Ilishwa -okanye Ihlazo, ngesihloko sayo santlandlolo sesiNgesi, yinoveli yekhampasi ebhalwe yingcali yeelwimi yaseMzantsi Afrika, umguquleli kunye nonjingalwazi uJM Coetzee. Umsebenzi wapapashwa okokuqala ngoJulayi 1, 1999 ngumvakalisi uHarvill Secker. Kamva, yaba nenguqulelo yeSpanish kaMiguel Martínez Lage kunye nohlelo lukaMondadori.

Ekukhululweni, Ilishwa waphumelela ibhaso leBooker, ukongeza kudumo olugxekayo oluxhaphakileyo. Kwelabo icala, abafundi bebenethemba elikhulu malunga nale ncwadi, nangona inomxholo omdaka. Ngokwahlukileyo koko, ingxoxo ibangele ukubhideka kwabambalwa abathi, nasemva kwexesha elingaka, abakwazanga ukuqonda i-metatext ebandakanyiweyo kwincwadi.

Isishwankathelo se Ilishwa

Emva kocalucalulo eMzantsi Afrika

Ucalucalulo yayiyinkqubo yocalucalulo ngokobuhlanga eyamiselwa eMzantsi Afrika phakathi ko-1948 no-1992. Kusemva nje kokubhukuqwa kwale mithetho yocalucalulo eyenzeka le noveli, ethi ubalisa ibali likaDavid Lurie, unjingalwazi waseyunivesithi Uqhawule umtshato kabini ofundisa imibongo yothando yesiNgesi kwiYunivesithi yaseCape Town Technical.

Umlinganiswa ophambili uphelelwa lunxibelelwano nehenyukazi alithembileyo, ekubeni wagqiba kwelokuba abuguqule ubomi bakhe. Emva kwexesha elithile, umfundisi-ntsapho Qesha abacuphi babucala ukuba balandele lo mfazi, kodwa xa efunyenwe uyalahlwa. Emva koko, uqalisa uthando olubi nomfundi wakhe oselula, uMelanie Isaacs, amkhohlisayo aze amnyanzele ukuba abe neentlobano zesini.

Ukutshutshiswa komntu omsulwa kunye nokuwa kwendoda elusizi

URyan, isoka leli bhinqa liselula, ucela umfundisi-ntsapho ukuba aliyeke, kodwa isifundo asipheli. Kungekudala, UMelanie uyayeka ukuya eyunivesithi iintsuku ezimbalwa kwaye, kamva, Urhoxa eklasini kaLurie, owambathisa ngokungabikho esikolweni engazi ukuba intombazana irhoxile kubuprofesa bakhe.. Ngenxa yezi kunye nezinye izigwenxa, unjingalwazi uyaphandwa aze asiwe phambi kwabasemagunyeni.

UDavid Lurie uyala ukusayina isitatimende esibhalwe nguye nabani na, kwaye akaxolisi ngolwaphulo-mthetho lwakhe. Emva koko, Indoda iya kwifama apho idibana noLucy, intombi yakhe. Apho, uzinikela ekunyamekeleni izilwanyana zabamelwane kunye nokulima. Noko ke, emva kwexesha elithile batyelelwa ngamasela athile. La madoda axhaphaza uLucy kwaye atshisa intloko kaDavide.

Ubukho besigqebelo sombongo

Kwifama, uDavid Lurie uba ngumhlobo webhinqa eligama linguBev Shaw, awabelana nalo ngazo zonke iingxaki yena noLucy abaye batyhubela kuzo. Intombazana ijongene nethuba lokukhulelwa okungafunwayo, ukongeza kwisifo esinokwenzeka sokwabelana ngesondo. Ngokukwanjalo, uLucy uyala ukuqhomfa, nangona kungekhona ngenxa yeenkolelo zonqulo okanye zokuziphatha.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, intombazana igxininisa ukuba ingaxeli ukuxhatshazwa kwabasemagunyeni, into yokuba, ngokutsho kwe-protagonist, ngathi uye waba ngumlingani kulwaphulo-mthetho. Oku, kwangaxeshanye, kuyahlekisa, xa siqwalasela iimeko zangaphambili zikaLurie. Izinto ziba mbi ngakumbi kunjingalwazi kunye nentombi yakhe, njengoko ingxaki yabo iyindaba yesizwe.

Ndibuyele eKapa

UDavid Lurie ubuyela kwidolophu yakowabo, apho aya kwisidlo sangokuhlwa nabazali bakaMelanie Isaacs. Esi sibini sithandaza ngaphambi kokuba sitye ukutya, okwenza ukuba umlingiswa oyintloko acinge ukuba aba bantu banokholo kakhulu, ngoko baya kukulungela ngakumbi ukuxolela izenzo zabo. Emva koko, umlinganiswa ophambili ufumanisa ukuba indlu yakhe iphangiwe kwaye akasenako ukufikelela kwiinkonzo zaseyunivesithi.

Kamva, uLurie waqalisa incoko omnye wabafazi bakhe bangaphambili, omngcikivayo ngendlela engekho ngqiqweni athe wonakalise ngayo ubomi bakhe ngokungakwazi ukuzibamba.. Enye into entsha esixekweni yiopera yothando olubuhlungu phakathi kukaTeresa noByron. Ibandakanya uMelanie, lowo umlingisi oyintloko uya kumbona esenza, nangona uRyan emgxotha ngokukrakra.

Ukuhanahanisa kwesixeko saseMzantsi Afrika

Ubukhulu be Ilishwa yiloo nto ufundo oluninzi lunokwenziwa yalo msebenzi. Nangona kunjalo, Eyona nto icacileyo inento yokwenza nohanahaniso olujinga kuluntu lwaseMzantsi Afrika. Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba akunakwenzeka ukuhlukanisa ibali kwimeko yezopolitiko, ezentlalo kunye nezoqoqosho, ekubeni ingcamango echazwe kwiveli yayisisonka semihla ngemihla kubantu basekhaya ngaphambi kokuguqulwa.

Ngaloo ndlela, umlingiswa oyintloko, othi ekuqaleni kwencwadi wenza iimpazamo ezingaxolelekiyo, Uyazigxeka izenzo ezimanyumnyezi eziphawula ubomi bentombi yakhe, ngelixa yena ngokwakhe ehlala entywila ekuboleni. UDavid Lurie akayena iqhawe, kuba, ngendlela yakhe, usebenzisa ubundlobongela, nokuba kuMelanie okanye ku-Lucy's stalkers.

Sobre el autor

UJohn Maxwell Coetzee wazalwa ngoFebruwari 9, 1940, eKapa, ​​eMzantsi Afrika. Umbhali uphumelele kwiMathematika nesiNgesi kwilizwe lakhe. Ngowe-1960 wafudukela eLondon, eNgilani, apho wasebenza ixesha elithile kummandla wenkqubo yekhompyutha. Ngo-1969 wafumana isidanga sakhe sobugqirha kwiComputational Linguistics kwiYunivesithi yaseTexas eAustin, eMelika.

Kamva, uJM Coetzee wafundisa uLwimi lwesiNgesi kunye noNcwadi kwiDyunivesithi yeSizwe yaseNew York eBuffalo, umsebenzi awawenza de kwangowe-1983. Ngo-2003, emva kwemisebenzi emininzi eyimpumelelo kwityala lakhe, umbhali Umvuzo weNobel yoNcwadi ngu Ubuchule ekuhlalutyeni uluntu lwaseMzantsi Afrika.

Ezinye iincwadi zikaJM Coetzee

Inoveli

  • Dusklands - Imihlaba Westeros (1974);
  • Kwintliziyo yeLizwe-Embindini weNdawo (1977);
  • Ukulinda amaBharbhari (1980);
  • Ubomi kunye namaxesha kaMichael K (1983);
  • Utshaba (1986);
  • Ubudala bentsimbi (1990);
  • Umphathi wePetersburg (1994);
  • Elizabeth Costello (2003);
  • Umntu ocothayo (2005);
  • Idayari yoNyaka oMbi (2007);
  • Ubuntwana bukaYesu (2013);
  • Iintsuku Zesikolo zikaYesu (2016);
  • Ukufa kukaYesu (2019);
  • Ipali (2022).

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