UHenry Rider Haggard. Ndikhumbula umbhali weMigodi kaKumkani uSolomon

Ngomhla we-14 kuMeyi Ngo-1925 uSir Henry Rider Haggard wasweleka eLondon, Umbhali wenoveli waseNgilani, umbhali wale misebenzi ithandwayo njenge Imigodi kaKumkani uSolomon, Yena, okanye IiAdventures zika-Allan Quatermain phakathi kwezinye. Ngubani ongakhange azibone iinguqulelo zakhe kumdlalo bhanyabhanya okanye onwabele ithoni yakhe ye-adventure yeklasikhi? Namhlanje Ndiyayijonga le misebenzi kwimemori yenkumbulo yakhe.

UHenry Rider Haggard

Uzalelwe ngaphakathi IBradenham Ngo-1856, lo mbhali wenoveli waseNgilandi waqala ukufumana ubugqirha kwi Umthetho eLondon kwaye wayeligosa eliphezulu kurhulumente. Wahlala iminyaka embalwa eIndonesia naseAfrika emva koko wabuyela eGreat Britain, apho aqhubeka nokubamba izikhundla ezahlukeneyo.

Wayengumhlobo kaRudyard Kipling NgokukaHaggard ngokwakhe kwincwadi yakhe yobomi epapashwe ngonyaka emva kokufa kwakhe, Iintsuku zobomi bam. Kwaye bobabini babelana ngeempembelelo zabo zoncwadi kunye nezibalulekileyo, ukongeza Imixholo esisiseko enje ngekoloniyalizim yoBukhosi baseBritane, emva koko ubukhulu bayo kunye ne-apogee. Kwakhona ithoni ngu izinto ezingaqhelekanga yezo ndawo.

Mhlawumbi yayingeyonto ithandwayo leyo engakhange alifumane udumo loogxa bakhe u-Kipling. Kodwa amabali abo azele ngamagorha omeleleyo, akhaliphileyo kwaye abekekileyo kunye namaqhawekazi kunye nalawo useto olungaqhelekanga, iinkcazo zeenkcubeko eziyimfihlakalo kwaye ezimangalisayo, ukuchukumisa okungaphaya kwendalo kwaye kakhulu Isantya esibalisayo basenabafundi abaninzi.

Ulwakhiwo

Inoveli yakhe yokuqala eyimpumelelo yayi Imigodi kaKumkani uSolomon (1885), ephefumlelwe Isiqithi sobuncwane NguRobert Louis Stevenson. Abanye abanjengo ella (1887), ukuqhubeka kwayo, Ayesha, ukubuya kwaKhe (1905) kunye IiAdventures zika-Allan Quatermain (1887).

Ngaba umbhali ivelisa kakhulu kwaye ihlala ihleli, kwaye ndaye ndanesibindi kunye imisebenzi yezembali, ezopolitiko kunye namaxwebhu. Umzekelo, wabhala malunga nezolimo kunye nohlengahlengiso lwasentlalweni, ekusenokwenzeka ukuba lwaphenjelelwa ngamava akhe eAfrika. Kodwa zazinjani iinoveli ngaphezulu kwamagama angama-60, kubandakanya ezinye ezipapashwe ngezavenge. Yima geqe UNada uLily (1892) Intombi kaMoctezuma (1893) Idolophu yenkungu (1894) Xa umhlaba wanyikima (1919) kunye UBheleshatsare (1930). Ezinye iinoveli azibhalileyo zazikhona cleopatraU-Eric oqaqambileyo Amehlo y U-Eva obomvu.

Mhlawumbi ngelo xesha, kwaye nasekupheleni kwexesha lama-Victorian, nangona iinoveli zakhe zazingamabali e-adventure, zazikwabonisa ibali elithandwayo elalisebenza njenge Ukusasazwa kweembono zama impiriyali ezaziphela.

UAllan Quatermain kunye noAisha

Abalinganiswa bayo abadumileyo ngabazingeli kunye nohambo UAllan Quatermain, Zeziphi iinkwenkwezi kuthotho oluqulathe:

  • Imigodi kaKumkani uSolomon
  • IiAdventures zika-Allan Quatermain
  • Ukuziphindezela kukaMaiwa
  • Umfazi ka-Allan
  • Umdala allan 
  • U-Allan kunye no-Ice Gods

Ewe Her okanye ayesha, yenye yeencwadana zakudala zoncwadi lwe-adventure olunezinto ezenziwa esoteric, kunye nomntu obhinqileyo ophambili ongafiyo, ohlala e-Afrika kwaye unqulwa njengothixokazi ngabemi belizwe de bamfumane ngelinye ilanga abahloli bamazwe baseYurophu. Kuyo:

  • ella
  • UAyesha: ukubuya kukaElla
  • Ntombi yobulumko

Abalinganiswa ababini bahambelana nesihloko, UAllan noElla.

Okokugqibela kukuziqhelanisa nokuhlekisa ngombhalo ngumenzi wefilimu waseFrance Elie chouraqui (Iintyatyambo zikaHarrison, iiGroundhogs) kunye nemizobo yi-Alberto Jiménez Alburquerque waseSpain.

Ukulungelelaniswa kwefilimu

Ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo eyona idumileyo yile Imigodi kaKumkani uSolomon kwinguqulelo yakhe 1950, weMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Ekhokelwa nguCompton Bennett waseNgilani, iphumelele U-Oscar ngowona montage kunye nokufota okungcono, kwaye wonyulwa nokuba ngowona mfanekiso ubalaseleyo.

Baneenkwenkwezi kuyo UDeborah Kerr kunye noStewart Granger, nangona kwakukho ukuthandabuza phakathi kwakhe no-Errol Flynn. Yadutyulwa kwindawo yendalo eAfrika. Kwaye ibalisa ibali lomzingeli kunye nesikhokelo sokundwendwela u-Allan Quatermain, owamkela ikhomishini evela ku-Elizabeth Curtis (uDeborah Kerr) ukuba ampheleke baye kwindawo encinci eyaziwayo ukufumana umyeni wakhe. Kwakukho iinguqulelo ezininzi, kokubini ngaphambili nangasemva, kodwa leyo yeyona ihleli ihleli Ifilimu yeklasikhi yeklasikhi.

Uhlengahlengiso lwe ella, owokuqala wayeyedwa UGeorge Méliès ngo-1901. Kodwa eyona ikhunjulwa kakhulu yeyona ibalaseleyo Ursula Andrews ngo-1963, ngo Isithixokazi somlilo.


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