Ilanga ezinzulwini zobusuku

Ilanga ezinzulwini zobusuku

Ilanga ezinzulwini zobusuku

Ilanga ezinzulwini zobusuku (2020) yincwadi yenoveli emnandi ngumbhali waseMelika uStephenie Meyer, umyili weetralogy eyaziwayo Ngokuhlwa. Nangona esi sihloko sapapashwa ngaphezulu kweshumi leminyaka emva kokumiselwa kokugqibela kwesaga (Kwelanga, 2008), inokufundwa ngokulandelelana kwayo ukuba ubalo maxesha kuthotho luthathelwa ingqalelo.

Isizathu? Ewe, Ngobusuku bobusuku -Igama lesiNgesi ngesiNgesi- uphonononge imicimbi yokuqala, Twilight (2005), ngokwembono kaEdward Cullen, inkwenkwezi-co. Ngale ndlela, kufanele kukhunjulwe ukuba iincwadi ezine eziphambili zolu ngcelele zinxulumene nembono kaBella Swan, umlinganiswa ophambili.

Ilanga ezinzulwini zobusuku

Imvelaphi

UStephenie Meyer wayesazi ukuba angazenzela njani igama ngaphandle kwendalo yolutsha ye-vampire ngeempapasho ezimbini ezinemixholo eyahluke kakhulu kwezinye. Eyokuqala yayi Umntu omwakela abantu (2008), inoveli yamabali esayensi malunga nohlaselo lwasemzini. Kwakhona, Umntu omwakela abantu (ngesiNgesi) ukhokele kweyona ndawo ithengiswa kakhulu ENew York Times iiveki ezingama-26 kwaye yathathwa ngempumelelo yaya kwi-cinema ngo-2013.

Ngo-2016 wabonakala I-Chemistry, into evuyisayo enamanani amahle okuhlela (nangona kuvavanyo oluxubekileyo). Nangona kunjalo, Ngobusuku bobusuku wayehlala ekhona engqondweni kaMeyer, nangona wayeka ukuyipapasha emva kokuvuza kwizahluko zokuqala ngowama-2008. Kodwa, ngamagama ombhali odityanisiweyo, abalandeli bakhe "khange bamyeke anikezele" de ikhutshwe.

Umahluko phakathi Ngokuhlwa y Ilanga ezinzulwini zobusuku

NgokukaSarabeth Pollock (2020) wesango Ukuxhaswa, Ngobusuku bobusuku kulungiswe amanye amathandabuzo ashiyekileyo Twilight. Oku kungenxa yokuba uMeyer wayengumbhali oqala ukudlala ityala ngo-2005. Endaweni yoko, kule ncwadi ubonakalisa ukukhula kweminyaka eli-15 yamava oncwadi.

Ngoko ke, Ilanga ezinzulwini zobusuku yincwadi enomdla ngakumbi, ngaphandle kwencoko yababini kunye neendawo ezifanayo nezo Ngokuhlwa. Ngapha koko, kuvavanyo oluninzi bathi loo nto Ilanga ezinzulwini zobusuku inomdla nangakumbi, nangona ibanzi. Oko kukuthi, amaphepha ayo angama-658 amele amanye amaphepha angama-160 xa kuthelekiswa nombhalo obaliswa nguBella.

Elinye icala lebali

Con Ilanga ezinzulwini zobusuku, abalandeli bakaMeyer abanomdla ekugqibeleni bakwazi ukubona umbono kaEdward Cullen njengoko wayethandana noBella Swan. Ke ngoko, incwadi iveza ezinye iindaba malunga nokuhlala phakathi kosapho lakwaCullen. Kwangokunjalo, isicatshulwa sichaza ngokweenkcukacha indlela yokucinga kunye nenkqubo yokwenza izigqibo yomntu ophambili ekufunzeni igazi.

Ngelixa ukubonakala kwe-vampire ngokulinganayo kuneminyaka eyi-18, ukucinga kwakhe kubonisa inqanaba lokuvuthwa. Ngokwenyani, Isimo sengqondo sikaEdward sisiphumo esisengqiqweni sobudala bakhe bokwenyani (104). Ngokuhambelana, umbhali waseMelika uthathe ithuba lokubonelela ngebali elinemigca entsonkothileyo, ephucukileyo kwaye engenacala kunale ibaliswa nguBella.

Umkhosi wabalandeli abonelisekileyo

Indlela yokucinga kaEdward-ecacileyo kunye ne-incisive- ngokukhawuleza ubamba abafundi bakhe, nokuba bayazi ngaphambili isiphelo kwangaphambili. Kwelinye icala, Enye yezinto ezicacileyo kukungabikho kwemifanekiso enegazi. Ke ngoko, ngokungafaniyo Twilight, Ngobusuku bobusuku Ayisosidanga soncwadi sabantwana; Yincwadi yabantu abadala epheleleyo.

Malunga nombhali

Ubuntwana kunye nezifundo

UStephenie Morgan, owaziwayo kwindawo yokubhala njenge UStephenie Meyer, Wazalwa ngoDisemba 24, 1973 eHartford County, Connecticut, United States. Wahlala uninzi lobuntwana bakhe kunye nabazali bakhe kunye nabantakwabo abasihlanu ePhoenix, eArizona. Sele ndikwishumi elivisayo, wayephumele ngaphandle kumabanga akhe (wade waphumelela ibhaso lesizwe) eScotraldale's Chaparral High School.

Kudliwanondlebe olulandelayo, UMeyer wathi ukukhuliswa kwakhe kwakuphawulwe kakhulu yimpembelelo yePuritan yeCawa likaYesu Krestu waNamhlanje. Emva kokugqiba kwisikolo samabanga aphakamileyo, wangena eBrigham Young University eUtah, apho waphumelela khona ngonyaka we-1997 enesidanga kwi-English Philology.

Umtshato kunye nesiqalo somsebenzi wakhe woncwadi

Emva kokufumana isidanga se-bachelor, umbhali wexesha elizayo wacinga ukuba ligqwetha, kodwa watshintsha ingqondo emva kokubeleka umntwana wakhe wokuqala kubantwana abathathu, uGabe. Zonke ziziphumo zomtshato wakhe (1994) kunye noChristian Meyer. Ngalo ndlela, baphenjelelwa literati njengoCharlotte Brontë, I-LM Montgomery kunye neShakespeare, UMeyer waqala uhambo lwakhe ngoonobumba (lokonwaba buqu kuphela).

I-Twilight Saga

NgokukaStephenie Meyer, ibali phakathi unxaniwe vampire yegazi elithandana nomntu laline-genesis yalo phakathi ku-2003. Xa yena - weyiselwa ngudadewabo- wathumela umbhalo obhaliweyo Twilight kwizindlu ezilishumi elinesihlanu zokupapasha. Ngokomthetho-siseko, awuzange uhoywe ngabahlanu kubo kwaye waliwa lithoba. Kodwa umntu omnye uphendule: Jodi Reamer, Writers House rep.

Impembelelo kwinkcubeko ye pop

Amalungelo okupapasha Ngokuhlwa Ifandesiwe phakathi kwabavakalisi abasibhozo. Ekugqibeleni, uMeyer wahlala no-Little, Brown, kunye neNkampani ngokutshintshela i-750.000 yeedola ukukhutshwa kwemiqulu emithathu yokuqala. Eminye yimbali: I-franchise engaphezulu kwekhulu lezigidi ikopi ithengisiwe yaguqulelwa kwiilwimi ezingama-37.

Ezona ncwadi ziphambili zesaga

  • Ngokuhlwa (2005)
  • Inyanga entsha (2006)
  • eclipse (2007)
  • Kwelanga (2008)

Ezinye izihloko ezinxulunyaniswa ne-tetralogy

  • Ubomi besibini beBree Tanner (2010)
  • I-Twilight Saga: Isikhokelo esibonisiweyo esisemthethweni (2011)
  • Ubomi nokufa: iTwilight icingelwe kwakhona (2015)
  • Ilanga ezinzulwini zobusuku (2020)

Iifilimu

Ezi zihlanu ziphumelele kulungelelwaniso lwefilimu- uKristen Stewart kunye noRobert Pattinson- esekwe kwiincwadi ezine eziphambili kuthotho, bavelise inzuzo ye stratospheric. Imovie yokuqala nje (ngo-2008) yafumana i-407 yezigidi zeedola e-US kuphela., Ngohlahlo-lwabiwo mali lwe-US $ 37 yezigidi!

Ngokuhlwa kunye nokwenza ubunzima bokuthandana komntu ofikisayo

Inyaniso, i "paranormal romance" yinguqulelo yanamhlanje yenoveli ye-gothic. Luhlobo lwebali elisekwe yimisebenzi kaGautier (Ukufa ngothando1836) PoeeLigeia, 1838) kunye noStoker (DraculaNgowe-1898). Kwinkulungwane yama-XNUMX, uGaston Leroux (Iphantom yeOpera, 1910) kunye no-Anne Rice (Udliwanondlebe kunye nevampire, 1976), mhlawumbi ngabameli bawo ababalaseleyo.

Emva kwexesha, ababhali abanjengoAlice Norton, uChristine Feehan okanye u-JR Ward, phakathi kwabanye, baqala ukusebenzisa abachasi abancinci kolu hlobo lwengxelo. Nangona kunjalo, ukuphazamiseka kwe Twilight yajika into yokuthandana ngokufikisayo kulutsha ukuba ibe sisiqalo se pop, kunye nemikhosi yabalandeli kwihlabathi liphela. Ikwachaphazele nabanye ababhali abasakhasayo. Phakathi kwabo:

  • UMaggie Stiefvater, umdali weSaga Tremor
  • UCate Tiernan, umbhali woluhlu Shayela kunye neBalefire

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.