Amagqwirha

Roald Dahl ucaphula.

Roald Dahl ucaphula.

Igama likaRoald Dahl lithetha intonye nempumelelo yoncwadi kunye nezorhwebo, kunye nemisebenzi engafiyo kunye neempikiswano ezinkulu. Enye indalo umbhali Welsh ezisa ndawonye zonke ezi mpawu Amagqwirha (1983). Sisicatshulwa soncwadi lwabantwana olunemithunzi yentelekelelo emnyama, enconywa kakhulu njengoko yanyeliswa ukususela ekukhululweni kwayo.

Amazwi achaseneyo Amagqwirha -isihloko sokuqala ngesiNgesi- yalatha kwindlela yokujongelwa phantsi kwabafazi kunye nesiphelo esinokubangela ukuzibulala. Kungaphezulu, le ncwadi isavaliwe kwamanye amathala eencwadi aseBritani naseMelika. Kwelinye icala, le ncwadi ikwindawo yama-81 phakathi kwezona noveli zibalaseleyo zabantwana kwimbali ngokutsho kwe Ijenali yeThala leencwadi leSikolo nge EE. UU.

Uhlalutyo Amagqwirha

Abalingiswa

Eyona nto iphambili

  • Luke, inkwenkwe yeNgesi evela waba yinkedama kwiminyaka esixhenxe emva kokusweleka kwabazali bakhe kwingozi yemoto
  • Umakhulu kaLukeNgubani unolwazi kubalulekile malunga namagqwirha.

Iyahambelana

  • Abasetyhini be "Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children."
  • Igqwirha Eliphakamileyo Eliphakamileyo, elona gqwirha loyikwa kakhulu nobungendawo behlabathi.
  • UBruno Jenkins, inkwenkwe eguqulwa ibe yimpuku ligqwirha eliPhezulu eliphezulu kwaye iphele Umhlobo kaLuka kunye nomakhulu womlinganiswa.
  • Abazali bakaBruno; ngokukodwa, uNksk. Jenkins ophethwe luloyiko lweempuku.
  • Abatya kwitheko lasehotele.

Impikiswano

Umakhulu kaLuke uxelela umzukulwana wakhe ukuba amagqwirha nyani kunye neenkcukacha eziyezona miqondiso zisetyenziswa kakhulu ukuzichonga. Ezi mibutho zingendawo abanayo inkangeleko ekhwankqisayo yeentsomiNgokuchasene noko, bahle, babonakala beqhelekileyo abafazi. Enyanisweni, amagqwirha angamaNgesi aqhuba iRoyal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.

Eyona njongo yokunxulumana kwamagqwirha kukufumana iindlela ezingakumbi ezichaphazela ukutshatyalaliswa kweentsana. Ukuphumeza usukelo lwalo, eli qela likhankanywe ngasentla lamagqwirha minyaka le lilungiselela itheko kwihotele yodidi eBournemouth. Ke undoqo webali uchaza indlela uLuka aqala ngayo ukumisa abangendawo ekuguquleni wonke umntu kwigala abe ziimpuku.

ibali kunye nesimbo

incwadi ifunyenwe ibaliswa kumntu wokuqala ngolwimi olufutshane olufanele umlinganiswa ngamnye. Kwangaxeshanye, ukulandelelana kwezoyikiso kuguqula ukufunda kube "i-cocktail" enomtsalane kubafundi. Ngenxa yezi zizathu, umbhali uyakwazi ukuhambisa ingqiqo yokunyaniseka kwiziganeko ezixeliweyo, ezinokuthi zihlulwe zibe ngamaqela amathathu ahlukeneyo alandelelanayo.

Iinxalenye zenoveli kunye nezicwangciso

Isithathu sokuqala sombhalo siquka Ukuhlala kukaLuka eNorway phantsi kokhathalelo lukamakhulu wakhe. Icandelo lesibini libonisa inkwenkwe kunye nomakhulu wayo ngexesha lakho leholide yehlobo eGrand Hotel eBournemouth, eNgilani. Apho, bafumanisa ukuba amabhinqa ahlala ehostele ngamagqwirha afihlakeleyo.

Ngelo xesha, abafazi abagwenxa Bafumanisa uLuka baze bamguqule abe yimpuku.. Kamva, inxalenye yesithathu yale ncwadi ichaza indlela umntwana oyimpuku ekwazi ngayo ukuphazamisa izicwangciso zemilingo xa ebafumana ukuba bazame "umenzi wempuku" wabo. Ekugqibeleni, i-protagonist kunye nogogo wakhe babuyela kwimimandla yaseNordic, apho bathembisa ukuphelisa bonke abathakathi emhlabeni.

Inoveli yabantwana ephikisana kakhulu

Ukuvezwa kwabasetyhini abakhangayo abavezwe kwisicatshulwa njengabathakathi ababi Ayingomthombo ncam wempembelelo yesizathu sobufazi. Enyanisweni, le ndlela obona bungqina buphambili babona bagxeki banenzondelelo yenoveli, abathi "ifundisa amakhwenkwe ukubathiya abafazi."

Enye inkalo exutyushwa kakhulu kukuphela kwencwadi. Isizathu: umakhulu utyhilela uLuka ukuba kwimo yakhe yempuku akanakuphila ishumi leminyaka. Nangona kunjalo, akakhathali kuba, ngenxa yobudala bexhegokazi (86), mhlawumbi alizukuphila ngaphezulu kweminyaka elithoba. Ngoko ke, abahlalutyi babona umyalezo ofihlakeleyo wokuzibulala njengendlela yokuthintela ukukhula.

Malunga nombhali, uRoald Dahl

Unyana kaHarald Dahl noSofie M. Hesselberg (bobabini ngabemi baseNorway), URoald Dahl wazalwa ngoSeptemba 13, 1916, eLlandaff, eCardiff, eWales. Xa umbhali wexesha elizayo wayeneminyaka embalwa kuphela ubudala, walahlekelwa ngudadewabo noyise. Noko ke, lo mama wagqiba kwelokuba ahlale kumhlaba waseBritani (kunokuba abuyele kwilizwe lakhe lokuzalwa), ekubeni uMnu. Harald wayefuna ukufundisa abantwana bakhe apho.

URoald Dahl.

URoald Dahl.

Ngexesha lokufikisa kwakhe, uRoald Ufunde kwiKholeji yaseRepton eDerbyshire, apho waye wagqwesa kwimisebenzi eyahlukeneyo yangaphandle nakwimidlalo. Ukongeza, abafundi besi sikolo sikhankanyiweyo bafumana iitshokolethi zasimahla kumzi-mveliso okufutshane ukuze bazame. Ngokucacileyo, esi siganeko samphefumlela ukuba abhale UCharlie kunye nomzi mveliso wetshokholethi (1964), eyona ncwadi yakhe idumileyo.

Ulutsha oluzele luhambo kunye nohambo

UDahl omncinci wayengumhambi rhoqo, echitha ixesha elininzi leeholide zasehlotyeni kunye nosapho lwakhe lwaseNorway kwaye ehlola iNewfoundland emva kwesikolo samabanga aphakamileyo. Ngo-1934, wazibandakanya nenkampani yaseRoyal Dutch Shell; kwiminyaka emibini kamva wathunyelwa eDar-es-Salaam. ETanganyika (iTanzania yanamhlanje), wadibana nezilwanyana zasendle ngelixa esenza imisebenzi yokubonelela ngamafutha.

Emva kokuqhambuka kweMfazwe Yehlabathi II, uDahl wamkelwa kwiRoyal Air Force.. Ngombulelo koku, wakwazi ukuxabisa i-horizons enkulu yeendawo zaseAfrika ngexesha lokuhamba ngeenqwelomoya. Nangona yayingayalelwanga ukuba ingene ekulweni ngelo xesha, yafumana ingozi eLibya (ngoSeptemba 1940) ngenxa yokungahambi kakuhle kwaye yadutyulwa yimikhosi yase-Italiya.

Imibhalo yokuqala

Emva kokuba ehlangulwe entlango kwaye echithe iinyanga ezintlanu esibhedlele, uDahl watshintshelwa kwi-80th Squadron yeBritish Expeditionary Force. Phakathi kowe-1941 wayalelwa ukuba aqhushumbise iqela leenqanawa eChalcis, eGrisi. kwindawo engathandekiyo ecacileyo, njengoko wayejongene neenqwelomoya zotshaba ezintandathu yedwa kunye neNkanyamba yakhe. Ezi ziganeko zivela kwisicatshulwa se-autobiographical Ukubhabha wedwa (1986).

Incwadi yakhe yokuqala ebhaliweyo yaba I-peasy elula (1942) ibali malunga nokuntlitheka kwenqwelomoya yakhe kuMntla Afrika eyavela kwi NgeMigqibelo yoMgqibelo eWashington. Ngelo xesha, uDahl wayesele esebenza njengesekela lomoya kwikomkhulu laseMelika. Kwintsimi ekuMntla Merika wadibana nenkosikazi yakhe kwi-1953 y 1983, umdlali UPatricia Neal, nabani wayenabantwana abahlanu.

Umsebenzi woncwadi

Ukususela ngo-1943 kwaye de kwasekufeni kwakhe ngoNovemba 23, 1990 (ngenxa ye-leukemia), URoald Dahl wakhulula phantse iimpapasho ezibhaliweyo ezingama-50. Uninzi (kunye nelona lwaziwayo) lwendalo yakhe yoncwadi yayiyiprozi yabantwana (i-17 iyonke). Ukongeza, umbhali waseWales wagqama ngemibongo yabantwana bakhe, iinoveli ezingeyonyani, anthologies webali, iimemori kunye nezikripthi zefilimu nomabonwakude.

Ezinye zeencwadi zabantwana bakhe zilungele i-cinema kutsha nje

  • James kunye neGeach Peach (Imifanekiso yeWalt Disney, 1996)
  • Matilda (Imifanekiso yeTriStar kunye neeFilimu zeJersey, ngo-1996)
  • UCharlie kunye nomzi mveliso wetshokholethi (Imifanekiso yeNdlela yeNdlela yasezilalini, 2005)
  • UMnu Fox omangalisayo (20th Century Fox, 2009)
  • Amagqwirha (I-Esperanto Filmoj kunye ne-Image Movers, 2020).

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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