Amabinzana awaziwayo kaEmilia Pardo Bazán

Kwiintsuku ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo isikhumbuzo sokuzalwa komnye wababhali bethu ababalulekileyo wabhiyozelwa: uEmilia Pardo Bazán. Uzalwe e La Coruña, enyakeni 1851, bendiyintsapho yeengcungcu. Wayengumfazi obekekileyo kakhulu ngexesha lakhe. Wenza iihambo ezininzi kwaye wadibana nababhali abaphambili abanjengoVictor Hugo okanye uZola.

Uye wohlukana nomyeni wakhe waqala a ukuthandana noBenito Pérez Galdós. Wakhokela icandelo loncwadi lwe-Athenaeum kwaye ngo-1916 wamiselwa njengonjingalwazi kwiYunivesithi yaseMadrid. Usweleke e-1921, naseMadrid.

Kwakungokwenyani

Uphuhliso lwe Yinyani Yaba uloyiso inoveli, uhlobo eyenza kube lula ukubonisa ubunyani ngendlela ethembekileyo. Abona babhali bamabali baninzi ngeli xesha yayinguGaldós, uJuan Valera, uLeopoldo Alas "Clarín" noEmilia Pardo Bazán. Le yokugqibela yayiyeye-Naturalism, isiphumo sokwenyani esivela eSpain malunga ne-1880 ngokupapashwa "Abasuswe kwilifa" de IGaldos.

U-Emilia Pardo Bazán wayengoyena mkhuseli uphambili eSpain Ubume bendalo. Kwimeko yalo mbhali, le ntshukumo yenziwe kubuKatolika. Yiyo ke loo nto uZola ecacisa ubume bendalo kubonakala kuphela kwaye kungaphantsi kwamandla omntu okumoyisa ngokholo, olumphakamisayo ngaphezu kwazo zonke ezinye izidalwa. Phakathi kweenoveli zakhe kubonakala ngaphezu kwako konke "I-pazos de Ulloa" (1886) kunye "Uhlobo lomama" (1887), bobabini baphuhliswa kwiindawo ezisemaphandleni zaseGalicia ezenza umhlaba ovaliweyo olawulwa yiminqweno.

Amabinzana aziwayo

Kwaye ngoku, siza kubhiyozela ukuzalwa kwalo mbhali osishiyele amabinzana amaninzi alungileyo kwimbali. Ezinye zazo zezi zilandelayo:

  • "Ndibalulekile phakathi kwayo yonke ingcinga yokuba inoveli ayisengomsebenzi wokuzonwabisa nje, indlela yokukhohlisa iiyure ezimbalwa, ezibandakanya ezentlalo, ezengqondo, ezembali, kodwa ekugqibeleni zifundwe."
  • «Ilishwa lomntu wale mihla kukuba bobabini bazicingele kwaye babuthathaka; ozingcayo ngokwaneleyo ukuba anikezele kwiminqweno yakhe, abe novakalelo olwaneleyo lokubandezeleka njengoko wayezibonela ngawabo umonakalo abawenze kwisiphelo somnye umntu. Ngenxa yokuba yayingaphakathi kwaye ifihlwe ngononophelo, umzabalazo kaFelipe wawungenabundlobongela, kwaye nokuziva kwakhe kungonwabanga. Ukuthetha inyani, laa meko ikhethekileyo ayinakubizwa ngokuba ngumzabalazo: kukho umzabalazo ngokwawo, xa ukuthanda kuya kutshintsha phakathi kwezisombululo ezibini ».
  • “Asizikhetheli iimvakalelo zethu, zeza kuthi, zikhula njengokhula olungatyalwa mntu kwaye lukhukula umhlaba. Kwaye iimvakalelo ngamanye amaxesha zizinika ubuntwana bungaxabisekanga, enyanisweni bubuciko obugqithisileyo, butyhila inyaniso yengqondo, njengoko iimpawu ezithile ezinobulali zigxeka izifo ezibulalayo ».
  • «Umbingeleli unokwenza zonke izinto ezimbi emhlabeni. Ukuba sasinelungelo lokungoni, sasilungile; sasindisiwe kanye ngalo mzuzu wolungiselelo, eyayingeyiyo nengxoxo ebuthathaka. Ngapha koko, ukumiselwa kusithwalisa uxanduva olungephi kunakwamanye amaKristu, kwaye kunzima kakhulu ukuba omnye wethu alunge. Kwaye ukuze sibe njalo kwindlela ekufuneka sigqibelele ngayo xa sizimisela njengababingeleli, kuyafuneka, ngaphandle kwemizamo yethu, ukuba ubabalo lukaThixo lusincede. Akukho nto.
  • "Uzwilakhe unjenge-aria kwaye akaze abe yi-opera."
  • "Ngosuku" amanye amanene "axelele uAmparo ukuba wayemhle, le ntombazana ibhadulayo yayisazi ngesini sakhe: kude kube ngoko wayeyinkwenkwe kwiziketi. Kwaye akukho namnye umntu owamjonga ngenye indlela: ukuba umntu othile esitratweni wamkhumbuza ukuba wayeyinxalenye yesiqingatha esihle kakhulu sohlanga loluntu, wayenza ngesiqingatha ngezidlele zakhe, kwaye walile ngamanqindi, ukuba akukhabe kunye nokukhaba, ukuncoma umntu ongowasemzini. Zonke izinto ezingazange zithathe ubuthongo okanye umdla wakhe.
  • "Akunangqondo ukuba abantu bathembele ethembeni labo lokukhululwa kunye nethamsanqa kwiindlela zikarhulumente abangazaziyo."
  • "Imfundo yabasetyhini ayinakubizwa ngokuba yimfundo enjalo, kodwa uqeqesho, kuba ukuthobela, ukunyaniseka kunye nokuthobela kuyacetyiswa ekugqibeleni."
  • "Ukufunda ngokwasemzimbeni kwenza ukuba abantu basetyhini bandise ngamandla kunye namandla kwaye batyebise igazi labo."
  • "Ngomlomo sihlala sifa njengentlanzi elula, kwaye ayikokufa kwendoda esisilumko, kodwa sisilwanyana esibandayo, esirhabaxa, esiluhlaza."

 


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

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