Ngomhla onje namhlanje uVicente Aleixandre usweleke

vicente-aleixandre

Ngomhla onje namhlanje, ngokukodwa nge-14 kaDisemba, 1984, uVicente Aleixandre wasweleka eMadrid. Wayengomnye wabantu ababalulekileyo kwimibongo yesiZukulwana esidumileyo sama-27, kuncwadi lwethu lwaseSpain kwaye namhlanje sifuna ukumkhumbula size simnike irhafu.

Ukuba awubazi ubomi nomsebenzi walo mbhali waseSpain nokuba kukancinci, namhlanje sisihlandlo. Emva koko, siza kushwankathela amanqaku abalulekileyo e ubomi nomsebenzi kaVicente Aleixandre.

Ubomi nomsebenzi

UVicente Aleixandre wazalelwa eSeville Embindini wentwasahlobo, ngo-Epreli 26, 1898, nangona ubuninzi bobuntwana bakhe babuzokuchitha eMalaga, ukuze kamva aye eMadrid. Bathi ukuba impilo yakhe buthathaka wagqiba ukuba lo mbhali uzinikele ngokupheleleyo kwimibongo. Ngexesha leMfazwe yamakhaya kwaye emva koku, wahlala eSpain, ke ngoko waba ngutitshala weembongi ezintsha ezazivela.

Imveliso yakhe yemibongo inokuhlulwa ngokwamanqanaba amathathu aphambili:

  • La kuqala Yandulela iMfazwe yamakhaya kwaye ibonakaliswa ngumnqweno wonxibelelwano kunye nokudibanisa nendalo. Uziva ukuba kufuneka amanyane nomhlaba kunye nezityalo kunye nezilwanyana ezihlala kuwo, eshiya ecaleni inyani yomntu. Oku kubangelwa, mhlawumbi, kukuziva ubuthathaka kunye nobuthathaka, apho azifumanisa engongaphantsi kwabanye ngokuqhubekayo ebonakaliswe ukubandezeleka yeyakhe uvakalelo olukhulu. Kungoku ngeli xesha kupapashwa ngalo "Iinkemba njengemilebe" (1932) kunye "Intshabalalo okanye uthando" (Ngo-1935). Kwiivesi zakhe, imvakalelo yothando kunye nokufa inxibelelene ngokusondeleyo: uthando lukhulelwe njengento eyomeleleyo neqinisekileyo etshabalalisa umbono womntu.
  • Kulo segunda Inqanaba, esele likhona emva kweMfazwe yamakhaya, sifumana uVicente Aleixandre exhasa kakhulu ngemisebenzi enje "Umthunzi weParadesi" (1944) okanye "Imbali yentliziyo" (1954).
  • Kwi tercera kwaye kwinqanaba lokugqibela liyimbongi kwaye kubalulekile, sifumana "Imibongo yesiphelo" y "Iingxoxo Zolwazi" (Ngo-1974), apho umbhali athi azi ngobudala bakhe kwaye ajongane noluvo lokufa.

Kunyaka 1977, UVicente Aleixandre wamkela Ibhaso likaNobel kuNcwadi kwaye kananjalo ilungu leRoyal Academy yoLwimi.

3 imibongo ebhalwe nguVicente Aleixandre

vicente-aleixandre-2

Okulandelayo, sikushiya ngemibongo emi-3 ngalo mbhali ubalaseleyo waseSpain:

UTHANDO

Endingakufuniyo
kukunika amazwi ephupha,
unganekeli imifanekiso ngomlomo wam
ebunzini lakho, nokuba ndamanga.
Incam yomnwe wakho
ngesikhonkwane sakho esipinki, ngesenzo sam
Ndithatha, kwaye, emoyeni kwenziwa,
Ndikunika yona.
Ukususela kumqamlezo wakho, ubabalo kunye nomngxuma.
Kunye nokufudumala kwamehlo akho, umfokazi.
Nokukhanya kwamabele akho
iimfihlo.
Njengenyanga entwasahlobo
Ifestile
isinika umlilo otyheli. Kwaye imxinwa
ukubetha
Kubonakala ngathi ibuyela umva kuwe isuka kum
Ayisiyo leyo. Awuyi kuba. Intsingiselo yakho yokwenyani
yonke enye indinike,
imfihlo entle,
dimple ehlekisayo,
ikona entle
nasekuseni
ukuzolula.

UKULibala

Ayisi siphelo sakho njengendebe elilize
ukuba kufuneka ukhawuleze. Wisa isigcina-ntloko, kwaye ufe.

Kungenxa yoko le nto unyusa kancinci isandla sakho
ukukhanya okanye ukukhankanywa kwayo, kwaye iminwe yakho iyatshisa,
njengekhephu ngequbuliso.
Ukhona kwaye wayengekho, kodwa waye kwaye ethule.
Kuyabanda kubanda kwaye kuyazalwa emehlweni akho
inkumbulo yakhe. Ukukhumbula kungamanyala
kubi: kubuhlungu. Ukulibala kukufa.

Wafa ngesidima. Isithunzi sakhe siyawela.

ULUTSHA

Ukuhlala kwelanga:
Uyaphi, jonga?
Kwezi ndonga zimhlophe
ukuvalwa kwethemba.

Iindonga, isilingi, umgangatho:
icandelo eliqinileyo lexesha.
Kuvaliwe kuye, umzimba wam.
Umzimba wam, ubomi, buncinci.

Baya kuwa ngenye imini
imida. Ngokobuthixo kangakanani
ze! Umhambi ngezonqulo
ukukhanya. Ulonwabo ulonwabo!

Kodwa ziya kuvalwa
amehlo. Idiliziwe
Iindonga. Kwi-satin,
iinkwenkwezi zivaliwe.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.